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Full text of "Inventory of the county archives of Illinois"

LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 

AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN 

A352.0773 

H62l 

m74 
cop. 4 




lUINOIS HISTORICAL SURVEY 



ARCHIVES OF ILLINOIS 



nnps mwmy survey 



?'V'"r?"rJ''V pr If .r«.-.<(> 




MQNTICELLO No.74| 



rx.i 

fo. n/i 



lITORICAL RECORDS SURVEY 

CHICAGO. ILLINOIS 



'7 



NVENTOKY OF THE COUNTY ARCHIVES 

OF ILLINOIS 



PIATT COUNTY [MONT ICt LLO] 
NO. 74 



Prepared "by 

The Illinois Historical Records Survey Project 
Division of Professional and Service Projects 
Work Projects Administration 



* * <*i * * 

Chicago, Illinois 
August, I9U0 



The Historical Records Survey Projects 



Sargent 3, Child, Director 

Royal S. Van de T7oestyne, State Supervisor 



Division of Professional and Service Projects 



Florence Kerr, Assistant Commissioner 
Alma S Kerr, Chief Regional Supervisor 
Mary Gillette Moon, State Director 



WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION 



F, C. Harrington, Commissioner 
George Field, Regional Director 
Charles E. Miner, State Administrator 



^<^P'7 FOREV'ORD 

The Inventory of the Cou nty Archives of Illinois is one of a number 
of bibliographies of historical material prepared throughout the United 
States by workers on The Historical Records Survey Projects of the Tfork 
Projects Administration. The publication herewith presented, an inven- 
tory of the archives of Piatt County, is number 74 of the Illinois series. 

The Historical Records Survey \vas undertaken in the v/inter of 1935- 
3G for the purpose of providing useful em.ploj.-ment to needy unemployed 
historians, lav-^yers, teachers, and research and clerical workers. In 
carrying out tnis objective, the project v/as organized to compile inven- 
tories of historical materials, pai'ticularly the unpublished government 
documents and records which are basic in the administration of local 
governmr.nt, and which provide invaluable data for students of political, 
economdc, and social history. The archival guide herevvith presented is 
intended to meet the requirement of d^.y-to-day administration by the' 
officials of the county, and aloo the needs of lawyers, business men, and 
other citizens who require facts from, the public records for the proper 
conduct of their affairs. The volume is so designed that it can be used 
by the historian in his research in unprinted sources in the same way ho 
uses the library card catalog for printed sources. 

The inventories produced by The Historical Records Survey Projects 
attempt to do more than give merely a list of records - they attem.pt fur- 
ther to sketch in the historical background of the county or other unit 
of government, and to describe precisely and in detail the organization 
and functions of the govorn;.ient agencies v/nose records thoy list. The 
county, tovm and other local inventories for the entire country lall, 
when completed, constitute- an enc--'clopedia of local government as v/ell 
as a bibliography of local archives, 

TnQ successful conclusion of the vrork of The Historical Records 
Survey Projects oven in a single county, vrould not be possible v/ithout 
the support of public officials, ?iistorical and legal specialists, and 
many other groups in the coiTimunity, Their cooperation is gratefully 
acknov/1 edged «. 

The Survey was organized by Luther H. Evans and directed by him until 
his resignation in December, 1S39, shortly after which he was succeeded 
by the present director, Sargent B. Child; it operates as a nation-wide 
scries of locally sponsored projecbs in the Division of Professional and 
Service Projects, of v/hich Florence Kerr, Assistant Commissioner, is in 
charge , 



F. C, Harrington 
Commissioner 



111 - 



PREFACE 



The undertaking now officially designated The Historical Records 
Survey Projects, was initiated nationally in January, 1G36, as part 
of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, 
now the Work Projects Administration. In Illinois the Survey became an 
independent unit in August, 1956, but continued to operate as part of 
the nation-vd.de project under the technical supervision of Dr» Luther 
H« Evans, Rational Director, and under the administrative supervision 
of the Division of Professional and Service Projects. Dr. Evans resigned 
in December, 1939, and shortly thereafter vra.s succeeded by the present 
director, Sargent B, Child. Alston G. Field and Hovreird E, Colgan were 
the first ti-ro state directors, the former serving until November 1, 1937, 
and the lattor to May 16, 193G. On September 1, 1939, the Illinois State 
Library, of v;hich Secretary of State Edv.'srd J. Huf:hes is State Librarian 
and Helene H« Rogers, Superintendent of State Librarj' Division, became 
the sponsor of The Illinois Historical Records Survey Project. On January 
15, 1940, this sponsorship was assumed by the University of Illinois. 

In compiling this inventory of the archives of Piatt County, the Survey 
has sought to locate, describe and classify all extent county records and 
to make them more easily accessible to county officials, the general public, 
and research workers. It is believed that this inventory v/ill be useful 
in the preservation of this valuable material, and as a guide to the 
archives wherein may be foimd so much important information in the field of 
history, sociology, political science, and economics. '.'^Jhile some historians 
have realized this for ma?iy years, the general public has never been made 
aware of the intrinsic worth of this material. In the official documents of 
Piatt County are found the n^iterials of another chapter in the story of the 
coming into the Illiiiois v/ilderness of settlers who created a territory and 
the rudiments of a simple frontier government, bought and sold land, built 
roads, established schools, and later founded a state. 

The Illinois Historical Records Survey Project has proved to be of 
considerable assistance to local and county governments. Records have 
been rearranged and rado more accessible, material believed to be lost 
has been located, indexing projects have been fostered, and county offi- 
cials have been encouraged and induced to provide new equipment for their 
offices and better storage space for the records. 

In addition, the program of the project has been planned to dovetail 
T/ith the lorig-range plans of the State of Illinois for the care of state 
and local archives. For example, the first step, the removal of all state 
records to a new Archives Building, has boon materially aided bjr the prepa- 
ration of preliminary inventories by survey workers for the various state 
departments. Furthermore, the program of the state for the preservation 
of county records, including the r.iaking of micrcphotographic copies of all 
important historical documents, obviously presupposes inventories such as 
The Illinois Historical Records Survey Project is now making. 

- V - 



The inventories being compiled by The Historical Records Survey 
Projects also make possible for the first tine a scientific study of the 
question of record destruction. Under Illinois law no records may be de- 
stroyed without specific enabling legislation. This provision, together 
with the tremendous incroaso in the quantity of records in recent years, 
has made it impossible for either the state or the counties to take care 
of the documents adequately. Hence, a certain amount of record destruc- 
tion has been inevitable. If, as seems probable, a study of these inven- 
tories should lead to the eiiflctnent of adequate and sensible legislation 
governing the disposition of public records, these compilations may prove 
to be the most important contribution of the survey. 

Preliminary work on the survey in Piatt County, the seventy-fourth 
on the alphabetically arranged list of one hundred and two counties in 
Illinois, -was begun May 18, 1936, and completed as far as possible 
August 11, Field forms were received in Chicago, December 7, 1936, and 
a draft inventory sent to Washington, D.C., July 14, 1937. This vi&s 
returned October 13, and on April 1 and April 6, 1938, all forms had a 
complete recheck, completed in July, 1938, Abstracting and transcribing 
of covinty board records, upon wliich much of the contents of this inventory 
is based, v»as begun November 13, 1938, and finished July 17, 1940, The 
inventory v;as taken under the supervision cf Kenneth C, Blood, by Cal 
Atkinson, Eugene Doty, Francis H, Doty, Byford E, Flore, Dwayne Gerald 
Nelson, Byron McCall, Samuel Robert McClure, and Carl E, Raglan. 

The inventory vas prepared for publication by the state editorial 
staff of The Illinois Historical Records Survey Project at Chicago, under 
the supervision of Herbert R, Rifkind. Preparation of Part B of the 
inventory was under the direction of Martine O'Connor; Gifford Ernest 
supervised the preparation of the historical sketch; and Edv;ard J, 
LIcDonough supervised format and collation. In addition, too much credit 
cannot be given to the other members of the editorial, research, and 
typing staffs for their intelligent and diligent cooperation in the 
compilation of this inventory. 

All of the officers of Piatt County cooperated in every way with the 
workers, and grateful acknowledgement of their aid is hereby made, I also 
Ydsh to express appreciation for the assistance rendered by the officials 
of the Illinois Work Projects Administration and the Illinois Writers' 
Project. For the cover design we are indebted to the Illinois Art Project. 

The various units of the Inventory of the County Archives of Illinois 
will be available for distribution to the goverranental offices, libraries, 
schools, and historical societies in Illinois, and libraries and govern- 
mental e.renoios in other states. Requests for information concerning par- 
ticular units of the Inventory should be addressed to the State Supervisor. 



(>w^ ^. CLo df w^l^^ 



Royal S. Van de Woestyno / 
State Supervisor 
The Illinois Historical Records 
August 30, 1940 ovrve'- Trojeot 



- VI - 



TABIJ; OF CONTENTS 

A, Piatt County r.nd Its Records Sj^stcm 

Page 

1. Historical Sketch .3 

Introduction: genesis and antecedents; area and physi- 
ography; drainaf;e, soils, and climate; flora and fauna; 
natural resources; early civilization; French and British 
occupation; sovereignty achieved; early settlors; contem- 
porary national and state life. Piatt County government 
organized: the legal steps followed; Piatt County begins 
to function; first recorded administrative proceedings. 
Public buildings: courthouses; jails, tetters govern- 
mental and political: changes in the form of county gov- 
ernment; county court form of administration in transi- 
tion; tovmship organization adopted; administration by 
board of supervisors; an historical political episode; 
the county's response to the nation's call to arms. 
Economic development: population; resources; transpor- 
tation. Conclusion. 

2. Governmental Organization and Records System 33 

Introduction, General administration. Finances : tax- 
ation; fiscal control. Administration of justice: 
courts; clerks of courts; ministerial officers; 'prose- 
cutions; inquests; enforcement of law. Education. 
Recordation. Public works: roads and bridges; public 
buildings; drainage. Public services: public health; 
vital statistics; public assistance. Coordination of 
functions. Records system. 
Chart 57 

3. Roster of County Officers 59 

4. Housing, fare, and .iccecsibility of the Records ,69 

Charts of county offices, showing percentages of rec- 
ords in depositories 74,75 

Charts of depositories, showing location, contents, 

and condition 76-78 

Floor plans ,79-82 

5. Abbreviations, Symbols, and Explanatory Notes 83 



B, County Offices and Their Records 

I. County Board 89 

General index. Proceedings of board. Disposition of 
accounts: appropriations; bills and claims; registers 
of county orders; cancelled county orders; pension 
fund accounts and applications. Afenagement of county 
properties and roads: bond issues; insurance; motor 
fuel tax allotments. Report.-^ to board. Jury lists, 

- vii - 



Table of Contents 

Page 

II. County Clerk 101 

Taxation: list of taxable property, levies; collec- 
tions, abatement; judgment, sale, redemption, for- 
feiture; maps and plats. Vital statistics; births 
and stillbirths; deaths; inarriapes; census. Licenses 
and registers: registers of officers; professional 
licenses and registers; patents; militia roll; estrays, 
marks and brands; do^ licenses. Elections. Bonds 
of officers. Changes in school districts. Miscel- 
laneous papers. Fees, receipts and expenditures. 

III. Recorder 120 

Entry books. Instruments recorded: general; deeds; 
mortgages - real estate; mortgages - chattel; certifi- 
cates of levy; bonds of officers; other instruments. 
L5aps and plats. Fees. 

IV. County C our i; ...129 

Proceedings of court. Dockets: court dockets; 
justices' dockets. Fee books. Reports to court. 
Bonds: official; court. Probation: juvenile; 
mothers' pensions. InJieritance tax. Naturalization. 

V. Probate Court 143 

Proceedings of court: general proceedings; wills, 
bonds, letters; inventories and appraisements; widows' 
relinquishment and selection; petitions, decrees, re- 
ports of sale; reports, currant and final accounts. 
Dockets. Fee books. 

VI . C ircuit C ourt 155 

Proceedings of court. Transcripts. Dockets. Fee 
books. Reports to court. Jury records. Bonds. 
Parole. Naturalization. Receipts and expenditures. 

VII. Sheriff 169 

Process. Jail records. Fees, receipts and expendi- 
tures. 

VIII. Coroner 172 

n . State ' s Attorney 174 

X. Supervisor of Assessments 177 

XI. Board of Review 179 

XII. Collector 181 

XIII. Treasurer 184 

General accounts: registers and ledgers; cash books; 
county orders. Special accounts: school; probate; 
inheritance tax; highway; dog license; county officers 
and court fees; drainage. 

- viii - 



Table of Contents 

Page 

XrV. Superintendent of Schools 188 

Accounts of school funds. School districts. Teachers* 
records. Pupils records. Reports. School treasurers' 
bonds. 

XV. Superintendent of Highways ^ .193 

Commissioriors ' records. Construction and maintenance 
records : plans and specifications; contracts; labor. 
Allotnents and claims. Warrants, Reports. Corre- 
spondence . 

XVI. Surveyor ,' 198 

XVII. Drainage Commissioners 199 

XVIII. Department of Public Yfelfare 203 

XIX, County Home 206 

XX , Farm Bureau „ , . . 208 

XXI, Tuberculosis Sanitarium Board 209 

X-XII . C ounty Hurse 211 

B ibl iography , 2 13 

Chronological Index 235 

Subject Index. 239 



IX - 



A. P I a t I Co Li n I y 

and 
Its Keccrds System 



(First entry, p. 95) 



1. HISTORICAL SKETCH 

Introduction 

Genssis and Antecedents 

In the ref^.ion lying on the rt'estern edge of the Grand Prairie and 
in the rich "3an_-<:T.on Country'' of Illinois, Piatt County v/as organized in 
1841. The district out of vhich tl-e county was formed is near the geo- 
graphic center of the stato. It 7;as cut off frorr. I.'acon and De ".Vitt 
counties, reducing tiie parrr.t counties by that much on their eastern hal-ses.l 
At the tine the T'/zelfth General Assemhly authorized the organization of 
the new state administrative unit, its eastern boundary bordered on Coles 
and Chai.-^aign counties. Coles was later subdivided so that that part of 
this county which v;as on Piatt's border became Dout;,las County in 1859.2 
In 18 io, loultrie County was organized out of Iwiacon and Shelby counties 
and I.oultrie then becar^.e the soutliern boui-.dary of Piatt, v;hich for its 
first two years of history was bounded on the south by Lacon.3 Cn the 
west are De ivitt and I aeon coujities, and on the north is IvicLean County. 

Early settlerient history of the county belongs to tlie antecedent 
counties vjhich were fonned successively fron the tir.-.e when th.e region was 
linox County as a part of the liorth.west Territory, then St. Clair County 
v/hen it was Indiana Territory, then Ixidison, Edwards, and Crawford coun- 
ties when they were parts of the Illinois Territory, and th.en Clarh and 
Fayette counties fron harch 22, 1319 to January 23, 1327, when the area v;as 
attached for adiidnistrative pui-poses to the nev;ly forried Shelby Coionty.'l 
Kacon ;vas forned in 1829, and LcLean County in 1C30 out of portions of 
territory attached to Sh.elby, and the northern part of what is nov/ Piatt 
was included in LcLean until De v.itt wa.s forned ir. 1339.5 From then 
until the General Assenbly ?.ct9d on the petition of tho qualified voters° 
of De I'att and Laccn counties to form "a new county to be called Piatt", 
all the northern half of the Piatt area was in De '.Vitt and the southern 
half in i, aeon. 



Area and physiography 

The boundaries set by the act of establishjnent gave the county the 
shape of a rectangle fron which t]:e northwest corner v;as cut off with a 



1. L,13±l, p. 71. 

2. L.1S59 , p. 2-1,29. 

3. L.loiO, p. CO, 

4. L.1S19 , p. 163; L.1321 , p. 164; R.L.1527 , p. 115. 

5. L.1559 , p. 199. 

6. As provided for in R.L. 1827 , p. 110. 

- 3 - 



- H - 
Historical Sketch 

Getbnck on the western line at the place where the oit-off begins.^ Tho long- 
est north and south line of the area thus set off is 3^ miles, and the east 
and west distance, in the uniform of the rectangle, is 15 miles. The area 
co^iprises ripproximately 2S'S,Q^0 acres, or U5I square miles. "^ There is 
nuch nearly level land in the county; however, the northwest comer is 
gently rolling where the Blue Ridge moraine, a part of the Champai^ mo- 
ronic system., cuts acrosr the county. Another moraine, the Cerro Gordo, 
crosi-.es the county parallel to and on the south side of the Sangar.on 
River, which traverses the central section of the county from northeast 
to southwest. Both inorainal areas are ,:ently rollin^^ with few abrupt 
slopes. The remainder of the county is level country: some of it is so 
flat that the natural drainage is poor, 3 The average elevation of the 
county is above the 550"^°°^ average for the state. The highest ele- 
vation is 793 feet in the northeast corner of the county, and the lowest 
is 612 feet recorded in the bed of the Sang,Tmon River where it crosses 
the western boundary entering Macon County, '^ 

Drainag e, Soils, njid Climate 

The Sanganon River, vhich has its source in Champaign County, is 
the principal irntcrwny; it hrs no VC17/ largo tributaries plong its 
course in Piatt, the main ones from the north being Madden' s Run, Goose 
Creek, 17ild C-t Creek, and Wolf Run, aiid on the south Cninp Crock and 
TTillow 3i?>.nch. South of the Cerro Gordo moraine the land drains into the 



1. L.lSUl , p. 71. "Be it enacted by the people of the State of Illinois, 
represented in the Generfil Assembly, that all that part of Macon and 
Dc 77itt counties, included within the following boundaries, to wit: 
Begirming '.-Aioro the north line of torm fifteen north intersects the 
middle of range four cast, and running thence north through the mid- 
dle of r.'Uigc four to the middle of tOT^.n nineteen; thence cast to the 
west line of range five; thenco north to the northwest coroner of town 
nineteen north, range five east; thence by a direct lino to the south- 
west corner of section seven, to\7n t»7cnty-one north, mjige six; thence 
east to the e'ast line of r-^jige six; thence south j^Long the east line 
of range six to the north line of town fifteen north; thence west Ft- 
long the north line of torn fifteen to the place of beginning, shall 
constitute a ne\7 county to bo eddied the County of Piatt," 

2. Farm, H-ime and Connunity, Illinois (Urbana: University of Illinois, 
193&)» ?• *+• Hercin.after cited as Farm, Home and ConTnrjiity . Other 
sources report the area of the county viriously, iiuch as ^3^ ond hko 
square miles. 

3. R. S. Smith and Others, Piatt County Soils , Soil Report No. U7 (I'rbana: 
University if Illinois, December, I93O) , p. 6. Hereinafter cited as 
Piatt County Soils . 

h. Survey of S^^nga'non River from ChaJtdlersvillc to Mnhomct , United States 
GcologioOL Survey (Vfasliington: Government Printing Office, 1928), p. 67, 



- 5 - 

Historical Sketch 



streams of the Kaskaskia River system. 1 Lake Pork has its headv;aters in 
the imtershed i'onr.ed by the Cerro Gordo moraine, and flows southeai.;terly 
into IVDUQlas Govnty where it entities irto the Kaskaskia. Numerous sm,all 
creeks or runs flov>f south into houltrie County and thcsnce into the tribu- 
tary systein of th(3 Kaskar.kia. 

The origin of the soil material, \vhich gives to Piatt County its ex- 
clusi-veiy ai;;rioultural resources, is placed in the C-lacial Epoch. A 
thick deposit of f;laoial till covers the county; this till e:cceeds two 
hundred feet i]i thickness over most of the area. Durin-;, the Glacial 
Epoch two of the six ice sheets that moved southward from centers of ac" 
cumulation in Labrador, in the Hudson Pay region, and in the northern 
Rocky I.oijntains, advanced over the area that is now Fiatt County; these 
were the Illinoisian and Larly YMsoonsin.^ ti-^q surface of the county 
area prior tc glacial tines vjas broken, irre^^ular and uneven. According 
to geologists the region f.round the Great Lakes and the Allerhany Mountains 
was once a part of a vast ocean bed. It ei:;er^;ed from its watery depth dur- 
ing the oarborJ.fercus period, after which the ice sheets, during a period 
vjhon lar^,e portions of the earth's surface v/ere subjected to a great re- 
frigeration, rubbed down the hills and filled the valli.-ys. Upon the re- 
treat of theae gladers there was left a nearly level plain broken only 
by the Blue hidce ai:d Cerro Gordo moraines.^ Following the retreat of the 
IllinoJsian rlader there was a long period during which soil formed on 
the till left by the Drift, or glacial ice s];eets. But the present soils 
of the county were formed in a large part from the till left by the Early 
Wisconsin glacier, which follovjed the Illinoisian, In a few areas a thin 
blanket of rock flour, or loe^s, appears to have been deposited on the 
till, and where suoh is the case t'ne soils were develoned fro::i the loess 
and are pebble free.'* 

Over much of tlie county there was a local reworking of the soil 
material by the wir.d, producing a Icess-like cover. Flov;ing water re- 
vrorked glacial till ajid the loes- in places, leaving deposits in the form 
of bottoms, terraces, and outwash plains from which the soils of these a- 
reas dsvoloped. All of the materials v/ere high in carbonates at the time 
they wore deposited, a iact wliicl has an important bearing on the soils 
developed fron tiiem. The till was made up of a great variety of rocks, 
including limestone. These rocks were groLuid into various sized parti- 
cles, including, the very finest as v;ell as gravel and stones, and these 
particles were mixed together, giving a iraterial well supplied with all 
the elements of plant food.^ In the region now included in Piatt County 
all conditions v;er^ favorable for the accumulation of organic matter over 



■"•• Piatt County Soils, p. 6. 

3. Ibia., p. 10, " 

3. Ibid. 

4. Ibid. 

5. Ibid. 



- 6 - 
Historical Sketch 



a large proportion of the land. A grass vegetation developed and occu- 
pied most of the area, and this condition, together v;ith the high lime 
and high moisture contents of the soil, favored the accumulation of organ- 
ic natter and the development of dark-colored soils, A relatively small 
part of the total area v;as occupied by a timber vegetation, v;hich resulted 
in the development of light-colored soils. This soil mostly was developed 
along the Sangamon River and in the southeastern corner of the county 
v.iriere most of the timber vegetation v;as to be found. ■'■ 

Through the passing of time, the soils as they are known today took 
form. Layers or horizons, often spoken of as surface, subsurface, and 
subsoil, became distinguishable. The soils cf the county are youthful 
in the sense that various parts of the profile are not yet fully developed. 
In some of the lovf-lying areas fresh v«ter shells arc still abundant, in- 
dicating the short time that has elapsed since these areas wore svrtimpy. 
The construction of dredge ditches and the installation of tile drainage 
have changed the low-lying sv;ampy areas into highly productive farm land. 
About ninety-four percent of the soils of the county are dark colored. 
These soils were originally high in organic matter and are still supplied 
with this important constituent except where no provisions have been r&de 
in the farming plan for its replenishment, and on the slopes v;hich have 
eroded rapidly. Light colored soils occupy about six percent of the total 
area cf the county.^ 

The soils of the county on the whole are characteristic of the prai- 
rie lands throughout the central portion of the state, mainly being a 
deep, black vegetable mold. On the prairies there aro boulders of vari- 
ous colors, generally grey, and red and grey syenite. In the altered drift 
can be found Devonian fossils and fragments of the Coal Measure rocks. 
Springs highly colored vn.th oxide of iron have been found in the county. 
Some of the wells dug and bored from 60 to 100 hundred foot aro supplied 
seemingly with an incxhaustable amount of water. There is such a vrcll in 
Goose Crock Township 120 feet deep; another on the fair grounds at t'onticcllo 
52 feet deep; and on the prairie near i.-onticcllo is one 30 feet deep; and 
one at Bement 15 feet in depth. One of the vrells dug in the county shov/ed 
a fine deposition of conglomerate, supposed to have been from the bottom 
of Lake Michigan when its outlet v.'as the Mississippi River .^ 

The climate of Piatt County is typical of that prevailing in the 
Mississippi Valley region. It is characterized by a v/ide range in tem- 
perature betiTOen the extremes of the winter and summer and by an abund- 



1. Piatt County Soils, p. 11. 

2. Ibid., p. 11,12. 

3. ErjTja C. Piatt, History of Piatt County, Illinois (Chioago: Shepard 
and Johnston, 1883), p. 100. Hereinafter cited as History of Piatt 
County. 



Historical Sketch 



ant, ivell distributed rnin.fall. The greatefit ran^e in temperature for 
any one year for the twenty- six- year period, 1903 to 1928, was 122 de- 
grees in 10O5, and aj^ain in 1913. The highest temperature was lOS""' in 
1913; the lov^cst, 25° belov» zero in 1905, The 'summer temperature ex- 
ceeded 100° durinp, five years and the winter ter.perature fell to 10° be- 
low zero durinf^ fourteen years out of tho tv;enty-six-year period. The 
average date of the last killing frost in the spring is April 25; tho 
earliest in the auturin is October IC, The average length of the growing 
season is 174 days, v;hich is anple time to mature all the crops common to 
the region. Occasionally frost comes early enougli to injure soft corn 
when the preceding spring has been very wet and backward, delaying plant- 
ing, lYintor wheat is sometimes injured by sleet and ice, particularly 
on flat land,-'- 

Tho average annual rainfall for tho tv/enty- six-year period was 
.35. 2G inches, Tho \;cttest year on record, 192 7, had a rainfall of 
55.64 inches; tho driest year, 1914, had a rainfall of 24,68 inches. The 
average monthly rainfall of more than 3 inches during tho growing season 
supplies tho soil with enough water to maintain proper moisture for grow- 
ing crops. However, the total precipitation is only one of the factors 
that control drought: other important factors are humidity, r:.te of evapo- 
ration, rate at vihich the rain falls, lapse of time between rains and 
drainage conditions. Rainfall in this county is sufficiently well dis- 
tributed that seldom is there a severe drought. Occasionally twenty to 
thirty days nass vdthout muc?i rain, and crop yields are then reduced and 

meadows and pastures are s'aort."' 

Flora and Fauna 

The streams of the county are all bordered with growths of timber 
which include the varieties that are co:nmon to this region. In the wood- 
ed sections are to be found such trees and shrubs as maple, hickory, wild 
cherry, pine, wild plum, wild crabapple, laurel, hazel, burr oak, white 
oak, black walnut, service-berr;', ironwood, swamp and upland ash, locust, 
elm, gum, dog^veod, and sycamore. Since the land has been under cultiva- 
tioii considerable timber has been added by the cultivation of forest trees 
on the prairie, and numerous groves !^.avc been gro\"m throughout the county. 

Before the region was settled the biiffalo, ulk, and bear roamod tho 
prairies and forests aloii.r tho Sraigamon, pastured on its lands and 
watered in its strcam.s. With the coming of thi.' white man, however, their 
mimbcrs gradually decreased and finally disappeared, leaving only trails 
and bones to toll of their former existence hero. In the early days of 
settlement there were found in the region doer, fox, v;olf, raccoon, m.ink, 



1 . Piatt County'. Goils , p , 

2 , Ibid. 



- 8 - 
Historical Sketch 



opossum, aoid coyote. Several species of wild animals foraerly common 
have become scarce, while some are no longer found at all. Gray fox 
squirrels, gophers, rabbits, and qusll once v/ere numerous, while now they 
are less frequently seen orA only at time n\imerous enough to be htmted. 
The rivers, creeks, ponds, and lakes in the spring and autumn vere cov- 
ered with swajis, pelicans, cranes, f;ecse, ducks, and hrants of many spe- 
cies. Grouse and wild turkey were abiindaiit for the most aggressivo 
hunter. Rattlesnakes were common and a great danger to nan and beast. 
The streams abounded with edible fish, an important factor in man's con- 
quest of the frontier. Without wildlife ais a source of food supply it 
would have been most difficult for the earliest settlers to survive the 
rigors of frontier life which they were compelled to face. 

Natural Resources 

It was determined by geologic forces years ago that the natural re- 
sources of the territory of this covuity were to be almost completely 
agricultural, since the jjrime essentials of good and cheap coal, constant 
water power, and an abundance of timber were lacking in quantities ade- 
quate for manufacturing purposes. There are no minarals to be found in 
Piatt Couiity. The Coal Measures v;hich underlie nearby counties are not 
reached at a depth that would make their commercial development profit- 
able. It is probable that coal would not be fouiid at a depth of less 
than 600 or 800 feet below the surface, and it is not known whether there 
is any considerable deposit of a quality that could be gainfully mined. 

Early Civilizations 

Little trace of a civilization earlier thoja that of the Indifxns is 
to be found within the region. There are a number of mounds within the 
limits of the county, and seme speculation has been advanced as to their 
origin. But -until much more of the work of scientific exploration, com- 
parision, and collation of evidence along the lines of the expeditions cf 
the Universitj?- of Illinois among the Cahokia Mounds, and the University 
of Chicago in Fulton and Tazewell co^unties is completed, no authorative 
statement can be made concerning the mounds of Illinois. 

The area of Piatt County seems not to have figured much in the exis- 
tence of any but the white race. At the time Illinois was admitted into 
the Union the Kickapoo Indians were still in central Illinois, and the 
Sacs and the Foxes in the territory r^orthwest of the Illinois River. 
Piatt County probably never was the site of an Indiana village, nor was 
it crossed by important Indian trails, yet the Indiai": waiidered over its 
hills aiid prairies to hunjj game, and up end down the banlcs of the 
Sangamon to fish in its waters. Often spots in the county were chosen 
for camp grounds, at least one attraction, no dcubt, being the fine 
springs of water. 

French and British Occupation 

The civil history of the Illinois countr;^ begins when it was a part 
of the vast territory first claimed by the Spanish, and which they ca,lled 
Florida. Afterwards it was settled by the French as a result of the ex- 



- 9 - 
Historical Sketch 

plorations of Father Jacques Iferquotte, Louis Jolliet, Si©ur de la Salle, 
and Father Louis Hennepin. Between the years 1680 and 1690 the first 
settlements were started. The first military occupation of the country 
v^s at Fort Crevecoeur, in February, 1680. The first settlement in 
Illinois, or in the Mississippi Valley region, was at Fort St, Louis on 
the Illinois River (the site now known as Starved Txcok in La Salle County), 
the building of vyriiich was undertaken in 1682.^ In the Illinois country 
the settlements were never large and they vrere widely scattered, consisting 
of the settlements of Kaskaskia, Prairie du Rocher, St. Philips, Fort De 
Chartres, and Cahokia. Yet the fertility of the Illinois bottom land 
produced enough grain to supply not only the needs of its omi population 
and posts on the Ohio River, but Louis.iana and New Orleans settlements 
as woll.^ 

The English settled for the most part along the Atlantic seaboard 
from ISxine to Florida, and were hemraed in between the Appalachian Mountains 
and the Atlantic Ocean. By the middle of the eighteenth century they had 
turned their eyes across the Alleghenies, but the French line of settle- 
ments and forts seemed to present an unbroken front, interfering with the 
progress of the English vrestv/ard, • The long struggle between the French 
and British for colonial possessions in the New World proved disastrous 
for the French, with the result that their regime in Illinois passed to 
the control of the English. Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1763, which closed the French and Indian War, all Canada and 
other French territory east of the Mississippi were ceded to the British 
Crovm.'^ Thus the region aftervvards called the Northwest Territory came 
entirely under English rule. 

Sovereignty Achieved 

The year 1753 marks a turning point in American history,. The power 
of France in the Now World T.vas broken forever; England novj- had control 
of the vast territory stretching from, the Atlantic Ocean to the Missi- 
ssippi River. The English colonists fearing no longer the attacks of 
the French and Indians and, awakened to their own strength, began to de- 
mand from England the right which they asserted belonged to them as sub- 
jects of the British Crovm. These deinands eventually led to the Revolu- 
tionary 7fer, and to the independence of the thirteen Aiaerican colonies 
that became the United States, Large land companies were formed by enter- 
prising colonial loaders to open up the territory v/cst of the Alleghenies, 
but the outbreak of the Revolution delayed the plans. Every post of im- 



1. Theodore C. Pease, The Story of Illinois (Chicago: A. C. McClurg and 
Company, 1925), p. 9,10. Hereinafter cited as The Story of Illinois . 

2. Ibid., p. 16. 

3. "Definitive Treaty," The Parliamentary History of England, published 
under superintendence of T. C. ?Iansard (London, 1813), XV, 1291-1303. 
Hereinafter cited as Parliamentary History of England. 



- 10 
Historical Sketch 



portance in the West vr&s held by the English at the outbreak of the war 
for independence. As the rosult of the successful conquest of t^ie north- 
west by General George Rogers Clark and his expedition in 1778, the 
British power was ended north and west of ttie Ohio River, and south of 
Canada. This territory included v^at is now known as the states of Illi- 
nois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, and 'Yisconsin. 

Ihe history of the minor Illinois subdivision, Piatt County, is at- 
tached to many remote events which are vrell knovm to history and yet do 
not constitute a part of the archival record of the coimty. Nevertheless, 
the county's history is interv.'oven with its numerous governmental and so- 
cial organizations. 

Early Settlers 

The record of settlement of the area of Fiatt County proper began 
about 1822. The first settler W8.s George ITayivorth, according to common 
agreement of chroniclers of the early settlement period. Ho was appointed 
by the Federal government as an agent to secure the signature of the 
Kickapoo Indians to a treaty providing for their removal beyond the 
Mississippi. Vfith the help of the Indians he built in the autvimn of 1622 
the first cabin ever erected within the limits of the county. The cabin 
wns near the Indians' camp on the site of the present city of Monticello. 
James A. Fiatt, for whom the county was named, ^ bought the cabin from 
Hayworth in 1829 and occupied it as a residence until his death in 1838, 
It was well knovm as a tavern on the trail from Danville to Springfield 
and many men prominent in the early history of Illinois stayed over night 
beneath its roof. It vras later removed from its original site to the 
county fair grounds in 1888 and used as a club house by the Old Settlers 
'.ssociation for many years. It is now at Briar Crest, having been re- 
stored to its original condition. 

The first fevr who settled in the county area brought vdth them pro- 
visions to last through a planting to the time of harvest. The land was 
broken by yoke of oxen; fences were built of rails or sod. The first 
settlements v;ere made in or nenr timber. ?«ost farmers kept a few sheep 
and the Spinning wheel was found in most homes. V/omen made the clothes 
for the family, and children were given vrork to do as soon as they v:ere 
able to help. Few of that day dreamed that the broad prairies eventually 
would be settled and put under cultivation. The first settlers entering 
land were from the southern states, many of them coming by way of Ohio 
and Indiana, Hayworth vms a Quaker from Tennessee. James A, Piatt, men- 
tioned above, came from Ohio originally, and after purchasing Hayworth 's 



1, Charles Mcintosh, Past and Present of Piatt Counb'- , Together with 
Biographical Sketches of T'any Prominent and Influential Citizens 
(Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1903), p. 14. Hereinafter 
cited as Fast and Present of Piatt County. 



- 11 - 

Historical Sketch 

claim, moved there with his family. Though the number of settlers in- 
creased, the rich, rolling prairie with all its fertility and beauty had 
few charms as a dv;elling place for the hardy pioneers; instead, they in- 
variably selected spots in the timber for their abiding place, and it was 
nof long before the first settlers had neighbors in all the belts of tim- 
ber that lined the banks of the streams.! 

Conter.porary National and Stcte Life 

vThen Piatt County was organized in 1841, the frontier settlement 
period of Illinois was drawing to a close. The border states were now 
beyond the Llississippi River, though there still vrere millions of acres 
of unsettled public lands in Illinois. The "tjhigs and Democrats of the 
time vjere opposing one another with different land policy measures. Land 
speculation v/as rife,^ and, with the exception of Abraham Lincoln, most 
prominent politicans in the state were involved. The nation as a whole 
was full of bounce and bluster. The country was grov/ing up; it was im- 
mature. It vj'as a busy age, though an awkrward one. These years are now 
known as "the fabulous fortioc," when to enjoy America one lived roughly 
and simply. "A vast nation was forming, society ever changing, all in mo- 
tion, nothing complete, . . . all busy as a hive, full of energy and activi- 
ty," The decade of the forties opened v;ith great numbers believing that 
the end of the world was imminent. The resurrection of Christ was pre- 
dicted with elaborate calculations based on biblical prop?iesies. Trades- 
men advertised "muslin for ascention robes." P. T. Barnum, self-styled 
"Prince of Humbugs," \ia.F, thrilling and awing crov/ds with his human mon- 
strosities. Godey's Lady Book was the guide of what was correct to vjear, 
to say, and to do among those who cared for that sort of thing. Daniel 
Decatvir Emmett of Mount Vernon, Ohio, m.instrel song writer and actor, who 
later was to write and compose "Dixie," and "Old Dan Tucker," produced 
"Old Dog Tray," a popular song of the time. Stephen Collins Foster, 
writer and composer of folk songs, presented his "Old Folks at Home." 
Nathaniel Havrthorne, novelist, and Edgar Allen Foe, literary critic, 
pure poetic genius, writer of unsurpassed m.ystery tales and inventor of 
the detective story, were attracting attention in two worlds - the old 
and the new. Janies Russell Lowell, poet, essayist, and diplom.at, and 



1. Past and present of Piatt County, p. 10, 11. 

2. Theodore Calvin Pease, The Frontier State 1818-1848 , v. II of The 
Centennial History of Illinois (Chicago: A, C. I'cClurr &. Co., 1919 ), 
"pT 174,3-36,357. Plereinafter cited as The Frontier Stete. Note: In 
1850 Congress granted the sti te 2,590,000 acres through the central 
part of the state in aid of the construction of the Illinois Central 
Railroad. By 1656 more than 15,000,000 acres in the state were held 
1y speculators, vrtio had taken up about all the land that had been in 
the public domain excepting that portion 0T.vned by iho state and the 
Illinois Central Railroad. 



- 12 - 
Historical Sketch 



William Cullen Bryant, poet and journalist, wore luminaries among the 
literati ivho included such names as Ralph Waldo Emerson, the transcenden- 
talist, Henry David Thoreau, and Thomas Carlyle, Scotch essayist and 
historian, and Charles Dickens, English novelist. 

Ifertin Van Buren, Democrat, v.-as finishing his administration as 
President of the United States, General Willian: Henry Harrison, former 
governor of Indiana Territory vAen the Illinois country v.'as a part of it, 
and John Tyler had been chosen president and vice-president as the first 
■"iVhigs to be elected to these offices. The "Loc Cabin and Hard Cider" 
campaign slogan had captured the Illinois frontier in spite of its former 
strong Democratic leanings : "Old Tippecanoe and Tyler Too" (the Vftiig 
candidates) '/rere the heroes of the day - a short day for Harrison who 
died within a month after he was inaugurated president and before Piatt 
County was organized in accordance ■■with the provisions of the act of 
establishment. 

The Mormons from their headquarters at Nauvoo wore a factor in the 
political life of the state, and were fast becoming f. serious issue. 
They held the balance of political povrer in Illinois, and aspired to a 
similar position in the nation.'^ Thomas Carlin, Democrat, ivas Governor 
of Illinois, and Stephen A, Douglas, Democrat, and Abraham Lincoln, 
Whig, were ambitious and promising young lav;yers vri. th a bent for state- 
craft. 

Agriculture was being influenced by the appearance of the new 
machines : the McCormick reaper, the Wostinghouse and Church thresher, and 
the John Deere all steel, self-cleaning, chilled plow. These machines 
revolutionized the industry and stimulated emigration to the fertile 
lands of Illinois. The prairie lands of central Illinois were from this 
time on the scene of great changes affecting the life of the state and 
nation. 



Piatt County Government Organized 

There was a movement in 1837 in that part of Kacon County that is 
now Piatt to form a new county, because come of the settlers thouf-ht it 
was too far to go to Decatur, the county seat, for the transaction of leg- 
al business. A meeting of those interested was called, and a committee 
v;as appointed to draw up and circulate a petitioi to be presented to the 
General Assembly, asking that a new county be organized out of parts of 
liJcon, De Witt, and Champaign counties. Little encouragement was received, 
by those who circulated the petition in Champaign County, and the idea of 
having any part of that county included in the now unit was dropped. The 



1, The Frontier State, p, 348,350,351. 



- 13 - 

Historical Sketch 



committees that circulated the petition for signatures among the voters 
of I&icon and DeWitt counties were' more successful, and the petition vras 
presented to the General Assembly, January 1, 1841, An unsuccessful 
effort was made to have the new county named Grundy; however, it was named 
in the enabling act in honor of James A. Piatt, who had been a prominent 
and influential member of the court of county comjnissioners of Macon 
County, and whose efforts were largely responsible for the separation m.ove- 
ment, Piatt died in 1838, before the enterprise had been carried to a suc- 
cessful conclusion. 

The Legal Steps Followed 

Pending organization of the county in accordance with the general pro- 
visions of the Constitution of 1818, and acts 6}^ the General Assembly, in- 
cluding the provisions of the act of formation,''' elections were to bo held 
at John Madden 's and in Monticello, and the judges of elections in those 
precincts were to hold office until the covmty commissioners of Piatt 
County appointed others. The enabling act directed that an election bo 
held on the first Monday of April, 1841, for the purpose of electing all 
county officers. The poll books of said election wore directed to bo tak- 
en to Monticollo where on Tuesday following the election John Hughes, 
Abraham Marquis, Joh:i T. Tinbrool:, and Jaraos Rebor, four regular acting 
justices of the peace in the county (or so many of them as could be present) 
were to canvass the votes given for each candidate, and cause the results 
to be proclaimed aloud, naming the persons elected and the offices to 
which they were elected. Returns of the election vrore to be made to the 
Secretary of the State. The county would be considered as legally organ- 
ized as soon as the first elected officers were qualified according to 
law. 

As soon as tho clerk of the county coniriiissioncrs ' court gavo his 
bond "to the acceptance of the county comrd ssioners" he informed the judge 
of the judicial circuit, ^Yho thereupon appointed a clerk, after which, 
courts were held in Monticello until a county seat was permanently estab- 
lished. All suits at law commenced in Macon and DelTitt counties before 
the county of Piatt was ofganized vrere decided in the respective counties. 
All justices of the peace, constables and other officers vrithin the newly 
organized unit continued in their respective offices until the terms of 
same expired,^ 



1. Past and Present of Piatt County , p. 14, 

2. Constitution of 1818, Schedule, soc. 4; L.1819 , p. 175,176, 

3. L.1S41 , p. 71. 

4. Ibid. 

5. Ibid., p. 72. 

6. Ibid, 



- 14 - 
Historical Sketch 



The act of formation provided for the appointment of school commis- 
sioner, v/ho v«s to "demand and receive from tho school commissioners of 
liicon and De 'tYitt counties all monies, notes, bonds, mortgages, and other 
writings pertaining to said County of Piatt, and likowisc its distribu- 
tive share of all unexpended state and school funds. "^ The county com- 
missioners were directed to meet on the first Monday in June, 1841, and 
to perform all the duties required of county commissioners, and to levy a 
tax v;hich vms to be equal in all parts of tlie county. Fiacon County was 
involved in a hoavy debt, incurred by the construction of a courthouse in 
Decatur; and because tho voters of Macon County consented upon certain 
conditions to the petition for the formation of Piatt County, the new 
county via.s required by terms in the enablinj; act to bear its portion of 
the balance of the debt due on tho courthouse. Three Piatt County commis- 
sioners were named in the act to meat tho commissioners of Ivfecon County 
at their regular session in June, 1841, and to ascertain the amount of 
debt remaining unpaid at tho close of tho year 1840, and after deducting 
therefrom the funds on hand at the time, and tho debts then owed to J/flcon 
County, they were to apportion tho balance of tho courthouse debt between 
the parts of lifecon County included in Piatt and the remaining part of 
Iv'i^con, according to the tax list of the latter county in 1840, that part 
of Ii'flcon County included in Piatt County ivac hold bound to pay its pro- 
portionate share of the courthouse debt, and the interest thereon on the 
same condition that Ifecon County '«as bound. The commissioners of Piatt 
County ^vere given permission to order paid the v^iole of tlie debt due 
^Sacon County whenever funds arising from that part of Piatt County Avas 
sufficient therefor .^ An act supplementary to the enabling act, and ap- 
proved by the General Assembly February 27, 1841, provided that the in- 
habitants from that part of De 'iVitt County which formed a part of Piatt, 
were not required to pay any portion of the indebtedness to J.fecon County, 
Of the three commissioners named in the act to meet with the commiEsioners 
of Macon County in the matter of the courthouse debt, one was George A, 
Patterson, a school teacher,^ ivho had been delegated to represent at 
Springfield tho proposed new county and to secure passage of the act di- 
viding IJI&Gon and De Witt counties. The other tv^o commissionors were 
Vfilliam Barnes and N, H, Devore.^ 

The enabling act provided that all county business be transacted in 
Monticello until a county seat had been permanently located. ° Section 
five of the act specified that the court of the judicial circuit be held 
at the same place. It was in this manner that all of the county business 



1. L.1841 , p, 72. 

2, Ibid., p, 73, 

3, Ibid., p. 91. 

4. Supervisors' Record, v, I, p» 215. 

5, L,1841 , p, 73. 

6. Ibid,, p. 72. 



- 15 - 
Historical Sketch 



life v/as centered in the one locality, pending the outcome of the election, 
set by the act for the first Monday in April, 1842,1 or just one year from 
the date of holding the first election for county officers. It was re- 
quired that the owners of the land upon which the county seat v;as to be 
located should execute a "good warranty deed for twenty-five acres of land 
for the benefit of the county" in order that the place be eligible for de- 
signation as the county seat. The county commissioners vrere to cause the 
land to be laid off in town lots, in the center of which was to be laid off 
one entire block for a public square. Should the highest niamber of votes 
be given to any tovm already laid off and a candidate for the county seat, 
the proprietor v/as required to make to the county commissioners a "good 
warranty deed" to forty lots in said town, sold and unsold, or in lieu 
thereof, twenty acres of land adjoining said to-mi, at the option of the 
proprietor of the tovm. 2 

Piatt County Begins to Function 

The population of the county at the time it vras organized was about 
seven hundred. Monticello, the oldest to^'m in the county, was chosen as 
the county seat at the election held the first I.'onday of April, 1842. 
The town was planned and founded in 1837 by four men: Abraham Marquis, 
Y/illiam Barnes, Major I,':c Reynolds, and John A. Piatt. These men formed a 
stock company and laid out the town on land formerly owned by Piatt. The 
site was on the south side of the Sangamon River and centrally located in 
the county. The town v;as named by Kajor KcReynolds in honor of Thomas 
Jefferson, whose mansion-home is known as Monticello. The first term of 
the circuit court was held J,;ay 14, 1341, in the Devore Hotel, knovm as 
"The Old Fort." Samuel Ii. Treat was circuit judge. 3 The county com- 
missioners chosen at the first election (April 5, 1841) were John Hughes, 
".Villiam Bailey, and Enoch Peck. John Piatt was elected sheriff; Henry 
Barnes, coroner; John P. Tinbrook, treasurer; James Rever, probate justice 
of the peace and surveyor; Joseph King, county clerk; and James F. Outten, 
recorder. Joseph King vras chosen school comr.issioner at the August elec- 
tion of the same year.^ 

The first grand jury was impaneled at the October term of the cir- 
cuit court, 1841. George A. Patterson was foreman of the jury Vifhich re- 
turned no indictments. Little business ;vas transacted by the county com- 
missioners' court during the first four terms, according to historians 
who have pieced together the record for the two years, April, 1841 to 
Karch, 1843, for which period no minutes of the meetings of the county 



1. L.1841 , p. 72. 

2. Ibid. 

3. Past and Present of Piatt County , p. 15,37-39. 

4. See Roster of County Officers, p. 59-G8. 



- 16 - 
Historical Sketch 

coKimisGioners ' court are available,'- However, it has been creditably es- 
tablished that the county waG divided Into three election precincts dur- 
ing this time of unrecorded administrative history; they were Monticello, 
Sangamon, and Otew, Georpe Boyor was appointed ovorsecr of the poor for 
the Sangamon precinct, James McReynolds for the Monticello precinct, and 
Samuel Harshbarger for the Okaw precinct, ^ The marriage register of the 
county shows that the first marriage license v;tis granted in April, 1841. 
The certificates of qualification for offices grantod by the Secretary 
of State of Illinois further show that the county as an administrative 
unit of state government was legally functioning when its officers, elect- 
ed April 5, 1841, vrere qualified. "^ 

First Recorded Administrativo Proceedings 

The county commissioners' court convened for the I.5arch, 1843 term at 
the courthouse in Monticello. The minutes of this meeting are the first 
available for inventory and study. The members of the court vrero the 
same commissioners as vrorc chosun at the first county election. The first 
item of business was that of accepting the reports of nine road supervisors 
for the year 1842.^ Road districts for the succeeding year were laid out 
and supervisors therefor appointed. This time two new districts were set 
up, indicating that novr highvreiys were being opened up and new farmsteads 
established in the county. By this time, George A. Patterson had become 
school commissioner and the court authorized him to niake a settlement with 
Joseph Kingj the first school commissioner of the county. Patterson was 
authorized by the court to call on the school commissioner of De Witt 
County and receive from him all papers and monies in his hands belonging 
to town 19 north, range 5 and 6 east. The school commissioner ivas also 
authorized "to take a loan of the money paid in state bank paper by John 
West and to give his note with mortgage on unincvimbered real estate at the 
rate of fifty-six and one-fourth cents per dollar in favor of township 18 
north, range 5 cast."^ 

I^iiintenanoe of roads was socialised by an order of the court re- 
quiring every able-bodied man to perform three days' labor on the high- 
ways in his respective district. George A. Patterson's county duties 
were expanded to include those of county assessor for 1843; Edward Ater 
was appointed collector, and was authorized to receive Indiana state 
paper for county revenue.^ In 1842 the State Bank of Illinois failed, 
carrying widespread ruin all over the state. Its scattered notes a- 
mounted to more than $3,000,000, and these state bank bills constituted 
most of the currency of the people. Though the notes had been falling 



1. County Record, v. A, p. 1, 

2. Past and Present of Piatt County, p. lii, 

3 . L.1841, p."7T: '" 

4. Court Record, v. A, p. 1-5, 

5. Ibid», p. 5,6. 

6. Ibid. 



- 17 

Historical Sketch 



in value for a long time, they suddenly became practically worthless. 
It becaiVie a problem to keep the state government going because the state 
could borrov; no money. The internal improvement bubble had burst and 
the financial vrorld believed Illinois would repudiate her already hea-'Tj'- 
indebtedness. The people had little money except State Bank bills with 
which to pay taxes. The Governor, Auditor, and Treasurer of the state 
were authorized by the General Assembly to notify the public through 
the press that hills on the State I-ank at Soringfield v;ould not be re- 
ceived for taxes. Bills on the State Bank at Sha-'.vneeto^vn vrere exempted, 
and this psnrdtted land speculators in particular to pay their revenue 
bills in worthless paper of that institution. The general effect of 
this v:as widespread protest by the taxpayers of the state. 1 This situ- 
ation continued to be a cause for complaint and unrest; it also was in 
part the background of tlie circuiristances on which Abraham Lincoln was 
at a later date challenged to a duel by State Auditor James Shields. 2 
As above noted, Illinois State Bank notes were accepted at this time on 
a loan m.ade by th? county at the rate of fifty-six and one-fourth cents 
per dollar. 

Edwfrd Ater had replaced John Piatt as sheriff at the timiC the min- 
utes of the county comn'.i ss loners ' court .-.'ere opened as an archival rec- 
ord. Jefferson D. Wills was elected county clerk, replacing Joseph 
king, in Aufrust, 1842. Overseers of the poor viore appointed for the 
Sangamon, IJonticello, and Okaw precincts. ^ 

The comj!;issioners, \;ho v/ere elected at the time the county was or- 
ganized, convened for the June, 1843 session of the court. Road view- 
ers v;ere appointed to serve in connection with a petition, for a nevf 
road, filed in the office of the county clerk. At the same time it vras 
ordered that no allov;ance hereafter would be made for the services of 
road viewing. The report of a committee appointed by the court to ex- 
amine the books and vouchers of the school commdssioner, George A. 
Patterson, was accepted. The report absolved "Patterson froiri any 
charge of improper conduct in the managem.ent of the business and du- 
ties of the office of school commissioner of Piatt County, "4 Transac- 
tions involving school funds -.vere recorded at this term of court, but no 
action was taken concerning the establishment of schools or their admin- 
istration. Comrdssioners were eilo'.ved $1.50 per day each for two days' 
service; likewise, the county clerk v.'as allowed $1.50 a day for his ser- 



1. Albert J. Beveridge, Abraham Lincoln 1809-58 (Boston: Houghton 
Idfflin Company), II, 37,38. 

2. Ibid., p. 33-57, 

3. Court Record, v. A, o. 7. 

4. Ibid., p. 8,10. 



- 18 - 
Historical Sketch 

vices at the court, and Edward Ater, sheriff, was allowed $2.00 for two 
days' service.^ 

^iJVhen the September (1843) term of the commissioners' court convened, 
two newly elected commissioners were present: William H« Piatt, who wag 
elected to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of William Bailey, 
and vYilliam Wright. Enoch Puck v.'as recorded as "judge of the board." 
James F. Outten had been elected court clork. At this time the bonds 
of other elected county officers w^re accepted and filed. ^ The county 
road starting "from a point on Vi'ild Cat point and running to a point a- 
bove Goose Creek near William Stages' lands on the old read," was relocat- 
ed in accordance with the report miide by Thomo.s Welsh and Abraham Lliarquis, 
road viewers appointed by the comjTiissionors. The plot of survey of the 
road was laid before the court and \\ias approved. Thirty dollars were ap- 
propriated for raising the highv.'uy at the Sangamon bridge, and for raising 
the east end of the said bridge,*^ John Ricketts v/p.s appointed county 
treasurer to fill the vacancy me.de by the resignation of John P. Tinbrook. 
The rate of taxation for county purposes for the ycc.r 1343 was fixed at 
twenty cents for every hundred dollars of taxable property.'^ In December, 
Adison I. Wiley, commissionor -elect, succeeded Enoch Peck, vA\o was the last 
member of the court as originally constituted. 

At this time, in addition to there being an elected county school com- 
missioner,^ there ^vere three trustees of school lands in each congression- 
al tovmchip where the county comr.issioners' court held it expedient and 
the population thereof approved. The trustees of the school lands ivere 
appointed by the commissioners.^ It was at the December meeting of the 
commissioners' court that a vacancy was filled in township 18 north, range 
6, by the appointment of Daniel Strickle, school land trustee in place of 
J» D. Willis. John Argo, Nicholas Oullery, and Daniel Stev;art v/ere ap- 
pointed trustees of school lands for township 20 north, range 6 east.' 
County Treasurer Ricketts reported a balance on hand in the treasury of 
$1.56, Uncollected notes for lots sold totaled $115.48. These wore lots 
of the twenty-five acres of land donated to the county by the owners of 
the property on which the county seat vms locatod.° 



1. Court Record, v. A, p. 11,12. 

2. Ibid,, p. 13,14, 

3. Ibid,, p. 16,19. 

4. Ibid,, p. 19,21, 

5. K.L.1G29 , p. 150-54; L,1941, p. 261,262, 

6. R.L.1B27, p. 366-70. For the duties of the trustees of school lands, 
SCO Governmental Organization, p. 4 5,47. 

7. Court Record, v. A, p. 23. 

8. Ibid, 



Historical Sketch 



- 19 - 



Public Buildings 



Courthouses 



Meetings of the oommis si oners were held at the courthouse in 
Monticello from the March, 1843 term to the December term of that year. 
In the minutes of the December meeting it was recorded that "John Ricketts 
was allowed |50 of the $100 vjhich \«;as \vithheld as security for completing 
the courthouse."-'- This was the first official mention that a courthouse 
had been constructed. From secondary sources it has been learned that 
the circuit court convened in Ifey, 1841, in the Devore Hotel; but virhethor 
"the courthouse" mentioned in the minutes of the first records extant was 
this hotel or some other place rented for the temporary p\;rpose, is not 
laiown from the county's administrative records. If the place of meeting 
from June, 1841 (the date set by the enabling act for the first meeting 
of the county commissioners' court) to the time of occupying the court- 
house recorded in December, 1843, be called the first of Piatt County's 
county buildings, then there vvere four in all used for the purpose during 
the ninety-nine years (1841-1940) of the county's history. 

However, the Supervisors' Record of September, 1903, contains a 
brief history of the formation of Piatt County. This history of the 
county was prepared and read before the board of supervisors and v;as 
ordered put in a box to be placed within 'the cavity of the corner stone 
of the new courthouse that was constructed at that time. It is stated 
that the first courthouse was constructed in 1843.^ In January, 1845, 
the commissioners ordered the courthouse received off the hands of 
John Ricketts, and that he be paid $30 in county orders to be issued in 
September of that year, "provided the doors be finished by that time ac- 
cording to contract, ""5 It was a one-story frame building, the site of 
■vrfiich Y;as also used for the second courthouse v/hich vias formally accepted 
as completed by the county court, June 15, 1857. 

Thus it Avas that, by 1856, the need for a more commodious county 
building was apparent and a contract for a two-story brick building was 
awarded to George Dempsey and John Loivry for $10,936 to be paid in four 
equal installments : one fourth when the foundation was completed, one 
fourth -when enclosed, one fourth v;hen finished, and one fourth a year 
after completion. This structure originally had a cupola; it vnas des- 
troyed by a storm in 1871 and was never replaced. The building served 
the county for forty-six years, during which time it required little 
repairs.^ 



1. Court Record, v. A, p. 25, 

2. Supervisors' Record, v, I, p, 215,216. 

3. Court Record, v. A, p, 45. 

4. Supervisors' Record, v. I, p. 216, 

5. Ibid. 



- 20 - 
Historical Sketch 



Tho first courthouso«.waG removed from itis site in Monticello to tho 'jrest 
side of the public square. The county retained use of the building for 
one year pending; the construction of the new courthouse on the site of the 
old one.-'- That the completed building and its furnishinr^s cost more than 
the price fixed in the contract is apparent from the extra sums allowed 
the contractors at the time the structure v;as received and approved as hav- 
ing been completed in accordance \\rith the terms and specifications of the 
contract. The building was valued at iil2,000 in January, 1859, when it 
vnxs insured for $8,000.'- 

In time, this structure became unsuited and unfit for the expanded 
services of the various county offices; and agitation for repairs or for 
reconstruction of the county building was recorded in the county records 
as earl;/ as 1876.^ Finally in Ivferch, 1900, the board of supervisors 
adopted a resolution that asserted the courthouse was in such a state of 
decay as to make further repairs impracticable. The building was said 
to be "no longer adequate to meet the demands of our progressive people." 
The board ro commended that tho question of building a new courthouse be 
submitted to the voters at the next general election to be held the first 
Tuesday in November, 1900.^ However, it v.-ns not until September, 1902, 
that a similar action of the board became effective in that it resulted 
in approval by tho voters and the floating of a $100,000 bond issue for 
the construction of a new courthouse and repairs of the jail, 5 Provision 
was made for housing the various county offices during the construction 
period in other buildings at the county seat, Tho contract for building 
the nevf courthouse was av/arded July, 1903 to H, B, Vfelter of Danville, 
Illinois, the work to be completod on or before July 15, 1904, A penalty 
clause included in the contract required pa,\TnQnt by the contractor of .^50 
a day for every day the building remained unfinished after the date fixed, ^ 

At the September, 1903 meeting of the board of supervisors there 
was read an invitation from the Fraternal Lodge, Number 58, A, F, and 
A, i/i, (iv'iasonic order) of Monticello "cordially" inviting the "honorable 
body" of supervisors "to attend and participate in tho ceremonies of 
laying the cornerstone of the new Piatt County courthouse, September 22, 
1905, at two o'clock p, m," Tlie svipervisors at the sane time authorized 
"tho JiSisoric order to select the engraving or lettering on the east face 
of cornerstone," The other face of the stone was to have engraved there- 
on the names of members of the board of supervisors, the architect, and 
the contractor, A committee vrtis appointed to select records or papers to 



1. Court Record, v, B, p. 49,58,61, 

2. Ibid., p. 145,146,430. 

5. Supervisors' Record, v. E, p. 60j ibid., v. H. p. 205,409, 

4. Ibid., V, I, p, 3,33. 

5. Supervisors' Record, v. I, p, 3,33,45,46,48. 

6. Ibidr, p, 151,153. 



- 21 - 

Historical' Sketch 



be put in a box and placed in the cornerstone. 1 Among the papers and 
records placed in the box was a short history of the county, a copy of 
v/hich was recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the board of supervi- 
sors that was held on the day of laying the cornerstone. It was in this 
co\inty history that the result of ttie election held in Kovenber, 19C2, 
for the purpose of voting on the jlOO,000 bond issue v;as given. There 
was a majority of 167 votes favoring the proposition. 2 Final financial 
settlement for completion of the courthouse by t?ie contractor v/as not 
made until April 16, 1906, -v/hich v;as almost tv;o years later than the 
date fixed in the contract, Vihen the board officially and forr.ially ac- 
cepted the three-story brick and stone trimined structure, the cost had 
reached approxiiriately ^30,000, v/hich was an excess of j;5,0C0 over the 
estimated cost on v;hich the amount of the bond issue had been calculated."^ 
To tliis county building v/as added further i'.rprovement in 1938, when ''ay 
the use of the services of the Federal agency, the 'iVorks Progress (Hork 
Projects) Administration, the first floor was cor-ioletel^r remodeled and a 
basement Vv'as excavated and finished. Vaults and fireproof storage facili- 
ties for county records were installed. The cost of improvement was in 
excess of #20,000, which brought the total cost of the present ccurt- 
house to more than AOO,OGOo^ 

Jails 



The county records show no action taken on building a county jail 
until the September, 1850 term of the county board. At that time a 
committee of three was appointed to draft a plan for a jail for Piatt 
County; the committee v/as to report on tho fourteenth of the month, but 
no report was recorded in the minutes of the meeting held on that date»^ 
At the Iferch, 1851 term, the board ordered that bids for the construc- 
tion of a jail be received. A report of the action ordered was to be 
made at the next meeting of the board* At tho June term (1851) the 
board ordered that S. L« Swords receive an order for $150 as the first 
payment on the jail,^ Alm.ost tliree years later, January, 1854, the 
record shows that Swords received another order on the county treasury 
for $150 to be paid for the work of jail construction,''' Later the same 
year Swords received an order from the board for t'GlO.GO, the balance 
in full for building the jail,° This sum and the $300 previously re- 
ceived would show that a total of |910.60 was paid the contractor. Ac- 



1. Supervisors' Recorc, v. I, p. 195,210. 

2. Ibid., 216,217. 

3. Ibid., V, I, p. 91-93,315,312,613. See p. 72 on the housing and care 
of records for detaileJ cost. 

i. Ibid., V. T, p. 303-5,339. 

5, Court Record, v. A, p. 184, 

o. Ibid., p. 211,217. 

7. Ibid., p. 342. 

3. Ibid., p. 385. 



- 22 - 
Historical Sketch 



cording to the county board records, this was the first jail built for 
the purpose of confining prisoners and persons held in jurisdiction of 
the court and awaiting trail in Piatt County, Until the county conformed 
with the act of the General Assembly requiring that a jail be maintained 
in each county at the seat of justice, ■'• prisoners held by county authori- 
ties were confined in the jail at Champaign in the covintj'- adjoining Piatt 
on the east, according to the writings of local historians.^ There are 
in the v/ritings of local Piatt County historians, data on a first jail 
that is said to have been located tvio blocks cact and one north of the 
square in Monticello; its dimensions vrere 16 feet sqitnre, and it was 
built of hewn logs 12 inches square. It had a log floor and ceiling. 
This structure could hardly have been the one built by Swords, the con- 
tractor, between 1851 and 1854, The jail now serving the county was erect- 
ed in 1903; it has been remodeled from time to time since then. It is a 
combination jail and residence for the sheriff. 



Matters Governmental and Political 

Changes in the Form 
of County Government 

The structural and administrritivo changes that occurred in the form of 
county government between 1818 and 1870 chow an evolution in the functional 
aspects of Illinois counties as corporate entities and administrative units 
of the state government. The growth of the county economically, politically, 
and culturally is reflected in the changes imdc in its governmental struc- 
ture. The expansion of powers under the laws of tho state, and the incli- 
nation of tho majority of county electorates to exercise them, reveal the 
democratic trends of the times. As before stated, the general administra- 
tion of tho county was at first vested in the county commissioners' court, ^ 
consisting of three elected members. There was a growing demand during 
the decade of the forties for changes in the Constitution of 1818j the 
drift toward popular government had become marked. The old constitution, 
designed for a frontier community, had come to be considered inadequate for 
a state that had made marked economic and social progress,'* Illinois was 
no longer the intellectually provincial Western community of the early 
nineteenth century. Institutions of democracy had multiplied; new and com- 
plex social conditions Virero developing dno to the impact on rural communi- 
ties of growing cities and their induetrialization.^ 



1, R.L,1827 , p, 246,247,249, 

2, Past an5" Present of Piat t County, p, 15, 

3, Constitution of 1818, SchcTuTc7~sec, 4; L,1'319 , p, 175,176, 

4, The Frontier State , p, 406-9. 

5, Ibid,, p, 410,411, 



- 23 - 
Historical Sketch 



With the admission of I.^issouri in 1820 into the Union as a slave 
state, more settlers from the New England and Middle Atlantic states be- 
gan to occupy northern Illinois, while Southern emigration was directed 
to-ward J'issouri. A long and bitter political struggle ensued in Illinois 
as in many another frontier state. The need for a new basic lav; was par- 
tially the result of that struggle. In April, 1847, Piatt and J'acon coun- 
ties jointly elected one delegate to the state constitutional convention 
v/hich convened in June at the state capital. 1 

The new constitution which vras adopted by the convention, August 31, 
1847, and ratified by the electorate of the state, March c, 1848, went 
into effect, April 1, 18-i3, It entrusted extensive powers to the people, 
both in the election of officers and in the decision of important matters 
left to the inliabitants of localities. It also authorized the General 
Assembly to provide a general law under which any county might organize 
under the to^miship form of government '.'/henever a majority of the voters 
of such county at any general election should so detenrdne.^ To the 
early county form of government, which v/as that preferred by the state's 
immigrants from the South, there was added now the option of local 
govei'nment under tovmship organization, or that form of administration 
with v/hich immigrants from the New England and I.'iddle Atlantic states 
were m.ost familiar. But even for those counties that were to remain 
under the administration of the county court system, the form was changed 
bjf the nev^ constitution from that of the county commissioners' court to 
the newly created county court. 3 The latter was m.ore judicial in its 
concept than had been the county copnissioners ' court, as the county 
judge sitting alone had civil, criminal, and probate jurisidction; while he 
and two justices of the peace sitting together adm.inistered business affairs 
of the county. The judge was elected constitutional officer,^ and the 
two justices of the peace vrere elected at large from the county. 5 

Provision for this county court form of county administration was 
set up in the constitution in the article establishing the judiciary 
system of the state; I'irtiereas, tjie provision for adoption and creation 
of the township-county form of adm.inistration was set up in Article VII, 
which dealt -.vith counties, their formation and government. Thus vras 
poised in the basic law of Illinois in 1848 two diverse concepts of 
local government: one vras the judicial theory of governrent, which v/as 
a political recurrence due to t!ie acuteness of the political strugp-les 
of the day, and the other v:cs the ir.plsnenting of a deep-seated spirit 
of independence and an expansion of the political philosophy of self- 



1. L.1847 , p. 24. 

2. Constitution of 1348, Art. VII, sec. 

3. Ibid., sec. 16-19. 

4. Ibid., Art. V, sec. 17. 

5. Ibid., sec. 19; L.1849, V), 55,66. 



- 24 - 
Mistoricai Sketch 



government. At best It ras a conpromise which ?»as carried over into some 
county governments long after the oolitical issues were dissolved hy a 
changed national and state economy. 

The only reference in the records of the commissioners' court to 
these forces that later convulsed a. young tut powerful nation, and were 
at the time carrying its common'/ealthe onvard to the crimson road to war, 
was at the J'one, 1847 terra of court when an order v/as issued for the 
payment of the Judges and clerks of tho election at vhich the delegate 
to the constitutional convention was selected "by the electorate of Piatt 
and Macon counties. Tlie silence of the records on these matters belie 
the alertness of the people who from this time onward to the outbreak of 
the Civil TJar were in a ferment over the course their government was to 
travel.^ 

Iho change from the county commissioners' court was mandatory under 
the Constitution of 184£; the county electorate might exercise its option 
on adoption of the township-county form of government, which if chosen 
carried with it the board of supervisors as the county administrative 
body. 2 On February 12, 1849, the General Assembly approved an act estab- 
lishing the county court; the act called for holding sui election in 
November, 1849, for the piirpose of choosing the county judge, two asso- 
ciate justices of the peace, clerk of the co-ontv court, and constables; 
also, it established powers and jurisdiction of the court. The last 
meeting of the county commissioners' court in Piatt County v/as held in 
September, 1849. Judges "-ore appointed at this meeting for three elec- 
tion precincts. At the tine the commissioners' court was superseded by 
the county court its members were John Hiaghes, C. R. Ward, and P. K. Hull. 
James F. Outten was clerk of the court. Commissioner Hull ^as not present 
at the covxt's last meeting. ^ On December 3, 1849, the ncv; county court, 
the members of v;hich had been selected at the November election, held its 
first meeting to "exercise and possess all the nower, jurisdiction, and 
authority heretofore conferred by law on the county commissioners' court, "^ 
The times of the court's meetings were fixed by the act for the first 
Monday of December, iiarch, June, and September in every year. The consti- 
tutional jurisdiction of the court extended to all probate and such other 
jurisdiction as the General Assembly conferred in civil cases, and such 
criminal cases as were prescribed by law, where punishment was by fine 
only, not exceeding one hundred dollars. ^ 



1. Court Record, v. A, td. 95. 

2. L.1849 . p. 190,202,203; L.1851 , p. 50-52. 
5. 1.1849 . p. 62-67. 

4. Court Record, v. A, p. 144. 

5. L.1849 . p. 65. 

6. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 18,19, 



- 25 - 

Historical Sketch 



The court consisted of John Hughes, county judge, and associate 
justices John V/instead and Jonathan C. Johnson. Judge Hughes had served 
as a member of the last county comr^issioners ' court. Janes F. Outten, 
v/ho had been the last clerk of the conunissioners ' court, was now the 
elected clerk of the county court. Outten presented his bond for $'.3,000 
as required by law and was qualified for the office. The official bonds 
of the judges v/ere examined and approved by the court. These v/ere the 
first official acts of the nevj court, 1 Although no mention was made of 
it in the record of the first meeting of the court, the constitution re- 
quired that every person elected or appointed to any office of profit, 
trust or emolument, civil or military, legislative, or judicial, under 
the government of the state, was required to take in addition to the oath 
prescribed by the constitution for the office, an oath swearing or af- 
firming that he had not fought a duel, nor sent or accepted a challenge 
to fight a duel, the probable issue of v/hich might have been the death 
of either party, nor buon a second to either party, nor in any manner 
aided or assisted in such duel, nor been knov;'ingly the bearer of such 
challenge or acceptance, since the adoption of the constitution, and 
that he v/ould not be so engteged oi' concerned, directly or indirectly, in 
or about any such duel, during his continuance in office. 2 

The court ordered that Dr. Vanfleet be paid five dollars for medical 
attendance on a pauper from KcLean County, and J. C. Johnson was allowed 
.1p3.62 for the boarding and keep of tVie same pauper for two weeks. A 
petition for "a cart road" was received and viewers for the same were 
appointed. A report on a projected road leading from Iv^onticello to 
Decatur on the east side of the Sangam.on River ivas received. J. C. 
Johnson was given an order for $15 for the purpose of furnishing "as 
soon as practicable" the circuit court and -the county court of Piatt 
County vdth seals and a press. 3 At a special tenri of the court, March 9, 
1850, attention vres given to road building and highway maintenance. A 
petition was received for a review and location of a county road commenc- 
ing on the county road at or near the line of section 34, township 13, 
range 6 east, thence east to the county line. The court appointed road 
reviev.'ers for the sane. In pursuance of the order that had been issued 
at the December term of the court to have a "cart road" viewed, the 
court now received report v^hich described the cart road as being neces- 
sary to permit Zenobel I'lartino to have a roadvmy from his land to the 
road leading from Decatur to L'.iddletovm. The cart road sought would 
pass through the lands of Henry and Joseph Phillips for a distance of 
about 148 rods. The court heard the objections of the Phillips land own- 
ers, who held that the road would pass through their orchard, garden, and 
barnyard; this allegation was refuted by the report of the reviewers. 
The court overruled the objections and ordered "tiie cart road established 



1, Court Record, v. A, p. 150,151, 

2, Constitution of 1848, Art, XIII, sec, 26, 

3, Court Record, v. A, ?. 151-5^ 



- 26 - 
Historical Sketch 



as contemplated." Martino was to pay all costs and damages assessed ac- 
cording to law, and the road T?a5 not to exceed 30 feet in width. 1 Over 
a period of years the coiu't was occupied -.vith much higliv/aj' construction 
of this character. 

Coijinty Court Form of Admir.is- 
tration in Transition 

The county was growing in population: since its organization it had 
more than doubled, bein<^- 1,606 by 1850; of this number, 1,587 were native 
born whites and 19 foreign born. 2 The development of the county agricul- 
turally and increased trojisportr.tion facilities, such as more and better 
highwa;^''s, daanged the circvunstances of county government. The county did 
not at once exercise its option en adoption of township form of adminis- 
tra.tion as provided for in an act of the General Assembly, approved Feb- 
ruary 12, 1349, the time when the Isai for establishing the county court 
vjas approved. The act required that favorable action on its provisions 
would become effective on and after the first Tuesday in April, 1850.3 
For ten years, county affairs were administered by the county court. 
The general effect of tho changed economy, due to increase in population, 
agricultural expansion, and the spreaxi of democratic ideas relative to 
local self-government, was to impel the electorate to prefer the township 
form of county adrainistration. The law of 1349 specified that the coun- 
ty commissioners' court or the co\inty court, whichever was in commission, 
could initiate the holding of an election at viiich the question of town- 
ship orgcuization wo\ild be submitted to the voters for adoption. A major- 
ity of all votes cast for or against township organization was required 
to determine the question. 'i This lav; was renealed Febraary 11, 1851, by 
the enactment of another law providing for to\7nship organization. Under 
the provisions of this act the county court on a petition of fifty voters 
of a county, was required to submit to the voters of a county the question 
of tovTiship organization. A majority of the legal voters voting at such an 
election was required to detenaine the result of such a:i election for or 
against the change from the ccirity court system to the township form of ad- 
ministration.^ 

Township Ori;a.,'xization Adopted 

At the December, 1359 tern of the covin ty court an abstract of the 
vote on township organization v;as ordered recorded in the minutes of the 
meeting. The order stated that an election h^id been held in the coun- 



1. Court Record, v. A, p. 165,156. 

2. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 , 
Population . 

3. 1.1349 , p. 190, 

4. Ibid. 

5. L.1351 . p, 35,36, 



- 27 - 

Historical Sketch 



ty on Tuesday, the eighth of November, 1859, to decide v.'hether township 
organization should be adopted. The report given was: "For township or- 
ganization, 470 votes; against tovmship organization, 194 votes. "-^ The 
court appointed at its January, 1860 raeeting three conniissioners to divide 
the county into towns preparatory tc township organization. According to 
the act of 1851 providing for tovvnship organization, the county would be 
governed and subject to the nev;' foriri of administration on and after the 
first Tuesday of April next succeeding the election at which the decision 
was made. 2 The oominissioners appointed were Janes iJryden of Monticello, 
C. D. LCoore of Bement, and Ezra Larquis of Goose Creek. At a special 
term of the court held February 25, 1860, '<». T. Foster v/as appointed to 
fill the vacancy on t?iC comr:iission caused by the death of James Bryden."^ 

The report of the conmissioners on division of the county into 
townships was recorded in the minutes of the larch, 1860 tern of court. 
The comnissioners declared they had made a careful examination of the 
county and had given consideration to the relative positions of the sev- 
eral settlements in dividing tho county into ei2,ht townships; they judged 
thoir work "to be the best division that can bo tc secure the fulfillment 
of all the requirements of the law and at the same time meet the wants of 
the inhabitants, "4 The report included the clesi/;;nation of the boundaries 
of each tovmship and gave the name of each as follows: Blue Piid^o, Goose 
Creek, Sangamon, I.-cnticello, Liberty, Bement, Dour;las, and Cerro Gordo, 

The Larch term of the court v;as the last held under county form of 
administration; it opened Tarch 5, 1860, and continued in session until 
April 2, 1860, The record stated that one adjournment was taken until 
April 2, but does not state the day of adjournment. The minutes of the 
last term of the court indicate that the transactions were in preparation 
of the county's affairs for the transfer to tovmship administration. The 
items considered and acted upon by the court run from page 588 of volume 
B to page 25 inclusive of volume C of the court record. At the opening 
of the Larch term. County Judge A. G. Eoyar, and Associate Justices, James 
Ater and John LCosgrove wore present. On the last day of the court Asso- 
ciate Justice Ater v;as not recorded present. ^ On Kay 28, 1860, "the 
board of supervisors met at the courthouse up stairs in the circuit court 
room in pursuance of previous notice for a special meeting. "6 Tiie record 
was entitled " Piatt County Supervisors' Court." The supervisors present 
and the tovmship each represented, vjere John keliza of Dlue hidge Tovmship; 
Seth C. Langdon, Goose Creek; i!.lias Hall, 'Jillow Branch; "Jvilliam Cole, 
Cerro Gordo; Royal i.itchell, Unity; Caleb D. I'., core, Bomcnt; Vvilliam 



1, Court Record, v, B, p. 572,573, 

2. L.1851 , p. 35,36. 
5. Ibid., p. 578, 58i. 

4. Ibid., p. 624-27. 

5, Ibid., p. 588,636; Co>a:ity Court Record - Lav;, v. C, p, 
G, County Court Record - Law, v, C, p, 26, 



p 



- 28 - 
Historical Sketch 



Motherspaw, Monticello, and Ananias B.. Knott, Sangamon. Reuben Bowman, 
sheriff, (xnd Wilson F. Cox, countj/ clerk, also were in attendance. The 
meeting was opened by proclamation of the sheriff, and on motion of C. D. 
Moore of Bement Township, Elias Hall of Willow Branch Township, was unan- 
imously chosen chairman of the board of supervisors.! 

The names of two of the eight townships appearing in this record 
were not so given in the list of names by which the;/ were designated by 
the commissioners who divided the county into towTiships. The record of 
the change of the name of Liberty Township to that of Willow Branch was 
made at the first meeting of the board of supervisors, and for that rea- 
son Elias Hall was recorded as representing Willow Braaich and not Liberty. '^ 
The name of Douglas Township had already been changed to Unity by the time 
of the first and special meeting of the board, but no record of the chaJige 
appeared in the minutes. The names of the townships remain the same at 
the time of this writing as they were in 1860. 

Administration by Board 
of Supervisors 

Tlie board authorized the county clerk to order from the Secretary 
of State eighty copies of Haines' "Laws of Illinois relating to Township 
Organization," The clerk was given an order on the county treasurer for 
the sum of twelve dollars "to pay the difference between the publisher's 
price ajid the price which the Secretary of State is author! Z3d to pay for 
said laws, and that the said clerk of the county court forward said sum as 
soon as dravm from the treasurer, "3 On motion of Supervisor Moore, compen- 
sation of the supervisors was sot at two dollars per day attending neetings 
of the board. Compensation for the services of the county clerk while at- 
tending meetings of the board was set at three dollars per day.^ 

At this time there was evidence of growing opposition to the li- 
censing of taverns to sell intoxicating beverages. The board of supervi- 
sors at its first meeting rejected by a vote of four to one, the peti- 
tion of Thomas W. McMillan for a license for him "to retail ardent spir- 
its for a period of six months in less quantities than one gallon in the 
American House in Bement, Illinois." Supervisor Moore of Bement made 
some remarks in opposition to the granting of the license, "alleging that 
a majority of the citizens of Bement were opposed to having a licensed 
grocery or drinking saloon in their town, "5 This action was in contrast 
to the order of the county court at the September, 1856 term granting a 
license to J, C. Johnson to retail all kinds of spiritous liquors in his 



1. Couiity Court Record - Law, v. C, p. 26. 

2. Ibid., p. 29, 

3. Ibid., p. 26. 

4. Ibid,, p. 38. 

5. Ibid., p. 33. 



- 29 - 
Historical Sketch 

f 

tavern in Monticello for the period of one year. Johnson was required 
to pay a fee of $50.00 before receiving the license. 1 Tavern rates were 
set by the court early in the history of the county. No person was per- 
mitted to enter into a merchandising business without a license from the 
covaity commissioners. A fee of $5.00 was charged for such a license. 
Terri'es were established on the rivers, end licenses were granted by the 
county administrative body, which fixed the rates of ferriage. At the 
March, 1853 term the court ordered that a license be granted to anyone 
who would accept the same and keep a ferry across the Sangamon River at 
or near the "Old River bridge." The rate of toll was as follows: For 
footman, five cents; for man and one horse, ten cents, and for two hor- 
ses and wagon or carriage, twenty-five cents. The court obligated it- 
self to purchase the ferry should a bridge be built across the river 
nooX the ferry within five years from the date the license to operate 
v/as granted. 2 

In addition to their special duties as township supervisors, the 
members of the county board were specifically charged with certain covn- 
ty responsibilities: among these were the care of the poor and the 
management of the county poorhouse and farm, the audit of the accounts 
of tovm officers and the examination of the assessment rolls of the sev- 
eral townships, and the appropriation of funds to aid in the construc- 
tion of roads and bridges in any part of the ccanty, vrhenever a majority 
o:? the v.'hole bo.ard deemed it proper and expedient. 3 Among the many ad- 
ministrative duties that devolved upon to\m officers in the administrp,- 
tion of IocdI affairs were overseeing the poor, maintenance of highv/pys 
in the road districts of the tovmships, and maintenance of pounds for 
stray animals. The structure of town government was after the manner of 
locrl government in use in the New England stn.tes. In fact the law pro- 
vided for the inauguration of town meetings. ^ 

An Historical Political Episode 

IXiring the first years of the county's history, Abraham Lincoln of 
Springfield often came to Monticello as a lawyer, practicing before the 
couxt there. In 1855, during the presidential election campaign, 
Lincoln was scheduled to speak in the courthouse. So unpopular was the 
cause which Lincoln represented - that of the new Republican Party - that 
only two men could be found who v/ould v/alk with him from the hotel to the 
courthouse. These men were Ezra Mar qui s, Sr., and Joseph Guy, who carried 
the flag of the Union. The speaking began with these two men for an audi- 
ence; gradually, however, the number increased until the courthouse v;as near 
ly full* During the senatorial campaign of 1858, a very different meeting 



1. Court Record, v. A, p. 486 . 

2. Ibid., p. 303. 

3. L.1B51 , p-. 51. 

4. Ibid., p. 38,39. 



- 30 « 
Historical Sketch 



awaited the onetime backwoodsman when he returned to Monticello: he had 
become a statesman of national prominence. Lincoln was the Republicaai 
candidate for the United States Senate, and was opposed by Senator Stephen 
A. Douglas, Democrat. Delegations from Champaign, De Witt, and Piatt 
counties numbering about 5,000 persons met Lincoln yjho came from Bement 
by carriage to the coTinty seat. Douglas, v:ho spoke before the arrival of 
Lincoln, and knew that his opponent was to follow him in the afternoon, met 
Lincoln on the road about one mile south of Monticello. From his carrijige 
Douglas called to Lincoln and protested his following hinit Lincoln pro- 
posed joint meetings and they accordingly arranged to meet later at Bement 
at the home of F, E. Bryant. This latter meeting between Lincoln and 
Douglas resulted in arrangemants for the series of joint debates, which 
later became famous in the annals of American hi story. 1 

Public sentiment in the county had changed considerably in two years. 
In 1856 the people would scarcely pause in their work to look at Lincoln, 
while in 1858 they literally carried him in their axms. A Lincoln;'J)ouglas 
monuments was erected to mark the spot where "The Great Emancipator" and 
the "Little Giant" met and proposed their joint discussions of the politi* 
cal issues of their campaign. The inscription on the marker reads! "Here 
on July 29, 1858, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas first agreed to 
meet in Joint debate in Illinois." The monument was dedicated on the si»- 
tieth anniversary of the meeting and was unveiled in the presence of rep- 
resentatives of the State Historical Society and two thousand people who 
gathered in honor of the martyred President i^o was a master of political 
science and the man y^o defeated him for the United States Senate. 

The County's Response to the 
Nation's Call to Arms 

When Lincoln was President of the United States ajad the nation was 
engaged in the Civil War, Piatt County sent 1,055 soldiers out of a 
population of 6,124 to support the cause of the Union. The average en- 
rollment for the state was 100 soldiers for every 742 inhabitants, while 
Piatt County gave 100 men for every 580 inhabitants. Early in the war, 
the county issued bonds and borrowed money with v^.ich to caxe for the 
families of the volunteers at the front. 3 The board of supervisors. May 
2, 1861, ordered that "the supervisor of each tov/nship be a committee," 
whose duty it was to provide necessary support for the families of sol- 
diers from his township in the service of the United States, and that 
the Reasonable expenses incurred in providing for such families be paid 
by the county. 4 a special war tax of twenty-five cents for every $100 
worth of property was subsequently levied for the support of the fani- 



!• History of Piatt Couiity . p. 146, 

2* For illustration of monvunent, see cover. 

3. Past and Present of Piatt County , p. 18,19. 

4. County Court Record - Law, v. C, p. 132. 



Historical Sketch 



lies of Union soldiers # This tax Ir.ter reached five mills on the 
dollar, •'■ 

That Piatt County -was represented in the War with Ifexico, 1846-47, 
has been established by the county's historians. There is no reference 
in the administrative records of tho county's participation in the -war. 
However, the name .t^iven to tho county's next most populous tovmship, and 
to a settlement that is now a toim, Cerro Gordo, had its origin in the 
battle fought at the Mexican tovm of that name. One of the tales told 
of its origin is that a Colonel V/illiams, one of the large land ovmers 
in the eastern part of the tovmship during pioneering days, bore the 
sobriquet, "Cerro Gordo," on account of the valor that characterized his 
conduct in the battle of that name. The county's military record in sup- 
port pf the country's wars that have followed the Civil War has been one of 
patriotism and self-sacrifice. The methods of support and prosecution of 
the Spanish-^'jiierican War and Y.'orld War vrere different and required con- 
formity to a iii.ore centralized control and a wider observance of Federal 
authority; nonetheless, Piatt County did its part with honor in devotion 
to the principles which wore proclaimed as the motive for resort to arms. 



Economic Development 

Population 

The population of the county reached its peak v;hen the census of 
1900 reported 17,706 persons living v;ithin its limits, which vjas an in- 
crease of 644, or 3.8 percent over the previous census figures of 1890. 
Of the total population, 16,981 were of native white parentage. There 
were 44 Negroes and 681 irfaite persons of foreign birth. The census of 
1930 gave the county a population of 15,588, vjhich vfiis a decrease of 126 
persons from the population in l';)20."^ 

Resources 



The county being predominantly agricultural in industry, the chief 
vrealth of its people is in land. In 1920, 90.8 percent of the 288,640 
acres was in farms; in 1925 tho percentage was 87.9; in 1930 the percen- 
tage v;as 91,9, and in 19?'lj it was 92,3. The number of farms declined 
from 1,386 in 1920 to 1,348 in. 1935. There was an increase of 53 farms 
from 1930 to 1935.^ The value of farm property, including land and 



1. County Court Record - Law, v. C, p. 342,519; Supervisors' Record, v. D, 
p, 8-12. 

2. T welfth Census of the United States : 1900, v. I, Population (Washington. 
I901), p. 128. 

3. U. S. Bureau of Census, F ifteenth Census of the United States, 1930, 
Population Bulletin, First Scries, Illinois, Number and Distribution 
of Inhabitan ts, p. 30. 

4» Farm, Home ard Comir.unity, p. 4, 



- 32 - 
Historical Sketch 

buildings, declined from $40,325,923 in 1930 to #30,475,684 in 1935.^ 
The average nunbor of acres per farm in 1935 was 199, In 1920 tho aver- 
age farm acreage v.'as 1S9, vrtaich increased to 205 by 1930. Of the total 
number of farms in 1930, 1,143 iTOre operated by tenants, and 416 were 
owner opera ted, 2 Of the owner operated farms in 1930, 50,6 percent were 
mortgaged, and the average mortgage debt per farm for the same year was 
$11,733, The average mortgage debt per acre in the county was $70, The 
average tax on land and buildings per acre of the same year ivas $1,93, 
The value of farm land in the county averagod vl24,6o per acre in 1930."^ 

Transportation 

In 1856 the first railroad v.-ns constructed in the county, running 
east and west through Bement and Cerro Gordo townships; this was the 
Chicago and Paducah, In January, 1854, the county court vjas requested 
by a petition of citizens to call an election to have the electorate 
authorize the purchase of $50,000 vrorth of stock in a railroad to run 
through the county. This election was to be held February 25, 1854, Tho 
road to be constructed was the "Northern Cross Railroad and Transporta- 
tion Conpany leading from Decatur in Facon County via yonticello to or 
near Danville in Vermilion County," Tho condition on vrh5ch the stock was 
to be purchased yitxs that the railroad make Monticello a point on said 
road and that a station be constructed within one-half mile of the original 
Gtirvey of the to^vn, The rojord does not state the result of this election, 
but at the L'arch, 1854 term, the court authorized payment for services of 
judges of the election held on February 25.^ The total mileage of steam 
railroads in the county cane finally to be 58,54, There are 810.52 miles of 
vehicular highways in the county. 



Conclusion 

After almost one hundred years of separate county cxistcncv5, Fiatt 
County is comparable in economic well-being, and in political and social 
stability to the average of Illinois agricultural communities. It is neither 
at the top of tho pyramid of such counties nor at tho base, considering the 
poorest as the apex and the best of the state as the base. Slightly more 
than half of the county's farms vrere mortgaged in 1930 and almost one half 
of the land value per acre was mortgaged. Schools have not gone backward, 
though teachers' pay in some classes is not liigh enough to be commended as 
compensation for such important educational service. Evidences are that the 
basic institutions of the oounty are sound, and public and social services 
have been maintained at a level consistent with income. 



1, Department of Commerce, Earn Census Report for Illinois (Washington: 
Bureau of the Census, 1935), pt 2. 

2, "Survey of Illinois," Census data (to 1935) broken down by counties by 
Planning Division of State Planning Board (Chicago: Illinois Planning 
Commission), Table B, (Tj-ped) 

3, Farm, Homo and Community , p, 78. 

4, Court Record, v. A, p, 342-45, 381, 



(First entry, p. 95) 



2. GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION Alffi RECORDS SYSTEM 



Introduction 

The county in Illinois is a corporate body^ and an administrative 
unit of the state; its governmental organization is at all times lF.rgely 
an expression of this dual nature. 

The growth of the county as a hody politic is reflected, in each of 
the state's three constitutional periods, in a progressive expansion of 
the powers which ms.y hy law he exercised hy the county hoard, and in the 
creation of new, and the extension of existing, county offices. The latter 
phase of growth in Piatt County and in others similarly organized at 
present, has also been affected hy the adoption of township organization, 
which for the first time constituted the civil towns as an additional 
level of government. 

An ejialogous development appears in the state's invasion of new fields 
of government and the extension of the county's role as its agent. Orig- 
inally, the county performed but a single important function for the state, 
that of collecting its she.re of the taxes levied within the coxinty. Since 
then, however, education, public health, registration of vital statistics, 
public assistance, and many similar if less important matters have entered 
the province of state control or supervision. To effect this control, new 
governmental units, subcounty districts of various types, have come into 
existence or have been converted to new purposes; the county, because of 
its intermediate position, has become more important as a mediiun of that 
control. 

Thus the complete operation of county government in Illinois brings 
into play a n-umber of partly distinct authorities. Their relationships, 
at any time, are complex. The changing governmental organization of Piatt 
County, therefore, is easiest traced from the viewpoint of the major 
functions of county government. 



General Administration 

General administrative jurisdiction over covinty business has always 
been vested in the county board. Under the first constitution, for all 
counties, the county commissioners' court acted as the county board. 2 It 
was expressly declared to have no original or appellate jurisdiction in 



1. R.L.1827 , p. 107; R.S.1845 , p. 130; R.S.1874 . p. 306. 

2. Constitution of 1818, Schedule, sec. 4; L.1819, p. 175,176. 



- 33 - 



- 34 - 
Governner.tal Organization 
anl Records System 



civil or criminaJ. actions, bwt had all power necessary to the exercise 
of its jurisdiction in cases concerning the public affairs of the county 
collectively.! The commissioners were constitutional officers, 2 and 
elected; 3 the court existed solely by statutory provision.^ Attached 
to it in a, ministerial capacity was the independent statutory office 
of clerk of the county commissioners' court, -^ at first filled at the 
appointment of the court, ^ later by election.' 

Under the second constitution, the newly created county court suc- 
ceeded to the position of the county commissioners' court. 3 As an ad- 
ministrative body, 9 it was composed of the county Judge, an elected, con- 
stitution?! officer, 10 and two .justices of the peace, elected at large. ^ 
Another ncv/ office, that of clerk of the county court, v/as created to pro- 
vide it v/ith a ministerial officer; the clerk also v/as elected. 12 

The Constitution of 1843 also made provision, for the first time, 
for an optional form of county government. 13 ij^e subsequent enabling 
actsl^r provided that whenever the voters of a co^anty mi^ht so determine, 
that county should adopt tovmshin organization; one of the principal re- 
sults of such a change vas to alter the form of the county board.15 piatt 
County so elected in 1859 and in 1850 the countj'- court was succeeded by 
a board of supervisors, conposed of members elected, one in each of the 
severed tov/nships.l^ njie clerk of the county court was required by 
lav; to pjzt as the ministerial officer of the new coijinty board. 1''' In 



1. L.1819 , p. 175. 

2. Constitution of 1318, Schod'ole, sec. 4. 

3. L.1819 . p. 99; 1.1821 , p. 80; L.1837 , p. 103,104. 

4. L.1819 . p. 175. 

5. Ibid. 

6. Ibid. 

7. L.1857 , p. 49; L.1845 , p. 28. 

8. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 19; L.1849 , p. 65. 

S. Hie county coxirt was also a court of lav/. For its jTirisdiction as 
such, see Administration of Justice, Court s, p. 39. 

10. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 17. 

11. Ibid., sec. 19; L.1849 , p. 55,66. 

12. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 19; L.1849 , p. 53. 

13. Ibid., Art. VII, sec. 6. 

14. The original enabling act of 1349 ( L.1&49 , p. 190-224) was repealed 
t\io years later by a more comprehensive but essentially similar law 
( L.1851 . p. 35-78). 

15. Other effects of the change, within the sphere of county government 
proper, appear with regai'd to tho taxation proced\ire. See Finances, 
p. 36. 

16. Constitution of 1848, Art. 711, sec. 6; L.1831 , p. 38,50-52; 
Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 5, 

17. L.1849, p. 203; L.1851, p. 52. 



- 35 - 
Governmental Organizp.tion 
and Records System 

1872, however, that clerk was replaced hy a new officer, the county clerk, 
whose office had "been created and made elective, by the third constitution,! 
and who was required by law to act as ministerial officer for the coimty 
hoard. 2 Another significant change in the form of the county hoard has 
"been the addition to its membership of assistant supervisors, elected 
from the various towns on the basis of population; 3 the assistant super- 
visors have no powers or duties as town officers, but are members of the 
coxinty board and as such enjoy the sajne powers and rights as other members. - 

The Constitution of 1870 also provided a new form of co\inty board in 
counties not under township organization. This board was to be composed 
of three officers, styled commissioners, who would transact all county 
business as provided by law,^ Subsequent legislation granted to the board 
of county commissioners all powers and duties formerly exercised by the 
county court when acting in its administrative capacity. 6 These laws were 
ineffective in Piatt since this co\inty has retained township organization 
since its institution in 1860. 

Concurrent with the changing organization of the county board is an 
expansion of its functions without, however, considerable extension beyond 
the original jurisdiction conferred upon the county commissioners' court. 
The authority of that body extended to the imposition and regulation of 
taxes,? a limited but increasing management of county property, ^ and a 
growing fiscal control, stringent in regard to ta:c collections," sporadic 
in its check on the expenditures of other county offices. ■'■'^ The court ad- 
ditionally had power to appoint Judges of election, ^-l select Juries, 12 and, 
with limitations, to provide for the construction and maintenance of roads 
and bridges. 13 Poor relief ^^ p.nd a tentative supervision of education^^ 
also fell within its general administrative jurisdiction. 



1. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 8. 

2. H.S.1874 , p. 322. 

3. Ibid., p. 1080; L.1925. . p. 605; L.1929 , p. 774; L.1931 , p. 905-10; 
L.1953, p. 1115,1116. 

4. R.S.1874 . p. 1080. 

5. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 6. 

6. 1.1873-74 , p. 79. 

7. L.1819 , p. 175. 

8. Ibid., p. 237,238; L. 1842-43 , p. 128. 

9. L.1819 , p. 238,318; L.1S23 , p. 208; R.L.1827 . p. 373,375; R.L.1829 , 
p. 121; L. 1842-43 , p. 112; L.1845 , p. 11,12. 

10. R.L.1827 , p. 366; L.1831 , p. 175. 

11. L.1819 , p. 90. 

12. Ibid., p. 255; L.1823 , p. 182. 

13. Either by calling on the able-bodied men of the county for labor, or 
by raising bond issues by subscription ( L.1819 , p. 333, 334, 336, 337, 343; 
L.1821 , p. 167; L.1825 . p. 130-33). 

14. L.1819 , p. 127; L.ie39 . p. 138,139. 

15. R.S. 1845, p. 500,501. 



- 36 - 
G-overnnental Organization 
and P.eccrds System 



The effect of subsequent legislation, in the main, has only teen to 
broaden that jurisdiction. The county board has been ^iven full power to 
purchase, contract for, dispose of, and make regulations concerning all 
real and personal property of the county, ^ It is now required also to 
audit all claims against the county and the accounts of such officers as 
'•■ere not provided for by law. 2 Otherwise, the changes in form of the 
county board in Piatt County have not materiall" affected the general 
adainistrative jurisdiction of that body.*^ 



Finances 

In Illinois counties, there has al^'ays been a close relationship be- 
tween the taxation processes and fiscal control. This circxinstance, as 
well as frequent evidence of the county board's ultimate control in such 
matters, appears in a resume of the legal status and duties of the ofiicc-^rs 
involved. 

Taxation 

The assessment function in taxation was delegated by the first General 
Assembly to the county treasurer, a statutory officer appointed by the county 
commissioners' court. 4 The adcinistrative body, vfithin statutory limits, 
fixed the amount of the levy, while the veilue of many categories of real and 
personal property was fixed by law; hoT/ever, a limited discretion was left 
to the assessing officer. 5 In 1^25 assessments were r.adt? by the county as- 
sessor, also an appointee of the county commissioners' coiort.^ This duty 
reverted to the county treasurer in 1827 and continued to be vested in that 
office vjitil 1639, when the General Assembly provided for the appointment 
by the county commissioners' court of district assessors, not to exceed one 
in every justice's district." Tlie earlier system was reestablished in 1844, 
with the treasiirer, however, novr having the status of ex-officio county 



1. L.1849 . p. 202; L.1851 . p. 50,51; 1.1861 . v. 235.255; H.S.1874 . p. 306, 
507; L.1911 . p. 245,246; L.1925 . p. 304,305; L.1957 . r. 453,454. 

2. L.1849 . p. 202; L.1851 . p. 51; R.S.1874 . p. 307; L.1935 . p. 299. 
o. Cf. this running summary with H.S.1S74 , p. 305,307. and 5.5.1957 . 

p. 910-12. 

4. L.1819 . p. 315. 

5. Ibid., p. 313,319; L.1825 . p. 173; L.1859 . p. 4-3; L.l84r . p. 4; 
L.1845 . p. 6. 

6. L.1825 . p. 173. 

7. R.L.1827 . p. 330. 
6. L.1839. p. 4, 



- 37 - 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 

assessor. 1 Since 1850, the date of the institution of township organisation 
in Piatt County, the assessment function has been performed on the lower 
governmental level hy town assessors, elected one in each township. S Today, 
the principa-1 duties of the assessing officers, taken together, are to 
bring up to date each year the periodic assessment of real property, to take 
current lists of, and appraise personal property and special categories of 
other property. 3 The treasurer now has the status of ex-officio supervisor 
of assessments.'* 

Before the creation of a board of review the functions which today fall 
within its scope were perfoi"med, in substajice, by various officers. In the 
first constitutional period, it was left to interested individuals or 
parties to report property omitted from assessment; the county commission- 
ers' court could hear a.ppeals from e,s3(3ssment5, but there was no provision 
for their equalization by districts.^ During the second constitutional 
period, appeals, in Piatt County, wore made to the county court. 6 After 
the institution of township organization in 1860, town boards were emjjowered 
to review the assessments within their OAvn j\irisdiction, and the county 
board was required to meet annually to assess omitted property, review 
assessm.ents upon compla,int, ejid eq\ia,lize valuations betv/een towns.''' In 
1898 this authority of the county board was transferred to the newly 
created board of review, composed of the chairmaji of the county board as 
ex-officio chairmaji, the county clerk as ex-officio clerk, snA. an addition- 
al member appointed by the coxiiity judge. 8 In 1933 the county clerk was 
replaced by another member appointed by the coionty Judge; 9 the board of 
review now appoints its o\7n clerk. 1*-* 

The collection function was originally performed in all counties by 
the sheriff, an elected constitutional officer. H Its nature has chpjiged 
little since that time. Essentially, the collecting officer collects taxes 



1. L.1843 , p. 231. 

2. L.1849 , p. 192; L.1851 , p. 38; L. 1871-72 , p. 20-24. 

3. L.1853 , p. 16,17; L. 1371-72 , p. 11,14,15,19,23; L.1873 , p. 51; L.1879 , 
p. 241-45; L.1881 , p. 133,134; L.1885, p. 234; L.1895 , p. 300,501; 
L.1905 . p. 360; L.1915 , p. 558; L.i923 . p. 495,500; L. 1931-32 , Pirst 
Sp. Sess., p. 69. 

4. L.1896 , p. 36-44. 

5. L.1819 , p. 316; R.L.1827 , p. 330; L.1839 . p. 7; L.1845 , p. 8. 

6. L.1849 , p. 65. 

7. L.1851 , p. 56,57; L. 18 71-72 . p. 21,22,24,25. 

8. L.1898 , p. 46. 

9. L.1923 , p. 496; L.1932 . First Sp. Sess., p. 71,72. 

10. L.192? . p. 496,497. 

11. Constitution of 1818, Art. Ill, sec. 11; L.1319, p. 315. 



- 38 - 

Govermie.-.trl Organization 
and P.eoordr. System 



according to inforra-ition originating outside his jurisdiction, •^-^ys over 
such s-.TBis to authorities designated by statute to receive then, and re- 
ports on payments of taxes and delinquencies.! In 1839, by a developncnt 
analogous to that which occurred with regard to assessnients, the county 
board* s control was extended to enable it to appoint a regular county col- 
lector. 2 Soon after, the law reverted to the earlier situation, v/ith the 
sheriff acting as ex-officio collector.^ !!!his situation continued until 
Piatt Coujity adopted township organization v.'hen town collectors were elec- 
ted, one in each tov/nship.'i end the county treasurer b-^came ex-officio 
county collector.^ The town officers paid over their collections direct- 
ly to the co'iiity officer, and supplied the basic information for the l:-,t- 
ter' s svmmpxy report of collections in the county. 6 in 1917 the tOMn 
office 01 collector was abolished in counties the size of Piatt, ond the 
coijnty collector bcccjne ex-officio tov.-n collector, assiming ell duties 
previously resigned to the latter officer.? 

Coordination of the taxation processes has always been effected by 
the co-oiity clerk or his predecesso'rs. The assessment books axe made out 
by the clerk, end. returned to hi-n by the assessor; similarly, the collec- 
tor reports on collections on delinquent property; finally, the treas- 
larer' s receipts to the collector for taxes paid come into his possession, 
and the centralization of records concerning the basic tgjcation procedure 
is ccKrplcted.° 

Fiscrl Control 

The fiduciary function in county finances is performed by the comity 
treasurer alone. The duties of the office have remained substantially the 
same since its croa.tion; r.fjncly, to receive, principally from the collectors 
of ta;:cos, the revenue of the county; to have custody of its funds; and to 



1. 


L.1819, p. 316-18; 1.1821, p.. 182,133; H.L.1827, p. 332,335; R.L.1829, 




p. 121-23; L.1831, p. 125; P.. L. 1837, p. 581,582; L.1839, p. 7-12; 




L.13'13, p. 234; L.1845, p. 11; 1.1847, o. 81; L. 1871-72, p. 55,57,58. 


2. 


L. 16 33-39, p. 7. 


3. 


L.1843, p. 234; effective in 1844. 


4. 


L.1G49, p. 192; L.1851. p. 38. 


5. 


L.1853, p. 67. 


6. 


L. 1871-72, V, 41,5G.57. 


7. 


L.lGl?, p. 793. 


8. 


L.1819, V. 317; R.L.1827, p. 373;. E.L. 1837, p. 582; L.1839, p. 8-12; 




L.1340, p. 3; L.1845, p. 9,11; L.1853, p. 71,111; L. 1871-72, -o. 32, 




34,35,43,55-58; L.187&-74, p. 51; L.1911, p. 485; L.1917, p. 654; 




L.1919, p. 765; L.1931, p. 747. 



- 59 - 
Governmental Organization 

and Records System 



disburse funds only on specific authorization by law, or in accordance vdth 
the order of the county board, ■'• Through this last requirement, and that of 
the treasurer to report periodically to the board on the transactions of his 
office, in addition to his regular settlement vnth it, the lines of finan- 
cial authority once moro lead to the county board, ^ 



Administration of Justice 



Courts 



Justice, in Illinois countios, has been adrdni stored by a constantly 
increasing number of bodies. The Constitution of 1818 vested the jiAdicial 
powers of the state in a Supreme Court and such inferior courts as the 
General Assembly should ordain and establish; required the Supreme Court 
justices to hold circuit courts in the several countios; and provided for 
the appointment, in such manner and with such po^vers and duties as the 
General Assembly should direct, of a competent njj:Tibcr of justices of the 
peace in each county,^ 

Federal statutes already allowed circuit courts, in all states, juris- 
diction over the naturalization of aliens;^ the first state legislature ad- 
ditionally conforrod jurisdiction over all causes at common law and chancery 
and over all cases of treason, felony, and other crimes and misdcncc.v: rs.^ 
The legislature further required that two terms of a circuit court bo held 
in oach county amiually by one of the Supreme Court justices, 6 but in 1824, 
provision was made for the holding of circuit courts by separate circuit 
court judges, to be appointed, as were the Supreme Court justices, by both 
branches of the General Assembly, and to hold office during good behavior, 7 
In 1827 the General Assembly repealed the 1324 law, and again provided for 
circuit courts to bo held by Supremo Court justices o^ At the next session 



1. 


L,1819, p. 315,316; R.S.1845, p. 158; Lel861, p. 239; E,S,1874, p. 523, 




324, 


2. 


L.1819, p. 318; RoL,1837, p, 582,583; L„1845, p. 33; R.S,1845, p. 138, 




139; L,1861, p. So9,,240; RoSol847, p. 232,524, 


3. 


Constitution of 1818, Art, IV, sec, 1,4,8, 


4. 


2 U.S.S.L. 153-55. 


5, 


L,1819, p, 380, 


6. 


Ibid,, p. 378, 


7. 


L»1824, p, 41, The Constitution of 1818, which had required that 



Supreme Court justices be appointed by the general Assembly, further 
provided that they should not, after the first session of the legisla- 
ture subsequent to January 1, 1824, hold circuit courts unless required 
to do so by lav; (Art, IV, sec, 4), 
8. R.L,1827, po 118,119. 



- 40 - 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 



of the legislature, when a new circuit was established, provision v/as 
made for zho a?)pointnicnt of a circuit judge to act therein.! At that 
tine, therefore, the circuit oourts were held by Supremo Court justices 
in fovjT judicial circuits and by a circuit judge in the fifth. 2 A chrnge 
was mci.e agrin in 1835, when power to hold circuit courts was t?Jcen av;ry 
from the Supreme Court justices rnd provision was a^vde for the fg)point- 
mor.t cf five circuit judges, in rddition to the one rlready authorized, to 
hold circuit courts.*^ The six judicial circuitn existing at that tine 
wore s^tpplemented during the next few yc-^xs by the creation of new cir- 
cuits, ^ so that they numbered nine in 1841 when the office of circuit 
judge v;a3 again abolished and the Supreme Ccort justices, also incresLsed 
to nine, were required to hold circviit courts.^ 

Tlie authority of justices of the peace was limited by law to j-oris- 
diction in specified civil cases and in raisdcmesnors, with etopeals allov/ed 
from thoir iudgmonts to the circuit court. 6 The power of appointTicnt, the 
legislature at first reserved to itself;''' in 1827, hovrover, justices of the 
pease v;cre required to bo elected,- tw in each of such districts as should 
be dotornined v/ithin statutory limits by the county commissioners' court. ^ 

J-'jTis diction over probate matters w-?j at the outset deloe;atcd to the 
county commissioners' court. 9 By act of the next General Assembly, it was 
transferred to the court of probate, •'•^ consisting in each county of one 
judge apiJOinted by the General Assembly. ^^ As a rosxilt of the substitution 
in 1837 of probate justices cf the peace for the judges of probate, 12 juris- 
diction over probate matters for the first time was placed in the hands of 
elected officers. 13 



1. P..L.1829 , p. 38. 

2. Ibid., p. 42,48. 

3. 1.1835 , p. 150. 

4. L.1357 , p. 113; L. 1833-39 , p. 155. 

5. L. 184-1 . p. 173. 

6. L.1319 , p. 185,192,195. 

7. Ibid., p. 22. 

3. P..L.1827 , p. 255,256. Since 1821, however, the county commissioners' 
court heA been required to establish such districts, which also conr- 
stituted general election precincts ( L.1821 , p. 74). For changes in 
the statutory limitations of this pov/er of the court, see R.L.1827 , 
p. 255, and H.L.1829 , p. 93. 

9. L.1S19 . p. 223-33. 

10. L.iaa , p. 121. 

11. Ibid., p. 119. The Constitution of 1818 (Art. IV, sec. 4) had also 
dcsi;^iatcd this manner of election for judges of all inferior coui-ts. 

12. L.1B37 , p. 175,177. 

13. Tl^e Constitution of 1818 (Art. lY, sec. 8) had reserved to the General 
Assembly the right to prescribe the manner of eppointmont of justices 
of tlio peace. 



- 41 - 

Governmental Organization 
and Records System 

The county court ■was the creation of the second constitution,-'- which 
also made circuit judges elected officers.^ With regard to the new court, 
it Twas further provided by lav: that it should he held in each county by a 
single elected officer, the coimty Judge. ^ Its authority vjas extended to 
jurisdiction in all probate iTiatters, and to such jurisdiction in civil and 
criminal cases as might be conferred by the General Assembly.^ In pursu- 
ance of this latter provision, the county court Tvas first given the same 
civil and criminal jurisdiction as justices of the peacej^ at the second 
session of the General Assembly, however, it ■was declared that county 
judges -when exercising this jurisdiction, acted only in the capacity of 
justices of the peace." Until the next constitutional period, the coun- 
ty court, as such, -was given jurisdiction only in a limited number of spe- 
cial actions;' it -was hoxvever, considered entitled to equal jurisdiction 
vdth the circuit court over naturalization.^ In this same period, pro- 
vision ivas made for increasing, on the basis of population, the number of 
justices of the peace to be elected in each district. In Piatt Coun-by, and 
others similarly organized, one additional justice of the peace is now 
elected for every one thousand inhabitants exceeding •two thousand inhabi- 
tants in each tovm.^ 

Provision \ms first made by the Constitution of 1870 for the establish- 
ment by the General Assembly of an independent probate court in each county 
having a population of more than fifty thousand inhabitants. 10 As first 
established by statute, the new courts ■were to be formed in counties of one 
hundred thousand or more inhabitants . ^1 This population requirement vi&s 
lowered to seventy thousand in 1881.12 ihg population of Piatt County not 
having reached this- figure, jurisdiction over probate matters has continued 



1, Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 1,16. 

2, Ibid., Art. V, sec. 7,15. 

3. Constitution of 1848, Art, V, sec. 17. 

4, Ibid., Art. V, sac. 18, 

5. L.1849, p. 65. 

6. Ibid,, Second Sess., p, 15, 

7. L.1849 , p. 65,66; L.1853, p. 105; L.1861, p. 171,172. 

8, 2 U,S,S,L. 155. 

9« L.1854 , p. 30. No more than five justices, ho^wever, may be elected 
from any town or election precinct. 

10. Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, sec. 20. 

11. L.1877 , p. 79,80. 

12. L.1881, p. 72. In 1933, the act of 1877 was further amended to make 
the extablishment of an independent probate court mandatory in counties 
having a population of eighty-five thousand or more, and optional in 
counties having population of between seventy thousand and eighty- 
five thousand (L.1933, p. 458). 



- 43 



Srvornraental Organization 
aiid Records System 



to be vostod in the county court in accordance v.'ith constitutional pro- 
vision to that effect. 1 Tlic county court, early in this period, T"as ,~iven 
concurrent jui'isdiction "-ith the circuit court in apTjeals from Justices of 
the peace;2 its original jurisdiction \rps extended to to equal with th^t 
of the circuit court in all that class of c-ser-, cognizr-blc "by justices of 
the peace^ and involving in controversy sums not exceeding $500.'^ In 19C6, 
ho«^ever, it lost its natijiralization jurisdiction since it failed to meet 
the additional requirement of federal legislation that it possess jurisdic- 
tion at law T.'ithout limitation upon araounts in controversy. 5 The present 
constitution, also, for the first time, directed the miinner in viiich the 
General Assemoly should establish judici^il circuits, requiring that circuits 
be formed of contiguous couitie;: and that they should not exceed in numbor 
one circuit for every one hvaidrod thousi-nd of population of the state. "^ 
At present there are eighteen circuits in Illinois, and Piatt County is 
attached to the sixth circuit. "i* 

Clerks of Courts 



Tne clerk of the circuit court iinder the Constitution of 1618, was 
to te appointed by a majority of the justices ox that court. 8 Since 1849, 
hon'ever, by provisions of the constitutions of 1848 and 1870, the office 
has been filled by election.-' The office of clerk of fne county court, 
wlaich was an independent elective office under the second constitution, 10 
is no'"? filled in an ex-officio capacity by the ccinty clerkll who is also 
required by constitutional provision to be elected. 12 The county commis- 
sioners' court, wnich for a brief period held j-'jirisdiction over probate 
natters, had its omi clerk who 'vas at that time appointed by the court. l^ 
Probate judges and justices of the peace rrho subsequently held probate 
j-orisdiction, were required to act as their cvti clerks. 14 With the trans- 
fer of probate jurisdiction to the co^unty court, the clerk of the county 



1. Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, sec. 18; L.1B77 . p. 80; 1.1831 . p. 72. 

2. 5.5.1874 , p. 340; L.1877 . p. 77; L.1895 . p. 212,223. 

3. Tlie jurisdiction of justices has also been prorTressively increased 
during this period. See L.1871-72 . p. 534; 1.1895 , p. 139,190; 1.1^17 . 
p. 562,563; L.1923 . u. 541,542. 

4. L. 1871-73 . p. 325. 

5. 34 U.S.S.L. 596. 

6. Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, sec. 13. 

7. L.1933 . p. 435. 

8. Constitution of 1818, Art. 17. 

9. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 21,29; Constitution of 1870, Art. X, 
sec. 8. 

10. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, 

11. H.S.1874 . p. 260. 

12. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, 

13. L.1819 . p. 175. 

14. L.1821 . p. 119.120; R.L.1837 . v. 177,173. 



sec. 


5. 


sec. 


21 , 29 


sec. 


19. 


SiC. 


8. 



- 43 - 

Governmental Organization 

and Records System 

court vjas required to keep, separately, records of probate proceedings 
and business.-'- In Piatt County -wrtiere county court still retains probate 
jurisdiction, the county clerk serves it in these natters in his capacity 
as ex-officio clerk of the county court. ^ Justices of the peace have al- 
ways been required to keep their records in person."^ 

Ministerial Officers 

The principal ministerial officer of all courts of record in Illinois 
counties is the sheriff. The first constitution provided that the sheriff 
should be elected.'* Later, in 1827, statutory provision vras made for the 
appointment of deputies by the principal officer;^ since 1870, the number 
of deputies that the sheriff may appoint is determined by rule of the cir- 
cuit court. ^ The ministerial duties of the sheriff have undergone little 
change in more than one hundred years. Essentially ho is to attend, in 
person or by deputy, all courts of record in the county, obeying the or- 
ders and directions of the court, and to serve, execute, and return all 
•writs, warrants, process, orders, and decrees legally directed to him.' 

The coroner was originally given equal power with the sheriff as a 
ministerial officer of the courts. ^ He vreis also required to serve all 
process in any suit in which the sheriff was an interested party" and 
to perform all the duties of the sheriff v.'hen that office v/as vacant. ^0 
The last -two functions are still incumbent upon the coroner. ■'•■'■ 

Justices of the peace are served similarly in a ministerial capacity 
by constables. Not until 1870 was the office of constable given constitu- 



1. L.1849, p. 66. 

2. L.1877 , p. 82. 

3. L.1819, p. 185-97 (no specific record-keeping requirement listed among 
general duties of justices), 326 (establishing fees to be paid justices 
for keeping records); R.L.1827, p. 260 (becomes definite provision for 
justices to keep own records); L.1895 , p. 221,222. 

4. Constitution of 1818, Art. Ill, soc. 11. 

5. R.L.1827, p. 373. 

6. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 9. 

7. L.1819 , p. Ill; R.S.1874, p. 990,991. 

8. L.1819, p. 111. 

9. L.1821 , p. 20-33. 

10. R.L.1827, p. 372,373. 

11. R.S.1874, p. 282. Despite the absence from the present law of statu- 
tory provision for the coroner to serve process originally directed to 
him ( R.S.1874 , p. 281,282), the courts have held that he may so do, an 
emergency being presumed to exist mthout need for the process to recite 
reason for its issuance to the coroner (20 111. 185; 57 111. 268). 



- 44 - 
Govemmcatnl Organization 
'^nd Records System 

tional recof^iition;! at its creation by tho first General Assembly, the 
county cor-iiuissioners' court was empowered to appoint one or more constables 
in eacii tovmship;2 in 1827 it v;as provided that two constables should be 
elected in eaich justice of the peace district."^ Since that date, subse- 
quent legislation has groi«)ed jlusticec of tho peace and constables in all 
provisions regarding thoir election. 4 Constables, like sheriffs and coro- 
ners, have cl\fcys b;on roquirod to serve end eicecute all process legally 
directed to them; 5 process issuing from a justice of the peace court, hovH 
ever, mey be directed only to some constable of the same county. ^ 

Prosec.'.tions 

Tlie dvity of the present state' s attorney to prosecute and defend all 
actions, civil or criminal, involving the county, the people, or officers 
of the state or county,''' was incuir.bcnt originally upon the circuit attor- 
ney. ^ In 1827 this officer was replaced by the state's attorney. 9 Also 
in effect from an. early date is the officer's other major duty, apart 
from the enforcement of law,^*^ of giving opinions on any questions of lav; 
relating to crininaJ. or other matters in which the people of the county 
m?y be concomed.H 

die office of circuit attorney and erjly state' s attorney, which 
existed sololy by str.tutory provision, 12 vore appointive by the Governor 
until 1855,13 ^^ii thcre^i'tcr b^. tho Gonerrl Assembly. 14 m^c second con- 
stitution provided for j-n elected state's attomey;l^ since each judicirl 



1. Constitu.tion of 1870, Art. VI, soc. 21. 

2. L.1819. p. 162. 

3. ?..L.18?,7 , p. 258. 

4. Sco Courts , p. 39. 

5. L.1B19 , p. 152,153; H. S.1574 , p. 400. 

6. 1.1319. p. 135; R.S.1345 , ::•. 317; L. 1871-72 . p. 525; L.1895 , p. 191, 
193; L.193 7. p. 900. Similarly, process issuing from courts of record 
is req'Jd.red to be directed to the sheriff or, under certain conditions 
noted (footnotes 8,9. pr.i 10, p. 43), to the coroner ( R.S.1845 . p. 415; 
1,1571-72 , p. 538; L.1907 . p. 444,445; L.1933 , p. 786; L.1937 , p. 989). 

7. R.S.1S74 , p. 173,174. 

8. L.1319 , -0. 204; L.1825 , p. 178,179. 

9. L.1S27 . -u 79,30. 

10. Sec Zi-.forcemcnt of Lav/ , -o. 45. 

11. ?-.S . 18-:-5 . -3. 76; R.S.1874 , d. 174. 

12. Lol^l9 , p. 204-6. 

13. Ibid., p. 204. 

14. L.1S55 , p. 44. 

15. Constitution of 18'i8, Art. 7, sec. 21. The new title, however, had 
aircad;'- come into occasional use in the interim ( R.L.1827 , p. 79,80; 
L.1355 , p. 44; L.1547, p. 13,19). 



- 45 

Governmental Organization 
and Records System 



circuit was an elective district for this purpose, the territorial juris- 
diction of the new officer remained the sane as that of the former offi- 
cer, ■'■ Not vintil the adoption of the present constitution was provision 
made for the election of a separate state's attorney in each county, ^ 

Inquests 

The holding of inquests, one of the duties of the coroner in Illinois 
counties, is also a part of the administration of Justice, The office of 
coroner was created by the first constitution and required to be filled 
by election; the statutory provisions concerning the inquest function 
have not changed substantially since their enactment by the second General 
Assembly, The coroner, when informed of the body of any person being 
found dead, supposedly by violence, casUTklty, or undue means, is required 
to summon a jury to inquire how, in what manner, and by whom or what, death 
was caused; testimony of witnesses is taken; witnesses whose evidence im- 
plicates any person as the unlavfful slayer of the deceased are bound over 
to the circuit court; the verdict of the jury is returned to the clerk of 
that court. ^ 

The verdict of the coroner's jury, however, is not generally admissi- 
ble in evidence;" additionally, it is not held to be prima facie proof of 
matters stated therein with regard to the cause and manner of death; its 
essential nature, therefore, is that of a finding of facts upon the basis 
of which the coroner may be led to discharge his collateral duty to 
apprehend and commit to jail any person implicated by the inquest as the 
unlawful slayer of the deceased. To this extent, the coroner's inquest 
duties overlap his function as an officer for the enforcement of law. 

Enforcement of Lavr 

Sheriffs, coroners, and constables have always been charged equally 
with keeping the peace and apprehending all offenders against the law. 



1. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 28. 

2. Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, sec, 22. 

3. Constitution of 1818, Art. Ill, sec. 11, 

4. Cf. L.1821 , p. 22-24; R.S.184G , p. 517,518; R.S.1874, p. 282-84; 
R.S.1957 , p. 780-82.' 

5. L.1821 , p. 24,25; R.S.1G45 , p. 518; R.S.1874 , p. 284; L. 1879 , p. 82; 
L. 1907 , p. 215; L.1919 , p. 403,404; L.1931 , p. 388,339. 

6. 46 N.V/, 872. It is, however, held to be proper practice to offer, 
in cross-examining witnesses sought to be impeached, excerpts from 
transcripts of testimony taken at the inqutst (189 111. App. 556; 211 
111, App. 474), 

7. 201, 111. App. 287. 

8. L.1821 , p, 25; R.S.1845 , p. 516; R.S.1874 , p. 283,284. 

9. L.1818, p. 111,162,165; R.S.1845," p. 515; R.S.1874, p. 400. 



- 46 - 

Governcentcl Organization 
and Records System 



The state's attorney's powers as an officer for the enforcement of law 
origineJly arose by implication fron another duty;l the gathering of 
evidence ond the epprehensioia of offenders is necessarily involved in 
coiaaencins and prosecuting actions in which the people of the state or 
county ei'o concerned. 2 1*1 relatively recent ycrTS, hoiievoT, the state's 
attorney hcs hecn given more spocific statutory powers to enforce laws 
and to invostigc.te violr.tions 5;id socxire necess;?j:y evidence thereof. 3 
But at rrL;/' time the effective spheres of authority of law enforcement 
officers hr.vo hcon determined loss by statutory provisions tht?n by local 
conditions ?n.d iiidividiiol circumstances. 



Education 

!3?lic act of Congress providing for the creation end t-jinission of the 
State of Illinois to the Union sot aside section sixteen of every town- 
ship for the use of schools.^ The first state legislation on the subject 
was concerned oioly with the cctablishmont of school districts and the 
s^le or ler.sii^^v of school l.?nd to provide nscocs.'iry finds, for v/hich pur- 
poses tlirco trustees of school l.'jads v/crc appointed in each township by 
the coui'.ty commissioners' court. ^ 

In 1825, however, with a common school system in operation, provision 
was made for its educational as v?ell as financial administration. Three 
elected officers, knovm as tov/nship school trustees, were charged in each 
tov.-nship with superintending schools, examining rnd employing teachers, 
leasin^; ?J!.l land belonging to the district, and reporting annually to the 
county co;.'jnissioners' court; this report, however, w-.s limited to such 
matters as were concerned in tho fincncial administration of the schools.'^ 
In 1827 the county commissionoro' court was r>^ain eopov/nrcd to cppoint 
trustees of school lands, but despite the use of the enjlicr, more limited 
title, these officers were charged with -dl the duties of the former towiv- 
ship school trustees.' Tlic creation of office of coianty school commissioner 
in 1829 broxight a new element into the complc;: situation. The commissioner 
v/as at first ^ivcn limited duticr vrith rogrjd to the srlc of school IrJids 
end the n.-Tiageaont of school funds; 8 his subseq^'a.cnt gains in this respect 
at the c:q5ensc of the tovcship trustees foreshado\^ed the domrjcation of 



1. Sec Prosecutions , p. 44. 

2. L.1619 , p. 204; P.. S. 1845 , p. 75. 

3. L.1853 . -0. 3; L.1907 , p. 2C8; L.1913 , p. 395; L.1915 . p. 368; 
1.1927 , p. 33. 

4. 5 "J.S.S.L. '^■23. 

5. L.1819 , p. 107,108. 
0. L.l£25 . •'-'. 121,122. 
7. R.L.1327 , p. 365-70. 
3. P.. L. 1329, p. 150-54. 



- 47 - 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 

sphores of authority that v/as made in 1347. In the interim, the school 
commissioner, who had first been appointed by the county commissioners' 
court, ^ became an elected officer;^ in such tovmships as elected to incorpo- 
rate for the purpose of organizing and supporting schools, township trustees 
also became elected officers and were there denominated trustees of schools. 

The situation created by the legislation of 1847 in certain respects 
has not since been substantially altered. In all counties, township trustees 
became, and are still, elected officers, styled tovmship school trustees. ° 
The relative aut}iority of the officer of the county^ and of officers of the 
township with regard to finfaacial adininistration was fixed essentially as 
at present.' llorcover, tcr./nship trustees lost practically all their fonner 
duties with regard to matters purely educational as a result of a develop- 
ment that occurred in 1845. 

It v;as at that time that the county first entered into the actual ad- 
ministration of education with the creation of the office of superintendent 
of schools. ° Filled at first by the school coinmissioner in an ex-officio 
capacity, 2 it quickly absorbed most of the functions of tovmship trustees 
with regard to the advancement of education; ^^ later, the office came to be 
filled by election-'-^ and completely absorbed that of school commissioner. 12 
In the new field of county administration of education, the superintendent's 
duties remained constant through his change in legal status, requiring him 
to visit all the townships in his county and inquire into the condition 
and manner of conducting their schools, to examine persons proposing to 



1. Cf. L.1831 , p. 176; L.1841 , p. 275-79. 

2. R.L.1B29 , p. 150. 

3. L.1841, p. 261,262. 

4. "ibid. , p. 273,274, In unincorporated townships, trustees continued 

to be appointed by the county comrai ss loners ' court (ibid., p. 259,260). 

5. L.1847 , p. 126; L.19C9 , p. 350. 

6. The subsequent substitution of an independent elected superintendent 
of schools for the school commissioner who had additionally been ex- 
officio superintendent (see footnotes 9,11, and 12), was only a change 
in the legal status of the officer of the county and had no further 
import. 

7. L.1847 , p. 123,124,128,129; L.190 9, p. 351-54; L.1927 , p. 794,795. 

8. R.S.1845 , p. 498. 

9. Ibid. 

10. R.S.1845 , p. 497-503. Cf. L.1825 , p. 121,122; R.L.1827 , p. 366-70; 
L.1331 , p. 173; L.1841 , p. 270,275,276,279. The only duty of this 
category that was left to tovmship trustees in the laws of 1847 con- 
cerned the examination of prospective teachers and the issuance of 
certificates where merited ( L. 1847 , p, 130). 

11. L.1865 , p. 112. 

12. 'ibid., p. 112,113. 



- 48 - 

Govommcntnl Org.?nization 
end. Records Systom 



toach school, to grrnt ccrtificr.tcs to persons qurJ.ifiod to to^jch in 
schools, cxid. to rcjport to the county 'bocxd on .?11 his nets rcl^.ting to 
the mwar^cmcnt of school funis raid lands, 1 Subsequent legislation hr.s en?, 
laxgcd the scope of this phase of tho supcrintcidcnt' s functions, but it 
is in liis rolo as fui agent of state supervision that he has been charged 
vrith numerous duties of a new character. 2 

The authority of tho state with regard to education, first mmifostcd 
in 1845, has, like that of the co-unty, boon extended beyond its original 
bounds. Originally tho county superintendent was required only to coeou- 
nicatc to the State Superintendent of Common Schools*^ information concern- 
ing the schools in his co\nty.4 Todr^y, as a consequence of the state's in- 
creasing intervention in natters of public health md sri'ety, tho county 
superintendent is roqiiircd to inspect, viith regcrd to specifications, pirns 
subnitted to hin for the heating, ventilation, lighting, etc., of public 
school roons rnd buildings; to visit ?nd notice such public school 'build- 
ings vMch rppoar to hin to "be unsafe, ins?nitrxy, or otherwise unfit for 
occupracy; end to request the State Dcp^jtraent of Public Health, 5 the 
state fire nrxshrl, or the state prchitect to inspect such buildings and 
issue reports upon which condcnnation proceedings cm bo based. ^ 



Recordation 

?or the function of naking legal record of v;ritten instruments, the 
first General Asserfoly cst'.blishcd the office of recorder. ? Originally 
appointed "by the Governor, 8 the recorder was required to "be elected after 
1835.5 Ij,Q second constitution nade the clerk of the circuit court^O ex- 
cfficio recorder in ell counties;^! the present constitution continued 



1. R.S,1845 , p. 498-501. Cf. L.1847, p. 121-25; L.1857 . p, 261-65,273, 
279,226,297; L.lBol . p. 190,191; L.18o5 . p. 114,119-21^, 

2. L.1909, p. 347-50; L,1915, p. 635-38. 

3. Tlie Secretary of State in ox-officio capacity ( L.1843 , p. 52). In 
1854 the office becano independent, filled oy election, and known as 
that of Superintendent of Public Instruction ( L.1854 . p. 13), which 
is its present status ( L.1909 , p. 543). 

4. L.1845 , p, 54. 

5. Prior to 1917, the ri<:^hts, powers, and duties of this departnent were 
vested in the State Board of Health, abolished in that year ( L.1917 , 
p. 4,17,27,28). 

6. L.1915 . p. 637-40. 

7. L.1819 , p. 18-20. 

8. Ibi:.., p, 19. 

9. L.1335 , p. 165. 

10. jti elected officer; see Clcr-:s of Courts , x,, 42. 

11, Constitution of 1848, Art, V, sec. 19; L.184?, p. 64. 



- 49 - 
GovGrnmental Organization 
and Records System 



the earlier provision in counties of \inder sixty thousand population and 
provided for the election of a recorder in counties of that population or 
more. As Piatt County never met the population requirement the clerk of 
the circuit court has continued to fulfill the duties of recorder. 

The basic duty of the recorder, to record at length and in the order 
of their receipt all instruments in writing, has remained essentially un- 
changed; legislation has been directod toward the extension of categories 
of instruments entitled to be recorded. ^ Conveyances of title to land, a 
major categorj-- of such records, frequently involve another county officer, 
the surveyor. Established by the second General Assembly, the office of 
surveyor v^as at first filled by appointment by that body,^ later by elec- 
tion.'* In 1936 the surveyor again became an appointed officer, with the 
power of appointment delegated to the county board. His duty to complete 
all surveys he may be called on to make within his county has undergone 
only minor change, but its importance has doclined; the acts of any sur- 
veyor, properly acknowledged and certified, have oqual standing before the 
law with those of the coxonty surveyor; no maps or plats have any legal 
effect \inless recorded by the recorder." 



Public Vv'orks 

Roads and Bridges 

Public roads and bridges were first under the superintendence of 
the county commissioners' court which v;as authorized to locate nev; roads 
and alter or vacate existing roads.' The act providing for such super- 
intendence empowered the commissioners to appoint free holders in each 
tovmship to act as supervisors, each appointment to be for a one-year 
period. New roads vrore to be opened by the county commissioners' court 
upon petition of residents of the county and a favorable report from the 
road viewers and surveyor. A few years later the county commissioners 
v:ere authorized to divide the county into road districts and to appoint 
annually one supervisor to serve in each district." Ylith a change in 



1. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 8; R.S .1874, p. 833. 

2. L.1819 , p. 18-20; R.L.1829 , p. 117, 118T "R.L. 1835 , p. 511; R.S.1S45 , 
p. 305,431,432,606; L.1851 , p. 80; L.1859 , p. 124; L.1869 , p. 2j 
R.S.1874 , p. 833,834; L.1921 , p. 756,757; L.1925 , p. 520-22. 

3. L.1821 , p. 52. 

4. L.i83b , p. 166. 

5. L.1933 , p. 1104. Provision effective in 1936. 

6* R'L.1829 , p. 173; R.L.18 33, p. 511; L.1845 , p. 201; L.1869 , p. 241,242; 
R.S.1874 , p. 1050,1061; L.lDOl , p. 307,308; L.1915 , p. 575. 

7. L.1819 , p. 333. 

8. L. 1825, p. 150. 



- 50 - 

GovcmnGntpl Organization 
pjid Rcccrds S^-ston 



the co-LLity adriinistrative bodj'- under the second constitution, the county 
cohort uas granted supervision and control over puolic roads, but the care 
fXid sv^ierintenderce of roads and bridges in counties electing the townsliip 
forn of govern.'nent were granted to the comi-^issioners ox highways, elected 
annually in each town. 2 The corar.issioners divided the tcwr. into roed dis- 
tricts, r^d overseers of highways in each district woro to repair the 
roads :u".d crxry out orders of the comriis si oners. In coxintics not electing 
the to\.T.s:-.ip fon-, the systen of road districts was continued. ^ Tho super- 
vision, control end naintonanco of roads, higlawryo rnd bridges in Piatt 
County v'crc vested in the co^jnty court rnd the road district supervisors 
fron 1849 to 1850, v/hen township orgfiiization w,s instituted in this coun- 
ty. ^ In 1913 the State Highvrry Dcpartnont wr^ established, r^nd provision 
was npxlc for tho appointr..ont by the coijaity boai'd of a county s\]porinton- 
dcnt of higliv/rys.^ The cntir:) systcr.-: v/as ccatr?jLizcd by subjecting the 
co^jnty superintendent to the rules and regulations of the state highwpy 
conr.isGioncr and by requiring crndi dates for county superintendent to be 
approved oy tho state corj.iissioncr before j5)pointnent by the co^jnty board. 
The tern of office of tho count;/ superintendent was set at six years, pp.d 
his 5?lrxy was to be fixed by the county borTd. A board of highv/oy conr.:i&- 
sioncrs v;as set up in each tow.ship to superintend natters relating to 
roads siid bridges. Although the county superintendent was to act on be- 
half of the county in regard to roads and bridges, r?rA although he was 
subject to renovrl by the coi.inty board, he was regarded as a deputy of the 
state higliwoy engineer, subject to his directions. Tliis indicates tho inr- 
tontion of the legislature to unify tho entire state systcn of ro-?d.s md 
bridges. In 1917 the Dcp.TTtnent of Public Works and B-aildings ass\juacd 
the rivjits, powers, -^nd duties vested in the State Highway Dcp°xtr.ent,6 
but the county org.^niz-tion has rcaainod essentially tho sr-jnc since 1913, 

Public ^gildings 

•The co'onty is given the power to hold, ovm, and convey real estate 
for county pux-poses. ' This power is exercised by tho coujity board which 
is charged v;ith. the care and custody of all the real and psrsonal property 
ovmed 'o'j the county. Throughout the period of statehood it has been pro- 



1. L.lc43 , p, 55; L.135 1, u. 179. 

2. L,1S49 , p. 212. 

3- hlll^ ?' 111-13; L.1349 , p. e5, 212, 213; L.1851 . p. 64,179. 

4. Pio.ti; County adopted towrshio or'^anization in 1859, but the change 
was not effective ijLntil 186C. 

5. L,1913 , p. 521-25, 537-46. 

6. Ibid., p. 524,525,538,543-44; L.1917 , p. 24; L.19a . p. 780-86; L.1935 . 
p. 961. 

7. H.S.1S74, p. 505. 



- 51 - 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 

vided that a courthouse and jail be erected in each county, 1 and that the 
sheriff of each county bo charged with custody of such buildings.^ The 
county is further empowered to erect buildings for a county hospital, work- 
house, tuberculosis sanitarium, and other county needs. 

The county superintendent of schools is charged with the inspection 
of plans and specifications for public school rooms and buildings, and 
the approval of only those which comply with the specifications prepared 
by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction,* He is also to re- 
quest the Department of public Health, ° the state fire marshal, .or the 
state architect to inspect public school buildings which appear to be 
unsafe, insanitary, or unfit for occupancy. Upon receipt of an unfavor- 
able report from these officials, the county superintendent is to condemn 
the building and notify the board of directors or board of education, and 
tlie board of school trustee Si 

Drainage 

In 1850 an act of Congress provided for the granting of swamp and 
overflowed lands to various ststes." The land so granted to Illinois was 
turned over to the counties in 1852 to be reclaimed by drainage and used 
for county purposes. Such lands were to be under the care and superin- 
tendence of the county court which was to appoint a "Drainage Commis- 
sioner" to conduct the sales of such lands. The county surveyor was to 
prepare plats of the swamp lands and return such plats to the clerk of 
the covinty court, whereupon the court fixed the valuation upon each 
tract. The purchasers of these tracts were given a certificate by the 
drainage commissioner, and a deed was later executed by the count;!/ 
court. The court was to sell only enouf;h swamp lands to insure reclama- 
tion of all such land, any balance to be granted to the several town- 
ships to be used for educational purposes. At the discretion of the 
county, such balance could also be used for the construction of roads or 
bridges, or for other public works. 

In 1865 tlie coinmissioners of highwf.ys in each town became ex-officio 
boards of drainage commissioners, Iffhere a proposed drain ran through 
more than one town the commissioners of all the towns affected made up 



1. L.1819 , p, 257,238; R.S.1845 , p, 135; R.S.1874 , p. 307,308, 

2. R.L.1827 , p. 246,247,372; P. S. 1874 , p, 990, 

3. R.S.1374 , p, 307; L.1909 , p, 165; L,1911 , p, 246. 

4. L.1915 , p. 637-40. 

5. Created in 1917 to supplant the State Board of Health abolished in 
that year ( L.1917 , p. 4,17,27). 

6. 9 U.S.S.L. 519. 

7. L.1852 , p. 178. 

8. L.ieeS, p. 50. 



- 52 - 

Goverrjaental Organization 
and Records System 

the board of drainat-,"e coamissioners.l In 1879 drainage construction ■by- 
special an ses scent vras handled "07 the drainage connissioncrs, a "bodj' 
corporate cxid. politic coinposed of conmissioners of highways. ^ 

Provision was- first moAe for the organization of drainage districts 
for agric-olturnl, s.^nitary, ,?nd mining purposes in 1879. Petitions v/ero 
to "be' filed v;ith the county clerk ^nd herrings on the snjnc v;cre to be had 
before th.-; county court. Mien the court found in favor of the petitioners, 
it rppointcd throe disinterested persons as cocaiissi oners to Iny out and 
construct the work. Petitions for the construction of drains to cost loss 
thr.t $5,000 v.'crc to be presented to .iusticos of the peace, if the peti- 
tioners so elected, and the comnissionors of higliwrys v/ero to perform the 
duties of dr-^innge comnissionors in such cases. 3 in 1885 this law was 
BEendecl to include drains costin^^ less than $2,000 end provided for the 
^pcintnent of three residents as cor;.-issioners,^ 



Public Services 

Public Health 

Eie State Department of Public Health, created in 1917, ^ is charged 
with gcnerrl supervision of the health and lives of the people of the 
state. In confornaiice vrith this legislative order it is eiroo\>rcred to 
supervise, aid, direct, end assist local health rxithorities or agencies 
in the rAnini strati on of the health laws. Public hcrlth districts may 
be orgr^nized along subcounty linos with a beard of ho-nlth in each. The 
nrjnos of such districts ore to bo filed with the county clerk to complete 
their orgrnizr.tion. JinnuaJ-ly, each board of herJth certifies to the ccan- 
ty clerk the rate of a public he-JLth tax to be levied in each district, 
the clerk being res;j)onsiblc for setting out the -jropcr taxes •(j^o:-, the •. 
vrarrant books and transmitting them to the collector as provided for in 
regard to other taxes. o 

Control of the state hepJLth department ever lodging houses, boexd- 
ing houses, taverns, inns, end hotels is effected through the co^jnty clerk, 
the proprietors cf such ostablistoents beinjy required to fill with the 
clerk en a;ni\ial statement containing details as to sleeping accommodations 
for guests,*? Tlie clerk is also required to report ar-nually to the state 



^' ^»1B67 , p, 91, S2. 

2. L.1B79 , -:^. 14a 

3. Ibid., p, 120, 

4. L.18S5 , i:.. 150,131. 

5. L.1917 , p. 4. 

6. Ibid,, p*. 27,28,753,765,767,768. 

7. L.1901 , p. 305. 



- 53 - 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 

health department the names and addresses of township officials. ■'• 

Mosquito abatement districts are organized upon petition to the coun- 
ty judge of the county in vrfiich such territory lies, such petitions being 
filed with the county clerk. If , after hearing, the county judge deter- 
mines that the organization of a district is necessary, the question is 
submitted to the residents of the territory at a special election. The 
judges of election make return to the county judge, and the results are 
entered upon the records of the county court, A majority of the votes 
favoring it, a mosquito abatement district is tiiereupon organized. 

County officials also enter into the state's control of public s^vim- 
ming pools. TlVhen a representative of the State Department of Public Health 
finds conditions that warrant the closing of such a pool, the owner of tlie 
pool and the sheriff and state's attorney of the county are notified to 
that effect, it being the duty of these officers to enforce such notice,"^ 

Vital Statistics 

The State Department of Public Health has charge of the registration 
of births, stillbirths, and deaths throughout the state. "^ To effect proper 
control of this matter the state is divided into vital statistics registra- 
tion districts which, in Piatt County, are identical witli the townships. 
The township clerk acts as the local registrar in these districts and 
receives certificates of births and deaths occuring in tlie district. Bur- 
ial permits are issued by the registrar and are later returned to him for 
filing. 

The local registrar is required to deposit monthly with the county 
clerk a complete set of records of births, stillbirths, and deaths regis- 
tered during the month, and the clerk is charged -vrith binding and index- 
ing, or recording, and safekeeping of such records. The original certif- 
icates are sent monthly by the local registrars to the state health de- 
partment Tfiriiich certifies annually to the county clerk the number of births, 
stillbirths, and deaths registered in the county. 

Since 1937 the county clerk has been required to keep a record of 
applications for marriage licenses, together mth certificates showing 
that persons desiring to marry are free from venereal diseases. 

■When a marriage has been performed the certificate of marriage 
together with the license is returned to the county clerk, who is 



1. L.1923 , p. 480. 

2. L.1927 , p. 694. 

3. L.1551 , p, 735,736. 

4. L.1915 , p. 660-70. 

5. L.1957, p. 908-11. 



- 54. 

Govcrni-icntel Organization 
ana Records System 



rGq^aircd to keep a registry of narriagcs, shovring the date, nonos of th.0 
parties oiid neno and titlo of the official pcrforning the ccrcnony.^ 

TIic co-a:ity "board is to ^appropriate :.:or.cy for the pojTicnt of the local 
registrars' fees. Such Tncunts nxe charges agair.st the county, and the 
co-unty clerk is required to issue vrarrnnts on the county treasurer for the 
anount of tlae fees payable to the rcgistrrrs. 

Eio county rlso enters into the enforcer.icnt phase of this natter. 31io 
state health department reports cases of violations of vny provisions of 
the act relating to registration to the st-.tc' s attorney v/ho is to initiate 
and follow 1:5) court proceedings -^^ainst violators. 

Public Assistance 

Public assistance is adr.ini stored through the services of the cotmty 
departi-.ent of public v;clfar3, the county hone, the examiner of the blind, 
the probation officers, the county clerk, ?jid the county board. 

Tiic county dcpartLient of public welfare is headed by a superintendent 
appointed by tlic county bocxd pf tor approvr>l by the State Dcp.^jtnent of 
Public Vfclfcxe.S He assists the state doprTt:'.cnt in the operation of v;ol- 
fr>rc pirns end policies within^the county nnd has charge of the adninis- 
tration of old age assistnncc.S In this latter regard the county dopprt- 
ncnt acts ncroly as the c>^cnt of the state dcpartncnt, investigating repli- 
cants rnd reporting rocvdts. 

'Hie county home is an estpblislir.ent for the naintensnce and care of 
indigents. Its nanagenent and finances are provided by the county board. '^ 
Blir.a aissistance is adiiinistered in the county through r'^jpropriations by 
the couiity board together with state funds. An excniner of the blind, a^ 
pointed by the co\3nty board, exa-ninos all rpplicruits referred to hin by 
the county clerk. 5 The county court has jurisdiction in the adninistrar- 
tion of tlie nothers' pension fund. A probation officer, an appointee of 
the court for this purpose, investigates rn.d visits cc^es of indigent 
nothcrs v/ho cxc entitled to benefit. ° 



Coordination of Functions 

Pror. tlie foregoing discussion of functions of the crjnty govenriont 
it is c^pparcnt that the county plan's a duol role, that of a body politic 



1. R.S.1874 , p. 696. 

2. L.19o7 , p, 451,452. 

5. L. 1935-36 , First &5. Sess., 54-61,72; L,1937 , t). 265-70,452. 

4. L.1935 , p. 1057. 

5. L,1903 , p. 138; L.1915 , p. 256,257; L.1955, "o. 254,265. 

6. L..1913. p, 127-30; 1.1915 . -0. 243-45; L.192l" , x>. 163-64; L.1935 . p. 
25t^59. ' " 



- 55 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 



and that of an agent of the state. In its first capacity the county, 
through its officials, is capable of suing and being sued, purchasing, 
holding, and selling property, making contracts, and raising revenue for 
its proper operation. As a state agent it fits into a state-'.vlde program 
on various matters of public concern, acting under the supervision and 
control of the state and coordinating the activities of subcounty agencies 
and officials. 

Coordination of county activities is effected chiefly through the 
county clerk. An illustration of this is the part this official plays in 
the election procedure. He notifies the judges and clerks of elections 
of their appointments, supplies them with blanks and poll books, receives 
copies of registers of voters, issues notices of election, receives and 
preserves returns, canvasses votes v;ith the assistance of two justices 
of the peace and retains the abstracts, transmits copies of election re- 
turns and abstracts of votes to the Secretary of State, and issues cer- 
tificates of election. 



Records System 

County records in the State of Illinois have suffered from the lack 
of an adequate program of legislation designed to secure uniformity' in 
recordation and to insure the proper care of those documents which have 
permanent value. However, from the inception of statehood, some effort 
has been made to coordinate the records systems of the several counties 
and to preserve their archives. 

In attempting to establish state-wide uniformity among counties, the 
General Assembly has at times provided detailed descriptions of required 
records and in many instances has supplied the very forms to be used. 
Laws relating to the duties and powers of county officers usually contained 
some such provisions. Thus, in 1819, the recorder of the county was or- 
dered to supply "parchment or good large books, of royal or other large 
paper, well bound and covered" wherein to record all deeds and conveyances 
brought to him for that purpose. Ho was also to keep a fair book in which 
to enter every deed or writing to be recorded, noting the date, the parties, 
and the place where the lands vrere situated, such entries to be made accord- 
ing to priority of time.^ In 1833 he was required to keep an alphabetical 
index to each book,^ and by 1874 the General Assembly had prescribed a com- 
plete list of books to be kept in the office of the recorder, with a des- 
cription of the contents of each, which list has been continued, substan- 
tially unchanged, to the present.^ 



1, L.1819 , p. 18,20. 

2, R.L.1833 , p. 511, 

3, R.S.1874, p. 834, 



- 5G - 
Governmental Organization 
and Records System 

In like manner, legislation wxs enacted prescribinr; records to bo 
kept by the county clerk and his predecessors, acting; in their several 
capacities, the cl^irk of the circuit court, the judge'- and justice^ of 
the probate court, the coroner,'' the county superintendent of schools,^ 
the county survevor, and the county treasurer.^ 

Description of records and forms to be used ere frequently founc! in 
legislation pertaining to the holding of elections,"' asccfsments and the 
collection of revenue, 1'-' the organization and maintenance of coirmon 
schools, ^•'- the registration of marriages, •'■^ and the recording of vital 
statistics. 

V^ile there has been enacted much legislation prescribing the kind 
of records to be kept, only a fev; laws deal v;ith the safeguarding and 
preservation of county archives. In 161S the General Assembly directed 
tho clerks of the circuit and county ccmirrioners' courts to provide "a 
safe press or presses v;ith locks and keys for the safe-keeping of the 
archives of their offices. . . ,"^^ In 1643 the county commissioners' 
courts were authorized, and required v;henever the finances of the county 
v?ould justify the expenditure, to erect a fireproof recorder's office at 
the county seat, or if the commissioners were of the opinion that any un- 
appropriated room in their courthouses could be made fireproof, to make 
it so and houre the office and records of the recorder there. At the di ; 
cretion of the county cormissioners' court, the provisions of this act 



1. 


L.1849, p. 66,203; L,1859, p. 92,94; L.1865, p. 93; K.S.1874, p. 




2G1-G5,332; L.1935, p. 293-95. 


2. 


R.L.1833, p. 1G2; P. S. 1845, p. 147; L.ie47, p. 70; L.1849, p. 9; 




L.lt:65, p. 93; K.S.1874, p. 262,263; 1.193.?, p. 293,294. 


3. 


H.L.ie29, p. 231. 


4. 


P. S. 1845, p. 427,426. 


5. 


K.T..1837. R. 674; L.1869, p, 104,105; R.S.1S74, p. 203. 


6, 


L,1849, p. lC5,li6; L.ie65, p. 120; L.1909, p. 546,348,349. 


7. 


R.L.1829, p. 173; R.£..1845, p. 524. 


8. 


R.S.1845, p. 136; R.S.lC-74, p. 323,324. 


3. 


L,i819, p. 92,94; F.L.ir.27, p. 291,292; R.L.1829, p. 59,60; L.1845, 




p. 41,42; L.1849, p. 73,74; L.ie65, p. 5-'',r5; L. 1871-72, p. 386-85, 




391; L,1885, p. 143,148,175,176; L,1957, p. 522-29,531-48. 


10. 


R.L.1827, p. 329-33; L. 1838-59, p. 4,5,7,8,12,13,17; L.1845, p. 6-9, 




12,14,15; L.1849, p. 37,36,12-1-26; L.lSbl, p. 53,55,^6; L.1853, p. 




17,24,50,55,77,78,111,112; L.lf71-72, p. 19,23,32,48,49,54. 


11. 


Lae25, p. 127; R.L.1833, p. 563; L.ie41, p. 263,270-72; L.1845, p. 




53,54,65-66; L.1847, p. 121-23, 142-44; R.S.1874, p. 950,957,958,964. 


12. 


L.1819, p. 27; R.L.1827, p. 288,289; R.S.1874, p. 694,695, 


13. 


L. 1842-43, p. 210-12; L.1877, p. 209; L.1901, p. 501-4; L.190o, p. 




315-18; L.iri5, p. 666,667. 


14. 


L.1819, p. 33S. 



- 57 - 



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- 58 - 



Governmental Organization 
and Records System 



might he deemed to apply to the offices of the clerks of the circuit and 
cotmty commissioners' courts.^ Similar in content but slightly different 
in wording is a later enactment in vriiich the county commissioners' courts 
were authorized to "erect, build, and provide permanent fireproof rooms, 
houses or vaults, for the purpose of placing therein and preserving from 
injurj', damage, loss, or destruction by fire, the records and documents 
of their respective counties. "2 The preservation of county archives has 
been greatly sided by an act to provide for the copying of old, worn-out, 
records, 3 and by a law authorizing the transfer of county records having 
historic vaJue to the Illinois State Historical Library, the Archives 
Division of the Illinois State Library, or to the State University Library 
at Urbana.'^ Provision is made in this act for the substitution of accurate 
copies of these dociiments if such action be deemed necessary. In 1907 the 
act was amended to include among the institutions to which old records 
migjit be sent, any historical society incorporated and located within a 
particular county. 5 Laws have also been enacted Ts^^ich provide for the rest- 
oration of certain classes of records destroyed by fire or other means. ^ 
In 1935 the General Assembly appropriated money for the construction of a 
fireproof building at Springfield for the purpose of storing therein the 
archives and records of the state. "^ The erection of this structure, the 
State Archives Building, has helped to make possible the inauguration of 
an intelligent, farsighted program for the preservation of papers and doc- 
uments of historic value. 

There arc still serious omissions in legislation pertaining to re- 
cordation. For instance, Illinois has no law prescribing the kinds of 
inks to be used in keeping records. And, although laws have been en- 
acted authorizing the provision of fireproof accorrinodations for covmty 
documents, they are pemissive rather than mandatory in character. 8 
Legislation enabling the destruction of worthless archives apparently is 
nonexistent with exception of laws relating to certain election prpers.- 
The enactnent of legislation which would remedy these defects in the 1o.t;s 
and continue the trend toward state— wide uniformity among counties would 
result in an intelligent, economical records system for the State of Illincis^ 



1. L. 1842-43 . p. 210. 

2. L.1845 , p. 46. 

3. L. 1871-72 , p. 648,649. 

4. L.1897 , p. 205; L.1939 . p. 693. 

5. L.1307 , p. 375. 

o. L.1871-72 , p. 649,650,652. 

7. L.1935 , p. 138. 

8. L. 1342-43 , p. 210; L.1845 , p. 46. 

9. L.1361 . p. 259; L.1871-72 , p. 389; L.1885 , p. 146,193; L.1891 , 
p. 118,119; L.1917 , p. 438,443. 



(First entry, p. 95) 



3. ROSTER OF CCUITTY OFFICERS* 

(Dr.te after n?,ine of officer refers to 

date of coirunission, unless otherwise stated) 

Co'unty Commissioners' Court** 
(The first county adninistrr.tive tody, from 1341 to 1849, 
which consisted of three elected conraissioners) 

John Hughes, William Bailey, Enoch Peck, William H. Piatt, 

Enoch Peck,l April 5, 1841 William Wright, September, 18432 



♦ This list was compiled from the following sources: 

A. Secretary of State. Index Depr.rtnent, Election Returns. 
Returns from County Clerk to Secretary of State. 1809-47, 78 
volumes (l-78), third tier, "bay 1. 1848—, 53 file drawers (2-54), 
third tier, hr-.y 2, State Archives Building, Springfield. 

B. Secretary of State. Executive Department. 

Certificates of Qualifications. 1819 — , 22 file dra\7ers (l-2S), 
fourth tier, hay 5, State Archives Building, Springfield. 

C. (l) Secretary of State. Executive Department Official Records. 
List of Commissions Issued to County Officers. 1309-1918, 5 vol- 
umes, fourth tier, hay 6, Stats Archives Building, Springfield. 
(2) Secretary of State, Executive Department Official Records. 
List of Comm.issions Issued to County Officers. 1869 — , 4 volumes, 
room 208, second floor. Secretary of State's Office, Executive 
Department, Sta,te Capitol Building, Springfield. 

Wliere state records are incomplete or missing, data are secured from 
county records; secondary sources are used only when state and coimty 
records a.re deficient or not available. 
** Dates shown a.fter comm.issioners' names indicate date of election un- 
less otherwise stated. By a law passed in 1837, the three commission- 
ers elected in 1838 were to draw lots marked one, two, and three years 
to determine length of term. Thereafter, until 1849, one commissioner 
was to he regularly elected each year to serve a three-year term. For 
length of term of officers of later county boards, see County Board; 
for length of term of other officers, see separate office chapters. 

1. County board records beginning with the March term, 1843 (Court 
Record, v. A, p. l) are the first known to exist, and show these 
three men as commissioners. State records show the number of votes 
they received in the April, 1341 election but the first record of 
their official proceedings is two years later. County board records 
do not show results of the drardng of lots for one-, two-, and three- 
year terras or which commissioner wa.s re-elected in 1842. State rec- 
ords show no returns for election in Av;^^st, 1841. 

2. Recorded as commissioners at this term (Court Record, v. A, p. 13); 
Piatt is recorded as having been elected vice Bailey, resigned (ibid., 
p. 14). 



- 59 - 



60 - 



Hoster of Coimty Officers 



County Conmissioners' Court (cont.) 



Adison I. '^iley,! 

December 4, 1843 
Wm. H. Grain, 

Octo"ber 14, 18442 
Wiiiian E. Piatt, Peter K. Fall, 3 

Au^st 4, 1845 



John Hughes, 

SepteralDer 8, 1845' 
Christopher H. 7ard, 

August 2, 1847 
Peter H. Kull (Feter K. Hull), 5 

AufiTdst 7. 1848 



County Court 

(From 1849 until institution of townshin form 

of government in 1860, county cusiness 

was administered "by county judge 

and tr.'O associate justices 

acting as cconty "board) 



John Hughes, county judge, 
Novem'ber 12, 1849, 
John ^instead, Jonathan C. Johnson, 
associate justices, 
Kovember 6, 1849 
Alexander Boyer, county judge, 
NoveiEter 25, 1653, 
John Mosgrovs, associate justice, 

Novemher 19, 1653, 
John Winstead, associate justice, 
December 13, 1853, 



Joseph D. Phillips, associate 

justice (vice Winstead, 
resigned),^ 
March 6, 1856 
Alexander Boyer, county judge, 
November 20, 1857, 
James Ater, associate justice, 

November 16, 1857, 
John Mos^rove, associate justice, 
November 28, 1857 



County ioard of Supervisors 

The several township supervisors, one elected from each township, 
together with any additional and assistant supervisors elected upon pro- 
portional representation, made up the membership of the county board of 
supervisors, Because these supervisors, severally, are township offi- 
cials, and only as a group constitute the county board, they are not 



1. 
2. 



4. 
5. 
6. 



S'.vorn as commissioner vice Pv^ck, resigned (Court Record, v. A, p. 23). 

First recordation as commissioner serving nith Th. H. Piatt and ^m. 

bright (ibid., p. 43). 

Record of comnissionerr, ' court meeting, September 1, states "ra. H. 

Piatt vslectod to fill vacancy of ^lii. 'Tright, deceased; Peter K, Hull 

elected for 3 years (ibid., p. 56). 

Took scat as regularly elected commissioner for three years (ibid., 

p. 73). 

Peter X. Hull took seat as commissioner at September term, 1848 

(ibid., p. 123). 

Court Record, v. B, p. 52. 



- 61 - 



Roster of County Officers 



County Bor.rd of Supervisors (cent.) 

corjinissioned by the state a.s county officers, and no dat?. concerning them, 
from which r. list could he compiled, are kept hy the state. For the same 
reason, county records, too, are inadequate for the compilation of a com- 
plete ajid accurate list of supervisors. Therefore, due to these and other 
limita.tions, only those members m.entioned in coixnty records in connection 
ivith the first recorded meeting of the hoard of supervisors are included 
in this roster. 



On November 8, 1859, the electorate of Piatt County voted for township 
orgr^nization.^ A committee, for the purpose of dividing the co\mty into 
townships, was appointed on January 2, 1860;^ their report, made at the 
March term of the county court, named and bounded eight townships. 3 The 
first (special) meeting of the board of supervisors was held May 28, 1860, 
the supervisors present and tomiships each represented, being a-s follows: 4 



Supervisors Townships 



John Mcliza 
Seth C. Langdon 
Jllias Hall 
\7illipjn Cole 



Blue Ridgo 
G-oose Creek 
Willow Branch 
Cerro &ordo 



21ias Hall wan uns^iimously chosen chairman.^ 



Supervisors To^vnships 

Royal Mitchell Unity 
Caleb D. Moore Bement 
Willia,m Mothersp.?.w Monticello 
Anpjiias B. Knott Sangamon 



County Judges 



John Hughes 

November 12, 1849 
Alexander Beyer, 

November 25, 1853, 

November 20, 1857, 

November 27, 1861 
Heailton C. McComas, 

November 25, 1865 
George L. Spear (vice McComas, 

removed) , 

November 17, 1868 



Hiram Jackson, 

December 5, 1869 

William McRej^nolds, 
December 3, 1873, 
December 1, 1877 

TTilliam &. Cloyd, 

Jtme 6, 1879, 
December 1, 1882 

Harvey E. Huston, 

December 6, 1886, 
December 6, 1890 



1. For township organization, 470 votes; against, 1S4 (Court Record, 
V. B, p. 572). 

2. Jajries Bryden, C, D. iioore, and Ezra Marquiss were the members of this 
committee (ibid., p. 578). 

3. Ibid. , p. 624-87. 



4. Couiity Court Record 
first named Liberty. 

5. Ibia. 



- Law, V. C, p. 



26. TTillow Branch Township vrp.s 



Roster of County Officers 



- 62 - 



County Judges (cont.) 



Marion R. Davidson (vice 

Huston, resigned), 
June 5, 1891 

F, M. Shonkrwiler, 

IJovemter 16, 1894, 
Novecber 18, 1898 

Francis M. Shonlr-.i-iler, 
November 12, 1902 

Zliia J. Ka^'.'ba!>c£-r, 

November 14, 1906, 
December 2. 1910 



Filliam A. Doss, 



November 


16. 


1914, 


November 


29. 


1918 


Marion H. Davidi 


son. 


Fovember 


22, 


1922, 


November 


22, 


1925 


Thomas J. Kastel, 


November 


21. 


1930 


Burl A. 2die, 




November 


19. 


1934 



Probate Justices 
(In 1849 the rirobate justice -^as succeeded b^j' 
the ccmty judge as ex-officio judge of 
the probate court) 



James Rcber, 

Hay 10, 1841, 

September 2, 1843, 

August 25, 1847 



Covin ty Clerks 
(Clerks of the county co.Tjnissioners' court, 
county court, and county board of 
supervisors) 



Joseph King, 

April 5, 1841 (elected) 

Jefferson D. Hillis.l 

Augiast 1, 1842 (elected) 

James F. 0uten,2 

August 2, 1847 (elected) 



Janes T. Outten, 

November 12. 1849, 
November 23, 1853 

James L. Uiller, 

November 20, 1857 

Wilson F. Cox, 

July 22. 1859 



1. Jefferson D. Willis is recorded as county clerk March 7, 1843 
(Court Record, v. A, p. 6), the name being thu» spelled in every 
recording until election of his successor. 

2. James F. Outten filed bond as clerk at September tern, 1843 (ibid., 
p. 23), and is shown as serving continuously 'jjitil the election of 
his successor in 1857, his name b'in.- invariably spelled as in this 
footnote throughout county records during this period. 



63 - 



Roster of County Officers 



County Clerks (cont.) 



John A. Helnian, 

Novenber 2 7, 1861 
Watkins L. Ryder 

I'Jovsmber £5, 

December 6, 
Jolin Porter, 

December 5, 1873 
Andrevf L. Rogers, 

December 1, 

December 1, 

December 6, 

December 8, 

November 16, 



1865, 
1C69 



1677, 
1882, 
1886, 
1890, 
1394 



Ben jam-in F. 
November 
November 

Karvey F'ay, 
November 
December 
December 
November 
November 

Lodoska McC 
Nov(-:raber 

Harvey Fay, 
November 
November 



Kagey, 
29, 1698, 
18, 1902 

50, 1906, 

IS, 1910, 

5, 1914, 

£9, 1918, 

29, 1922 
lure 

18, 1926 

28, 1930, 
23. 1934 



Rocorders 
(in 1849 the circuit cljrk became 
<^x-officio recorder) 



James F. Outtcn, 

April 12, 1S41, 
September 9, 1843, 
August 10, 1847 



Circuit Court Clerks 
(prior to 1848, circuit clerk appointed by circuit jiidge) 

Jonathan C. Johnson, 

September 4, 1848 (elected) 
Alexander George Boyor, 

November Z:i, 1852 
Lewis Bond, 

November 14, 1856, 

December 1, 1860 
Y/illiam F. Foster, 

December 2, 1864, 

September 7, 1868 
V^illiam H. Plunk, 

November 16, 1872, 

December 1, 1876, 

December 2, 1880 
George A. Stadler, 

November 21, 1384 
Robert Hudgen, 

December 3, 1888, 



November 28, 


1692, 


December 7, 


1G96 


J. C. Tippett, 




November 30, 


1900, 


November 30, 


1904 


B. G. Duncan, 




November 28, 


1908, 


November 22, 


1912, 


December 1, 


1916, 


November 26, 


1920 


Nellie Duncan, 




July 25, 


1923 


Faurcst L. Eort( 


Dn, 


November 24, 


1924, 


December 5, 


1928 


Darroll Foster, 




December 1, 


1932, 


November 27, 


1936 



- 64 - 



R03ter of Covmty Officers 



Sheriffs 
(Ex-offic?.o collectors 1844 to 1860) 



John Piatt, 

April 12, 1841 
Edward Ator, 

August 1, 1342, 

September 9, 1344 
Charles YI. Karris, 

Autjust 28, 1846 
Georsje Heath, 

August 17, 1848 
Alexander G. Boyer, 

November 30, 1850 
Samuel Morain, 

I'ovember 29, 1052 
Griffin 11. Bruffitt, 

November 15, 1854 
Samuel Morain, 

llovcmber 10, 1856 
James C. Heath, 

November 2, 1858 (elected) 
Reuben EoT.-man (vice Keath) , 

Janxiary 21, 1850 
Francis H. Lowry, 

December 1, 1860 
Ebenezer p. JTisher, 

December 5, 1862 
Williaa 3. Sist, 

December 2, 1864 
George P. Miller, 

llovcmber 22, 1866 
John Kirby, 

December 7, 1868 
William Plank, 

December 6, 1870 
E. P. Pisher, 

December 14, 1872, 

November 24, 1874 



William M. Holmes, 

November 24, 1876, 

December 2, 1878, 

Januarj' 21, 1831 
John P. .\ndrew, 

December 1, 1882 
George P. Miller (vice Andrew, 

resigned) , 

January 5, 1836, 

December 6, 1885 
Joseph !.{. Woolington, 

November 26, 1390 
C. A. Shively, 

November 30, 1894 
Joseph H. Woolington, 

December 2, 1898 
Freeman Clow, 

November 26, 1902 
Colonel A. Shively, 

November 26, 1906 
Ford D. Duvall, 

November 30, 1910 
George A. Lindsley, 

November 27, 1914 
Edward R. Gale, 

November 25, 1918 
George A. Lindsley, 

November 22, 1922 
Ernest E. Lindsley, 

November 18, 1925 
W. H. Conaway, 

November 21, 1930 
Ernest S. Lindsley, 

rov.^i:ber 23, 1934 
Paul B. Smith, 1 



1. Shovra as sheriff in Official List of State and County Officers of 
Illinois, July 1, 1959 , compiled by Edward J. Hughes, Secretary of 
State, p. 40. Hereinafter cited as Official List of County Officers , 
July 1. 1939. 



Roster of County Officers 



- 65 



Coroners 



Henry Barns (Barnes), 

April 12, 1841 
Titus Hubbart, 

August 13, 1842 
George Ater, 

September 9, 1844 
Titus JIubbart, 

August 28, 1846 
Vfashington M. Nesbitt, 

August 
Isaac Raney, 

November 
Wm. Motherspavv, 

November 29, 
Moses Savage, 

November 15, 
George Hickman, 

November 10, 
Reuben Bowman, 

November 30, 1858 
Thomas M. Mother spaw, 

December 1, 1860 
Benjamin IJarkel, 



23, 1848 
30, 1850 
1852 
1854 
1856 



November 
Abraham Peck, 

December 
Isaac VJooding, 

November 
William Webster, 

December 7, 
Amos S. Jackson, 

November 8, 
William A. Bates, 

December 14, 



4, 1862 (elected) 



1864 



6, 1866 (elected) 



1868 



1870 (elected) 



1872 



Hathew N. Secrist, 
December 1, 

Henry H. Ethoringt 
November 24, 

Jacob H. Barnes, 
December 2, 
January 21, 

H. H, Eatherton, 
December 1, 

Jacob H. Barnes, 



1874 

on, 

1876 



December 1, 
December 3, 
December 1, 

III. N. Secrist, 
December 7, 
irovembcr 30, 

Wm. J. Porter, 
Ootober 30, 
November 14, 
November 25, 
November 22, 
November 28, 
November 23, 

Louis ¥.'. Stitt, 
November 24, 

William A. Corder 
February 8, 
Juna 22 , 
November 30, 

John H. IvIcNutt, 
December 3, 
November 27, 



1878, 
1881 

1882 

1884, 
1883, 
1892 

1896, 
1900 

1903, 
1904, 
1908, 
1912, 
IS 16, 
1920 

1924 

(vice Stitt ) 

1927, 

1927, 



1932, 
1936 



State's Attorneys 
(Appointed by the General Assembly to 1849; 
elected by circuit district electorate 
to 1872) 



Samuel R. Reed, 

November 21, 1872 

Albert Emerson, 

December 15, 1875, 
November 24, 1876 

Charles Hughes, 

December 2, 1880, 
November 28, 1884 



James Hicks, 

December 3, 1888 
Harry H. Crea, 

December 1, 1892 
Charles F. Mansfield, 

December 7, 1396, 

November 30, 1900 



- 66 - 



Roster of Coionty Officers 



State's Attorneys (cont,) 



Albert C. Edie, 

Nove^oor' 14, 1904 
Williai A. Doss, 

Kovcnber 28, 1900 
Thomas Kastel, 

Novonoer 25, 1912 
Charloc ¥. Firkc, 

Doccx-iocr 1, 1915 



Burl A. Bdle, 

ITovember 23, 1920 
Robert Pay son Shonkviler, 

lTovoniber-24, 1924, 

Novernber 22, 1928 • 
Jsanos Eow^xd Reod, 

December 3, 1932 
Carl I. (rlss^ovi, 

i'Tovorabcr 87, 1936 



Trcasixrors 
(Also acted as assessors 1844 to 1850, s-apcrvisors 
of assessncnts 1893 to datu, and collectors 
1650 to date) 



John P.inbrook,-'- 

4)ril 5, 1841 (oloctod) 

Joseph A. Keo, 

Aa,30.st 2, 1849 (elected), 

Noveabcr . 5, 1849 " 

Villior-i P. Hopper, 

lTov-,-iibcr 'e, 1351 (cloctcd) 
Joseph A. Koc, 

lTor.^i:bcr 8, 1853 (elected) 
Williar.1 ?. Poster, 

HoV'Cnbcr ■ 5, 1855 (elected), 

Novciaber -20, 1857 
II, E. Sliodes, ■ 

IToveniber 16, 1859 
Npthan E, Rliodes, 

Dec cab or 5, 1852, 

llovonbcr 7, 1655 (elected) 
Charles I'fetts, 

ITovrabcr 5, 1867 (elected) 
Scth C, Lpjagdon, 

NoTonbcr 2, 1869 (elected) 



1877 

1C79, 
1882 



Joseph P, Van Guhdy, 

March 1, 1372, 

December 3, 1873, 

Uovcmbr.r 11, 1375 
Kelson Rcid, 

December 1, 
Theodore Gross, 

December 1, 

December 1, 
Edwcxd W. Walker, 

December 6, 1886 
Daniel Hall, 

ITovcmbcr 4, 1090 (elected) 
Bdwrrd-W. Walker, 

December 1, 1894 
Sa'nuel P. Puiik:, 

December 2, 1898 
Isaac ITewton Eiebinccr, 

IToYcrabcr 25, 1902 
Jacob H, Cline, 

lIOTember 26, 1906 



1. Jolui ?, Tinbrook recorc'cd as treas-jrer at Se-ptenber tern, 1843 (Coui*t 
Record, v. A, p. 19), the nanc bcini;; thus sp-illod in every mention in 
co-JT-ty records •throughout his tci"n; it is believed ho was the first 
treasurer, John Riclcotts appointed troasva'er during Saptcnbor tcra, 
1843, vice Tinbrook, ;-csi?XiOd (ibid). JoGe;9h A, 'Kco, ^pointed trc?^ 
urcr January 18, 1847, vice ?.icketts, rcnovec". from county (ibid,, p, b<; 



P.O), 



- 67 - 



Roster of County Officers 



Treasurers (cont.) 



Ona L. CI ins, 

December 13, 1910 
William Piatt Smith, 

November 27, 1912, 

November 3, 1914 (elected) 
David A. Troxell, 

November 29, 1918 
William Piatt Siaith, 

December 2, 1922 



Burley A. Orrison, 
November 18, 1926 

Cloyd D. Fisher, 

November 29, 1930 

Burley A. Orrison, 
November 23. 1934 

Cloyd D. Fishorl 



Superintendents of Scliools 
(School coimissioners to 1865) 



Joseph King, 

AUf^ust 2, 
George K. Patter 

August 1, 
James Reber, 

August 4, 
John Britton, 

August 7, 
Milton H. Abbott 

November 6, 
Joseph A. Kee, 

December 13, 
Thomas I'illigan, 

November 5, 

November 20, 
John Huston, 

November 16, 

December 5, 
John A. Coleman, 

November 7, 
Caleb A. Tatman, 

November 2, 
C. J. Pitkin, 

December 3, 



1841 
son, 
1842 

1845 

1848 

1851 

1853 

1855 
1857 

1059, 
1062 

1865 

1869 

18 72, 



(elected) 

(elected) 

(elected) 

(elected 

(elected) 

(elected). 



(elected) 
(elected) 



November 


4, 


1873 (elected) 


Ilary I. Reedj 


1 




December 


1, 


1877 


Gilbert A. Burgess, 


December 


1, 


1082 


George N. Snapp, 




December 


6, 


1886 


Allen B. Martin, 




November 


4, 


1890 (elected). 


Janes H. Martin, 




November 


30, 


1894 


Charles Mcintosh, 


1 


November 


8, 


1898 (elected). 


November 


30, 


1900, 


December 


15, 


1902, 


November 


26, 


1906, 


December 


14, 


1910, 


November 


27, 


1914, 


November 


29, 


1910, 


November 


7. 


1922 (elected). 


September 


6, 


1927, 


March 


12, 


1931, 


July 


23, 


1935 



1. Shown as county treasurer in Off icial List of Cou nty Officers, 
July 1, 1939, p. 40. 



«. 68 - 



Roster of Cour-ty Officers 



Surveyors 

(Bc^iining September, ID06, surveyor appointed 

"by county boai'd of a\:5>or'isors) 



Jaraen P.cbcr, 

4iril 12, 1841 

George ilcath, 

Scitcri'scT 2, 1343, 

AiXOirA 10, 1847, 

Aaiv.fit 17, 18'18, 

llovcr.-.oor 19, 1849 
Janes rl, Pcr/^uson, 

lIova;-.ibcr 6, 1851 (cloctod) 
Janes 3ryde:i, 

lTovo:.ib.:r 25, 1353, 

Hovc:;.bcr 15, 1855, 

Novcnbcr 5, 1857 (elected), 

Nove:-..bcr 15, 1859 
Caleb D, I-ioore(vice Bryden, docecised), 

March 16, 1860 

C. D, Moore, 

I'Tovoi.ibcr 5, 1851 (elected) 
Villiaii IicHc;^azolds, 

Dcccr.bor 12, 1865 
Caleb D, "ilocro, 

JanuDxy 10 , 1368, 

llovonber 2, 1869 (elected). 



March 1, 


1872, 


ITovcmbor 11, 


1875, 


Dccenber 1, 


1G79, 


Dcccr.-iber 1 , 


1802, 


ITovcmbor 4, 


1884 (elected) 


Henry Bather ton 


t 


Dcconbcr 3, 


1888 


Wn. J. Day, 




ITovonber C, 


1G90 (elected). 


December 1, 


1894, 


xTovembor 3, 


1896 (elected), 


ITovcmber 30, 


1900, 


iloveiabor 14, 


1904, 


xTovccbcr 3, 


1908 (elected), 


ITovenber 5, 


1912 " 


HovQciber 7, 


1916 " 


J. Robert Bower 


1 


Hovcr.bcr 2, 


1920 (elected), 


llovcnber 4, 


1924 " 


lIover.bcr 2, 


1926 " 


Dccep.bor 4, 


1928, 


Dccenber 2, 


IS 32 



(First entry, p. ^fc) 



4. HOUSIIIG, CAR3, AMD ACCESSIBILITY OF THE RSCORDS 

After the creation of Piatt County in 1841, so little county "business 
was transacted that the erection of a courthouga in Monti cello, the county 
seat, \7as not pressed until 1843.-'- 

DuG to the absence of county hoard records, from the origin of the 
county to March, 1843,2 the date of the earliest records extant, it can- 
not he verified where .T.eetings lyerG held. Furthermore, only the ir.eagerest 
of information can he extracted from these records as to the details of 
construction of the first courthouse. Of this vie are certain: the court- 
house was constructed by John Ricketts in 1843-1844, hut it was not for- 
mally received hy the ccutity until Janua,ry 5, 1845.3 The building was a 
one-story frejne structure. 4 Its cost is unknown. ^ 

Again the board records are mute concerning this courthouse, its con- 
dition through the years - its gradual deteriora,tion and the need for re- 
placements - until 1855, when on March 7, James F. Outten, the county clerk 
was allowed $5.00 for "writing and sending 5 advertisements to editors for 
Publish the building of the courthouse and for writing 5 letters to Bidders 
on courthouse and for copping Bill of Specifications for courthouse,"" On 
this date, too, a contract was entered into with George Demsey and John 
Lowry for the construction of a new brick courthouse.''' A few months later, 
June 2, Sheriff G. M. Buffett was authorized to contract for the removal, 
by the 13th or 14th, of the old courthouse to the east side of the p-ublic 
square so that the new courthouse might be built in its place. 8 But on 
June 10, he was instructed to post notice for the remo*v''al of the old court- 



1. A full treatment of the selection of Monticello as the county seat 
will be foiind in the Historical Sketch. 

2. Court Record, v. A, y). 1. 

3. Ibid., p. 25. 

4. Supervisors' Record, v. I, p. 216. 

5. On December 4, 1843, John Ricketts was allowed $50 of $100 which 
had been withheld from him as security for completing the court- 
house (Court Record, v. A, p. 25). At the time the courthouse was 
formally received by the county, John Ricketts was allowed $35 in 
county orders to be issued in September, 1845, provided the "door 
be finished by that time according to contract." Ibid., p. 45. 
This constitutes all information contained in the co\inty board 
records concerning cost of the courthouse. 

6. Court Record, v. B, p. 49. 

7. Ibid., p. 53. 

8. Ibid., p. 58. 



- 69 - 



- 70 - 

Housing, Ccro, end Acccs- 

aibility of tlio Hccords 



house on or before Juno 21 and its solo at auction on the 14th provided 
the purclip^er did not remove it "beyond tlie Units of Monticello, tlio coui>- 
ty reserving the right of continued use for one 'joox iiftor salo.l 

Hie nevr courthouse was a tvra-story briclc building 55 feet long and 
50 feet doqp. It had a cupola v;hon first constructed but this was demol- 
ished in a storm md never rc^ilacod. Tiiorc v/oru seven rooins on the first 
floor: the offices of the coix.ty clorl:, probate Judgo, sheriff-collector, 
troasv-'or- assessor, surveyor, school co-nmirasioncr, .-did circuit clorl:. The 
second floor wo.3 finished into ?. circuit courtroon and jury rooms. <^ The 
nev; bvi-lding v;as used for the first ti:r:0 on Ju:-.c 15, 1857. Its cost, with 
all incidentals, tanounted to $11, 244. 77. ^ 

Wiile it vfas in use for •.•Imost a half century, this courthouse was 
never ■?. burden to the county in vny appreciable w,?y. Tlius, in 1859, the 
structure \jvs vrlued at $1<3,000 rnd vr.s insured for iff;, 000; and as late r,s 
lc30, ins\irance of $5,000 was c-rriod, a difference of only $3,000 after 
tv/enty yc.?a's of use.^ This would indicate low de;;jreci?.tion, if the mouiit 
of insurance con serve rs a br-.sis for judging vpIuo. A new roof laid in 
1857 at r. cost of $1,850, as veil as varj'L^t^ ^uacunts expended in different 
yeojrs -r-^r^coQcXr-ig about $4,000, constituted the only n-,intonrnce costs on 
this corj;.-thouse. In these anonnts rxo included sxich "iunrovements" as nev; 
Vaults built in 1857 at a cost of $237.37, rnd a fireproof safe purchpisod 
in 1881 for the sum of $65.50.5 

In tiue, hov/ovcr, this courthouse fell into ■■oor physical condition 
and bccciic a subject of criticise of the circuit court and juries on urixf 
occasions." Typic?! of this rJ.verse judgment is the report of the grrnd 
jury to the coxuity board on Karch 5, 1901: 

"We find that Deed Record Books, Mortgasos ?nd niscellaneous records 
now fill the vault in the Circuit Clerk*;; room to its fullest capacity 
and that nev; books and now records ccnnot be properly ccred for pnd that 



1. Court Record, v. B, p. 51. In the short historicr'l sketch of Piatt 
Coirity recorded in Supervisors' Record, v. I, p. 215-17, it is stated 

, that the courthouse was moved to the west side of the public squrre 
where cvcntu,?lly it burned doTyn. 

2. Com-t Record, v. B, p. 53,181; P-^st -nd Present of Piatt County . 
Illinois, p. 15. 

3. Court Record, v. B, p. 145,145. 

4. Ibid., p. 430; Supervisors' Record, v. E, p. ^i05. 

5. Co\U't Record, v. B, p. 443,455,434,485,532; County Court Record - Lav;, 
V. C, -o. 25,81,112,134, 219, 228, 240-42,24'--50; Suof^rvisors' Record, v. 
D, p. 174,175,212,216,311; Supervisors' Record, v. S, p. 12,52,238, 
239^,450,478. 

6. Supervisors' Record, v. E, p. 50; ibid., v. E. p. 205,409. 



- 71 - 
Housing, Care, and Acces- 
sibility of the Records 



all records, instruments, d^eds, fJid so forth, not returned to their o\vn- 
ers, and all court files and i-^apers of ovory character, are kept in the 
general office in wooden cases affording no fire protection at all. We 
also find that the circuit clerk's office is poorly lighted ejid that the 
wooden cases are not sufficient to take proper care of the files. And on 
exejnination of the County Clerk's office we find the vault full and papers 
of information piled on the floor. Also that the files of all the Estate, 
G-uardifJiship, Coimty Court Files of cases tried in the coiinty since its 
organization, including tax record and other ir.portant papers, are kept 
in an open room i.rithout any fire protection whatsoever. As to the 
Treasurer's office, they only have one room for the hooks in current use, 
hence all recordr, arc not protected in the least."! 

At the regular supervisors' meeting held Septemher 10, 1902, the county 
hoard expressed itself in favor of huildin=-? a new courthouse. The question 
of issuing bonds to the £.mount of $100,000 for the courthouse and repair of 
the jail received the overr.-helir.ing support of the co-anty electorate when 
submitted to it --.t the general election held November 4. Preliminary 
conferences were held with groups of architects to formulate plans of pro- 
cedure relative to the matter of erecting a new courthouse, eJid building 
pud finance committees were appointed. 2 On December 15, the board author- 
ized the immediate issuance, ,?x.d nosotiation for the s?.le, of bonds. These 
wore purchased by the First National Bank of Monticello, Januf-.ry 20, 1905. "^ 
An additional sura of $12,500 was subscribed by the citizens of Monticello. ^ 

FinaJicing having thus been completed, the board proceeded to negotiate 
for the construction of the courthou3e and, on April 2, 190;^, entered into 
a contract with Architect J. W. Royer of Urbana, Illinois, to draw the plans 
cjid specifications and to supervise biiilding oper-'.tions, P.ll of which v/as 
not to exceed a cost of $80,000, including his commission of five percent. 5 
On May 12, W. P. Lodge was awarded a contract to build a temporary vault 
for the sum of $.-50. This vault was a brick building 22 by 40 feet and 11 
feet high. The floor was granitoid and the roof of tin. To further safe- 
gua.rd the records that were stored there, the walls were covered with asbes- 
tos sheeting, and its double door was lined with asbestos ".nd covered with 
iron.^ Furthermore, provision war, made to Iccf.te the various county offices, 
during the constriiction period, in the following places: the county judge, 
county clerk, and circuit clerk in the to\?n hall; the treasurer in the^ 
Andrews Building; on the west side of the square; the state's attorney in 
the R. J. Aver Building on the south side of the sauare; pjid the sheriff 
with Clyde H. Ryder (party not known) in the C A, Totman Building on the 
north side of the so^xare.''' 



1. Supervisors' Record, v. H, p. 409, 

2. Ibid., V. I, p. 3,33,45,46,48. 

3. Ibid., p. 46,48,51. 

4. This amount was collected in 1904 (ibid., p. 258), 

5. Supervisors' Record, v. I, p. 91-93, 

6. Ibid., p. 109. 

7. Ibid., p. 111. 



- 1?. - 

Ecur.ijisi C:rc,.-'nc1. Accoa- 
r.ibi.lity oi tl\o Records 



Bids, to bo rGturnoa "cy July 1, 1903, v/oro advortisod for, cu^d on 
July 8, tlio ,;orLtr;;.ct foi- the construction vreri-r v/as av/ordod to H. B. Walter 
of lr:a\'illo for $64,480, out on the follov/in^ dcy chrnecs in specif icr.tions 
v.'crc ecaIc riid the cauouiit r.?,isod to ¥75,000.^ HSio contrr>.ct c^llsd for do- 
livciv of the building before July 15, 1904,*^ bxit the v/orlc did not proceed 
on the tine scheduled, r(.3 on AUcTant 15, 1904, the follovdri.T contracts v/crc 
awso'ded: Vfcstern Gas Fixture Company of Toledo, Ohio, for electric lidat 
fixtures, $1,475'; H. P. Dodge, for Venetian, blinds, $600; r^.d J. V^ Jtidrown 
of Cli-:to:i, lov;^ for frescoing, $^,000.'^ A fcv; months b'-:forc this, on 
iipril 16, contr-'.cts vore lot to the Van iDorn Iro:i Vfoi'lcs Cor.ippny for met,"! 
furriiturc for $-1,409,26, end to the A. K. A.idrov;s Conrp-T;;iy for wood furni- 
ture for $3,031,25.4 

Vilic.t caused the delay in finishing,- the cotjrthouse is not apparent froM 
perusal of the county borrd records, but it wr-.s finally £=nd officially ax>* 
cepted on April 16, 1905, ^ Hie entire cost v^-^.s $75,541.6 

As originally built, this courthouse V7?,s three stories high and had 
an une::ca.vctod basement. Built of brick v/i th stone trim, the structure vras 
'\Q feet in heij^it, 00 feet in depth, ejnd QTj f:;0t in length. The style of 
oTchitoctvjre is typical Geor-~ion-Colonial. Tiir.s beautiful courthouse stcnds 
on the bcrrsvccd .;;!3:ouiids of th,? public square, botv;een Washington and Main 
streets, pad State and Ohrj-tor streets. Thcro pro t\iO cntrrnces, the prin- 
ciorJ 'no boin^ on Main Street, the othor on Wtshin^^ton Stroet. 

In 1953 the basement ws excavated and the first floor completely re- 
modeled -.dth the help of the Worl'is Pro'jress Aininistration at ? cost in 
excess of v;X),000, but the exterior pppearanca vws not changed.? By this 
imorovnuonli, additional storage spaco for records, among other things, vcs 
provided, -Zic arr.-jngenont of officos ajid vfiolts enhances the bvdlding' s 
vrluc for governments! uno from tho standpoint of cosy access by the pv.blic, 
and efficient use by county officirls. (ior detailed floor plans of covu't- 
house, end ^^'rengeaent of officos, see pages 7S-82.) Incidentally, thin 
courthov.se is one of the fcv in the state that hou.ses practically ?11 cou:i- 
ty recoL'ds, O-nly the .-ccords of the county hone .-re not stored in the 
courtlior.ce, r>iid these, consistin:; of only four volumes, are kept in the 
stev/rrd'r. office at the home, two uiles wer.t of llonticello on E.?.D. I!o. 2. 



1. S-jci-visoi's' Eocorf, v. I, p. 143,151,153. 

2. Ibid,, -o, 153. 

Z, Ibid., p. 2'ir<-45. 

'i. Ibid., p, 302. 

!5. Ibid,, ;o. 518. 

6. Ibid,, p, 524. 

7. Ibid., V. T, p. 503-5,369. 



- 73 - 
Housing, Care, and Acces- 
sibility of the Records 

The distrihution of records in the depositories in the Piatt County- 
courthouse is such that only 401 record volximes, or sixteen percent, are 
kept in the offices, while 2,084 voliines &re stored in the vaults. A^ain, 
151 files, or eleven percent, are stored in offices, while 1,145 files are 
kept in vaults. All miscellaneous unboiind materia-l is kept in the offices. 
(For allocation of records in the depositories according to offices, as 
well as percenta.ges of records stored therein, see cha.rts on pages 74 and 
75; for detailed informa-tion on the individual depositories, with a descrip- 
tion of facilities for the housing of records, see charts on pages 76-78,) 

Provisions for careful maintenance of records, with a view towa,rd their 
"best preservation, have been carried out. County hoard records frora the 
establishment of the county to March, 1843, or for the first two years, are 
missing or have never existed as such, the gap never having "been satis- 
factorily explained. Other records for the same period are listed both in 
this inventory and in the inventory of coxmty records by Professor Theodore 
C, Pease. 1 Where records were in poor condition the co\anty board has exer- 
cised its power to order transcriptions made, s.s in the case of the record 
of original lajid entries which was ordered transcribed February 2, 1862. ^ 
Binding and repair of record volumes are under the direct supervision of 
the county board. The system of indexing and filing records follows 
practices generally adopted and employed in other coimties in Illinois. 



1. See entries: 1,37,41,56,58,63,74,76,82,86-89,157,150,162.197,198.201, 
209,221,222; Theodore Calvin Pease, The Coionty Archives of the State 
of Illinois . V. Ill, Bibliographical Series, in v. XII, Collections 
of the Illinois State Historical Librr.ry (Springfield: Illinois State 
Historical Library, 1915), p. 515-22. 

2. Supervisors' Record, v, C, p. 283. 



- 74 - 







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- 80 - 



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i=\ ^-=t i^^n^:^ ^^ 



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Grand Jury 

Room and 

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Third Floor 



(First entry, p» 95) 



5. ABBREVIATIONS, SYIffiOLS, A13D EXPIAIIATORY NOTES 



alph. alphabetictil(ly) 

app. appendix 

arr. arranged, arrangement 

Art Article 

assr* assessor 

atty. attorney 

aud. - -. auditor 

bd. .board 

bdl bundle ( s ) 

bldg. building 

bsmt • basement 

cf, confer, compare 

ch. . chapter (s) 

chron, chronological (ly) 

cir. circuit 

elk. clerk 

co« county 

coll. collector 

cont • ■ - ■ contiiiued 

cor • coroner 

ct c ourt 

dept. department 

ede edited, edition 

f.b, file box(es) 

fedo filo drawer(s) 

f,, ff. and following (page, pages) 

fl. floor 

f m, , form 

ft. feet 

gen. general 

hdgs • hea dings 

hdw. hand-v.Titton 

hivys . high\\'ays 

ibid. ibidem (in the same place) 

i.e. id est (that is) 

111. Illinois Reports (Supreme Court) 

111. App. Illinois Appellate Court (Reports) 

111. S.A. Illinois Statvites Annotated 

in. inch(es) 

L. Laws (of Illinois) 

mi . " mile ( s ) 

n. footnote (s) 

no ( s ) number ( s ) 

N.Y/, Northivestern Reporter 

off. office 

p. page(s) 



- 83 - 



- 84 - 
Abtraviations, Symtols, 
and Sxplanatory Notes 



pr. printed 

Priv. L Private Lar7s (of Illinois) 

pro . probate 

rec ■ recorder 

R.L Revised Laws (of Illinois) 

rni ro ora 

H.S. Revised Statutes (of Illinois) 

sch. , school (s) 

sec section(s) 

sep. senarate 

Sess Session 

sh. •• sheriff 

Sp Special 

strm storeroom 

supt superintendent 

surv surveyor 

treas. treasurer 

twp ( s ) to'vnship ( s ) 

U.S.R.S United States Revised Statutes 

U.S.S.L. United States St:'.tutes at Large 

V. ■ volx;xie(s) 

ve t veterinar isji 

vice in place of 

▼It vault 

— current 

1. Despite inaccuracies in spelling and punctuation, titles of rec- 
ords are shovm in the inventory proper exactly as on volumes and file 
"boxes. The current or nost recent title is used as the title of the entry, 

2. Zxrlanatory additions to inadeq'::Ate titles and corrections of 
erroneous titles are enclosed in parentheses a:id have initial capitals. 

3. In the absence of titles, supTjlied titles are capitalized and 
enclosed in parentheses. 

4. In the title set-up, letters or numbers in parentheses indicate 
the exact labeling on volumes or file boxes. If the volumes or file boxes 
are ^onlabeled, no labeling is indicated. 

5. Title line cross references r.re used to complete series for rec- 
ords kept separately for a period of time, and in other records for dif- 
ferent periods of tine, as in 3ntry 24, "1907 — in Supervisors' Record, 
entry 3." Thej' are also used in all artificial entries - records which 
must be shov/n separately under their ovm proper office or section heading 
even though they are kept in files or records appearing elsevhere in the 
inventory, as in entry 5, "In (Miscellansouj; Fapevii), entry 82." In both 
instances, the description of the n&ster entry shoe's t?ie title and entry 
number of the record from which the cross referenco is cade, as in entry 



- 85 - 
Abbreviations, Symbols, 
and Explanatory Notes 



3, "Also contains Record of County Officers' Semiannual Report, 1907 — , 
entry 24; . . ," Dates shown in the description of the master entry are 
only for the part or parts of the record contained therein, and are 
shown only when they vary from tliose of the master entry. 

6. Separate tliird paragraph cross referoncos from entry to entry, 
and "see also" references under subject headings, are used to show prior, 
subsequent, or related records which are not part of the same series. 

7. inhere no explanation of the beginning or for the discontinuance 
of a record is given, and where no cross reference appears, the informa- 
tion explaining such beginning or discontinuance could not be ascertained, 

8. Unless the index is self-contained, an entry for the index im- 
mediately follows its record ontry. Cross references are given for ex- 
ceptions to this rule. 

9. Records may be assumed to be in good condition unless other- 
wise indicated, 

10, On maps and plat records, the names of author, engraver, and 
publisher, and infonnation on scale havo been omitted only v/hon theco 
data were not ascertainable. 

11. Unless otherwise specified, all records are located in the 
county courthouse. 



6. County Ot'fi c e s 

a n d 
Their Records 



■-4) 



(First entry, p. 95) 



I. COUMY BOARD 

In Illinois, the county board is that body v/hich exercises the 
corporate or politic pov;er of the county. 1 In Piatt County, since 
1841,2 three bodies have successively acted as a county board; the 
county commissioners' court, the county court, and the board of super- 
visors. 

The Constitution of 1818 provided that there should be elected in 
each county, for the purpose of transacting all county business, three 
commissioners whose term of service, powers, and duties should be regu- 
lated and defined by lav:.'^ The first General Assembly denominated the 
comiaissioncrs a court of record, styled the county commissioners' court. ^ 
Four annual sessions were required to be held for six days each, unless 
the business should be completed sooner; additionally, any one of the 
commissioners had pov/er, upon giving five days notice to the remaining 
commissioners and the clerk of the court, to cull a special court which 
had the same authority as at a regular session.*^ The first commissioners 
v:ere elected for an irregular termj° subsequently, it was provided that 
they should be elected at each biennial general election;*^ and by an act 
of 1837, the term was lengthened to three years and staggered, with one 
new commissioner elected annually. Thereafter, the commissioner v;ho 
was longest in office was to be recognized as the presiding officer of 
the court. Compensation, originally sot at the sum of ^2.50 for each 
day's attendance in holding court, •'■'^ later was reduced to $1.50. H In 
1821, provision was made for the removal of commissioners for malfeasance 



1. R.L. 1827, p. 107; R.S.1845 , p. 130; R.S.1B7 4, p. 306. 

2. Piatt County was croated in 1841 (L.1841, p. 71). 
5. Constitution of 1818, Schedule, s e~." '4 .' 

4. L.1819 , p. 175. 

5. Ibid., p. 175, 176. 

6. Ibid., p. 100. The commissioners were to continue in office from the 
election held on the fourth Monday in April, 1819, until the first 
ITednesday in August, 1820, and until their successor- wore elected 
and qualified. Not until 1821 v;as provision made for the election of 
such successors ( L. 1821 , p. 80). 

7. 1-1821, p. 80. 

8« L.1837 , p. 103,104. In 1838, to initiate the procedure, the throe 
commissioners elected drew lots marked one, t'.vo, and three years to 
determine length of term. 

9. Ibid., p. 104. 

10. L.1819 , p. 176. 

11. R.L. 1827, p. 205. 

- 89 - 



- 90 - 
Co^oTity Board 

or nonfeasance of duties, with proceedings as in criminal cases ;^ when the 
first criminal code v'as enacted in 1627, the penalty v?,,'r, modified to a 
fine of not nore than $300, rith re"r.oval froni office only upon recomnenda- 
tion of the jury.* Vacancies resulting from any cause r/ere filled by spec- 
ial election upon order of the clerk of the court to the district judges of 
election.^ 

In 1848 when Illinois adopted a ner; constitution, the county com- 
missioners' court was discGntim;^d. In its place, the constitution pro- 
vided for an adiJinistrative body to "be composed of .-ui elected officer, 
the CQi.mty judge, suid such nunber of justices of the pesco as should be 
required by lar.^ In the follc^ing le^-islative session, the (reneral 
Assembly provided for the el;-2ction of two justices of the locace to sit 
vdth the county judge to transact county business. ^ Their term of office, 
like that of the county jtidfre, was set at four years. ^ This body, styl- 
ed the county court, Tvas required to hold four sessions annually, and when 
so sitting r.ad all uower, jurisdiction, and authority fornerly conferred 
upon the county ccuunissionors' court,''' The compensation of the coi.uity 
judge was originally set at $2.50 for every day of holding- court. 3 In 
1855 the amount was increased to $3.00.^ 

The ne.v constitution also directed the General Assembly to provide 
by general la\;, for a township or£.?Xiization •'jrider which any county might 
crganii'.e whenever a majority of the voters in the county should so de- 
termine. ^0 3y provision of the subsequent enabling acts,-l a board of 
suv)ervisors, whose members were to be elected one in each township an- 
nu;'.lly,12 ^.3.3 created to transact -^11 county business in counties adopt- 
ing township organization. 13 n^e board of supervisors was to meet for 



1. L.1831 , p. 30. Conviction further c-sxriod disqualification from 
holding office for one year. 

3. R. L.1837 , p. 145. 

0. j..L.18o7 , p. 104. "0 election was required to be held if the term 
of the com;nissinner vacating office would have expired within six 
months froi'i the date of vacancy. 

4. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 16, 17, 19. 

5. L.1849, p. 65, 66. 

6. Constitution of 1848, Art. 7, sec. 17; L.1849 . o. 62, 65, 66. 

7. L.1849 . p. 55. 

8. Ibid., r,. 53. 

9. L.ie55 . p. ISl. 

10. Gonstitition of 1848, Art. VII, 00c. 6. 

11. L.ie49 , p. 190-324; L.lSSl . p. 35-78. The later law repealed and 
was a cor.rplete substitute for the earlier, but so far as their effect 
on the sphere of couxity government is concerned, there was almost no 
difference between the two. 

12. L.1849 . p, 192; L.lBc^l . p. 3?. 

1"^- kil^:-!' F- -'^2-4; L.1851, p. 50-52. 



- 91 - 

County Board 



one regular session a year with the provision that special meetings 
might be held when convenient .-'■ The board menbers v;ere compensated 
at the rate of $1.50 a day,^ and a fine was provided in the sur.i of 
.$250.00, for refusal to perform, or neglect of, duties. ^ 

Piatt County was governed by a county court from 1849 to 1860 
when tovmship organization was instituted. In 1870 Illinois adopt- 
ed a new constitution which, Vv'hile continuing the provision for tovm- 
ship organization in counties so electing,^ provided for a different 
form of county board to supplant the county court as an administra- 
tive body. This board was to consist of three officers, styled 
county commissioners, and by subsequent legislation, was given all 
powers, jurisdiction, and authority formerly vested in the county 
court when acting in its administrative capacity." As Piatt retain- 
ed township organization from 1860 to the present, the county has not 
been affected by this change. 

Since 1874, population has been recognized as a factor in local 
representation on the board of supervisors. In that year, each tovm 
or city, in addition to its regular supervisor, became entitled to 
one assistant supervisor if it had four thousand or more inhabitants, 
two if sixty-five hundred, and one more for every additional tv/enty- 
five hundred. The assistant super-'/isors, v;hose terms run concurrent- 
ly with those of the regular supervisors," have no pov;er or duties as 
tovm officers, but are members of the county board and enjoy the sam.e 
powers and rights as other members. The population requirements in 
this respect have since changed. 



1. L.1849, p. 202; L.1851, p, 51. In 1861 it v;as provided that special 
meetings could be called upon request of one third of the members of 
the board (L. 1861, p. 236), Since 1099 the board has been required 
to hold two"Fegurar meetings ( L. 18 09, p. 363). 

2. L.1849, p. 203; L.1851, p. 52. InTS61 compensation vms increased 
to '$'2.00 a day ( l718 GT, p. 238). 

3. L.1849 , p. 203,204. "This fine was reduced in 1851 to .'!;200 (_L._185j., 
'pi 52'), Subsequent legislation reduced it still further and added 
the more frequent penalty for misfeasance, disqualification for office 
( R.S.18 74, p. 1080). 

4. Piatt C'ounty adopted tovmship organization in 1859, but the change 
viSlS not effective until 1860, 

5. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec, 5, 

6. Ibid., sec. 6; L. 1 87 5-74, p. 79,80. 

7. R.S.1874, p. 1075. 

8. L.195T ,'~p. 1116. 

9. H.S.1874, p. 1078,1080; L^19£5, p. 605; L.1929 , p. 774; _L.J_931, p. 
905,907; L.1933, p. 1115. 



- 98 - 
County 3ocTd 

but hr.vc not .^J^fected Pi.-.tt Co^jnty.l At present itr. "borjrd of syper- 
vir.orG hcs ci^lit members. The tern of office of supervisors, lengthci>« 
ed in 18G9 to tvro years, 2 v,t.s further cxtondod in 1929 to four yecrs.o 
Compensation was incrcr\sed from $1.50 to $5.00 p. d-^y in 1919,^ lov/orcd 
to $4,00 in 1953,5 and rr.isod r^Tin to $o.00 in 1937,^ vdth on alloviu. 
nnce of five cents per mile for nooossrry travel. 

Tho functions of the Illinois co\ir:ty borxd, in contract to its 
leiTpl st.r.tus, have undergono little: ch-ui^c since tho ')cginning of strto- 
hood, the development being norrly one of rccrction ?nd increasing coift- 
plcxity of duties within r. v;oll-dciincd ?nd norjly r.tr.tic sphere of 
authority oxid. jurisdiction. The law establishing the court of county 
conmiGsioncrs conferred upon it jurisdiction in rll matters concerning 
county reveniie, ' Of this basic provision, ncaxly all other statutory 
powers ox the court can be considered extonrsionsj somo, enunciated in 
the scHC lav;, rlre?viy show such a logislativo vic\^rnoint. The court 
was given pov/er to regulate and impose the covnty tuT., and to grcjit 
such liconses as might a,lso bring in a revenue; additionally, it was 
given authority over rll public roads, canrJs, turnpiko roads, ^-nd toll 
bridges. Q Other legislation by tho first Goncr.-l Assembly gave the 
court pov;cr to buy and soil lots whereon to erect county buildings c^\d. 
to contract for their construct! on; ^ later, in tho case of the court- 
house at lcaj3t, tho court v/as docl?xed to have the caro fold custody of 
the property rnd the right to m,?kc certain disposition of it.-^° Caro 
of the indigent was also made a function of the court; it v.'as required 
to m?i;c appropriations, to bo levied fuid collected in the sane manner 
as other county revenue, for their support. As rn extension of this 
fisc!2l fTinction» it was required to appoint an overseer of the poor 
in every tov/nship and establish a county poorhouse if necessary. ^-^ 
Fiscal control over school Irnds v/as exorcised at first solely tlirough 
the coux'j^s pov;er of appointment of the trustees of school lands;12 



1. In 1931 a different set of population requirements was applied in 
counties of one hundred thousand or more inhabitants ( L.1951 , p. 
908), T\70 years later the aiffcrontiating fijfjire v;as reduced to 
ninety thousand ( L.1933 , p. 1116). Piatt County vnth its popula- 
tion of 15,588, according to the 1930 U, S, Census, was not affected 
at cither time. Pop):lation E-jJlctin p. 9. 

2. L.1339 , p, 109; L.1917 , p. 793; L.1925 , p. 605. 

3. L.19:09, p, 774,775; L.1951 , p. 906. 

4. L.18^19 , p. 203; L.1857 , p. 183; L. 1871-72 , -n. 444; L.1919 , p. 5G9. 

5. L.19o3 , 0. 615. 

6. L.19 37 , p. 601. 

7. L.1319 , p. 175. 

8. Ibid. 

9. Ibid,, p, 237,238. 

10. L,1845 , p. 128. 

11. L.1819 , 0, 127; L,1839 , v. 138,139. 

12. H.L.1827 , p. 366. 



- 93 - 
County Board 

after the creation of the office of county school commissioner,^ firmer 
control was effected throu£;h the medium of reports which the commissioner 
was required to submit to the court. ^ The court also had authority to 
examine the full accounts of coirunissioner.^ Other functions of the court 
were its duties in relation to elections and juries. It had authority to 
establish precincts,^ to appoint judges of elections, 5 and to allow com- 
pensation to officials for services and stationsrj'.S IXvo panels each of 
petit and grand jurors were required to be selected. The former vrere 
enrolled on the list of taxable inhabitants; the latter only to be free- 
holders or housoholcfp-rs. 

The substitution of the county court for the county commissioners' 
court produced no important changes in the sphere of government; neither 
the second constitution nor the enabling legislation made any original 
pronouncements vri-th regard to the powers or duties of the former. ° 

Tlae revised law on tovmship organization, in the main, only made 
more inclusive and definite the powers of the board."' The board was 
given authority to purchase and hold any land within the county for the 
use of its inhabitants; it Y/as also given authority to malce such con- 
tracts, and to purchase and hold such personal property as might be 
necessary to the exercise of its powers; moreover, it could make such 
orders for the disposition, regulation, or use of t!ie corporate property 
as might seem to be to the interest of the inhabitants. Explicit also, 
was the authority to audit all claims against the county, and the accounts 
of such officers as were not otherwise provided for by law. ^^ The board 
was also given power to appropriate funds for the construction of roads 
and bridges in any part of the county if/henever a majority of the whole 
board might deem it proper and expedient. 



1. R.L.1829 , p. 150. 

2. L.1831 , p. 175; R.S.1345 , p. 500,501. 

3. L.1851 , p. 175, 

4. L.1821, p. 74, There i/vas in this law and in many of those follomng, 
a limit to the number of precincts v;hich could be established. See 
L.1825 , p. 168; R.L.1827 , p. 256; R. 1.1829 , p. 54; L.1855 , p, 141. 
Prior to 1821, each toimship iTas declared by statute to constitute 
an election district ( L.1819 , p, 90) » 

5. L.1819 , p. 90. 
6^ Ibid., pc 99, 

7, Ibid,, p. 255; L.1823, p, 182. 

8, Constitution ofTMFT Art. V, sec, 19; L.1849 , p. 65. 

9, The act of February 17, 1351, previously cited ( L.1051 , p. 35-78). 
10» Ibide, p. 50. 

11« Ibid,, pe 51* 
12, Ibid, 



- 94 - 
CoTinty Board 



From the enabling legislation of the present constitutional period 
is dravm. the following brief statement of the principal functions of the 
county board. 

1. The purchase, sale^ and custody of the real and 
personal property of the county. 

2. The examination and settlement of accounts against 
the county. 

3. The issvianco of orders on the county treasury in 
pursujmce of its fiscal administration. 

4. The examination of accounts concerning the receipts 
and expenditures of county officers. •'• 

5. The supervision of elections; 2 the selection of 
juries; 3 the construction and maintenance of rosids 
and bridges; 4 the care of the indigent, infirm, aJid 
disabled. 5 

6. The appropriation of funds necessary to the effect- 
ing of its functions;^ the raising of such sums 
through tcLxation; aiid in general, the management 

of county funds ai".d county business.*^ 

At all times the county board has had a clerk who has served it in 
a ministerial capacity. The law creating the county commissioners' court 
provided that it should have such an officer, and gave it the power to 
appoint him.S This appointive -nower was rescinded in 1837 by an act which 
made the office elective. ^ 

When the county court supplanted the county corardssioners' court, 
the office of clerk of the latter body ceased to exist. A new office was 
created by statute, that of clerk of the county court. -^"^ When the court 
sat for the transaction of county business, its clerk was in effect a 
clerk of a county board; legal recognition of this distinction was given 
in the provision that the clerk should keep his records of the court's 
administrative actions separate from those of its judicial actions. For 
this purpose two sets of books were to be kept. 11 



1. 


R.S.1874, 


p. 306,307. 


3. 


Ibid., p. 


456,468. 




Ibid., T3. 


630. 


4. 


Ibid., p. 


310. 


5. 


Ibid., p. 


757,758. 


6. 


Ibid., p. 


307. 


7. 


Ibid., p. 


306,307. 


8. 


L.1819, p 


. 175. 


9. 


R.L.1837, 


p. 49. 


10. 


L.1849, p 


. 63. 


11. 


Ibid., p. 


66. 



- 95 - 
County Board - General (l) 

Index 



In 1870 the now constitution cstp.blishcd the office of county clerk;! 
sutsoquently, the Gcncr?,! Assomhly provided th?,t the county clerk should 
act as clerk of the counly'boardS as veil as clerk of the coiinty court. 3 
From that time to the present, the county board has "been served in a min- 
isterial capacity "by this officer. 

The n.^jor record kept by the clerk for the county board is the min- 
utes of its proceedings. This record includes orders to issue warrants on 
the county treasury; the board's action on committee reports on roads and 
bridges, indigent and infirm relief, schools, taxation, etc.; and its 
orders in regard to juries, licenses, and ether matters within its jur- 
isdiction. ^ 

The clerk also keeps, separa.tely, a register of orders issued on the 
county treasurer and lists of jury venire. He files and preserves all 
bills of accounts acted on by the boejrd, ajid has custody of reports re- 
quired to be made to the boai'd by the county treasurer, various school 
bodies, and a number of other r.fficers.^ An obli:i,ation to preserve a 
multiplicity of other records is clearly set forth in the general provis- 
ion requiring the clerk to have the care and custody of all papers apper- 
taining to, as well as filed in, his office. ° 

General Index 

1. MISCELLAN20US IITOEX, 1830~. 1 v. (l). 
Index to various co\inty files includinrt:: Supervisors' Records (Files), 
entry 2; Cancelled Coinity Orders, entry 12; Special Assessments Village 
of DcLand, Improvements, entry 34; Improvements-City of konti cello, entry 
35; Special Assessments-Village of Atwood, entry 36; (Delinquent Taxes and 
Objections to Taxes), entry 40; (Birth and Stillbirth Certificates), entry 
48; Death Certificates, entry 53; (K!arria,se Licenses), entry 55; Flection 
Data, entry 76; (Miscellaneous Papers), entry 82; Executions, entry 121; 
Bonds, entry 168; Road Tax and Railroad Tp;x List, entry 253; Lake Fork 
Special Drainage District of Champaign, Piatt and Douglas Counties (Files), 
entry 323, showing najTies of pc.rtios and file box n-omber. Arr. alph. by 
names of parties or subject. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 3. 
Co. elk. ' s vlt., 1st fl. 



1. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 8. 

2. R.S.1874 , p. 322. 

3. Ibid., p. 260. 

4. L.1819 , p. 6,28,77,127,334,335,352; R.L.1S29 , p. 151-53; L.1831^ p. 
39,90; L.1855 , p. 131,132,156; L.1359 , p. 71,72; R.S.1845 , p. 287-342, 
403,437; L.1849 , p. 66; L.1861 . p. 234-37; R.S.1874 , p. 322. 

5. R.L.1827 , p. 366; L.1845 , p. 169; R.S.1845 . p. 136; L.1861 . p. 237; 
R.S.1374 . p. 325. 

6. Ibid., p. 322. 



- 96 - 
Ccunty Board - Proceedings 
of ■^oerd; Disposition of 
Accovuits 



Proceedings of Pofird 
(See also entry 82[xxTii]) 

2. SUPEHVISOHS' RZCORDS (Fii-s), 13SC— . 94 f.o. (42-581 not con- 
cecutive) . 
Files of co-'jnty 'board papers, including resolutions, reports of county nurse, 
pivysiciar.s' coutracts, appointment of ju.:tices and conrt.i'bles, fees and 
salaries of elected officers, enorgency relief resolutions, reports of all 
county officars, fin;-)iicirJ. reports of tovn;ishir supervisors, organiZt.tions 
of conjr.itt3cs, alnsi'.ouse report;-!, tavern licenses, clains against county, 
cconty ordeis, surveyors' roports, and mothers' pensiori applications. Arr. 
by date of docvja;nt. For index, see entr:.- 1. Nat\ire of recording varies. 
10 X 5 7. 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., ist fl. 

Z. S-.'?I?.''ISOHS' RICCRD, 1843--. 19 v. (A-S). Title varies: Court 

P.ecord, V. A, B, 1343-59; Co^anty Court Record - Law, v. C. 1860-65. 
Record of proceedings of "board of supervieors a:id its predecessors, the 
county coc:iissionsrs' court pjid county court, including lists of appoint- 
ments to co'unty offices ai;d off l.ci;! bonds; appropriation;? of fronds for 
roads, schools, co-onty buildings, blind and pauper relief, bounties, and 
county exiienses; settlements of danages; record of action on and list of 
cc".inty clains. Contains proceedings of early .justice courts. Also con- 
tains Kecord of County Officers' Semiannual P.er)ort, 1907 — , entr;/ 24, 
and ^-a-noTt of County Superintendent of Schools, 190o — , entry 25. Arr. 
by date of proceedincs. Vo ind?x. Hd'-. £00 p. 18 x 13 x 3. V. A, 
1843-47, cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl.; v. E-Q, 1543-1920, co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl.; v. K,S, 1C21— , CO. cl>. 's ct:\ , 2nd f 1 . 

4. TZ'TJ H?Ar PJ:CCRT3, 1866-1912. 2 v. 
Record of town roadr, showing location of proposed roads, method of 
obtaining ri ht of way, and action of board of supervisors. Arr. by date 
of board neeting. So index. Hdw. 200 p. 16 x 10 x 1. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 
2nd fl. 



Disposition of Accounts 
(See also entries 2, 3, 82[xii, xv, xvi, xxiv, 
xxxiv], 271-288, 305, 308) 



Auprcpriations 



5. A???.C??.IATION LZDGSR, 1933—. 2 v. 
Account ledger of all aiacintr. appropriated for and warrants issued aigainst 
ccunty funds, including county hir-h'7-.y, rrothers' pennion, institute insurance, 
.jury warrants, and witness fees, shoving date, amo-jnt, and nunber of warrant, 
naae of payee, and balance in f-ijind. Also contains Motor Fuel Tax Allotment 
Record, 1935-35, entry 23. Arr. aloh. by nsne of f-ond, No index. Md'-. on 
pr. fm. 150 p. 10 x 12 x 1;\. Co. clk.'s '"crk rn., 2nd fl. 



- 97 - 
County Board - Disposition (6-11) 

of Accounts 



Bills and Claims 

6. (FILES OF CLAIMS), 1853--. In (Miscellaneous Papers), entry 82. 
Files of all claims against the cotmtj'', showinf^ date, amount, and purpose 
of claim, name of claimant, and date cf filing, Hdw. , hdvir. on pr. fm. , 
and typed, 

7. LAKE FORK - BILLS ALLOYED, 1915—. 1 f .b. 

Sills allowed the Lslce Fork drainage district for naterial, labor, r-iid 
surveyors' and corardssioners' clains. Arr. by date of bill, llo index. Hdw. 
10 X 4| X 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Registers of County 
Orders 

8. COTOTTY ORDER REGISTER, 186C— . 7 y. (P-H), 

Register of county orders issued, including highway warrants, 1927-35, 
motor fuel tax warrants, 1932-35, jury certificates, witness fee orders, 
and birth report warrants, showing purpose, date, nunfoer, and amount of 
order, to whom payable, and date of payment, Arr. by order no. No index, 
1860-1900, hdw, under pr, hdgs,; 1901--, typed under pr. hdgs. 250 p. 
17 X 15-a- X 2|, V. B-F, 1860-1929, co. clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl.; v. G,H, 
1930—, CO. clk.'s off,, 2nd fl, 

9. COUNTY HIGHWAY WARRANT REGISTER (and Motor Fuel Tax Warrant 
Register), 1936—. 1 v. 

Register of county highivay and motor fuel tax vrarrants issued, shovrtng 
number and date of warrant, name of payee, purpose of payment, and date 
of cancellation by bank, Arr. by date of warrant. No index, Hdw, 
under pr, hdgs, 25 p. 12 x 12 x 1, Co, clk.'s work rm, , 2nd fl. 

For original "vreirrants, see entry 12; for prior register, see entry 8, 

10. REGISTER OF ORDERS OF MAIN AID SUBDISTRICTS OF LAKE FORK SPECIAL 
DRAINAGE DISTRICTS, 1903—. 6 v. (Main District, 1903—, 1 v.; 
Subdistricts, 1903--, 5 v.). 

Register of orders of Lake Fork special drainage district, showing date, 
order number, name of payee, and amount and purpose of payment. Arr, 
by district no. No index, Hdw. under pr. hdgs, 150 p. 12 x 9 x -tt, 
Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl, 

11. RECORD OF BOARD OF HEALTH CERTIFICATES OF DEATH WARRANT (Register), 
1903-16. 1 V, 1917 — in County Clerk's A.ccount with Registrars, 
entry 84, 

Register of warrants issued in payment for death reports, showing names of 
deceased and attending physician, date of death, number of warrant, and 
date and amount of payment, Arr, alph. by name of physician. No index, 
Hdw. under pr. hdgs, 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2. Co, elk, 's vlt,, 1st fl. 



- 98 - 
County Board - Disposition (12-18) 

of Accounts 



Ceincelled County 
Orders 

12. CAiTCELLED COUKTY ORDERS, 1851—. 27 f.b. (60-545 not consecutive). 
Cancelled county ordors, including county hi,^way, cotor fuel tax, and 
mothers' pension warrants, and coroner' s Jury certificates, showing date, 
PuTiount, and purpose of warrant, and nane of payee; also contains cancelled 
jury certificates prior to 1908. Arr. by date of warrant. For index, 

see entry 1. Hdw. on pr. fm. 10 x 4i x 14. Co. elk. ' s vlt., 1st fl. 

13. COinCTY ORDER STUBS, 1851—. 95 v. 

Stubs of coonty orders, including Jurj' warrants and mothers' pension 
warrants, shovdng nane of pL\yee, ;.wount, purpose, date, and number of 
order, a:id nane of payer. Arr. by d.o,tc of order. No index. Hdw. on 
pr. fn. 175 p. 18 x 3 x 1. Co. elk. 'a vlt., 1st fl. 

14. 30U:^Y CLAIMS (Stubs), 1507 1 v. 

Stub record of bounty clains cllcwed for killing crows, showing number, 
date, rnd ojaount of warrant, number of crows exteminated, naiie of town- 
ship, ai^d signature of pa^'ec. Arr. by date of warrant. Mo index. Hd;v. 
on pr» fn. 150 p. 18 x 14 x 1. Co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

15. DEATH WARRAirrs (Stubs), 1911—. 1 v. 

Stubs of warrants issued in prynont for reports of deaths, shovdng niunber, 
date, and anoioat of warrant, nane of ^oyee, number of reports, and date 
of nailing or receipt by person making report. Arr. by date of warrant. 
No index. Hdw. on pr. fn. 100 p. 18 x 13 x |. Co. elk. ' s work re. , ?nd fl, 

16. BIRTH WAHRAilTS (Stubs), 1918—. 1 v. 

Stubs of warrants issued in pr,ynent for birth reports, showing nunber, 
date, and amount of warrant, nrjne of payee, nur.ber of reports, end date 
of nailing. Arr. by date of warrant. No index. Hdw. on jr . fn. 100 p. 
18 X 12 X -1. Co. elk. ' s work rra. , 2rtd fl. 

17. PAID DRAINAGE ORDERS, LAKE FORK SFECIAi DRAINAGE DISTRICT, 1907-10. 
1 f.b. 

Cancelled orders of the drainjige district for commissioners' services, 
labor, and materials, orders for pa:/T.ients on contracts, fees of engineers, 
contractors, and attorneys, and paid orders for election notices and 
election expenses. Arr. by date of order, rio index. Hdw. on pr. fn. 
10 X 4| X 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl. 

Pen sion Fund AccQ-'Juats an d 
Application s (See also en- 
tries 142-144, 206) 

13. RECORD OF BLr.D BZilEFITS, 1903-21. 1 v. 
Register of atiplications for blind benefits, showing date, nane and age of 
applicant, degree of blindness, aiid amount of benefit. Arr. by date of 
application. Indexed alph. by name of applicant. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 
100 p. 14 X 9y X 1. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

For subsequent record of amounts paid for blind roliof , see entry 3. 



- 99 - 
County Board - lifenagement of (19-23) 

County Properties and Roads 

19. (MOTHERS' PENSION CLAILS), 1913 — . In (Lliscellaneous Papers), 
entry 82. 
Original claims for mothers' pension, shoiiring date, amount, and purpose 
of claim, names of mother and children, place of residence, age of each 
child, amount a-warded by court, and date of filir^. Hdw. and typed on 
pr. fm. 



Management of County Properties and Roads 
(See also entries 2, 3, 82[x, xiv], 125, 339) 

Bond Issues 

20. REGISTER OF BONDS, 1927—. 1 v. (l). 

Register of school and high-may bonds issued, shewing name and number of 
road or school district, purpose of issue, date and amount of bond, rate 
of interest, and date of maturity. Arr. by date of bond. Indexed by 
school and road district nos. Hdw. on pr. fm. 160 p. 18 x 12 x 2. 
Co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

Insurance 

21. INSURANCE POLICIES, 1917—. 1 f.b. 

Insurance policies on county property, shoTs.dng name of insurance company, 
description of property insured, and amount, expiration date, and type of 
policj'-. Arr. by date of policy. No index, Hdw. on pr. fn« 10 x 5 x 14. 
Treas.'s vlt», 1st fl. 

22. INSURANCE RECORD, 1937—. 1 v. 

Record of insurance policies on county property, shovri.ng number and amount 
of policy, description of property insured, expiration date of policy, and 
name of insurance agency. Arr. by date of policy. No index. Hdw. under 
pr. hdgs, 50 p. 9 x 12 x -jj. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Motor Fuel Tax Allot - 
ments 

23. MOTOR FUEL TAX ALLOTMENT RECORD, 1936—. 1 v. 1933-35 in 
Appropriation Ledger, entry 5. 

Record of allotments of motor fuel tax to the various highway funds, 
showing name of fund, date and amount of allotment, route, section, 
receipt, and claim numbers, explanation, amounts of receipts and dis- 
bursements for each fund, balance available, and amounts transferred 
from one fund to another. Arr. alph. by name of fund. No index. Hdw, 
on pr. fm. 100 p. 10 x 12 x 1. Co. clk.'s vrork rm., 2nd fl. 



- 100 - 
County Board - Reports (24-26) 

to Eoard; Jury Lists 



Reports to Board 

(See also entries 2, l^, a2[xxix>- 

xxxii], 2:57, 288, 302) 

24. RECORD OF COUirTY OFITICSRS' SEMIAJn-IUAl REPORT, 1877-1905. 1 v. 
1907— in Supervisors' Record, entry 3. 

SemiannTial reports of kJ.1 couz.ty officers to chairman of county board, 
showing date and amount of earnings, and names of p.3iyeo and payer. Arr. 
by date of report. Ko index. Kdw. 300 p. 12 x 18 x 3. Co. elk. ' s vlt., 
1st fl. 

25. REPORT OF COUIITY SUPERir?E>T21-!!r OF SCHOOLS, 13B8-1905. 1 v. 
1905— in Supervisors' Record, entr^r 3. 

Report of count;'- superintendent of schools to the boaxd of supervisors, 
showing the condition of the cour:ty school f-onds. Arr. by date of report. 
Indexed alph. by name of superintendent. Edw. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2. Co. 
die's vlt., 1st fl. 



Jury Lists 
(See also entries 82[xxi], 237, 259) 

26. LIST OF JURORS, 1872—. 2 v. (1 not numbered, 2). 
J'arj' lists showing nanes, addresses, and occupations of jurors, dates of 
selection a-id drawing, and court of service. Arr. "oy date of selection. 
Ko index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 300 p. 16 x 12 x 2. Co. clk.'s off,, 
2nd fl. 



(Next ontry 27, p. 106) 



II. COUNTY GLLRi-: 



Forerunner of the present county clerk was the clerk of the county 
comnissioners' court. This court was the administrative body in Piatt 
County from 1841, the date of organization of the county, to' 1849. The 
Constitution of 1848 and la^vs of 1049 created a new judicial branch of 
county government presided over by the county judge and entitled the 
"county court," and provirlod for the quadrennial election of a "clerk of 
the county court." In addition to his duties ar, clerk of the judicial 
court, the incumbent was also to act as clerk of the administrative 
branch of government which consisted of the county judge and tv/o jus- 
tices of the peace. In 1859, Piatt County adopted the tovmship form of 
government necessitating the election of u board of supervisors to sup- 
plant the county court as the county administrative body.^ Accordingly, 
the clerk of^the countv court became ex-officio clerk of tlie board of 



supervisors. 

The above-mentioned clerks all performed the duties of county clerk 
as well as those of clerks of a judicial or administrative body. In fact, 
legislation frequently referred to these inc\imbents as "county clerks" 
when defining duties relating to county business as distinct from their 
duties in other capacities. The Constitution of 1870 specifically pro- 
vided for a county clerk v;ho has continued to act to the present in this 
capacity, and also as clerk of the county board"^ and clerk of the county 
court. The revised statutes of 1874 adopted the use of a distinction of 
titles for each of his ex-officio capacities, applying the title "county 
clerk" only when referring to his dutir,s as such.^ It is the performance 
of those duties that gives rise to the records dealt with in this section. 

The first clerk of the coimty commissioners' court of Piatt County 
was elected in 1841, v.-ith a four-year term; •'■'-' a two-year term became ef- 
fective in 1847.^1 A bond of CI, 000 vms required."'-^ The clerk of the 



1. 


Constitution of 1818, Schedule, sec. 4; L.1819, p. 175. 




Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 16,18,19; L.1R49, p. 62,63. 


3. 


L.1649, p. 65,66. 


4. 


Constitution of 1848, Art. VTI, soc. 6; L.lCSl, p. 38,45,50. 


5. 


L.1851, p. 52; L.inCl, p. 237. 


6. 


Constitution of 18fO, Art. W, sec. 18 and Art. X, sec. 8. 


7. 


R.S.1874, p. 322. 


8. 


Ibid., "p. 260. 


9. 


Ibid., p. 260,322. 


10. 


L.1837, p. 49. 


11. 


L.Tb"?:?, p. 28. Effective in 1847. 


12. 


L.lg"W, p. 176,177; R.L.1353, p. 143; R.S.1845, p. 131. 



- 101 - 



- 102 - 
County Clerk 



coimty conrt served for a four-year term, and was bonded in the sum of 
$3,000.1 The Constitution of 1870 and the revised statutes of 1874, es- 
tablishing the office of coxinty clerk, provided for his election for a 
quadrennial term, and that the amo-unt of his bond be set by the county 
board.2 The bond is entered upon the records of his office, and deposited 
with the clerk of the circuit court. Ke is required to take oath, and is 
commissioned by the Governor. 3 The county seal is kept by the clerk and 
is used by him when required. 

In general, the co\inty clerk's performance of his functions results 
in records relating to the following: taxation, vital statistics, li- 
censes, and bonds. Various officials and agencies having authority over 
these natters report to, or deposit records with, the county clerk who in 
this manner acts as a coordinating factor in the execution of local and 
state affairs. In regard to other of these natters, the clerk is required 
to perform duties on his own behalf and retain the records resulting from 
such performance. 

Illustrations of both of those procedures may be foxind by examining 
the various duties and records relating to taxation. The county clerk 
must procure all books and blanks used in the assessnent and collection 
of taxes, and list in such books the lands end lots subject to taxation*^ 
they are then turned over to the supervisor of assessments who has the 
township assessors enter the valuations against each piece of property 
listed. The supervisor completes revisions eind corrections upon complaint 
of property owners and returns the books in duplicate to the county clerk. 5 
Personal property assessments are handled in essentially the same manner. 
The board of review then makes adjustments on complaints and eqxializes 
assessments between districts, certifying corrections and revisions to the 
county clerk. S The county clerk then reports the entire assessment list 



1. L.1849 . p. 63,64. 

2. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 3; R.S.1874 , p. 321. 

3. R.S.1874 , p. 321. 

4. L.1367 , p. 105; L. 1871-72 . p. 19,20,32; L.1903 , p. 297. During the 
period of the first constitution such books arid lists were prepared 
by the auditor of public accounts and turned over to the clerk of the 
county commissioners' court ( L.1825 , p. 173; R.L.1827 , p. 329; L.1839 , 
p. 5,4; L.1847 . p. 79). 

5. The first assessment officer was the county treasurer ( R.L.1827 , 

p. 328-36), In 1839 this function was performed by the district assessors, 
TS±io received from the county clerk copies of the auditor's transcripts 
( L.1339 , p. 3,4). The treasurer resumed these duties in 1844 ( L.1843 , 
p. 231) , retaining them -until the institution of township organization 
in 1850 resulted in township assessors acting in each township ( L.1851 , 
p» 38). The treasurer now acts as ex-officio supervisor of assessments 
( L.1898 , p. 36-44). 
S. L.1898 . p. 36-44. 



- 103 - 
County Clerk 

to the State Tax Commission for equalization, the equalized list is after- 
wards used hy the county clerk in ascertaining tp.x rates and extending 
taxe s . 1 

The State Tax Commission also certifies to the coimty clerk the as- 
sessments on the capital stock of corporations and railroad and telegraph 
companies, it "being the duty of the clerk to extend these taxes and retain 
the "books after use by the collector. ^ 

The "books are next turned over to the county collector who, after 
collection, returns lists of collections, together with lists of ■uncol- 
lected real and personal property taxes. 3 The county clerk attends all 
tax sales, prepares a list of a.11 sales and issues duplicate reports 
thereof, records affidavits of purchases of property for taxes, and keeps 
a record known as the "tax judgment, sale, redemption, and forfeiture rec- 
ord. "4 

An extensive group of records of vital statistics is kept "by the coun- 
ty clerk, including records relating to births and deaths, marriages, phy- 
sicians, and midwives. The first legislation in re.';^ard to the keeping of 
vital statistics was included in the act for the establishment of medical 
societies.^ One section of this act made it the duty of every physician 
to keep a record of births, deaths, and diseases occurring within the vi- 
cinity of his practice, and to ttansmit such record to his medical society, 
whereupon the record was to be published in the newspapers. In 1842 it was 
provided that a parent could appear before the clerk of the county coramis- 
sionera' court and make affidavit as to the birth of a child, and the eld- 
est next of kin of a deceased person could similarly appear and make affi- 
davit as to death. 6 It is probable that the tenor of the above-mentioned 
laws explains the fact that no birth or death records existed in Piatt 
County prior to 1877, the first law, 1819, requiring no public record to 
be kept, and that of 1842 providing that affidavits "may" be made. The act 
of 1877 creating the State Board of Health required that all births and 
deaths in the county be reported to the county clerk by the attending phy- 
sicians or accoucheurs.'^ Teeth were put into these and subsequent laws by 
providing penalties for noncompliance. In 1901, death certificates issued 
by physicians, midwives, or coroners were to be presented to town clerks as 
the local registrars who issued burial permits and forwarded the certifi- 
cates to the county clerk.^ In 1903, certificates of death were to be 



1. L .1919 , p. 723. 

2. L. 1871-72 , p. 11,13,16; L.1957 , p. 1011,1012. 

3. L.1849 , p. 124,125; L. 1871-72 , p. 55; L.1951 , p. 759. 

4. L. 1338- 59, p. 15; L. 1871-72 , p. 40; L.1879 . p. 250. 

5. L.1819 ,' p. 233. 

6. L. 1842-43 , p. 210-12. 

7. L.1877 , p. 209. 

8. L.1901. p. 302,303. 



- 104 - 
County Clork 



t-uraocl over to the Ste.to Bopxi of Health, which then delivered to the coun- 
ty clorl: all certificates so received. 1 Later it was provided that the 
tcnship clerks should nnnually dcposrt with the county clerk a. conrplote 
sot of the records of "births, stillbirths and deaths rc{^ stored with thcti, 
Tlie co'or.ty clork was charged with binoing and indexing, or recording, and 
saffv-koeoing of such records. 2 JVom the earliest date, the legislation in 
regard to these matters provided that the clerk retain the abstracts and 
certif icr.tes, keep a record of births and deaths, maintain alphabetical 
indexes, end issue certifi-ja copies of cortificr.tos upon request. The 
clerk hpj slso been rcquircsd to prepare a register of all physicians and 
accoucheurs in the cointy.S 

Since tho org<?ni2ation of Piatt County in 1841 the county clerk, or 
at that time clork of the county commissioners' court, has boon required 
to file raarricgc cortificatos rnd certificates of parents' consont to the 
marrir^c of rainors.'^ The clerk w^s p1 so required to keep a sopcj-atc re- 
gister of nc-jrriagcs in addition to his filo of cortific-.tcs.^ Before 
1877, persons desiring to marry were rcqu.ircd to r.ccuro lioonscs from the 
cou:aty clerk only v;hon thoy h-id not previously published such intention, 
but in that ycrx the securing of -^, license wrs mojlo aandatory.^ Althougli 
a rocord of applications for nnrria^e licenses has been kept by the clerk 
in this cornty since 1876, an act of 1937 afpears to be the first legis- 
lation requiring the maintenance of such a record. ? The spjne act provides 
that persons desiring to mpxry shall present to the county clerk a cer- 
tificate setting forth that such persons ?ro free from venereal diseases, 
such certificates to be filed with the application for license to mpxry.° 
Marriage records have been keot in Piatt Covnty since its orga-iization in 
1841. 

The couiity clerk is chprged with a number of duties relating to oleo- 
tions: pre:orring and issuing blpnlc ballots, 9 poll books, ^0 Q^d certif ica.tcs 
of election, 11 and keeping a record of registers of elections, 12 peti- 
tions, 13 pjifi, nrj-ked ballots, 1'^ tally sheets, 15 ond election returns which 



1. L.lOOn , p. 315-18. 

2. L.1915 , -5. 667. 

3. L.i:77 , -0. 309. 

4. L.1&19 , p. 27; H .3.1845 , p. 354; R.S.1374 , p. 694. 

5. R.L.1327" , p. 239. 

6. L.1377 , -0. 130. 

7. L.1937 . p. 909. 

8. Ibid., -0. 910. 

9. L.1891."-o. 113; L.1911 , r,. 311. 

10. L.1371-72 . D. 386. 

11. L.1319 , p. 96; L. 1821 , p. 79; L.1823 , r>. 64; L.ia&5 , p. 175. 

12. L.13o5 , p. 59; L. 1871-7 2, p. 583. 

13. L.1911 , -0. 310,311; L.1929", r,, 422. 

14. L.1C91 , p. 118. 

15. L.1G35 , p. 143. 



- 105 - 
County Clerk 

are transmitted to him by the judges of election. 1 Abstracts of returns 
were forinerly prepared by the clerk, but these are now originated by the 
election commissioners or judges of election and deposited vfith the clerk. 
Returned ballots are destroyed by the clerk six months after election, pro- 
vided no contest in which the ballots are needed is in progress. 2 In 
1889, V7hen returns of elections for scliool trustees were made to the county 
clerk, he was charged with furnishing to the county superintendent of 
schools a list of all such trustees. 3 Y'.O'^ the clerk does not enter into 
the procedure, the school trustees canvassing the returns and certifying 
directly to the superintendent of schools. "^ 

The bonds of a number of officials are required to be transmitted to 
the clerk for filing and entering in a book m.aintained for that purpose, 5 
Justices' of the peace and constables' oaths, bonds, and securities are 
aoproved by the clerk and entered in a separate book in accordance with 
statutory requirement. This book shows the date on ivhich each justice of 
the peace and constable was sworn into office and the date of commission 
by the governor. Resignations from these offices are made to the county 
clerk who enters such fact in the justices' and constables' record. 6 

The clerk is also charged with issuing licenses to taverns,"^ ferries, 8 
etc., and keeping records of the same. Other recordations m^de are: records 
rclf^ting to estrays;9 registers of professionals, includinf, physicians, 10 
midwives,!! dentists, 12 chiropodists, 13 and veterinarians; 14 list of coun- 
ty officers; list of town officers which is furnished annually by the town 
clerk; 15 record of notaries public; 16 and book of state civil service 
rules, 1'^ Referring to his list of to'jrn officers, the county clerk reports 
annually to the State Department of pjblic Health the names and addresses 
of the supervisor, assessor, and clerk of each tovraship, and the dates of 
the expiration of their tenns of office. IS 



1. L.1819, p. 86; L.1821 , p. 77; L.1B2.^ , p. 64; L. 1871-72 , p. 389, 

2. L.1917, p. 444. 

3. L.1889 , p. 271,322. 

4. L.1909, p. 352. 

5. R.S.1845, p. 396,397; L.1861, p. 237,238; R.S.1874, p. 325; L.1895, 
p. 188. 

6. L.1895 , p. 188. 

7. L,1819, p. 77-79; L. 1933-34, Second Sp. Sess., p. 64-66. 

8. R.L.1827, p. 221; K.S.1874, p. 530, 

9. L.1819 , p. 206,207; R.S,1374, p, 433. 

10. L.1877, p. 209; L,1899 , p. 275; L.1923 , p, 441, 442. 

11. Ibid, 

12. L,1881 , p. 79; L.1899 , p, 273; L.1909, p, 279; L.1933 , p, 711. 

13. L.ie99, p. 280; L.1955, p, 995, 

14. L.1917, p, 591, 

15. L.1861. p. 226; R,S.1874 , p. 1077, 

16. L,1871-72, p, 575; R.S.1874, p. 721; L.1875 , p. 88. 

17. L.1905, p. 115. 

18. L.1925, p. 480, 



- 106 - 
County Clork - Taxation (27) 



Included in the provision that the county clerk be charged TiV^.th the 
care and custody of all rccordr, , books, and papers appe^rtaining to, and 
filed or deposited in, his officel are those duties as clerk of the county 
beard, v:heroin he is required to record tl:e procGcdra^s of the board and 
to fie all their books, records, and accounts. 2 Also included are his 
record-keeping duties as cx-officio clerk of the county court, vn.th its 
i'osultinn; duties in relation to probate Matters. 3 The clerk is also re- 
quired to keep jury lists^ and a book in vrtiich he enters details as to 
orders up'n the trca-urcr. Ho is further required to ;.-.c.intain alphabet- 
ical indexes of all records and papers in his office, end to supply copies 
cf these records or papers to any person upon rcqucct and payment of the 



required fce.^ 



Taxation 
(Soo also entries 82[iii,ix,:rviii,xxxv] , 
95, 125, 262-270, 302, 321-324, 326-323, 331) 



Li st of Taxa blo^ Property, 
Levies 



27. ASSESSORS' BOOKS, 1B53— . 433 v, 

(Piatt Coujity, as a whole, 1853-59. 7 v, 

Bcmcnt Tovrnship, 1860--. 40 v. Hissing: lOGl-73, 1875-84, 1886, 

1888-94. 

Blue Hidge To^mship, ]860— . 14-7, Missing: 1C61-34-, 1887, 

1897, 1898. 

Cerro Gordo Tovmship, 18G0— . 56 v. llicsing: 1861-74, 1884, 

Goose Creek Tovmchii), 1G60— . 55 v, Liissing: 1836, 1891, 1892, 

1894, 

liontioollo Tovmship, 13G0— . 67 v. Lissing: 1886, 1891, 1G92, 

1894. 

Sangamon Tovmship, 1860—, 64 v. liissing: 1872-74, 1886-80, 

1921. 

Unity Tovmship, 1860—. 50 v. liissing: 1861-7G, 1882-84, 1887, 

1893". 

'.Villov; Branch Tovmship, I860—. 05 v. ICissing: 1862-73, 1880, 

1S81, 1886, 1895). 
Lists of taxable roal estate and personal property, shovring nciae of ovmor, 
de^^cription of property, tax spread, and assessed valuation. Real estate 
arr, by sec, ti-.-p., and range nos.j personal property arr. alph, by name 
of taxpayer. No index. P?d\v. under pr. hdgs. 140 p. 17 x 14 x 1 l/2. 414 v., 
1860-1933, CO. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl.; 24 v., 1934—, treas.'s off., 1st fl. 



1. R.S.1874, p. 322. 



2. L.1851, p. 239; R.S. 1874, p. 322. 

5. ir.S .lS74 , p. 260. 

4. TBii., p. 630. 

5. Ibid., p. 521. 



- 107 - 
County Clerk - Taxation (23-35) 

23. ABSTRACT CF AS^SESSJiLOTS AIJD T/JC£S, 18SS— . 5 v. ( 4 not n-arcbcred. 
3). 
SuEffiiariea of county, city, tovv-n, ajid school valuatiors and tax extensions, 
shov-'i!xg date, nar.e of tov/nship, valuation of real and personal property, 
anov-nt of levy by the various tax lev^'ing bodies, back tax and interest, 
tax spread, and grand totals cf valuation. Arr. by date of summary. No 
index. Ildv.'. 2 iC p. 12 x 14 x 1. 2 v. not manbered, 1866-1901, co. cllr.'s 
vlt., 1st fl.; 2 V. not nvanbered, v. o, 19C2 — , co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

23. RAILKCAD TAX EOCX (Telephone and Telegraph), 1867—. 8 v. 
Lists of taxable railroad property, shov/ing date, name of railroad company, 
equalized value, rate, tax spread, and total tax; also contains telegraph 
and telephone tax record, lS7o — . Arr, by date of levy. No index. Kdw. 
under pr. hdgs. 350 p, 18 x 12 x 3, Treas,'s vlt,, 1st fl, 

50, SPECIAL ASSESSim-IT T.^ LIST OF TUSIXLE SLOUGH SPECIAL DIIA.DIAC-E 
DISTKICT, 1929—, 1 v. 
Special assessment tax lists of Trenkle Slough drainage district, shov/ing 
name of ov/ner, description of land, and date and amount of lev^^', Arr, by 
daiie of levy. IIo index, Kdw. 300 p. 18 x 14 x 2. Co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

31. SPECIAL .lSSii3Ji.j;iIT 3CCK, L^llli FORIC DRAIiyAGE DISTRICT, 1930—. 
1 V. (1). 

Special assessment rolls siic-.ving ov.'ner's name, description of land, acreage, 
and date and amot.mt of assessment. Arr. by date of assessment. Ho index. 
Typed. 500 p. 17 x 14 x 2w-. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

32. SPECIAL ASSESol^JT LIST, DELAND SPECIAL DS.\INAGE DISTRICT, 1935 — . 

1 V. 

Special assessment tax lists of lands in drainage district, including de- 
scription and location of land, name of ov.mer, classification of land, and 
date and amount of tax levj, Arr. by date of levy. Ho index. Kdw. under 
pr. hdgs. 100 p. 18 x 14),- x 2. Co. clk.'s off., "'2nd fl. 

33. SPE-CI.iL ASSESSIEI'JT RECORD, 1892-1931. 2 v. (l, 1892-1916; 2, 
1910-31). 

Record of special assecsraents for improvem'snts, shov/ing nature of improve- 
ment, description of property assessed, sxio'jnt and date cf assessment, and 
name cf owner. A:^r. by date of assessment. No index. 1892-1909, hdw. on 
pr. fm. ; 1910-31, tj-pcd on pr. fm. 150 - 750 p. 18 x 12 x 2 - 16 x 14 x 4. 
Co. clk.'s off., r,nd fl. 

54. SPECIAL ASSESSIZiJTS VILL.iUE CF DEL.1I;D, IIP RO^'EJ.ENTS , 192G. 1 f.b. 
Lists of special assessments to pay the cost of grading, paving, curbing 
and drainage on Fighway Avenue aiid certain intersecting streets in Village 
of DeLand. . Arr. by date of levy. For index, see entry 1. Nature of 
recording varies, 10 x 4-^ x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

35. II.PR0\'EI2;iTTS - CITY OF IIOi-ITICELLG, 1926. 5 f.b. (E-K, K). 
Special assessment papers pertaining to improvements in City of i!onticello, 
including assessment rolls and plans for street paving, ornamental li-'jht- 
ing system, and cewerc, Arr. by date of docui'-ient. For index, see entry 1. 
Nature of recording vibrios. 10 x 4^^- x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl. 



- 108 - 
County Cloi-k - Taxation (38-40) 

36. SPSCIAL ASSES Sl-'EIT^S - VILLAGE OF AIIVOOD, 1924. 2 f.b. (l, j) . 
Special assessment lists rjid. construction ?lans with specifications on the 
paving, grr^iir.?;, mC. cvirting of cert-in streets in the Village of Ati.-rood. 
Arr. o-j dt\te of doc\air:ent. For inde:c, see e::try 1. ITature of recording 
vrrics. 10 :c 4-^ x 14. Co. elk.' a vlt., lr,t fl. 

37. LAI3) Y3TRY BOOK, 183o-5C. 2 v. 

Lrnd entry "book shov/in.f^ d?.te of ontn-, name of -patentee, rnd lej^pJL descrip- 
tion oi" Ic^xd, Tlie second volvxie is r. copy end duplic^.te of the ori^inri 
Ir^id o-.-.tri' oook, r^ivin.- a uoro conplotc list of lands nnd o^mors, Arr, by 
dr.to of c:itry. Ori;3in.'>J., no index; copy, indexed rlph, "by name of party 
nntcrin- Irrid. Hdw. 100 - 150 p. 1G x 10 :: 1 - 18 x 12 x 1. Co. clk,»s 
vlt., 1st fl. 

Collecti o ns, Abatenont 

38. COLLICT'OR'S BOOKS, 1850—. 604, v, 

(Piatt Co'.v.ty, ?j a vmole, 1850-53, 6 t. Hissing: 1851-52, 

1853, 1859. 

3cra3r.t Tovr.-.3hip, 186(j — . 75 v. Hissing: 1855. 

Blue Hidge To^vrship, 1360 — . 74 v. Hissin:*: 1870, 1835. 

Ccrro Sorio Tov.'nship, 1350 — , 75 v. Hissirv^:: 1885. 

Goose Creei- Tovmsiiip, 1860 — . 76 v, 

ilonticello Tovmship, 1360—. 74 t. Hissing: 1879, 1893. 

Saneamon Tovrnship, 1860~. 74 v. Missing: 1873. 1876. 

Unity Toraship, 1360—. 75 v. Missing: 1881. 

Tlfi-llow Br&ich Tow.ship, 1850 — . 75 r. Missing: 1G95). 
Lists of ta;:os collected on all rosl estato and personal property, shov/ing 
in whose nano assessed, description, ascessod value, tax spread, dato of 
payment, rnd nscae of pac'ec; also contains dog license tag records. Rcrl 
estate arr. "by see, tvrp,, ond range nos,; personel property arr, alph, ':^y 
nnae of ovrner, ITo index, Hdv;, under or. hdgs, 100 p. 17 x 14 x 1^, 
554 V,, 1350-1930, co, clk.'s vlt., Int il.; 40 v., 1931—, troas.'s off., 
1st fl. 

39. XUITTY CLERFJS ACCOUiTT •-UTS. COuTTY OOLLEGTOH A2TD COUIITY ITREASulER, 
IZio — , 2 V, 

Accoir-.ts of county collector ^i:d county treasurer v;ith county clerk for tr;c 
collections c-nd disbvjrscments, 3hov.-i.ng date, rnount rnd p^orpose of receipt 
or disbrraordont, riid nrjno of n.-yce or p:iycr, Arr, by date of receipt or 
dir.bva*f;c-.ncnt. Ho index, Kdv, 150 p. 12 x 13 x l|. 1 v., 1886-1909, co. 
clk.»s -.-It., l,:t fl.; 1 v., 1910—, co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl, 

4C. (DZLII-^-JEH:!? T^lCES /JT? OBJECTIOITS TO TjiXES), 185-^-. 

9 f.b. (47, 55, 152, 159, 366, 414, 477, 484, 1 not numbered). 
Lists 01? dclinqvijnt tpxcs r^r.d objections to trxes, shovfing date, name of 
property ovrnor, description ,?nd locrtion of property, v.-'luation, date due, 
araovnt dclinq.ucnt, pcnrJLtics, type and canouiit of objection, and nnncs d'f 
conplaiiicnt and attorneys. Arr, by dato of list, For index, see entry 1. 
i:atu;:'c of rccotding vxios, 10 x 4 :c 14 - 15 :: 4 x 24, 8 f.b., 1854-1935, 
CO, ci::,«r, vlt., 1st fl.; 1 f.c., 1934—, co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 



- 109 - 
County Clerk - Taxation (41-45) 

41. LIST OF UiPAID T^JiES ON REAL ESTATE, 1841-46. 1 v. 

Lists of lands upon which taxes are unpaid, showing name of owner, descrip- 
tion and location of land, date and amount of taxes and costs due. Arr. 
by due date of tax. No index. Kdw. Paper poor. 100 r. 12 x 8 x 1. Co. 
clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Judgment, Sale, Redemption , 
Forfeiture 

42. T.IX JUDGLilKT, SAL/i, REDEI,PTICiI AilD FCi?F2ITURE R2CCRD, 1881—. 
9 V. (G-0). 

Record of tax judgments, sales, redemptions, and forfeitures of lands and 
tovm lots, showing name of owner, legal description of property, value as 
equalized by state board, amounts of state, county, town, road and bridge, 
and school dintrict taxes, total amounts of taxes, interest, and costs 
due, total amount of judgment, and dates of sale, redemption, and forfeiture. 
Tax Judgment Record, entry 43, and Sale and Redemption (and Forfeiture) Rec- 
ord, entry 44, fornorly kept separately. Arr. by date of judgment. No 
index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 400 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

43. TiU JUDGLIilNT Pi]C0RD, 1858-80. 4 v. (B-D, 1 not lettered). 1831 — 
in Tax Judgment, Sale, Redeirpt ion and Forfeiture Record, entry 42. 

Lists of lands and tovm lots upon which judgment has been entered for taxes, 
interest, and costs due and unpaid, shelving date, name of ovmer, legal 
description of oroperty, value equalized by state board, amounts of state, 
county, town, road and bridge, and school district taxes, total amount 
of taxes, interest and costs due, and total amount of judgment. Arr. by date 
of judgment. No index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 103 - 312 p. 16 x 12 x 1 - 
16 X 12 X 2h. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

44. SALE AND RiiDEIPTION (and Forfeiture) RECORD, 1858-80. 4 v. (AB, 
C-E). Title varies: Tax Sale Record, v.AB, 1858-65; v.C, 1866-75. 
1881 — in Tax Judgment, Sale, Redeirption and Forfeiture Record, 
entry 42. 

Lists of sales, reder^jtions, and forfeitures of lands and lots, showing 
name of ovmer, legal description of property, total amount of judgm.ent, 
date and amount of sale, name of purchaser, date and by whom redeemed, 
amounts of penaltj^ interest, and costs, and total amount of redemption. 
Arr. by date of sale or redemption. IJo index. Hdv;. under pr. hdgs. 238 - 
320 p. 16 X 16 X 2 - 13 X 12 X o. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 
For additional record of forfeitures, see entry 45. 

45. RECORD OF FORFEITED LAi^DS, 1872-80. 1 v. 

Record of tax forfeitures, showing legal description of property, name of 
ovmer, amount of taxes, penalties, costs and interest due, and date of 
forfeiture. Arr. by date of forfeiture. No index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 
200 p. 18 X 12 X 2. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

For prior records, see entry 44; for subsequent record, see entry 42. 



- 110 - 
County Clerk - Vital (46-50) 

Statistics 



45. TAX ATFIDAVIT RSC0E2, 1872—. 3 v. (A-C). 
Copies of ?,fiidavits for tax deeds, showing date, nanes of o\mer and 
purchaser, le,:al description of property, and amount involved. Arr. by date 
of affidavit. Indexed siph. by nane of purchaser . Kdw. on nr. fa. 300 p. 
IS X 12 X 5, Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Kat)S and Plats 

47. SCHOOL PLATS, 1854--. 3 v. (2 not lettered. A). Last entry 1932. 

Title varie?: School Flat Book of Districts, 2 v. not lettered, 

1854-65. 
Flats of school districts ^is^d for taxation purposes, showing boundaries, 
location, and number of each school district, date of recording, and 
signature of co-Jnty clerk. "So plats made from 1866-69. Arr. by sec, 
tvrp., and range nos. No index. Kand-dravm. 100 p. 8 x 12 x ^. 2 v., 
1854-55, CO. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. A, 1870—, cc . clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 



Vital Stc-.tistics 

Births r^-iid Stillbirths (See also 
entries 8, 18, 82Lxij, 84, 271) 

48. (BIHTK AI7D STILLBIRTH CZP.TIFICAT3S), 1877—. 6 f.b. (248, 303, 
356, 357, 413, 489). 

Birth and stillbirth certificates shov/ing d:.te and placo of birth, name 
cJid sex of child, nrjae, residence, color, r-^e, end occupations of parents, 
nu-nber of children in family, treatment given child's eyes, certificate 
of attending physician, tine of death, period of gestation, cause of still- 
Mrth, signatures of attendant, undertaker, and registrar, place and date 
of burial, end date of filing of certificate. Arr, by certificate no. 
For index, see entrv 1. Hdw. on pr. fm. 10 x 4?r x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl. 

49. H2C0FJ} OF BIHTH (and Stillbirth) GZHTIFICAES, 1917—. 4 v. (4-7). 
Copies of birth and stillbirth c.?rtificatcn, shewing date and place of birth, 
names, residence, ages, color, and occupation of parents, number of children 
in family, treatment given eyes, nane imd sex of child, cause of stillbirth 
and time of death, and npnes of physician, undertaker, and midwife. Arr. 
alph. bj' nrjne of child. Indexed alDh. by surnrme of child. Hd"v. on pr. 

fx.. 500 p. 18 x 12 X Z};. Co. clk.'s "vork rm. , 2nd fl. 

50. RZC-ISTEH OF BIBTHS, 1677-1916. 3 v. (l-3). 

Register of births and etillbirths, showing date and place of birth, names, 
address, ages, color, and occupation of parents, number of children in 
family, treatment given eyes, and name of child; if stillbirth, cause and 
time of dcat.h, and names of physician, undertaker, and midlife. Arr, alph. 
by name of child. For index, see entry 51. Hdw. imder pr. hdgs. 500 p. 
18 X 12 X 3-^. Co. clk.'s -.^ork rm. , 2nd fl. 



- Ill - 

County Clerk - Vital (51-5'6) 

Statistics 



51. INDEX TO BIRTHS, 1877-1916. 1 v. (a). 

Index to Register of Births, entry 50, showing names of child and parents, 
and record book, and page of entry, Arr. alph. by nane of child. Kdvf. 
under pr. hdgs. 200 p. 18 x 12 x 2. Co. elk.'.? vlt,, 1st fl. 

Deaths (See also 
entries 11, 15, 84, 271) 

52. INDEX TO DEATHS, 1877-1916. 1 v. 

Index to Death Register (Copies of Death Certificates), entry 54, and Death 
Register, entry 55, showing nane of deceased, and book. and page of entry. 
Arr. alph. by name of deceased. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 200 p. 13 x 12 r 1. 
Co. clk.'s v;ork rrn., 2nd fl. 

53. DEATH CERTIFICATES, 1877—. 4 f.b. (248, 355, 374, 490). 
Original death certificates shovring place, causa, and date of death, regis- 
tration and primary district nuj:.bex-s, personal and statistical particulars, 
names of deceased,, informant, undertaker, and physician, medical certificate 
of death, and signature of clerk. Arr, by certificate no. For index, see 
entry 1. Hdw. on pr. fm. 10 x 4^ x 14, Go, clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

54. DEATH REGISTER (Copies of Death Certificates), 1906—. 3 v. (4-6). 
Copies of death certificates, shov;ing name, age, sex, address, personal and 
statistical particulars, medical certificate of death, dates and places of 
death and burial, signatures and addresses of person reporting death, 
undertaker, physician, and registrar, and date of filing. Arr. by date of 
filing. For sep. index, 190C-16, see entry 52; 1917 — , indexed alph. by 
name of deceased. Kd-w. on pr. fm. 500 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s work 
rm. 2nd fl. 

55. DEATH REGISTER, 1877-1905. 3 v. (1-3), 

Register of deaths, siiowing name, age, sex, address, color or race, and 
marital status of deceased, date of birth, t;\rpe of occupation, nan:e and 
birthplaces of parents, medical certificate of death, dates and places of 
death and burial, names and addresses of informant, undertaker, physician, 
and registrar, and date of filing, Arr. by date of filing. For index, see 
entry 52. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 500 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s work rm., 
2nd fl, 

Carriages (See also 
entry 90) 

56. (rjU?RIAGE LICENSES), 1841—, 21 f,b. (46-476 not consecutive). 
Marriage license returns showing nar.es, ages, occupations, and birthplaces 
of bride and groom, names of parents, witnesses, official performing 
ceremony, and county clerk, and dates of license, marriage, and return, 
Arr. by certificate no. For index, see entry 1, Edw, on pr. fm. 10 x ig 
X 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 112 - 
Coixnty Clerk - Vital (57-62) 

Statistics 



57. APPLICATION FOR MAKRIAC-2 LICENSES. 1876—. 23 v. (A-E, 6-11, 1 
not labeled, 2-12) . 

Applications for marriaf^e licenses, showing date, jxge, residence, birth- 
place, and relationship if ar.y, of both parties, .nnd consent of parents 
in case of minors. Arr. by date of application. No index. Hdw. on 
pr. fm. 300 p. 12 x 16 x 1-g. V. A-E, 5-11, 1 not labeled, 2-11, 1876- 
1935, CO. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. 12, 1935 — , co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

58. ILAPRIAGS REGISTER, 1841 4 v. (1 not lettered, 1841-55; A-C, 

1841--) . 

l/iarriaige register showing date and number of license, names of male and 
female, dates of marriage and return, and name and title of official per- 
forming ceremony. Unlettered volvune, 1341-55, has been transcribed into 
voluiiie A. Arr. by license no. Indexed alph. by name of male. Hdw. 
under pr. hdgs. 400 p. 16 x 13 x 2. V. A, E, 1841-1910, co. clk.'s off., 
2nd fl.; 1 v. not lettered, 1841-55, v. 0, ICll — , co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl. 

59. RECORD OF MARRIAGE, 1878—. 2 v. (C, E) . 

Copies of marriage licenses on state board of health forms, showing number 
and date of license, names, ages, race, residences, occupations, SJid places 
of birth of bride and groom, names of parents, in case of minor namo of 
person giving consent, dato and place of marriage, names of witnesses, name 
and title of official performing ceremony, a:id dates of return and registra- 
tion. Arr. by license no. For index, sec entry 60. Hdw. on pr. fm. 54C p. 
18 X 12 X 3. V. C, 1878-1900, CO. clk.'s off., ^nd fl.; v. D, 1901--, co. 
clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

60. INDEX TO MA?ilIAC-ES, 1378—. 2 v. (A, B) . 

Index to Record of Marriage, entry 59, showing na-nes of male and female, 
date of license, and record book and page of entry. Arr. alph. by naities 
of male and female. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. V. A, 1878- 
1924, CO. clk.'s off., 2nd fl.; v. B, 1925—, co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Census 

61. CENSUS ENU>.ERATI0N OF PIATT COUNTY, 1830. 8 v. 

Lists of all inhabitants of Piatt County, showing name, age, sex, and color 
of each inhabitant. Arr. alph. by name of twp. No index. Kdw. under pr. 
hdgs. 50 p. 10 X 15 X f. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

62. CENSUS BOOK OF PIATT CCUi'ITY, 1850. 1 v. 

Census of Piatt County, showing list of all inhabitants, with name, age, 
sex, color, occupation, place of birth, value of property, number in school, 
number of illiterates; list of persons who died between June 1, 1859 and 
June 1, 1860 and cause of death, names of land owners, acreage owned and 
cash value, number and cash value of stock, amount produced and value thereof; 
a list of colleges, schools, libraries, churches, newspapers; also comments 
on pauperism, crime, and wages. Arr. by subject matter. No index. Hdw. 
on pr. fm. 100 p. 19g x 14 x 1. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 113 - 

County Clerk - Licenses (63-67) 

and Registers 



Licenses and Registers 
(See also entry 82 [v, vii, viii]) 

Registers of Officers (See also 
entry 82[xxii]) 

63, RECORD OF COMESSIOIJS Al'ID 30KDS, 1842—, 4 v. (2 not numbered, 
2, 3), Title varies: Register of Conmissions, 

Register of justices of the peace, constables, notaries public, police 
magistrates, coroners, sheriffs, state's attorneys, county treasurers, 
surveyors, and circuit and county clerks, shelving names of officer and 
sureties, title of office, date of appointi^ient or election, date and 
ajnotmt of bond, dates of oath, cortndssion or certificate, and expiration 
of coirmission, and remarks, Arr, alph, by nane of officer. No index, 
1842-75, hdw.j 1876—, hdw. under pr, hdgs, 200 p. 18 x 12 x 2, Co, 
clk.'s vlt., 1st fl, 

Pr ofessional Liccn s o s and 
Registers 

64, REGISTER OF PHYSICIAilS MID ACCOUCHEURS, 187S— . 1 v. 
Register of physicians, shelving da.te of registration, name of physician, 
address, age, number years in practice, and dates of certificate of state 
board of health and filing? also servos as register of osteopaths subse- 
quent to 1900, register of accoucheurs prior to 1910, and register of 
chiropodists subsequent to 1922, Arr, by date of filing. Indexed alph, 
by name of physician, Hdv;, under pr, hdgs, 150 p, 18 x 12 x 1, Co. 
clk,'s vlt,, 1st fl, 

t 

65, RECORD OF PHYSICIAIIS' LICENSES, 1877—, 3 v. (l, 2, 2), 
Copies of licenses and certificates of physicians, shovdng name, address, 
yea.rs of practice, schools attended, date of diploma, years of practice 
in Illinois, signatures of examining board, and date of issue of license 
or certificate, Arr, by date of issue of license. Indexed alph, by name 
of physician, Hdw, on pr, fno 500 p, 18 x 12 y. 2, Co, clk.'s vlt,, 
1st fl. 

66, RECORD OF ARCHITECTS' LICE1,^SES, 1897--=, 1 v. Last entry 1908, 
Copies of architects' certificates, shovfing date, name, qualifications, 
and residence of architect, and examiner's signature, Arr, by date of 
certificate. Indexed alph, by name of architect, Hdv/. on pr. fm, 125 p, 
16 X 10 X l/2. Co, clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl, 

67, VETERIIJARY RECORD, 18S9~, 1 v. 

Register of certificates issued by Illinois state board of examiners to 
veterinarians to practice in the state, shoiving name and address of veter- 
inaria.n, certificate number, and dates of issue and filing with county 
clerk. Arr. alph. by name of veterinary, No index, Hdw, uiader pr, hdgs, 
150 p. 16 X 12 X 1. Co. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl. 



- 114 - 
Comity Clerk - Licenses (68-73) 

aiid Registurs 

G8. DEI-:TAL RECORD, 191-:—, 2 v. (l, 2). 
Copies of dentists' licenses, shov/inf^ nur.ber and date of license, name of 
dentist, nrxies of president, er.e.;.dners, and secretary of board, school of 
px-aoticc, end date of filing, Arr. by d&.to of filing. Indexed alph, by 
narriO of dentist, Hd";.', on pr, lYi. 200 -d. 18 x 12 x 2. Co. clk.'s vlt«, 
Ist fl. 

69. DFilTAL SURGrHY REGISTER, 1381-191:1. 1 v. 

Register of dontists' lioonsos, shov.'ing nanc, age, nativity, and address 
of di;nti3t, date of issriance- of certificate, nane of school, date of 
diploma, years of practice in state, and corti.ficate nu',.bcr, Arr, by date 
of certificats. Indexed aluh. by none of dentist, Kd'.v, under T^r. hdE;s, 
150 p. le X 10 X 1. Co. clk.'s vlt., let fl, 

70. OPTOr.ETRY REGISTER, lOlo— . It, L. st entry 1918. 

Register of cjtoinctris'-c, sho'vin^ cortificctc naubcr, nar.ie and address of 
optometrist, and dates of ccrtifioete and registration, Arr, by date of 
registration. Indexed alph. b- nc'.ine of optometrist, lidvsr. luider pr. hdgs, 
150 p. 18 X 12 X 1 1/2. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st il. 

?c. t ent s 

71. FATEyrT .-lEGOIlD, 1867-69. 1 v. 

Copies of certificates of patents issued by the United States patent Office, 
shotfinf; nane of inventor, 3:ind cf invention, dates of filing and expira- 
tion, nane of inventor, and signatures of Scorotary of the Interior and 
the commissioner of patents, v/ith the United States Patent Office Seal. 
Contains only tv;o entries, regarding rechanical improvements on gas 
ctevos. Arr. by date of filing. No index, Hdw, 275 p. 18 x 12 x 2, 
Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl, 

A^il itia Roll (See also 
onti-r 82[x:dii]) 

72. ENLISTED KEN EI THE CIVIL WAR, 1860-64. 7 v. (Ono volume fo]- each 
cf the follo^rlng tcvmchips; Ber.iont, Bluo Ridge, Cerro Gordo, Honti- 
ccllo, Sangarion, Unity, and Yfil low Branch) , 

Lists of soldiers enlisted in the Union Ar/.iy fron Pir.tt County, shov-'ing 
date, nr-mo, ago, nativity, occupation, and residence of soldier, and nrjies 
of ccmp.".ny and rogimcnt. Arr. by date of enlistment. No index. Hdv7. 
50 p. 8 X 6 X 1/2. Co. clk.'s lower vlt., tsmt, 

Ectr:.ys, J.iC.rkc :.nd 

Brand s (Sec a'lso cntr^' 32[xix]) 

73. ESTR-'.Y RECORD, lS4r.-9C. 2 v. (1 not luttcrcd. A). 

Record of stray stock, showing names of owner, appraiser, and justice of 
peace, description of stock, dato, and by whom found, and appraised value; 
also contains entries from 1840-65, btilonging to Guardians', C^v^vservators', 
aud Liscellanoous Fee Book, entr;,'- 195. Arr. by date of entry. 1849-63, 
indexed alph. by name of oivner; 1364-39, no index. Ild-.r. 150 p. 12 x 18 x 1, 
Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 115 - 

County Clerk - Elections; (74-79) 

Bonds of Officers 



7U. BECOED OF lUBKS XSD BRAITDS, 18Ul-5?9. 1 -v. 
Record of stock marks and "brands, showing names of owner and county clerk, 
description and location of mark or cropping, and c^ate of recording. Arr. 
"by date of recording. Indexed alph. "bj-- naae of owner. Hdw, 200 p. 
12 X g X 1. Go. clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl. 

Dog Licenses 

75. DOG LICE^iSE SZCOBT, I9IS— . 1 v. 
Lists of dog license tags delivered and charged to assessors, showing 
quantity delivered to each assessor, incltisive nupi"bers on ta^s, arao'unt 
of tax, nura"ber returned, and date of par/nent. Arr. "by date of payment, 
llo inciex. Hdw. zander pr. hdgs. I50 p. 12 x 16 x -^j. Co. clk.'s off., 
2nd fl. 

For prior records of dog tax, see entry 38. 



Elections 
(See also entry BsCi, xxviii]) 

76. ELECTION DATA, 1841—. 8 f.'b. (3S. 48, 72, 74, 164, 317, 409, 412). 
Abstract of votes, tally sheets, poll "books, records of special elections, 
certificates of judges of election, canvass of votes, and list of delegates 
to constitutional convention of 1919, with certificates of nomination. Arr. 
by date of election. For index, see entry 1. Hature of recording varies. 
10 X 4j X 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl. 

Bonds of Officers 
(See also entries 3, ?2 [xiii], 133, 168, 2U2) 

77. JUSTICE Ai'ID CONSTABLE BOND EECORD , 1S:7U— . 2 v. (A, 2). 
Copies of bonds and oaths of justice of the peace and constables, showing 
names of justice or constable and s^ireties, amount of bond, conditions of 
obligation, date and notarial acknowledgment. Arr, by date of bond. 
Indexed alnh. by name of bonded official, nd'v, on pr. fra. 57^ p. 

12 X 12 X 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

73. DC'CKET CFFICI.VL BOIDS, 1S86~. U v. (1-U). 
Record of examination of bonds of county officials, executors, guardians, 
administrators, and conservators, showing name and title of principguL, names 
of sureties, arid name of estate; if bond of probate official, amount of 
bond, court term, date of approval, and orders of court. Arr. by date of 
bond. Indexed alph, by name of principal. Hdw. on pr, fm. 200 p. 
IS X 12 X 2|. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

79. ASSESSORS' BONDS, 1S99— . 1 v. 
Copies of bonds of to'wnship assessors, shiowing date and amount of bond, 
and names of assessor and surety. Arr. by date of bond. Indexed alph. 
by name of assessor, Hif-.v. on pr. fm. 3^*0 p. 18 x 12 x 2. Co. clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl. 



- 116 - 
County Clerk - Changes in (80-82) 

School Districts; Miscel- 
laneous Papers 



80. DOG LICENSE BOND, 1881-91. 1 v. 
Copies of bonds of dog tax collectors, showing names of principal and 
bondsnen, and date, terms, and amount of bond. Arr. by date of bond. 
Indexed alph. by name of principal. Hdv/. on pr. fm. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2. 
Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



Changes in School Districts 

81. SCHOOL DISTRICT RECORD, 1927—. 1 v. 

Record of petitions for chanf^ing boundaries of school districts, shov;ing 
chanr,ss made and dates. Arr. by date of petition. Indexed alph. by name 
of district. Typed. 300 p. is'x 12 x Z}<» Co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

Kiscellaneous Papers 

82, (KISCSLLANEOUS P/iPEKS), 1830—. 206 f.b. (13-587 not consecutive), 
tiiscellanuous papers belonging to various county offices and kept by 
county clerk, including: 

i. Abstract of votes cest for candidates in national, state, 

county, and toivn elections, 1642 — , showing name and address 
of officer, title of office, number of votes received, and 
dates of election and filing. 

ii. Adoption papers, 1867 — , including petitions, affidavits, in- 
vestigation reports, and verdicts. 
iii. Affidavits for tax deeds and certificates of purchase, 1842 — , 
showing date and oitiount of sale, acknowledgment, and date of 
filing. 

iv. Appeal bonds, 1911-14, showing names of plaintiff, defendant, 

and sureties, date, amount, and terms of bond, nature of action, 
and date of filing. 
V. Applications for licenses to sell beer, 1933 — , showing date 
and number of application, name and address of applicant, 
date and place of birth, location of business, signature of 
applicant, statement of citizenship, acknowledgment, and date 
of filing. 

vi. Applications for certificates of good moral character filed 
by attorneys adir.itted to the bar, 1891 — , showing nariesof 
applicant, witnesses, and court officers, and dates of filing 
and court order, 
vii. Applications for dance hall licenses, 1936 — , showing date 

and number of application, name, address, and place of birth 
of applicant, statement of citizenship, statement of character, 
location of dance hall, signature of applicant, acknowledgment, 
and date of filing. 
viii. Applications for hunting licenses, 1903-17, showing date and 

number of application, name, age, residence, occupation, phys- 
ical description, and signature of applicant, acknowledgment, 
and date and number of license issued. 



- 117 - 
Coujity Clerk - Mi seel- (82 cont.) 

laiieous Papers 



ix. Application of county collector to county court for credit 
for delinquent taxes, 1931—, showine nsune of collector, 
dates of application for credit and of appearance in court, 
amount of delinquent taxes, description and location of 
property, nsx-AO of OTO:ier, and date of filing. 
X. Bids of various contractors to furnish supplies, and make 
repairs for county, 1928-30, showing date, amount, and 
nature of bid, kind of work and material, signature of 
bidder, and date of filing. 
xi. Birth certificates, 1375-75, showing date and number of 

certificate, date and place of birth, name of child, person- 
al and statistic:-.! particulars, names of parents and physi~ 
ci,njis or midwife, signatures of physician and county clerk, 
and date of filirg. 

xii. Blind relief claims, 1903 — , showing name, age, marital 

status, and address of applicant, signature and sworn state~ 
mont of identification of witnesses, examining physicians' 
reports, and dates of meeting of supervisors and of filing, 
xiii. Bonds of county officials, 1841 — , shov/ing date, amount, 
and obligations of bond, names of principal and sureties, 
acknowledgment, oath of office, title of office, and date 
of filing. 

xiv. Bonds issued by Piatt Co\inty to build courthouse ajid jail, 
1903, showing date, number, purpose, and amount of bond, 
rate of interest, date of maturity, a,cknowledgment, and 
signature of chairman of board of supervisors. 
XV. Budget accointt of county fu:ids, 1933 — , showing itemized 

list and amouiit of governmental expenditures for each fiscal 
year, amount and source of revenue, dates of reports and 
award s . 

xvi. Cancelled jury certificates, grand and petit! grand, 1873 — ; 
petit, 1873, 1903—, showing date, number, and amount of 
certificate, name of juror, days of service, mileage, total 
amount of fees earned, signatures of clerk and deputy, and 
date of cancellation, 
xvii. Cemetery deed. Camp Creek, 1899, showing date, legal descrip- 
tion and location of real estate, names of grantee and gran- 
tor, signatures of church trustees, acknowledgment, and date 
of filing, 
xviii. Corporation tax schedules, 1909—, showing name and address 
of corporation, listed value and description of property, 
and date of filing. 

xix. Estray papers, 1841-98, including estray notices, and 
appraisers' report of value of stock and. damages. 
XX. Federal l<md patents, 1830-39, showing name and address of 
patentee, date and number of patent, legal description and 
location of land, place of issue and recording of patent, 
acknowledgment, signature of President of the United States, 
and dates of filing and recording. 

xxi. Jury lists, 1878, shov/ing name and address of juror, naree 
of township, signature of supervisor, acknowledgment of 
county clerk, and date of filing. 



- 118 - 
Couiity Cleric - Misccl- (82 cont.) 

laiicous Pcpcrs 



x;cii. List of tov/n officers elected, lo41— , showing nemc and address 
of officirJ, title of office, precinct iirjnc rnd number, cu^.d 
date of filing, 
xxiii. Kilitia roll of men subject to nilitoxy service during the Civil 
Wox, 1861-52, showing nmric, ace, --^nd ?.ddrcss of conscript, a:id 
date of filing. 

:cJlv, Motor fuel tax worrr-nts, list of ca:icollcd, 1933—, showing 
date, nuiiiber, rnd pvj:r)Osc of cl,?ln, rxiount, n?jnc of clrlnnnt, 
r>nd dates of filin'^ rnd crnccllation. 
:rr/. lTatur,?Iization pr.pcrs, 1859-1906, inclvidinJir petitions for find 
papers, dcclrrations of intention, oaths of .?Ilcgiance, and 
find certificates. 

xrvi. Oaths of county probation officer, 1930 — , sho\iring date, place, 
and oath of office, signature of ofxicid, and date of filing. 
x::vii. Petitions to bo?rd of sunervinors, including petitions for 

divisions of Willov/ Branch To^.Tiship, 19;"i3; to establish nevr 
ro.ods, 1850 egad 1927; .-aid to form voting precincts, 1878. 
xxviii. Poll books for primpxy and gcnerd elections, 1841, shov/ing 

precinct number, names of voters, c-mdidates, office, rnd tov/nr- 
ship, number of votes cast for each cnndidate, totpj. votes cast, 
c/fidavits of election judges .--nd clcr.'::s, and d?.to of filing. 

xs:i::. Pjyports of auditor to county bo-'Xd on conditions of county fi- 
nonces, 1098—, ohovring date, rnount, end purpose of receipts 
end er^penditures, iriount of rcppropriation, rccepitulation of p,o- 
coimts, total receipts ond oxp ondi tuje s , bdancc available, ccr*» 
tificd statement of correctness oy arrlitor, end dates of filing 
ond approval. 
:ccc. RoDort of drainage conmisssioncrs on condition of swacp lands, 

1858-61, showing date rind amount of money expended from drrinatTjC 
funds for iriTorovcmonts, matcrirl, and sdary, rnd date of filing, 

yz'Zii, Report of heating system at county frrm, 1935—, showing date 
of inspoction aid of report, report on equipment, and rcmpxks. 
x;:::ii. Reports (to'-/nship supervisors) of finpjices, 1914-15, shov/ing 
noiics of tovmship ond su-onrvisor, date of report, itemized 
statement of receipts and disbursements, tct?l receipts rjid dio- 
bui'seuents, brlonce avail?.ble, 'md date of filing, 
xxxiii. Sheriff's recognizance bonds, 1889-192G, showing date aid cinount 
of bond, n?mcs of defendant, sheriff, and sureties, date set for 
Kr.poaraiice, nature of crime, and do,to of filing. 
:c:c:iv. State-aid road v/arrt>n.ts, list of crncclled, 1915—, shov/ing date, 
nu;-.ber, purpose, and amount of claim, nr^nc of claimrJit, date rnd 
nu::.ber of wcxront, and dates of filing ond c^n-cellation. 

x:c::v. Tazcation papers, including lists of delinquent property and ta:: 
objections, 1847-53; listsof redenotiois and forfeitures, 1041, 
1358; road tr:: lists, 1905-11; railroad schedules, 1863-97, 
193;^—; lists of special levies for road, bridge, school, and 
ii.Torovemcnt tax, 1357—; and collector's settlement record of 
ta.-:os collected, 1869-1917. 



- 119 - 
County Clerk - Fees, (83,84) 

Receipts and Expendi- 
tures 



Also contains (Files of Claims), 1853--, entry 6; (Fothers' Pension Claims), 
1913 — , entry 19; (insanity Papers), 1878—, sntry 122; (Dependent and 
Delinquent Case Papers), 1909 — , entry l^'rO; (}.'oth'3rs • Pension Applications), 
1913—, entry 143; Liheritanco Tax, 1014-19, entry 145; and Road Tax and 
Railroad Tax List, 1868-97, 1933—, entry 263, Ai'r. by date of filing. 
For index, see entry 1. Hd\7,, typed and hdw,, and typed on pr. fm, 
10 X 5 X 14, Co. cll:.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



Fees, Eeceipts and Expenditures 

85. REGISTER OF FEE, 1872—. 5 v. (1-5). 
Record of fees charged for affidavits, marriage licenses and certificates, 
filing fees-, and drainage district costs and fees, shovdng name of payee, 
type of service rendered, name of drainage district, and date and amount 
of receipts, Arr^ by date of receipt, IIo index. Hdw. on pr, fm, 275 p, 

15 X 12 X 1^, V, 1-4, 1872-1922, co. clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl,; v. 5, 1923—, 
00, clk,»s off., 2nd fl. ^ 

84, COUIJTY CLERK'S ACCOUNT Y/ITH REGISTRARS, 1917 — . 1 v, (l). 
Register of pajinents made to registrars for reporting births and deaths, 
shovjlng name and address of registrar, rogisi;ration and primary district 
numbers, date of filing certificate, nujuber of births, stillbirths and 
deaths reported, date of certification by state board of health, amount 
of fee, and date and number of v.-arrantj Also contains Record of Board of 
Health Certificates of Death Warrant (Register), entry 11, Arr, by date of 
warrant. Indexed alph, by luime of registrr>r, Hdw, under pr. hdgs, 296 p, 

16 X 12 XT l-g-. Co. clko's off,, 2nd fl. 

For prior record of orders paid for birth reports, see entry 8. 



(Next entry 85, p, 122) 



III. RECORDER 



In 1841, the year in v/hich Piatt County vreis organized, the recorder 
was elected for a four-year torn.-'- A tv;o-yoar tein liecane effoctivo in 
1847,2 The ajnoimt of his bond was sot at $500,3 Vfith the adoption of 
the second consitution the office of recorder vrc.s abolished, the duties 
of that office being delegated to the circuit coiort clerk in an ex-officio 
capacity,^ The present constitution reestablished the office of recorder 
in counties having a population of sixty thousand or nore but continued the 
provision of the prior constitution for ether counties,^ As the population 
of Piatt has not reached the mininxan fixed bj"- the constitution, 6 the circuit 
court clerk in this county has retained his ex-officio duties as recorder. 
The amount of recorder's bond v/as sot at $5,000 in 1872, and v/as to be 
approved by the county judge, "^ This amount was raised in 1874 to $10,000 
for counties having the population of Piatt, A copy of the bond is entered 
upon the records of the county court, ^ 

Assistants and deputies are appointed by the recorder in a number as 
determined by rule of the circuit co\irt and as entered upon the court 
record,^ The compensation of the assistants and deputies is set by the 
county board, •'■^ TfTritten oaths of deputies are filed viith the Secretary 
of State, 11 

In accordance vri.th the duty of the recorder to record at length all 
written instr\ments, the following records are required to be kept: 

1, An entry book in v/h.ich data relating to date and 
order of receipt of instruments to be recorded or 
filed, and the names of parties and location of 



1, L.1835 , p, 166, Bot'.veen 1819 and 1835 the recorder was appointed by 
the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate ( L,1S19 , p, 19; 
R.L.1829 , p, 117), 

2, L,1845 , n, 28, 

3, ?.,L.1829 , p. 117. 

4, Constitution of 1846, Art, V, sec. 19; L,1849 , p, 64, 

5, Constitution of 1870, Art, X, sec. 8; R.S.1674 , p, 833, 

6, Census shows population of Piatt County 15,714 in 1920 and 15,588 in 
1030, Population Bulletin , p. 9, 

7, L.1871-.72 , p, 645, 

8, R.S.1874 , p. 835. 

9, Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 9; R. 5.1874 , p, 833, 

10, Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 9, 

11, R.S.1874, p, 833, 



- 120 - 



- 121 - 

S-ecorder 



property, vdth a trief description of the premises, 
are entered. Each of such instru::'ents is nu-Vihered 
"by the recorder rrith the corresponding niom'ber of 
the entry. The entry ocok serves as a taole of 
contents, vith descriptive merioranda, for all 
instr-'jirients recorded at length or filed in the 
recorder's office. 

2. Well-hound hooks for recorcling at length ejiy instru- 
iiient in wr:.ting entitled to he recorded, in the order 
cf ti;ao of its reception. Separate hooks arc allowed 
to hs kept for t/ie recording of different classes of 
instruiaentr. and tT"o distinct series of document num- 
hers may he u^^ed in recording docum-mts received for 
recordation. One series preceded hy the letter "B" 
is for the recordation of hills of sales of personal 
property, chattel movt^a.g3?., releases, extensions, and 
assigtuaents thereof. 'The other series of document 
nuinhers is for all other instruments received for 
recordation. 

3. Grantor and grantee indexes. In the grantor index 
are listed the names of the grantors in alphahetical 
order and the names of the grontees. The grantee 
index shov.'s the names of the graitees in alphahetical 
order and the names of the grantors. Each index also 
shows the date of the instrument, time of receipt, 
kind cf instnunent, consideration, oook and page of 
recordation, or the nujnher U'-tder v;hich it is filed, 
and a hrisf di^scription of the premises. 

4. Indexes to each hook of record in ivhich are entered in 
alphahetical order, the names of each grantor and grantee 
and page on 'vhicli the instrument is recorded. This series 
indexes insti'uiuents such as -oowers of attorney, cl^ttel 
mortgages, and those recorded hy corr:orations. 

5. An index to recorded raj,ps and plats, hased on location 
cf property, sonieti^nes arr:mged hy section, tov.uishiT), 
and range. 

5. An ahstract hook, in effect indexing records hy show- 
ing for each tract ever:' conveyance or incuiTihrance re- 
corded, its er-tecution and filing date, and the hook and 
page of its recordation. Series optional with county 
hoard. 

7. A separate hock to record certificates cf honorahle 
discharge from military, aviation, and naval service.^ 



I.1&19 . p. 18,20,31; H.L.1&29 , p. 116,117; L.1847 , p. 69; L.1S"3 , 
p. 254; L„1367 . p. 148; 1.1859 . p. 2; 1.1871-72 , p. 645,646; 1.1873 . 
p. 144; 5.S.lB7i . p. 834-46; L.1917 , p. 652; L.1925 . p. 521; L. 1955-54 , 
Third Sp. Sess., p. 214. 



- 122 - 
Recorder - Entry Books; (85-87) 

Instruments Recorded 



The recorder, in recording* at length any instrument in writing, is 
permitted to make a handtrritten or typewritten transcription, a photo- 
graphic or photostatic reproduction, or use a combination of these 
methods,! In addition to the instruiaonts received for recordation, the 
recorder is required, upon receipt, to file any nortgage, trust deed, 
or conveyance of personal property having tho offset of a mortgage or 
lien upon such property v;hich is endorsed v.-ith the ■"/.'crds, "This instrument 
to bo filed, but not recorded," The recorder marks cuch instrumonty "filed" 
and enters the time of their receipt and files thor. in his office,^ 

Entry Books 
(Sco also entry 57) 

85, E:TTEY book (Recorder), 1852—, 12 v. (l not lettered, A-K), 
Missing; 1860-66, 

Enxry book of deeds and nortgnges, shovdng names of grantor and grantee, 
number and date of instrriment, date of filin,", consideration, description 
of property, amount of recorder's fee, and book and page of entry. Also 
contains Receipts for Recordings, 1923—, entry 114, Arr, by date of filing. 
No index, Hdw. under pr. hdgs, 300 p. 18 x 12 x 3, Cir, elk, 's vlt,, 
2nd fl, 

86. EJJTRY BOOK, 1835-54. 1 v. 

Land entry book shelving description, location, and classification of land, 
number of acres, by whom entered, and date of entry, Arr, by date of en- 
try. Indexed alph, by name of person entering land, Hdw, 300 p, 
19 X 12 X 2, Cir, elk, 's vlt,, 2nd fl. 

For Federal land patents, 1830-39, see entry 82[x:<], 



Instruments Recorded 



General 



87, GEIIERAL INDEX GR.\?ITOF - GPJUITEE, 1840—, 42 v, (1-13, 8 not 
nxsnbered, grantor; 1-13, 8 not numbered, granteo). 
Index to Deed Record, entry 89; Miscellaneous Record, entry 90; Quitclaim 
Record, entry 91; Trust Deed Record, entry 92; Warranty Deed, entry 94; 
Sheriff's Deed, entry 95; Mortgage liccord, entry 96; Mortgage and Assign- 
ment Record, entry 97; Release Record, entry 96; Sheriff 'c (blaster 's) 
Certificates of Sale and Redemption, entry 103; and Sheriff's Certificate 
Sale Record, entry 104, showing names of grantor and grantee, type and 
date of instnanont, ajr.ount of consideration, roforonco book and page of 
entry, description of property', and date of filing, Arr, alph, by names 
of grantor and granteo, Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 600 p, 18 x 11 x 3, Cir, 
clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



1, L, 1933-34 , Third Sp. Soss., p. 214, 

2, L,1927, p. 521; L,1929 . p, 592-94. 



- 123 - 

Recorder - Instruments (88*»9l) 

Recorded 



88. OLD DEED CASS, 1837-1905. 85 f.b. 

PGrsons,l records left vdth the recorder for safe keeping rvnd not called 
for, including real estate deeds, quitclaim deeds, warranty deeds, abstracts 
of titles, chattel nortga.:;es and relea.ses, trust deeds, land office patents, 
sheriff's honds, fjid certificates of sale of real estate to satisfy judg- 
ments, Arr. by date of filing. No index. Nature of recording varies. 
4g X 6| X 10. Cir. elk. » s off., 2nd fl. 

89. DEED RECORD, 1840—. 72 v. (A-R, T-V, 2-161 not consecutive). 
Recordation of all tj-pes of deeds, showing names of gr?Jitor pjid grantee, 
legal description of property, consideration, date and number of instru- 
ment, sjid date of recording. Also contains Miscellaneous Record, 1840-03, 
entry 90; Quitclaim Record, 1840-65, entry 91; Trust Deed Record, 1840-69, 
entry 92; Record of Deeds sjid Certificates, 1840-69, entry 93; Warranty 
Deed, 1840-1900, entry 94; Sheriff's Deed, 1840-56, 1875-88, entry 95; 
Mortgage Record, 1840-68, entry 95; Release Record, 1840-68, entry 98; 
ajid Chattel Mortgage Record, 1840-50, entry 99. Arr. by date of record- 
ing. For index, see entry 87. 1840-85, hdw. ; 1886-1908, hdw. on pr. f ra. ; 
1909—, typed. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl. 

90. MISCELLAIffiOUS RECORD, 1889—. 14 v. (46. 59, 72, 83, 99, 108, 
119, 131, 139, 149, 152, 157, 163, 17l). 1840-88 in Deed Record, 
entry 89. 

Record of miscellaneous instruments not conform.ing to printed forms or 
otherwise provided for including transcripts of estates, masters' cer- 
tificate of purchase, treasurer's and administrators' bonds, certifi- 
cates of redemption, bonds for deeds, real estate transfers, leases, agree- 
ments, power of attorney, transfer of bank stock, assignment of mortgage, 
affidavits for extension of mortgage, right-of-way permits, marriage 
contracts, and certified copies of land grants. Also contains Sheriff's 
Deed, 1889 — , entry 95; Oil and Gas Leases, 1889-1937, entry 101; Sher- 
iff's Certificate Sale Record, 1932 — , entry 104; (Township Treasurers') 
Bond Record, 1926-!—, entry 106; and Trustees' ezid Masters' Report, 1889- 
1927, entry 238. Arr. by date of recordation. Indexed alph. by nrjnes 
of grantee and grpjitor; for sep. index, see entry 87. 1889-1908, hdw.; 
1909--, t;/ped. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl. 

Deeds (See also 
entry 32£:rriii]) 

91. QUITCLAIM RECORD, 1866—. 12 v. (5, 8, 30, 45, 64, 77, 94, 107, 
121, 140, 159, 170). 1840-65 in Deed Record, entry 89. 

Recordation of quitclaim deeds, showing names of grantor and grantee, 
consideration, legal description and location of property, and dates of 
instrument, acknowledgment, recording, and filing. Arr. by da.te of re- 
cording. For index, see entry 87. Hdw. on pr. fm. 600 p. 13 x 12 x 3. 
Cir. elk. 's vlt., 2nd fl. 



-124 - 
Recorder - Instruments (92-96) 

Recorded 



92. TRU6T D-^£.D Rl.C0rJ3, 1370— . ■' v. (t;, 1, 10, 20, 3G ) . 1840-69 . 
in Deed Record, entry CJ. 

RecorivAtion of trust -Jeads, shov/irif; date, nancs of grantor, grantee, 
trustees, ar.«J v;itnesscE, aniount of note, interest, date and place pay- 
able, description of property, date of J^iaturity, and ackuovvlodrTient, 
Arr. by date of rooordatioi;. For indax, see entiry 67. Hdv;. on pr. fm. 
600 p. 12 X 18 X o. Cir. olk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

93. ESCCRD Oi' D£i,DS aI^D CiitT I^ IC^TiS , 1C70— . 1 v. (l). 1840-69 
in Deed Rooord, entry 89. 

Copies of patents iro:.i General Land Office, Department of Interior, 
Washington, D.C., shov'in^ date and number of certificate, name of pat- 
er.teo, description of land, and date of recording. Arr. by date of 
recording. Indexed alph. by nr.r.e of patentee. Hdw. on pr. fm. 600 p. 
20 X 15 X 3{V. Cir. die's vlt., 2n(; "fl. 

94. y.'ARr'AI3TY DL^i), WOl— . 20 v. (78, .'32, 83, 92, 97, 38, 102, 105, 
109, 113, lie, 118, l?i, 129, 132, 13/, 142, 151, 158, 165). 
1840-1900 in D(jed Record, entry 89. 

Recordation of v/arranty deeds, shcv/in,; instrument number, nancs of 
grantor, grantee, and recorder, dates nf filing and recording, legal 
dtjscription of property, consideration, and acknowlcdj-ncnt. Arr. by 
date of recording. For index, soe entry S7. ildw. on pr. fm. 500 p. 
12 X IB X 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

95. SriiRIFF'S DL£.D, 1867-74. 1 v. 1340-66, 1875-68 in Deed 
Record, entry 83; 1889 — in Miscellaneous Record, entry 90, 

Recordation of :iheriff's tax deeds, shv-;v;ir.g date of sale, descrip- 
tion of property, amount of delinquent taxes, names of purchaser, 
owner, and slieriff, and dates of instnment and recording. Arr. by 
date of recording. For index, see entry 87, Kdw. on pr. fm. 600 p. 
1^ X 12 X 3, Cir. dV.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

r.'crtr'ires - Heal Estate 

96. LCRTGAGE Rt-CCRD, 1869--. 41 v. (X, 1-172 not consecutive). 
1840-68 in Deed Record, entry 89. 

Recorded copies of real estate mortgages, showing names of mort- 
gager, mortgagee, and witnesses, legal description of property, 
amount of consideration, terms of mortgage, rates of interest, 
and dates cf mortgage, recording, and acloiov/ledgnent. Also con- 
tains i ortgage and Assignment Record, 1869-1902, entry 97, Arr. 
by date cf recording. For index, see entry 87. Kdv/. on pr. fm. 
600 D. 18 X 12 X 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



- 125 - 
Recorder - Instruments (97~101) 

Recorded 



97. MORTGAGE AlID aSSIGMIENT RECORD, 1903—. 4 v. (35, 110, 122, 
154). 1869-1902 in I^ortcage Record, entry 96. 

Recordation of real cstutc mort£;ages, showing nancs of mortf^agor, mortgagee, 
and witnesses, legal description of property, amount of consideration, 
terms of mortgage, rate of interest, and dut'.s of mortgage, acknowledgment, 
and filing; also contains copies of ussignncnts of mortgages, shov/ing names 
of assignor and assignee, funount of consideration, date and amount of mort- 
gage, name of mortgagee, book and page of recordation of mortgage, and ac- 
knowledgment. Arr. by date of filing. For index, see entry 87. Kdw, on 
pr. fm. GOO p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

98. RELEASE RECORD, 1869—. 28 v. (1 not num-bered; 2? v.; ;3-17:i, not 
consecutive). 1840-68 in Deed Record, entry 89. 

Recordation of mortgage, releases, and of master's deeds subsequent to 1925, 
showing instrument number, naiacs and addresses of grantor and grantee, con- 
sideration, legal description of property, date of recording, and acknov;lcdg- 
ment before notary. Also contciins Record of Bonds (Tovmship Collectors), 
1869-72, entry 105, Arr, by date of recording. For index, sec entry 87. 
Kdw. on pr. fm. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

Mortgages - Chattel 

99. CHATTEL MORTGAGE RECORD, 1861—. 46 v. (a-Z, 1-20). 1840-60 
in Deed Record, entry 89. 

Recordation of chattel mortgages, slovfing names of mortgagor and mortgagee, 
dates of instrument and recording, description of property, consideration, 
terms of mortgage and acknowledgment. Arr. by date of recording. For in- 
dex, sec entry 100. 1861-1£31, hdw. on pr. fm. j 1932 — , tj^oed on pr. fm, 
400 p. 18 X 12 X 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

100. CHATTEL KORTGaGE INDEX, 1861—. 2 v. (1, 2). 

Index to Chattel Mortgage Record, entry 99, showing names of mortgagor and 
mortgagee, date and amount of consideration, tmd date of filing, Arr. 
alph. by names of mortgagor and mortgagee. llduK. under pr. lidgs. 4C0 p, 
18 X 12 X 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

101. OIL Al^ID GaS leases, 1938—. 1 v. (187). 1389-1927 in Kisc; 1- 
laneous Record, entry 90. 

Copies of gas and oil leases, showing date and terms of lease, considera- 
tion, names of lessee and lessor, location and description of land, dura- 
tion of lease, location of v^ell, and date of filing. Arr. by date of 
filing. Indexed alph. by name of lessor. Typed on pr. fm. 600 p, 
18 X 12 X 3. Cir, clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



- 126 - 

Recorder - Instruments (102-1C6) 

He corded 



Certificates of Levy 

102. SHERIFF'S CERTIFICATES OF LEVI3S AIH) REDEMPTIONS. 1871—. 
1 V. (Y). 

Record of sheriff's certificates of levies r.nd redemptions, showing 
names of p?.rtics, date pjid pjnovmt of levj^, p.nd legpl description of 
real estate. Arr. by dp,te cf levy. Indexed ?.lph. hy np.rr.es of plain- 
tiff and defendant. Hdw. on pr. fn. 600 v. 13 x 12 x 3. Cir. elk. 's 
vlt., 2nd fl. 

103. SHERIFF'S (Master's) CERTIFICATES OF SALE AM) REDEMPTION, 1871- 
1929. 1 v. 

Copies of master's certificates of sale, 1873-1903, and redemption, 
1071-1929, showing nrmes of plf;dntiff , defendejit, master, pjid pur- 
chaser, date and amount of sale, legal description of property, date 
and by whom redeemed, and date of recording. Arr. by date of re- 
cording, Indijxcd alph. by npjnes of plaintiff and defcndpjit; for sep. 
index, see entry 87. Hdw. on pr. fm, 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3, Cir. elk. ' s 
vlt., 2nd fl. 

104. SKSRIFF'S CERTIFICATE SALE RECORD, 1859-1931. 1 v. 1932— 
in Miscellaneoufs Record, entry 90. 

Copies of sheriff's certificates of sale, showing names of plain- 
tiff, defendant, purchaser, and sheriff, writ authorizing sheriff 
to hold sale, legal description of property, amount of bid, and 
dates of sale and filing. Arr. by date of filing. Indexed alph. 
by name of plaintiff; for sep. index, see entry 87, Hdw. on pr. fm. 
396 p. 18 X 12 X 3. Cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl. 

Bonds of Officers 

105. RECORD OF BONDS (Township Collectors), 1860-68, 1873-96. 

1 V, 1869-72 in Release Record, entry 98; 1897-1918 in (Town- 
ship Treasurers') Bond Record, entry 106. 
Record of to\vnship collectorr' >onds, showing npjnes of collector, 
township, and sureties, amount and terms of bond, pjid date of fil- 
ing. Arr. by date of filing. Ho index. Hdw. 375 p. 14 x 9 x 1. 
Cir. elk. 's vlt., 2nd fl, 

106. (Township Treasurers') BOND RECORD, 1897-1925. 1 v. 
1926 — in Miscellaneous Record, entry 90, 

Township treasurers' bond record shovdng names of principal, town- 
ship, and sureties, amount ?,nd conditions of bond, before whom 
subscribed, pjid date of filing. Also contains Record of Bonds 
(Tcvmship Colloctors), 1897-1918, entry lC5t Arr. by date of filing. 
Indexed alph. by name of principal. 1897-1908, hdw. on pr. f m. ; 
1909-25, typed. 424 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl. 



- 127 - 
Recorder - Laps and Plats (107-112) 

Other Instrum ents 

107. SCLDi:D'::ii' ;U;D SAIj^CRS' DIoCI'Juu:-J, 1865—. 2 v. (A, 2). 
Soldiers' service record showing name of soldier, number, ran];, 
reason for ternination of service, aj^e, address, physical descrip- 
tion, place and date of dischar^^e, and signature of officer in com- 
mand. Arr. by date of discharge. Indexed alph. hy name of soldier 
or sailor, fidv;. on pr. fn. 600 p. 13 x 12 3. S. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 
2nd fl, 

103. SGLDI-.Pj':ji:LISTi:£iT, 1361. 1 v. 
Record of soldiers' enlistr.ents, shov/inj; nane, rank, and a^je of 
soldier, date and place of enlistment, by whom enrolled, period 
of enrollment, and remarks. Arr. alph. by name of soldier. No 
index. Hdv/. under pr. hd^s. 100 p. 12 :: 3 x "'.. Cir. die's vlt., 
2nd fl. 

109. Rr.'GISTi3l OF FARI-.. KA-'-iiS, 191b—. 1 v. (l). Last entry 1925. 
Farm name register showing name and address of ov^ier, name, legal 
description, and location of farm, and date of registration. Arr. 
by date of recording. Indexed alph. bj;- name of ov-iier. Ildv;. ixnder 
pr. hdgs. 300 p. 18 x 12 :c 2. Cir. clh. 's vlt., 2nd fl. 

110. ST.a.Lic:i cj^n'ia-j:^ h^zcrd, isio-ia. i v. 

Record of stallion certif jcates, shov/in[^ registration and certifi- 
cate numbers, by whom bred, stallion's color and breed, date of 
foaling, names of stallion and ovnier, e^camining veterinarian, 
secretaries of Illinois state board of agriculture and stallion 
registration board, and recorder, and date of filing. Arr. by date 
of filing. Indexed alph. by name of owner. Hdv;. on pr, fm. 500 p. 
13 :■: 12 x l\. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

111. R^CCRiJ or RlJiCiAilLiLG CP ST^lLLICi; CiuTL" ICATi^S, 1911-17. 1 v. 
Register of stallion certificate renev;alc, :^hcv;ing date and Jiumber 
of license, names of horse, and original and present ovmers , date 
of filing, and type of breeding, Arr. by date of filing. Indexed 
alph. hy name of owner, Hdv. on pr. fm. 300 p. 13 x 12 x l]y. 
Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



Laps and Plats 

112. PL.i.T Ri,CCRjD, 1901—. 2 v. (1, 2). 
Political plats of surveys made in Piatt County, sho-.ving sections, 
tov.'nshiri s , ranges, locations of cornerstones, i./itness trees, links 
distant, statements of surveyor, and date of survey. Autl^ors: 7.'. J. 
Day, engineer and J. R. Dower, county surveyor. Arr. by sec, twp., 
and range nos. Indexed alph. by nam.0 of plat. I..and-ura\ai. 1 in. 
to 200 ft.; 1 ill. to 600 ft. 300 p. 19 x 18 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 
2nd, fl. 



- 128 - 
Recorder— Fees (113, 114) 



113. GOVSRIIIZNT SURV2YS, 1875. 1 v. 
Pljxts of original g;ovemraent surveys, showing number of tovmship, 
range, principal meridian, section, ancl acres, locations of corner£ 
and corners of section, witness trees, inches dianicter, courses 
they bear, and links distant. Author, Government Surveyor Genera.1. 
Arr. by sec, tv;p., and range. No index. Printed. 1 in. to 40 
chains. 50 p. 21 x 16 x 2>-. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



Fees 

114. R2CEIFTS FOR RLiCCRDIlGS, 1873-1922. 6 v. (l not numbered, 
2,3, 6-8). Hissing: 1897-190-i. 1923— in iiitry Rook 
(Recorder), entry 35. 
Register of fees received by circuit clerk for r.iaking recordations, 
showing date, number, and t^-pe of instrument, and amount of foe. 
Arr. by date of receipt. Ko index. Kdw. under pr. hdgs. 300 p. 
14 X 10 X 2. 1 V. not numbered, v. 2,3,6,7, 1873-191^, cir. clk.'s 
vlt., 2nd fl.; v. 8, 1S17-22, cir. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 



(Next entry II5, p. I37) 



IV. COUNTY C0U3T 

The county court ser-"es ar, the judici?.! "branch of county frovernment. 
This court is administered "by the county judge "-ho is elected for a four- 
year term by the county electorate. Before entering upon the duties of 
his office, the county judge is required to take and su'bscribe to an oath 
which he files with the Secretary of State. The compensation of the Piatt 
county judge was originally set at $?5^0 per diem for holding court, which 
was paic' quarterly out of the county treasury. 1 Today, the judge in this 
countv receives $2,500 per annum. 2 The court bears and determines matters 
in i,Aich it has original or concurrent jurisdiction, including appeals 
from the justices of the peace and police ma.',■i^'trates.3 

At the time of the organization of Piatt County, the powers of the 
judiciary in all counties r-'ere administered only "by the justices of the 
peace, 4 the probate justice, 5 and the circuit court. & Later, a civil and 
criminal court with jurisdiction coextensive with the county lines was 
established under thn provisions jf the Con;;.ti tutit.n of 1SU8 and legisla- 
tion of I8U9.7 The court created v?as the county court. This unit of 
county government was established with a pa,rtial reversion to the dual 
function, administrative and j\idicial, of the local judiciary in Illinois 
under the Territorial Laws prior to 1818* The court "'as different from 
the territorial courts in that its composition varied for each of the two 
functions. The judicial court was administered by the county judge, who 
was elected by the county"- electorate and commissioned by the Governor, 
His original four-year tenure of office has remained effective to the 
present. 2 As the administrative body, the court v/as made up of the 
county judge and tv^o justicr^s of the peace. 9 

"Under the second constitution complete separation of county business 
powers from the judicial could be had v/ith the acceptaJice by the coi.inty 
electorate of an independent administrative body, the board of supervis- 



1. L.lgUq . p. 62.63. 

2. L.1933 . P. 6l5; L.19^8 . First Sp. Sess., v, 30. 

3. L.18S1 . p. 70. 

U. Constitution of 1818, Art. IV, sec. 8} LJJIO, p. 19^. 

5. L. 1836-37 . p. 175. 

6. L.1819 . p. 380. 

7. Constitution of ISUS, Art. V, sec. I,l6; L.l '''-9 . p. 52. 

8. Constitution of 18^8, Art. V, sec. 17; L . 1 ■ UQ , p. 62,66; H.S.187U . 

p. 339; Ljaii. p. ^51. 

9. L.I8U9 . p. 65. 

- 129 - 



- 130 - 
Coiinty Cotirt 



ors, established ■under tovmsliip organization.! Tliia plan of government 
v'as not selected inmediately, and Piatt was governed by the dual county 
court uiitil 1850 when the board of supervisors became successor to the 
county coui^t in its jurisdiction over county affairs and business. From 
that date on, tl^e county court has served only as a judicial court in 
Piatt Couiity. 

Ti-.e cotuity court as established in 1349 was vested with the spjne 
civil and crirdnrl jurisdiction as 'the justices of the peace. The county 
judge vros made a conservator of the per.cc. He was given the stanc power 
and authority as the circuit judge in preserving order in the court end. 
punishing contempts offered the co'oi't while in session. 2 Suits for the 
sale of delinquent Irnds for taxes of 1848, .^id prior years, could be 
brouglit end presented in cither the circuit or county court, but for 
taxes of subsequent yopxs, the ccjinty court was given exclusive original 
jurisdiction, 2 ThQ co-jxt also exercised jurisdiction equcJL with that of 
the circuit court over naturali2a.tion.4 

In addition to its civil Kid crixinal jurisdiction, the court was 
vested with aJLl the pov/ors and jurisdiction in probate matters vfhich wore 
vested prior to this dr..tc in the court of the probp.te justice. Tlie court 
was given concurrent jurisdiction with the circuit court in hearing rnd 
determining riopli cations for the spIo of real esta.tc of decca,sed persons 
and for the payment of debts of the estate. 5 In Piatt County the county 
judge has served to the present da;/ in his ex-officio capacity as judge 
of the probate court. S 

The lav; jurisdiction of the county court in Piatt County is concur- 
rent m.th that of the circuit court in that class of cases wherein the 
justices of the peace have jurisdiction v/here the value of the amount in 
controversy does not exceed $2,000,7 in all cases of rppeals from jus- 
tices of the peace and police magistrates, and in all criminal offenses 
and misdemoaJiors v;here the punishment is not imprisonment in the penitea- 



1. Constitv-tion of 1848, Art. VII, sec. 5; L.19^ , p. 192,203-04; L.1351 , 
p. 33,50-52. 

2. L .1849 , p. 55. 

3. Ibid., p. 125. 

4. 2 U.S.S.L. 155. 

5. L.1349 , p. 65. 

5. Constitution of 1S43, Art. V, sec. 15,18; L.1849 , p. 65; Constitution 
of 1370, Art. VI, sec. 18; H.S.1374 , p. 339,340; l1i933 , p. 449,458. 

7. Under the la,ws of 1872 and the revised statutes of 1874, the j\xrisdic- 
tion was in cases v/hcrein the axaouiit involved did not exceed $500 
( La371-72 , p. 325; R.S.1874 , p. 339,340). Legislation enacted in 
1933 extended the jurisdiction to $2,000 ( L.1933 , p. 452), but a 
later amendr-ient of the same session, passed June 21, 1933, placed the 
jurisdiction in cases where the amount involved is not over $1,000 
(ibid,, p. 449). In 1939 jurisdiction was again extended to $2,000 
( L.1939 , p. 492). 



- 131 - 
County Court 



tiary or death. 1 The co-mty court also has original jurisdiction in mat- 
ters relating to indii;;ent mothersS and jurisdiction over insane persons 
not charf^ed with crime. 3 

The county and circuit courts have original jurisdiction in cases 
of juvenile offenders. This jurisdiction is over matters dealing with 
dev'endent , neglected, and delinquent children. The authoritjr includes 
j->rovision for the treatment, control, maintenance, adoption, and guard- 
ianship of such children. ^■■ 

In 1859, provision was made for the apriointment hy the court of a 
juvenile proliation officer to serve without compensation from the pub- 
lic treasury and at the pleasure of the co\irt.5 In 190? an amenc^ment 
to this act authorized the court to allow compensation to such officers 
in a sri^n to te set by the county hoard, hut the power of the court to 
appoint probation officers to serve without pay was in no way abridged 
by this legislation. D An amendment of 1925 provided that if more than 
one probation officer were appointed, one was to be designated as chief 
probation officer. To be eligible for the position of chief probation 
officer, the candidate was required to have had exuerience in social 
welfare work equivalent to one year spent in active practical welfare 
work. Minimum rates, based upon population, were established for the 
compensation of these officers, the count;,' boa,rd to fix the amount. 
Wliere a county had only one probation officer, the salary rates were 
made to apply to that individual. The court, however, retains the 
power to appoint probation officers to serve vithout pay. 7 ?or Piatt 
County, and others with a population not exceeding twenty-five thou- 
sandS the rate is set at a sum of $50 a year for each thousanc" inhab- 
itants, but not to exceed $900 annually. 

The officer under consideration makes investigation on order of 
the court and takes charge of the child before and after trial. He 
is reqiiired to bo present a.t the court hearings in order that he may 
represent the interest of the child. This officer also fiornishes in- 
formation and assistance as required by the court. 9 



1. R. 3.187^ , p. 3''-'^; L.lg77 . p. 77; L.1895 . p, 212,223; 1.1933 . p. UIi9-51, 

2. L.1913 . p. 127; L.1^15 . p. 2^1; 1.1921 . r.. 162-jU; L.19^5 . p. 256-59. 

3. L.lg69 . p. 3^0; F..S.167U . v. b85. 

^. L.lSnq . p. 131-37; L.1901, p. l'41-UU; L.1905 . p. 152-56; L. 1907 . 
p. 70-78. 

5. L.1899 . p. 133. 

6. L.19Q7 . p. 69,70. 

7. 1.1925, p. 187,188. 

8. In 1930 the population of Piatt Co'onty was listeri as 15,588. 
Population Bulletin , p. 9. 

9. L.1899 . p. 133; L.1925 . p. 187,188 



- 132 - 
Co-Jinty CoTirt 



Upon petition filed with the clerk of the court for the removal of 
a noglocted or dependent child from the custody of its parents or gu£ird- 
ian, process is issued for appearance. Th>3 svjmons cay be served by the 
sheriff or the duly appointed probation officer, 1 

At any time after the filing of the petition and pending the final 
disposition, the court r.ay ellow the child to rcnain in the possession 
of its custodian, or in its homo subject to the visitation of the proba- 
tion officer; or the child may bo ordered into the custody of the proba- 
tion officer. 2 if -upon hearing the case the court finds the child to bo 
dependent or nejilected, the court may commit the child to sji association 
or institution, or nllovr the child to rcmr.in in his home subject to the 
visitation of the probation officer. '^ In a, similar fashion the probation 
officer for adults, en rppointeo of the circuit court, assists the county 
coui-t in the rininistrr.tion of justice among adult violators. 4 

In cases of delinquency, if the court finds any child to be delin- 
quent, the court may convtnit the child to nn institution or to the cus- 
tody of the probation officer. The court m.?y, ■upon its discretion send 
juvenile offenders nnd vc^rrjits to the state reform school rather than 
to the coimty jail. 5 

Another probation officer, an appointee of the county court, assists 
the court in mothers' pension cases. The state rnd county funds for ii>- 
digcnt nothcrs and their children are administered by the county court, 
its rppointed probation officers, the county borxd with the assistance 
of the ccvjity clerk, the county treasviror, nnd the State Department of 
Public Ifnlfarc. Tlio county court, however, is given original jurisdic- 
tion in these natters. o 

A mother whose husbnnd is derd or incapacitated, or w]ac is abrndoncd 
by her husbrnd, is entitled to the benefits of the mothers' pension fund 
when shj is in need. Such mother nay file nn replication with the county 
court for relief. The case of the aoplic^nt is then invest ig-^-tod by the 
probation officer under the direction of the court.''' A report and rec- 
ommendation of the approval or d^ sapproval of such j^plication is then 
made by this officer of the court. If the application is approved, the 
probation officer or other person may file with the clerk of tho court 



1. L.1399 , p. 133,133; L.1905, p. 153,154; L.1907 . p. 72,73. 

2. 1.1907, p. 74. 

3. L.1935 . p. 180,181. 

4. L, 1911 , p. 280-82. 

5. l7i907 , p. 75. 

6. L„191o, ri. 127-30; L,1915 , d, 24^45; L.1921 , p. 15^-64; L.1935 , p. 
255-59 . 

7. L.1915 , p. 127-30; L.1915 , p. 244; L.1935 , p. 256-59. 



- 133 - 

County Court 



a written petition verified by affidavit setting forth the facts giving 
the court jurisdiction and other facts upon which an order for relief is 
entered. Upon receipt of the petition, a siunnons is issued to the mother 
and the county hoard for appeai'ance. The ucual procedure is for the hoard 
to make a written appearance. Upon the hearing in court, the court jnay 
make an order upon the county hoard to pay monthly such money as may he 
necessary for the care of the mother and her child or children in accorci- 
ance with the provisions of law.l 

To carry out this procedure, the countv court appoints the probation 
officer who serves during'; the pleasure of the court and is compensated 
for his services hy the county in such amount as determined hy the county 
hoard. As noted above, this officer is required to investigate all ap- 
plications for relief and make a written report to the court. In addi- 
tion to this duty, the probation officer makes quarterly visits and sup- 
ervises, under the direction of the court, the families to •-■'hich such 
assistance has been granted. ^ 

The county boarrl annually levies a tax on all taxable property to 
provide for the mothers' pension fund. The le""y is made Jiot in excess 
of two-fifths of one mill on a dollar in Piatt County, 3 In addition the 
General Assembly, from time to time, makes appropriation to the State 
Department of Public Welfare, the funds, in turn, being distributed to 
the several co-unties to supplement the pension fund. To become entitled 
to the state appropriations, the county mwst meet the standfirds of admin- 
istration set by the state agency. The co-onty treasurer certifies to the 
state department an itemized statement, attested by the county clerk, of 
the money paid out diu'ing each quarter in accordance -.vith the legislative 
provisions for this pension and also certifies annually the total assessed 
valuation and amount of raonoy raised bj' tax levj.' for the mothers' pension 
f^ond.^ 

Jurisdiction in the election procedure is vested variously in the 
county board, the county court, and the county clerk. In the event that 
any city, village, or incorijorated toT7n adopts the City Election Act the 
county judge appoints a board of three election commissioners to have 
charge of elections in that political unit. Only one such board, however, 
is appointed in each county. This board ha,s jurisdiction over elections 
in all cities, villages, or incorporated towns which may adopt the act, 5 



1. 10911, p, 127-30; LJdlS. P. 257-59. 

2. L.1^13 . p. 129,130; L.19^5 . p. ?S^Z. 

3. L.1919 . p. 7S0,7S1; 1.1927 . p, 196,197; L,1928 . First Sp. Sess., 
p. 3,U; LJL91i, p. 19U,195, 

h. L, 19-^5 . p. 259. 

5. L.lgr -5. p. lU7-a9; L,lg99 . p, 163-^5; L.1^17 . v. UU5,U1;6; L.1929 . 

p. 399; kiiill. p. 53^; LOai^r^i. Fourth Sp. Sess,, p. 35. 



County Co-jrt 



Otherwise, jurisdiction is vested in the county 'board, coionty co^'ort, and 

coiinty clerk. The county court has original jurisdiction in election 
contests for certain county, district, and tovmship offices. 1 

Aiding in the settlement of questions arising in the co-urse of the 
election procedure is the county officers electoral board. This body 
consists of the county judga as chairman, the co-jnty clerk, and the 
state's attorney. 2 

Hie several nonination papers for county offices arc filed with the 
county clerk and are considered valid unless objections cxg made \irithin 
five days after the last day for filing such prpcrs. Objections to nonw 
inations oxq made to the couiity officers olcccoral board for any office 
of the county, park district, or other division coterminous with or less 
than the co-u:aty cJid other than a city, villr^c, incorporated town, or 
tovmship. 3 [The objector's petition is filed v/ith the county clerk who 
presents the s?jnc, together with the nomination papers or certificate, 
before the electoral board, 4 The potiticn contains the objector's name 
r-nd residence, the nature of the objection, the interest of the objector, 
and the relief sought of the board. ^ A notice of the hcrjring is sent to 
the crndidr.tc, Ifcon hoaxing the objections, the bo.-'xd renders a find 
decision by majority vote. In the event the candidate v/hoso nomination 
is protested is a member of the elector?! board, the circuit judge is 
required to fill his place. ^ 

Jurisdiction is vested in the county court to hear nnd determine 
all questions relative to taxes on gifts, legacies and ir.heritrncc.''' 
The act grrnting this jurisdiction is genertdly knovm as the "Inheri- 
tance Tr^c Lajif»" Originally, the state's attorney was charged with the 
duty of enforcing the provisions of this lavr}^ however, since 1913 these 
duties have been performed by the Attorney General.^ Under that la.w the 
county judge and the coxmty clerk arc required every tlirce months to 
make a statement in writing to the county treasurer of the property 
from v;hich or the party from vjhom he ha,s rer.son to believe a tax under 
this act is due and unpaid. ^^ rjp^-^Q county treasurer is required to collect 



1. L. 1871^72 . p. 396. 

2. L.1891 , p. ilC.lll* L.193Z , p. 552. 

3. L.1891 . p. 110,111; L.1929 . p. 394. 

4. L.1891 . p. Ill; L.1929. p. 394; L.1933 . p. 552. 

5. L.1929 , p. 394,395. 
5. L.1955 , p. 552. 

7. L.1895 , p. 306; L.1909 . b. 318. 

8. L.1895 , p. 306; L.1909 . p. 319. 

9. L.1913 , p. 515,516; L.1935 . p. 1179,1180. 

10. L.1895 , p. 306; L.1909 , p. 319; L.1913, p. 516. 



- 135 - 
County Court 

and pay to the State Treasurer all taxes that may be due and payable under 
it.^ 

Under an act of 1933, housing corporations may be organized in Illi- 
nois for the express purpose of improving housing conditions. Such cor- 
porations are subject to the supervision and control of the State Housing 
Board, This state agency has authority, after investigations and public 
hearings, to approve the acquisition of property and construction of 
housing projects. If the State Housing Board approves a project over the 
objections of ten percent of the property ovmers within a mile, but not 
included in the project, it must then file an application with the clerk 
of the county court to be submitted to the county judge for the confirma- 
tion of its approval. Such application is to contain copies of the find- 
ings and order of the board, transcript of testimony, description of the 
project and public spaces, statement of location, and reasons for approval 
by the board. The objectors to the project may file objections in the 
county court to the confirmation of such a project. The county judge then 
examines the application, objections, and any additional evidence before 
rendering a decision of "approved" or "not approved" on the application,"^ 

Appeals from the judgments and decisions of the county court may be 
taken to the circuit court. To the Appellate Court or Supreme Court may 
be taken and prosecuted appeals and writs of error in proceedings for the 
sale of lands for taxes ard special assessments, in all corrarion lav; and at- 
tachment cases, and in cases of forcible detainer and forcible entry and 
detainer. Such appeals and writs of error are, when not otherwise pro- 
vided, taken and prosecuted in the same manner as appeals and writs of 
error from the circuit court, ^' 

The records of the county court are kept by its clerk. In Piatt 
County the county clerk is ex-officio clerk of the county court. In ad- 
dition to the statutory records described below the clerk necessarily 
maintains others in effecting the court's orders. 

For the court the clerk keeps ihe following records: 

1, Books of record of the proceedings and judgments of the 
court with alphabetical indexes by names of parties. 
Proceedings are recorded at length only in cases desig- 



1, L.1895, p, 307; L,1909 , p, 319j L,1913 , p, 516, 

2, L,1935, p, 396-415; L, 1933-54 , Third S"p. Sess,, p. 167-74, 

3, Ibid, 

4. L,1933, p. 396, 

5. R,S.18 "74, p. 339; L.1877, p. 77; L,1881 . p, 65, 

6. The form which such records take is generally determined by court 
order ( L,1849^ p, 66; R,S.1874, p, 262,263), 



- 136 - 



County Court 



nated "by law or w'.ien the coui't, at the motion and as- 
sumption of expenses by one of the parties, so orders. 
In practice, the court record has been broken dovm from 
an early date into segregated t^-pes of proceedings and 
judgments . 

2. "Plaintiff-Dofcndrjit Index to Cohort Sccords" j?nd "Defend- 
ant-Plaintiff Index to Coiirt Records," intended to be 
sepcrate records, but frequently cor.;bincd in a single 
volu;no with the two indexes scgrr,gatod in each volume. 

3. A general docket in which pli suits are entered in the 
order they are comncnced. 

4. A Judgment ^d execution dodcet containing a column for 
the entry of satisf px;tion or other disposition. In 
practice, an execution docket is frequently set up in- 
dependently. 

5. Additional dockets, desigj'^ated as the clerk's, judge's, 
and bor docket. In practice, the ocx docket has tended 
to drop out of use.l 

6. A fee book in v/hich costs rnd foes -aro to be entered 
under the proper title of the cav.so. In practice, sep- 
arate scries of volumes are nalntained ur.der these titles 
or causes. 

7. Transcripts of proceedings in appeals fron justices' 
courts, dockets thereof, and transcripts of judgment 
for liens, etc., from justices' courts. 

8. iTaturaliaation records including petitions, proceedings, 
final certificates, etc. The county courts in Illinois 
prior to 1905 met the requirerent of Federal statutes to 
exercise naturalization jurisdiction.^ 

9. Original documents used in court hearings pnd determina- 
tions; of particular importmce in the large number of 
cases where complete proceedings rre not spread on court 
record. 3 

10. Konthly reports of the warden of the county jail, con- 
taining a list of all prisoners in his custody and shew- 
ing the cause of com-nitmont and npjiies of persons by w?iom 
conmitted.'* 



1. The Civil Practice Act of 1955 grants soithority to coTinty courts, sub- 
ject to rules promulgated by the Supreme Covjrt and not inconsistent 
vrith statutory requirements, to mnke such rules as they m^y deem ex- 
pedient, reg'jJ.ating dockets and cnlendars of said coiirt ( L.1955 , p. 
735). 

2. 2 U.S.3.L. 155; U. S.R. 3.1759-1874 , p. 378. 

o, R.S.ie45 , p. 323,324,414,418,419; l'.1855 , p. 79,80; L. 1871-72 . p. 325; 

R. 5.1874 , p. 262,253; 2U.3.S.L. 153-55; U. S.R. S. 1789-1874 , p. 378-80; 

34 U.S.S.L. 596-507; 44 U.S. 3. L. 709,710. 
4. R. 3.1874 , p. 617; L.193?, p. 678. 



- 137 - 
Co-unty Court - Proceedings (115-120) 

of Court 



Proceedings of Court 
(See also entries 82Cii, vi, ix], 156) 

115. I1\TDEX TO CASES, 1872—. 1 v. (l). 
Index to Common Law, entry 117, ojid Criminal Cases, entry 119, showing 
names of defendant and plaintiff, case number, kind of action, and file 
box number. Arr. alph. by names of plaintiff and defendant. Hdw. mider 
pr. hdgs. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. elk. ' s vlt., 1st fl. 

115. PLAINTIFF-DEPEira.M^T I1.IDEX TO COUIIT HECORDS, 1872—. 2 v. (1 
plaintiff; 1 defendant). 
Index to County Court Record (Law and Criminal), entry 118, and County 
Court Record - Criminal, entry 120, showing case number, names of plain- 
tiff and defendant, and book and page of entry. Arr. alph. by names of 
plaintiff and defendant. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. 
clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

117. COmON LAW, 1872—. 33 f.b. (239~559 not consecutive). 
Original documents of common law cases, including writs of executions, 
subpoenas, pleas, petitions, appeal bonds, court orders, and writs and 
transcript of evidence. Also contains (insanity Papers), 1872-77, entry 
122, and (Dependent and Delinquent Case Papers), 1872-1908, entry 140. 
Arr. by case no. For index, see entry 115. ITature of recording varies. 
10 X 4t X 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

For other appeal bonds, see entry 82[iv]. 

118. COmiTY COTJRT RECORD (Law and Criminal), 1872—. 8 v. (1-8). 
Record of county court cases, including records of judgments by default 
and probation cases, showing names of parties and attorneys, date and 
kind of action, disposition, and orders of the court. Also contains 
County Court Record - Criminal, 1884—, entry 120, including Recogni- 
zance in Open Court, 1384-1929, entry 139. Arr. by date of case. In- 
dexed alph. by names of plaintiff and defendant; for sep. index, see 
entry 116. 1872-1910, hdw.; 1911—, tyued on pr. fm. 300 p. 

18 X 12 X 3. V. 1-6, 1872-1926, co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. 7,8, 
1927--, CO. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

119. CRIMINAL CASES, 1872—. 34 f.b. (233-513 not consecutive). 
Original documents in criminal cases, including s-'-immonses, subpoenas, ap- 
peal bonds, writs of executions, indictments, instructions to Jury, 
affidavits of witnesses, mittimus, and court orders; also contains pro- 
bation case papers, 1926 — . Arr. by case no. For index, sec entry 115. 
Hature of recording varies. 10 x 4^- x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

For other appeal bonds, see entry 85[iv]. 

120. COUNTY COURT RECORD - CRIMINAL, 1873-83. 1 v. 1334— in County 
Court Record (Law end Criminal), entry 118. 

Record of criminal cases in co\inty court, showing nanes of defendant, 
plaintiff, and attorneys, date and kind of action, and disposition of 
case. Also contains Recogniz.roice in Open Court, entrj' 139. Arr. by date 
of case. Indexed alnh. by name of defendant; for sep. index, see entry 116. 
Kdw. on pr. fm. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2^. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 138 - 

County Court - Proceeding;s (121-126) 

cf Court; Dockets 

121. EXECUTIONS, 1873-1920. 1 f.b. 

Executions on judgrients shovn-n^ date, name of person against whom judg- 
ment is pending, damages, fees of sheriff and clerk, and sheriff's re- 
turns on satisfaction. Arr. by date of oxecution. For index, see entry 
1. Ildw. en pr. fm, 10 x 4-^ x 14. Cc. elk. 's vlt., 1st fl. 
For subsequent executions, see entries 117, 119, 

122. (EvSANITY FilPEP.S), 1872--. 1872-77 in Common Lavf, entry 117; 
1878— in ( la seel lane ous Papers), entry 82, 

Original documents filed in insanity cases, including petitions, reports 
of commission and physician, appointment of conservator, orders of court, 
and TNsrrant of commitment. Hd'.v. on pr. fm. and typed. 

123. INSANITY RECORD, 1080—. 3 v, (A, 4, 5). 1872-79 in Insane and 
Conservators' Record, entry 167. 

Record of insanity and feeble-minded cases, shov/ing name of alleged in- 
sane person, petitions for hearing, names of examiners, evidence present- 
ed, date, and final disposition of case. Arr. by date of case. Index- 
ed alph. by name of alleged insane person. Hdw. on pr. fm. 300 p. 
18 X 12 X 2. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

124. RECORD OF JUDGrffiNT BY CO^JI'^ESSION, 1890—. 4 v. (1-4). Title 
varies: Record of Confessions in Vacation and Fee Book, v, 1-3, 
1890-1924. 

Record of judgm.ents by confession in term time and vacction, showing 
names of plaintiff and defendant, term date, type of action, amount of 
judgment, and costs. Contains entries of foes to 1909, Arr. by term 
date. Indexed alph. by name of plaintiff. Hdv:, on pr. fm. 300 p. 
13 X 12 X 2. V. 1-5, 1890-1924, co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v, 4, 1925—, 
CO. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

For subsequent rocord of fees, see entry 136. 

125. DEUND SPECIAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT, 1930—. 1 v. (l). 

Record of DeLand spocial drainage district proceedings, showing petition 
for organization, court costs, mailing list of land owners, resolutions 
of commissioners, grants of right of ■vvay, tax objections, benefit classi- 
fications, )iotice of letting contract, minutes of meetings, annual re- 
port of treasurer, and dates of elections of drainage commissioners. 
Also contains maps of district folded and pasted bet;veen pages. W. J, Day, 
engineer; J. R. Bovrer, surveyor. Arr. by date of proceedings. Indexed 
alph. by title of subject. Typed and printed. 550 p. 18 x 12 x 3. 
Maps, 4 in. to 1 mi. 30 x 48. Co. clk.'s vrork rm., 2nd fl. 



Dockets 



Court Dockets 



126. CLERK'S DOCKET - LAW (and Criminal), 1872—. 9 v. 
County clerk's docket of civil and criminal cases, shovriLng number of case, 
names of attorneys, plaintiff, and defendant, type of action, dates, and 
court orders. Arr. by ease no. No index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 150 p., 
9 X 14 X 1 - 12 X 18 X 2. 8 v., 1872-1933, co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; 
1 v., 1934—, CO. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 



- 139 - 
County Court - Dockets (127-133) 

127. JUDGE'S DOCKET LAYJ' (and Criminal Open Cases), 1933—. 1 v. (5). 
Judge's docket of open cases, showing case nuinber, action, tem date, 
nainos of plaintiff, defendant, attorneys, and judge, and orders of court, 
AiT. by case no» Ko index, Hdvj, under pr, hdgs, 300 p, 18 x 12 x 3, 
Co, elk, 's Tit,, 1st fl. 

For docket of closed cases, see entry 128, 

128, JUDGE'S DOCKET L/i:«T (and Criminal), 1872-1933, 4 v, (l-4). 
1934 — in Probate Judge's Order Docket, entry 1S8, 

Judge's docket of all county court cases, showing case number, names of 
plaintiff, defendant, attorneys, and judge, action, and date and orders 
of court; also serves as a naturalization docket, 1887-1900, Arr. by 
case no. No index, 'Idw, under pr, hdgs, 300 p, 18 x 12 x 2, Co, clk.'s 
vlt,, 1st fl. 

129. GE:oIERAL DOCKET, 188S— , 2 v. (l,2). 

Docket of county court cases, showing names of plaintiff and defendant, 
tj-pe of case, and term of hcs.ring, Arr, by date of hearing. No index, 
Hdw,- under pr, hdgs, 300 p, IS x 12 x 5, V, 1, 1886-1911, co, elk, 's 
Tit., 1st fl,. T,'"2, 1912-1, CO, clk.'s off., 2nd f 1 . 

130, DOCKET OF INSMS CASES, 1893—, 2 t, (l, 2), 

Docket of insanity cases^ showing name of insane person, date of filing 
application, case number, najnes of witnesses, date of trial, and find- 
ings and orders of the court, Arr, by date of case. No index. Hdw, 
under pr, hdgs, 143 p. 18 x 12 x l-g-, Co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

131. JUDC-LffiNT MD EXECUTIOII DOCKET, 1879—. 4 v. (1-4), 

Docket of judgments and executions, shoising term date, naiaes of plaintiff 
and defendant, satisf "'.ction, costs, and sheriff's remarks. Judgment 
Docket, entry 132 and Exocution Docket, entry 133, formerly kept separate- 
ly, Arr, alph, by name of person against whom judgment is entered, In- 
doxed alph, by name of defendant, lidvi, under pr. hdgs, 300 p, 
12 X 18 X 3, V, 1, 2, 1879-1908, co, clk,'s vlt., 1st fl.; t, 3, 4, 
1909—, CO, clk.'s off,, 2nd fl, 

132, JUDGI'iENT DOCIffiT, 1872-78. 1 t, 1879— in Judgment and Execution 
Docket, entry 151, 

Docket of judgments entered in county court, shovdng number of case, 
names of attorneys, plaintiff, and defendant, type of action, date and 
amoimt of judgment, and against v/hora entered, costs, and satisfaction, 
Arr. alph. by name of party against whom judgr.ient is entered. Indexed 
alph. by name of plaintiff, ildw. under pr, hdgs, 300 p, 18 x 12 x 3, 
Co. clk.'s Tit., 1st fl. 



133. EXECUTION DOCtllT, 1860-78, 2 t, (l, 1 not numbered), 1879— 
in Judgment and Execution Docket, entry 131, 
Docket of executions in county court, showing case number, names of plain- 
tiff and defendant, dates of issue and return, amount of judginent, damages, 
and coots, satisfaction, and sheriff's remarks, Arr. alph. by name of 
party against whom judgment is entered, 1860-71, no index; 1872-78, 
indexed alph, by name of defendant. Hdw, under pr. hdgs, 300 p, 18 x 12 
X 3, Co. clk.'s Tit., 1st fl. 



- 140 - 

County CoTirt - Fee Books; (134-138) 

Hepoi'ts to Court; Bonds 



134. BjiJl IWCKET, 1873-89. 3 v. 

Bar docket of couiity court cases}, showing- nanes of plaintiff, defendant, 
pnd attol•:^Gy, action of the court, fuid case numoer. Arr. by case no. 
IIo inde::, I-Idv. tuader pr. hdgs. 175 -o, 9 - 13 z 1. Co. clk.'s vlt., Int 
fl. 

For Gu'oseqv^at doclcet entries, sec entry 129. 

Justices' JDod'ets 

135. rJS(riC2 SOCKS?, 1685—. 4 v. Uissins: 1910-28. 

Docket of justices of the peace, showing date, n£?j.:os of plaintiff, de- 
fendant, end justice, nature of case, amount of costs, and disposition 
of case. Ai-V. "cy date of case. ITo inde;:, Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 200 p. 
12 X 8 X 2. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



Fee Booics 
(See also entry 124) 

136. FSZ BOOK - LAW AID CRIKirAL, 1872— . 9 v. (A-I). 
Record of fees received in coniaon lav and criminal cases, showing names 
of plaintiff and defendant, date aiid term of court, court costs, total 
amount of fees, .^nd date of report. Arr. by date of receipt. Indexed 
alph. hy nsine of defendant, Hdw, under pr. hdgs. 500 p. 18 x 12 x 2|. 
Co. clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl. 



Reports to Court 

137. JUDGE'S iJOCKST OF FIFD3 AlTD F0RF2I7UHES, 1872-1917. 2 v. Kiss- 
ing: 187-:^- 79. 
Reports, of fines collected hy county clerk, police magistrate, justice of 
th'.^ pccce, state' s attorney, end circ-jit clerk, showing date, anount, and 
name of payer, Arr, by date of report. Indexed alph, by name of officer 
reporting. Hdw, under nr, hdgs, 250 t), 12 x 18 x 2. Co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl. 



Bonds 

Officica (See also 

entries 3, 77-80, 82Cxiii], 168) 

138. DOCIST OF OFFICIAL BONDS, 1386--, 4 v. (l-4). 
Record of exaiaination of officials' bonds, shov/ing name of person bonded, 
date, ter.n, aid amount of bond, name of surety, and signature of county 
clerk. This dodret duplicates the one in entry 78. Arr. by date of bond. 
Indexed alph. by name of official. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 500 p. 
18 X 12 X 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 141 - 
County Court - Probation (159-144) 

Court (See also 

entries 82 [iv, xxxiii], 117, 119) 

139, RECOGHIZANCS IN OPEN COURT, 1930—, 1 v, (l), 1872-83 in 

County Court Record - Criminal, entry 120j 1884-1929 in County 
Court Record (Law and Criminal), entry 118, 
Copies of recognizance bonds, showing names of defendant and sureties, 
date and amount of bond, and date and place of appearance, Arr, by date 
of bond, IJo index. Ildw, on pr, fm, 200 p, IC x 12 x 2, Co, clk,'s 
off,, 2nd fl. 



Probation 
Juvenile (See also entry 151) 

140, (DEPSWDMT AI\iD DELINQfJMT CASE PAPERS), 1872 — , 1872-1908 in 
Common Law, entry 117; 1909 — in (Miscellaneous Papers), entry 
82, 

Original papers filed in dependent and delinquent cases, including peti- 
tions, complaints, affidavits, investigation reports, verdicts, and 
orders of the court, Hdv;, on pr, fm, and typed, 

141, Jm''ENT.LE DOCKET (Mothers' Pension and Dependent and Delinquent 
Record), 1913—, 3 v, (l-3). 

Record of mothers' pension and dependency and delinquency cases, shovdng 
case number, names of mother, dependent or delinquent child, and judge, 
ntimbor and ages of mothors' children, and proceedings and disposition of 
case, Arr, by case no. No index, Hdw, 158 p. 18 x 12 x l|-, Co. clk,'s 
off,, 2nd fl. 

Mothers' Pensions (See also 
entries 2, 19, 141 ) 

142, (MOTHERS' AID ADMINISTRATION), 1934—, 1 f,b. 

File of mothers' pension papers, including monthly reports to the proba- 
tion officer, probation officer's monthly report to the state, applica- 
tions for pension, and reports of investigations, Arr, alph, by name of 
applicant. No index, Hdw, on pr. fm, 12 x 12 x 24, Co. ct. m., 2nd fl© 

143, (MOTHERS' PENSION APPLICATIONS), 1913—, In (Miscellaneous 
Papers), entry 82, 

Original applications for mothers' pensions, showing date and nuiaber of 
application, name and address of applicant, personal, occupational, and 
financial particulars, endorsements, and petitions to county court. 
Typed on pr, fm, 

144, RECORD OF MOTHERS' PENSION, 1913—, 1 v, (l). 

Mothers' pension record shovdng naraos of petitioner and mother, names and 
ages of dependent children, and date, amoimt, and number of warrant. Arr, 
by date of warrant. Indexed alph, by name of mother, Hdvi?, on pr, fm, 
250 p, 18 X 12 X 2, Co, clk.'s vjork nn., 2nd fl. 



- 142- 
County Court - Inheritanco (145-149) 

Tax» Naturalization 



Inheritance Tax 
(Soe also entries 151 and 280) 

145. INHERITANCE TAX, 1920—, 10 f.b. (205, 338, 381, 382, 386. 407, 
497, 511, U38, 5SG). 1914-19 in (Miscellaneous Papers), entry 82, 

Inheritance tax returns, orders assessing tax, certificates of county 
clerk transmitting order of jiidge, and nailing notice; order for nailing 
aporaisement notice, acknov/ledgment of copy of inheritance return, and 
copy of order to county o^dge, Arr. by date of tax return. For index, 
see entry 150, Nature of recording varies, 10 x 4-^ x 14, Co, clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl, 

ITfituralization 
(See also entries 82[xxvl, 128, 197, 225) 

146. NATURALIZATION RECORD - INTENTION, 1860-1905, 1 v. 

Copies of declarations of intention, showinf, names of alien, county clerk, 
and former country of allegiance, and date of declaration. Also contains 
Pinal Record of Naturalization - Adult, 18G0-B3, entry 147, and Natural- 
zation Record - Soldiers and Minors, 1860-63, entry 149. Arr. by date 
of declaration. Indoxod alph. by name of alien, Hdw. on pr, fra. 582 p, 
18 X 12 x 5. Co. cll-.'n vlt,, Ist fl. 

147. FINAL RECORD OF NATURALIZATION - AJDULT, 1884-1906, 2 v, (1, 3), 
1860-83 in Naturalization Record - Intention, entry 146. 

Copies of petitions and final naturalization papers, showing names of 
alien and vri. tnesses, country of foraor allegiance, oath and petition, 
and dates of petition and final certificate, Arr. by date of final cer- 
tificate. Indexed alph. by n^sne of alien. Kdw, on pr. fra. 300 p, 
18 X 12 X 2, Co, clk,'s vlt., 1st fl. 

148. FIN.'O. RECORD OF NATURALIZATION - MINOR, 1888-1906, 2 v. (1 not 
numbered, 4), 1864-87 in Naturalization Record - Soldiers and 
Minors, entry 149, 

Copies of petitions and final naturalization papers of minors, showing 
names of alien and witnesses, country of former allegiance, oath and peti- 
tion, and dates of petition and final certificate, Arr. by date of final 
certificate, Indoxod alph. by naino of alien. Hdw. on pr. fm. 400 p. 
18 X 12 X 2|-, Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

149. NATURALIZATION RECORD - SOLDIERS AOT MNORS, 1864-88, 1 v. 
1860-63 jn Naturalization Record - Intention, entry 146, 

Copies of petitions, final oaths, and certificates of soldiers, showing 
names of alien, witnesses, country of former allegiance, judge, sheriff, 
state's attorney, and county clerk, and dates. Also contains Final 
Record of Naturalization - Hinor, 1864-87, entry 148. Arr. by date of 
petition. Indexed alph. by name of alien, Hdw, on pr. fm, 518 p, 
18 X 12 X 3. Co, elk, »s vlt,, 1st fl. 



(Next entry 150, p. 146) 



Y. PHOBATE COURT 

Jurisdiction in probate matters in Piatt County was vested in a 
separate probate court fror.". tie organization of the county, in 1841, 
until 1849, Froia 1841 to 1G49, probate court in Piatt County was held 
by a probate justice o2 the peace who was elected by the county electorate 
for a four-year tem. The temi vjas reduced in 1847 to two years, ^ The 
jurisdiction of the probate court was transferred to the newly created 
county court in 1849, ^ The Piatt countj^ court has retained probate 
jurisdiction from that date to the present,^ 

As enunciated by the present constitution and subsequent legisla- 
tion, the jurisdiction of tl:e court extends to all probate matters, the 
settlement of estates of deceased persons, the appointment of guardians 
and conservators and settlement of their accounts, all matters relating 
to apprentices, and cases of sales of real estate of deceased persons for 
pajrment of debts, ^ The court has power to impanel a jury for the trial 
of issues or matters of fact in any of these proceedings before it,G 

Appeals may be taken from the final orders, judgments, decrees of 
the probate court to the circuit court of the county except in proceed- 
ings in applications of executors, administrators, guardians, and conserva- 
tors for the sale of rea.1 estate. The appellant must give bond and 
secujrity in such amount and upon such condition "-s the court shall re- 
quire • 

Aiding the court in its jurisdiction over the administration of 
intestate estates and the guardianship of minors, are the public 
administrator and the public guardian, Each officer is appointed 
quadrettiially by the Governor with the advice and consent of the 
senate. The public administrr.tor and public guardian are required 
to enter into bonds set r.nd approved by the court in suins not less than 
$5,000,*^ Their duties arc porforip.ed under the direction and orders of 
the court. The records that result from their prescribed duties appear 



1, L,1836-57, p. 176, From 1821 to 1837, probate court was held by a 
prob'atc judge (L,1821, p. 119, 120). 

2, L,1S45 , D, 28. 

3, Constitution of 1648, Art. V, sec, 16, I85 L,1C49, p. 65. 

4, R.S.1874, p. 539, 340; ^193^, p. 449, 458. 

5, Constitution of 1870, Ar€7vi, sec. 20; L,1877, p, 80, 

6, R.S.18 45, p, 425; L,1 933, p, 450, 

7, L,1825 , p, 70-72; R,L,"lS29, p, 208; R.L.I 8 35, p. 627, 628; R.,S_._1845, 
p, 548; L, 1 871-72 , p, 89; L.1681, p. 3- L.1S89, p, 165, 



- 143 - 



- 144 - 
pr-obate Court 



air.cng the records of the ccurt with those of other administrators, 
executors, and guardians, 

IThen there is no relative or creditor ivho will adninistor an in- 
testate estate, the court ccnmits the adninistration to the public 
adninistrator upon application of any person interested in the estate.^ 
If a wido'v, next of kin, or creditor cf the deceased appears vd.thin six 
months after the adninistration is granted to the public administrator, 
the court then revokes its grant cf administration to the public adminis- 
trator and orders letters of administration granted to such person 
interested in the estate. If, after all debt and charges against the 
estate which have been presented within twr y'-3ars after the adr.inistration 
of the estate vnxs cocrdttod to such public administrator are fully paid, and 
any balance of intestate estate ror.ains, the ar.r.inistrator causes a notice 
to be published requiring persons still having claims against the estate 
to present then to the county court vdthin six months. If no claims are 
presented, the balance is paid into the county treasury upon the expira- 
tior. of the six-rionbh period, the county remaining answerable to any 
future claims,^ 

As already noted, the court has authority to appoint guardians of 
minor heirs of deceased persons. In cases v/here the minor is under four- 
teen years of age the court appoints his guardian. Wien the minor is over 
fourteen he may nominare his own guardian, subject to the approval cf the 
court, ^ Under the direction of the ccurt, the guardian is responsible fcr 
the custody, nurture, and tuition of his v/ard and the care and management 
of his estate. The ccurt may asi'ign the guardianship of the estate to one 
guardian and the custody- and tuition of the ward to another. 4 Yvithin sixty 
dF.ys after his appointment, the guardian returns to the court a complete 
inventory of the real and personal estate of the ward in the form prescribed 
by lav/, 5 At the end of the first year of his appointment, and every three 
years thereafter, he rakes a settlem.ent of his accounts, V»hen his trust is 
completed or upon the death cf tlae ward, the guardian m.akes final settle- 
m.ent and delivers over to persons entitled to them the property and papers 
in his hands as guardian. ^ Upon failure of a guardian appointed by the 
court to act within three months in this capacity, the court commits the 
guardianship of the miner to the public guardian. 7 Ty^e latter 's records 
appear vdtli those of other guardians. 



1. R.L.1855 , p. 628; R.S.1P45 , p. 548; L. 1871-72 , p, 89. 

2. Ic.S.1545 , p, 549j L,ie71-72 , p, 89,90, 

5. L.lS.Sl , p, 100; L.1655 , p. 36; R.S.1845 , p. 265,266; L.187?-74 , p. 107j 
L.1-J19 , p. 583; L.lDol , p, 618; L.19.-7 , p. 660, 

4. I. 1371-72 , p, 469; L.1377 , p. 114, 

5. L.1919 , p. 582; L.1955 , p. 644. 

6. L. 1871-72 , p. 471; L.1919 , p. 583: L.1929 , p. 506, 

7. L,1369, p, 165, 



- 145 - 
Probate Court 



'Hhe probate justice of the peace, 1841 to 1849, performed the minister- 
ial function of the probate clerk, ^ From the establishment of the county 
court in 1849, until the present, the county clerk has served as ex-officio 
probate clerk, 2- 

The clerk is required to attend the sessions of court, issue all 
process, preserve all files and papers, make, keep, and preserve complete 
records of all the proceedings and determinations of the court, and per- 
form all other duties pertaining to his office as required by law or the 
rules and orders of his court. He is required to enter of record all 
judgments, decrees, and orders of the court. ^ 

Tlie major records of the probate coiirt kept by the clerk are the 
following: 

1, Journal of all judicial proceedings and determinations 
of the judge. 

2. A judgment docket vdth a direct and an indirect index: 
former, by name of claimant against estate; latter, by 
estate. In practice, the requirement of ti,YO indexes 
often leads to two dockets. 

5, Books for recordation of bonds and letters of adminis- 
trators, executors, guardians, and conservators; appraise- 
ment and sale bills; widows' relinquishment and selection 
of property'-; vri.lls and the probate thereof; annual and 
final reports of administrators, executors, guardians, and 
conservators. Generally, each category of these probate 
business matters is recorded separately, but the segrega- 
tion is not always carefully maintained, 

4. Separate dockets of unsettled estates and claims against 
estates, and a ledger of the accounts of executors, 
administrators, and guardians. Note that tlie dockets of 
probate business matters are separated from dockets of 
court proceedings just as are the books of recordation of 
the two categories; the intention of the law to make this 
distinction is further shown in its grantirig the clerk, 
during vacation of the court, power to receive petitions, 
accept bonds, grant letters testamentary, etc. 



1. L»1837, p. 177,178, The early probate judge was required to act as 
his ovm clerk (L,1821 , p, 119,120). 

2. Constitution of 1848, .'rt, V, sec, IS, 18; L,1849 , p. 63-65; R.S.1S74 , 
p. 339,340, 

3. L.1677, p, 82, 



- 145 - 
Probate Court - Proceedings (150-153) 

of Court 



5. Files of original documents not subject to recordation; 
indexes to such; records of offiC'^ transactions in pursu- 
ance of the court's orders to the clerk, necessary in the 
latter 's settlement with that body.l 

Proceedings of Court 
General Proceedings 

150. INDSX TO ESTATES, 1853--. 1 v. (l). 

Index to Inheritance Tax, entry 145; Administrators' Socords (Files), entry 
157; Executors' Record (Files), entry 160; and Conservators' Files, entry 165, 
shov/ing names of estate and administrative official, and file box number. 
Arr. alph. by name of' estate. Hdw. under vr. hdgs. Paper poor. 300 p. 
13 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

151. PROBATE RECORD, 18'4S— . 42 v. (A, C-N, P-Z, 1-18). 

Record of probate court proceedings, inclviding petitions for reports of 
probate officers, bonds and decrees, letters, appointments, wills, and ci- 
tations of executors, shor/ing names of esta.te, executor, administrator, 
guardian, and conservator, date and amount of claim, names of claimants, 
court orders, and inheritance tax records; includes dependency records, 
18P9-1912, and delinquency, 1905-12. Also contains Probate Court Journal, 
1843-89, 1895--, entry 152, and Probate Judge's Claims, 1843-74, 1929—, 
entry 153. Arr. by date of proceedings. Indexed alph. by name of estate. 
1343-1907, hd-.v.; 1908—, typed. 550 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st 
fl. 

152. PROBATE COURT JOURI^'Al, 1890-94. 1 v. 1843-89, 1895— in Probate 
Record, entry 151. 

Record of ordeis by judge to pay claims against estates, sho-wing names of 
estate, claimant, and judge, term date, aiaount and date of claim, and date 
of order. Arr. by date of order. Indexed alph. by name of claimant. Hd'.7. 
600 p. 18 X 12 X 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

153. PROBATE JUDGE'S CLAIMS, 1875-1928. 6 v. (C-H). 1843-74, 1929— 
in Probate Record, entry 151. 

Register of claims against estates, showing navies of claimant and estate, 
date of filing, amount of claim, and satisfaction. Arr. by date of claim. 
IJo index. Hd-v. under pr. hdgs. 500 n. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl. 



1, L.1821 , p. 119,120; R.L.1829 . p. 215,231; L.1837 . p. 429; R.S.1845 . 
p. 427,428; L.1851 . n. 193; 1.1859 , p. 92-94; R.S.1974 , p. 260-65; 
L.1877 , p. 63; L.1933. p. 293. 



- 147 - 
Probate Court - Proceedings (154-159) 

of Court 



154. CLAIM JITC-1!ENT RECORD, 1881—, 7 v. (O-Q, K-H) . 

Record of claims allowed on judgments, shov/ing term date, names of judge, 
sheriff, clerk, estato, and administrator, name of paper in which adjust- 
ment notice printed, tj-pe and amount of claim, and decrees of court, Arr. 
by date of claim, Indoyod alph. by namo of estate, Hdv/, 300 p. 
I's X 12 X 3. Co, clk.'s vlt., 1st' fl. 

155. AFFTDr/TT OF POSTING NOTICES, 1866-78, 1 v, 1859-65, 1879— in 
Estate Ledger, entry 182, 

Record of affidavits that notices were posted in regard to the settlement 
of estates, shc'dnj nar.ies of estate and administrator, and date of term 
of court. Arr. by date of affidavit. Indexed alph. by name of ostate, 
Hdw. on pr. fm. 400 p, IK x 12 x 2, Co, clk,'s vlt,, 1st fl. 

Wills, Bonds, Letters 
"(See also entries" 78", 151) 

156. mLL RECORD, 1849—, 6 v, (A-F). 

Copies of vrills filed for probate, shovn.ng name of deceased, date of vdll, 
date set for probate, clauses of mil, names of -.Titnesses, and dates of 
proof of death and filing. 7, A, 1849-77, also contains bonds and oaths 
of administrators, executors, and guardians, and petitions for incorpora- 
tion of villages, Arr, by date of filirig. Indexed alph. by name of de- 
ceased, 1849-1911, hdw. on pr, fm, j 1912—, typed on pr, fn, 500 p, 
18 X 12 X 3, V, A-E, 1849-1927, co, clk.'s vlt., 1st fl,; v. F, 1928—, 
CO, clk.'s work rm. , 2nd fl, 

157. ADMMSTRATORS' RECORDS (Files), 1841—, 110 f,b, (18-564 not 
consecutive). 

Files of administrators' estate papers, including petitions, oaths, bonds, 
and letters of administration, proofs of will and of heirship, accounts 
current and final, reports on condition of estate, inventories, appraise- 
ments, sale bills, Y/idows' selections, and claims against estates, Arr. 
by date of paper. For index, see entry 150, Hdw,, tjrped, and hdw. and 
typed on pr. fm. 10 x 14 x 4-^. Co. clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl, 

158. AD!;n:>JISTRATOHS' RECORD, 1859—, 8 v, (A-H), 

Copies of administrators petitions, oaths, bonds, and letters, showing 
nemos of petitioner, deceased, judge, clerk, and sureties, date of petition, 
amount and date of bond, and date of issuance of letters, Arr, by date of 
instrvraent. Indexed alph. by name of estate. Hdw. on pr, fm. 300 p, 
18 X 12 X 3, Co, clk,'s vlt,, 1st fl, 

159. '.DI'irHSTPJiTORS' BO'ID, IVITH YTTLL AOTIEXED, 1927—. 1 v. (1). 
1872-192G in Iliscellaneous Bond Record, entry 169. 

Copios of petitions, oaths, bonds, and letters of administration v/ith v.dll 
annexed, showing names of estate, administrator, and sureties , date and 
amount of bonds, and dates of petitions and letters, Arr. by date of in- 
strument. Indexed alph. by name of ostate, Hdw, on pr. fm, 100 p, 
18 X 12 X 3. Co. clk.'s off,, 2nd fl. 



- 148 - 
Frc'bate Court ~ Prrceedinga (16C-165) 

cf Ccurt 



160. EOIGUTORS' RECCRT (files). 1841—. 71 f.b. (9-13, 37.94-98, 

lCl-104, 121-132, 205-216, 225-227, 391-397, 425, 431, 433, 435, 
444_440, 452, 454, 460, 499, 5C2, 506-509, 512, 541, 546, 562, 
5G5) . 
Original docunents file! in settle.T.ent of estates ty executors, including 
petitions, oaths, tends, letters of execvitcrship, proofs cf will and of 
heirship, accounts c\irrent and final, reports en ccnditicn cf estjte, final 
reports, inventories, appraisements, sale bills, widows' selections, and 
clairaG on estates. Arr. by date of dccii-nent. Tor index, see entry 150, 
Hdv. , t^ioel, and hdw. and typed on pr. fm. 10 x 'l4 x 14. Co. die's vlt., 
1st fl. 

151. SXZCUTCHS* RZCORD, 1375--. 5 v. (ir-E). 
Copies 01 executors' petitions, oaths, bonds, and letters, showing; term 
date, na-ies of judge, cler::, sureties, appraiser, petitioner, and de- 
ceased, aoyointxent and repcrt of appraiser, amount and condition of bend, 
and nctiu'ial aci:nowledg!nent. Arr. by date of instr^jiment. Indexed alph. 
by naJEG of estate. Hdw. on pr. fm. 3C0 p. 10 x 18 x 3. V. A-B, 1875- 
1923, CO. cllc.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. S, 1924—, co. elk. ' s off.. 2nd fl. 

1C2. GJARDIAITS' PAPERS, 1^41—. 55 f.b. (1-8, 19, 105-120. 217-224, 
553, 560). 
Files of jaardians' estate papers, incl ;.ding petitions, oaths, bonds, letters 
cf g-aardiannhip, proofs cf will and of heirship, accoimts current, reports 
en condition of estate, final reports, inventories, appraisements, sale bills, 
widows' selections, and claims against estate. Also contains Ccnsorvators' 
Files, 1341-32, entry 165. Arr. by date of document. For index, see entry 
163. Kdv.', , typed, and hdw. and ty^ed on pr. fm. 10 x 4.^ x 14. Co. cli.'s 
vlt., Int fl. 

163. SUARDIAIIS- IITBEX, 1857—. 1 v. (l). 

Index to Guai'dians' Papers, entry 162, showin<: names cf ward and pi-iardian 
and fill; box number. Arr. alph. by njime of ward. Hdw. under nr. hdgs. 
300 p. in X 12 X 2. Co. die's vlt., 1st fl. 

164. G-UARLIAIIS' RECORD, 1859—. 5 v. (Ar-E). 

Copies of giaai'dians' petitions, oaths, bonds, and letters, shewing names of 
minor, /juardian, and sureties, dates rf bonds and letters, amount and terms of 
bond, aiid notarial acrznowledgment . Arr. by date of document. Indexed alph. 
by name of g'.iardian. Hdw, on pr. fm. 300 p. 16 x 12 x 7. V. A-r, 1859-1925, 
CO. cr:.»n vlt., 1st fl.; v. E, 192-—, co. die's off., 2nd fl. 

165. COilSLRVATORS" FILES, 1853—. 16 f.b. (83, 84, 186, 194, 205, 343, 
379, 380, 385, 408, 426, 498, 514, 536, 537, r.5l). 1841-52 in 
Guardians' Papers, entry 162. 

Files of conservators' papers, including petitions, oaths, bonds, letters 
of conservatorship, proof of heirship, accounts cu.-rent, final accounts, 
reports on condition of estate, final reports, inventories, appraisements, 
sale bills, and claims a,2;ainst estate. Arr. by date cf dccvunent; For index, 
see entry 150, Hdw., typed, and hdw. and typed on pr. fm. 10 x 4^ x 14. 
Go. cl'-..J3 vlt., let fl. 



- 149 - 
Probate Court - Proceedings (166-170) 

of Court 



166, CONSERVATORS' RECORDS, 1887—. 2 v, (2, 3). 1872-86 in Insane 
and Conservators' Record, entry 167, 

Copies of conservators' petitions for appointment, oaths, bonds, and 
letters, showing date, nanes of petitioner and alleged insane person, and 
sureties, Arr, by date of doci:ment. Indexed alph. by name of alleged 
insane person, Hdw. on pr, fm, 150 p, 18 x 12 x li, Co. elk, 's vlt,, 
1st fl, 

167, IKSAi'TE AND CO;\tSERVATORS' RECOPJ), 1872-86. 1 v. 

Record of statement of insanitj'- as proven by examination, and commitment 
to institution, showing names of examiner and alleged insane person, date 
of examination, history of case, petition and appointment of conservator, 
order of court, r.nd name of judge. Subsequently kept as Insanity Record, 
entry 123, and Conservators' Records, entry 166. Arr. by date of case. 
Indexed alph. by name of alleged insane person, Hdw, on pr. fm, 410 p. 
18 X 12 X 2-|-. Co, elk. 's vlt,, 1st fl, 

168, BONDS, 1870—, 8 f,b. (50, 53, 59, 69, 76, 160, 255, 486). 
Bonds of administrators, conservators, guardians, executors, county offi- 
cers, collectors, supervisors, and appeal bonds, Arr, by date of bond. 
For index, see ontry 1. Hdw, on pr. fr.\, 10 x 4^ x 14. Co. elk, 's vlt,, 
1st fl. 

169, inSCELLAlffiOUS EOJID RECORD, 1872—. 4 v. (A, A, 1, 2). Title 
varies: Probate Bonds and Letters Miscellaneous. 

Record of miscellaneous bonds, letters, and oaths, including bonds and 
letters de bonis non, bonds to collect, and guardians' additional bonds, 
showing names of estate, sureties, and principal, and date, terms, and 
amount of bond. Also contains Administrators' Bond, with Will Annexed, 
1872-1926, entry 159, and Bond Record - Sale of Real Estate, 1872-1904, 
ontry 180. ;\rr. by date of bond or letter. Indexed alph. by name of 
principal, 1872-84, hdv/, on pr. fm, j 1885 — , hdw. and typed on pr, fm. 
300 p, 18 X 12 X 2. V, A, A, 1, 1872-1930, co, clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl,; 
V, 2, 1931—, CO, clk.'s work rm, , 2nd fl, 

170, MISCELLA^tsoUS RECORD, 1900—. 3 v, (1-3). 

Record of bonds and oaths of administrators, executors, guardians, and 
conservators, widows' relinquishments, decrees to sell real estate, 
adoptions, state's attorneys' reports, and reports of sale by guardians, 
executors, administrators, and conservators. Also contains Sale of 
Real Estate, Petition and Report, 1900-1902, entry 178, and Guardians' 
Sale Record, 1921 — , entry 181. Arr. by date of document. Indexed 
alph, by names of subject and person, Hdw, 400 p, 18 x 12 x 3, Co, 
clk,»s vlt,, l3t fl. 



- 150 - 
Probate Court - Proceedings (171-174) 

of Coiirt 



Inventories siid ^praiscmonts (See also 
entr ics 157, 160, 1S2, 165) 

171. Ilf73!TT0RY RECORD, 1869—. 10 T. (B-K). 1860-63 in Inventory, 
Apprrlsono-t, and SpIo Record, entry 173. 

Record of inventories of administrators a:id executors, showing names of 
estate aiid administrator, itemized list of rerJ and personal property, 
and notes aiid acco-jnts receivable. Also contains Gurjdirjis' Inventory 
Record, 1869-71, entry 174, and Conservators' Inventory, 1869-9S, entry 
175. Arr. oy date of inventory. Indexed alph, by najno of estate. 1869- 
1913, hdv;. on -pr. fm.; 1914— , typec'. on pr. "fm. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 3. 
V. B-I, CO. cllc.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. J,K, co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

172. ^■ffPRiUSH-ISIT R3G0RD, 1870—. 8 v. (B-l). 1860-69 in Inventory, 
Arpraisoment, and Sale Record, entry 173. 

Record of ax)pr,'>j.sement of estates in probate, showing nt-jnes of estate, 
appraiser, vadov/, minor heirs, and judge, co-art order appointing appraiser, 
dates of oath and acknov/ledgaent, appraisement bill with itemized state- 
ment and value of real and personal property, total value, and rjnount of 
allowance to vddov/ and minor children. Arr. by date of appraisal. In- 
dexed rl-oh, by name of estate. Hdv/. on pr. fm. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 3. 
V. B-H, 1870-1929, co. clk.'s vlt,, Ist fl.; v. I, 1930—, co. clk.'s 
off., 2rA il. 

173. ir/ZHTTORY, APPRAISE-iZITT, AI^D SALE RSCCRI), 1860-69. 1 v. 
Record of inventories, appraisements, and sales of estates in probate, 
showin.^- names of estate, administrator, executor, conservator, and 
guardiaai; lists of chattel properties and real estate and value; notes 
and accounts vith name of debtor, date, interest, and amount due; dates 
of apprrlsrl and sale, waxrrjit to and oath of appraiser; estimated value 
of property, amount of sale, and notr'Xial acknowledgment. Inventory 
Record, entry 171; Appraisement Record, entry 172; Guardians' Inventory 
Record, entry 174; Conservators' Inventory, entry 175; and Sale Record 
of Personal Property, entry 179, subseqiacntly kept separately. Arr. by 
date of appraisal, inventory, or sale. Indexed alph. by name of estate. 
Hdw. on pr. fm. 350 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

174. ffUARDIAI'S' IIWZ^'TCRY RECORD, 1873~. 2 V. (A, B) . 1860-68 in 
Inventory, j^praisement, and Sale Record, entry 173; 1869-71 
in Inventory Record, entry 171, 

Record of guardians' inventories of estates, shewing narnes of estate and 
administrator, itemized list of real and personal property, notes and 
accounts receivable, liabilities, f.nd oaths as to correctness of report, 
Arr, by C.o.te of inventory. Indexed rlph, by name of ward. 1872-1916, 
hdw, on pr, fr.,; 1917 — , typed on or. fm, 200 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl. 



- 151 - 
Probate Court - Pro- (175-179) 

ceedin^s of Court 

175, conservators' im'E?ITORY, 1899--. 1 v. (A). 1860-68 in Inventory, 
Appraiseraent, and Sale Record, entry 173; 1869-98 in Inventory 
Record, entry 171, 

Conservators' inventories record of estates, showing value of estates of 
insane or incoKipetent person, assets, liabilities, to -whom credits owing, 
and names of conservator and v;ard, Arr, by date of inventory. Indexed 
alph, by name of v;ard, Hdw, and typed, 260 p, 18 x 12 x 3, Co, elk, 's 
off,, 2nd fl. 

Vfidows ' Relinquishment an d 
Selection (See also entries 
157, 160, 162, 170), 

176, WIDOV'rS' RELILKiUISI-aENT iilJD SELECTIOH RECORD, 1656--, 5 v, (A-E), 
Record of widows' rolinquishraents and selections, shotdng names of estate, 
vadovj, minors, and adirdnistrator, amount as appraised, amount of selection 
by v;idow, v;idov;'s acknowlodgp.ent, sind date of filing, Arr, by date of 
filing. Indexed alph, by naj-ao of estate, Hdv;, en pr, fm, 300 p, 18 x 12 
X l|-, V, A-C, 1866-1909', co, clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. D, E, 1910--, co, 
clk.'s work m,, 2nd fl. 

Petitions, Decrees, Reports 
of S ale (See also entries 
TFTfTGO, 162, 165, 170) 

177, PROCEEDINGS Gli PETITIONS TO SELL PiJAL ESTATE, 1862-85. 1 v. 
Record of petitions of a.dininistrators to proba.te court for permission to 
sell real estate to pay debts and claims against estates, showing names 
of administrator and estate, amount of claim and court order, Ai^r, by 
date of petition. Indexed alph, by name of estate, Hdw, 200 p. 18 x 12 
X 2, Co. elk, 's vlt., 1st fl. 

178, SALE OF RE/ii ESTATE, PETITION AKD REPORT, 1903—, 2 v, (l, 2), 
1900-1902 in Miscellaneous Record, entry 170, 

Copies of petitions of administrators, executors, and conservators to sell 
real estate to pay debts, shovidng date or term of court, names of judge 
and petitioner, cjAOunt of liabilities and assets, description and location 
of real estate for salo, and notarial seal, Arr, by date of sale. Index- 
ed alph. by niiiao of estate. 1903-22, hdw, on pr, flp.,; 1923—, typed on pr. 
fm. 300 p. 18 X 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl, 

179, SALE RECORD OF PERSOM^U PROPERTY, 1869—, 6 v. (B-F, 1869—; 

P, 1921—). 18G0-68 in Inventory, Appraisement, and Sale Record, 

entry 173. 
List of personal property sold by administrators, guardians, or executors 
to assist in settling estates, showing date and amoimt of sale, name of 
purchaser, and description of property. One of the volumes lettered F 
is for private sales, the other for public sales, ^'u-r. by date of sale. 
Indexed alph, by nrjiio of property owner. Hdw. 200 p, 18 x 12 x 3. V, 
B-E, 1869-1920, co, clk.'s vlt,, Ist fl,; v. F, F, 1921—, co. clk.'s 
off., 2nd fl. 



- 152 - 
Probate Court - Proceedings (180-134) 

of Court 

180. BOND PJ:C0RD - SALE 0? REAL SSTAT2. 1905—. 1 v. (A). 1872-1904 
In Hiscellanecus Bond r.ecord, entry 159. 

Copies of administrators' bonds i;i cases of Sr?.le of ror.l estate to pay 
debts, showing names of estate, adii:inistrator, and sureties, and date 
and amount of bond. Arr. by date of bond. Indexed alph. by name of estate. 
Hdv7. on pr. fm. 300 p. 12 x 18 x 2. Co. clk.'s o:^f . , 2ad fl. 

181. GUARLIASS' SALS PJSXRD, 1908-20. 1 v. 1921— in Miscellaneous 
Record, entry 170. 

Copies of petitions of guardians to sell real estate and reports of sales, 
showing names of estate, minors, guardioji, and 'sureties, date and ternis of 
bond, court orders, ap.d dates of sale and report. Arr. by date of rale. 
Indexed alph. by name of v/ai-d. Typed en pr. fm. 250 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Co. 
elk. 's vlt., 1st fl. 

Reports, Current and Final Accounts (See 
also entries 157,150,162,165) 

182. ESTATE LEDGER, 1859—. 10 v. (A, 2-10). Kissing: 1872-1901. 
Probate estate ledger shovjing names of deceased and administrator, date of 
letters, amount of bond, nanes of v^idow, heirs, and sureties, date of in- 
ventory, sale bill, and amo\uit of each sale. Also coiitains Affidavit of 
Posting Notices, 1859-65, 1379 — , entry 155, and Administrators' Accounts, 
Current Probate Accounts, 185S- 71, 1903 — , entry 186. Arr. by date of case. 
Indexed alph. by name of estate. Hdvj. on pr. fn. 300 p. 13 x 12 x 5. 

V. A, 2-4, 1859-1915, co. clk.'s vlt., Ist fl.; v. 5-10, 1916—, co . clk.'s 
off., 2nd fl. 

183. ADIHIIISTHATORS' AlsD SXZ-CUTCRS ' REPORT RECORD, 1374—. 15 v. 

(A-0). 
Report record of administrators and executors, sho'jrin^- names of estate, 
petitioner, and heirs, dates of petition, bond, and letters, dates and 
amounts of receipts and e::penditur>?s, purpose, signat'iJire of agent, and re- 
capitulation. Also contains Gai;,rdiex.s' Reports, 1974-85, entry 184, and 
Conservators' Report Record, 1674-96, entry 185. Arr. by date of report. 
Indexed alph. by nsme of estate. 1874-1918, hdw. on or. fm. ; 1919—, 
typed on pr. fn. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2?,-. V. A-L, 1874-1329, co. clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl.; V. i:-0, 1930—, co , clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

184. GUARDIANS' PJIFORTS, 1886—. 7 v. (1-7). 1874-85 in Administra- 
tors' and Executors' Report Record, entry 183. 

Report record of guardians, shoring nanes of estate and gioardian, dates of 
petition, letters, and report, dates, piirpose, and amoijnts of receipts and 
expenditures, signature of j'j.ardian, and recapitulation. Arr. by date of 
report. Indexed alph. by name of estate. Kdv7. on pr. fm. 300 p. 
18'x 12 X 3. V. 1-5, 1886-1925, co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. 5, 7. 1926—, 
CO. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 



- 153 - 

Probate Court - Dockets (185-190) 

185, CONSERVATORS' REPORT RECORD, 1897—, 2 v, (A, E), 1874-96 in Ad- 
ministrators' and Executors' Report Record, entry 183, 
Conservators' report record of assets and liabilities of estates, showing 
date and amounts of I'oceipts and expenditures, purpose, names of payee and 
payer, ward, and conservator, balance on hand and general condition of 
estate, judge's signature, and date of approval, Arr, by date of report. 
Indexed alph, by naiae of ward, 1897-1913, hd-v, on pr, fm.; 1914—, typed 
on pr. fm. 250 p, 18 x 12 x 3, Co. clk.'s vli,, 1st f 1 . 

186« ADfflNISTPilTOES' ACCOUNTS, CURRENT (Probate Accounts), 1872-1902, 
1 v, 1859-71, 1903— in Estate Ledger, entry 182, 
Account records of estates, showing names of estate and administrator, 
executor, guardian, or conservator, receipts and expenditures, names of 
payee and payer, and dates, Arr. by dato of report. Indexed alph. by 
name of estate, Hdw, on pr, fm, 200 p, 18 x 12 x 2, Co, clk,'s vlt., 
1st fl. 



Dockets 

187, GUARDIANS' ESTATE DOCKET, 1846—, 1 v, (l). 

Estate docket of guardiansj shov/ing nEJmes of guardian, ward, and sureties, 
dates of letters and bond, age of ward, amount of bond, and date and 
amount of inventories, appraisals, and sales. This record was compiled 
from Guardians' Papers, entry 162, in 1908, Arr, by date of case. Indexed 
alph, by name of ward, Ildw, under pr, hdgs, 216 p, 18x12x2, Co, 
clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl, 

188, PROBATE J"JDGE'S ORDER DOCKET, 1858—, 29 v. (2 not lettered, B-N, 
N, O-Z, Z). 

Judge's probi-.te docket showing names of estate, probate officer, claimant, 
attorneys, and jurors, case num.bor, term dato, action, and orders of court. 
Also contains Judge's Docket Law (and Criminal), 1934 — , entry 128, and 
Probate Judgment Docket, 1907 — , entry 191, Arr, by date of court order. 
No index. Hdw. under pr, hdgs, 400 - 600 p, 1 8 x 12 x 3 - l6 x 12 x 5. 
2 V, not lettered, v. 3-Y, 1858-1928, co. elk, «s vlt,, 1st fl.; 2 v, Z, 
1929—, CO. elk, 's off., 2nd fl, 

189, JUDGE'S PROBATE DOCKET, 192 8—, 1 v. 

Judge's docket of open probate cases, showing case number, names of estate, 
attornoys, administrator, executor, guardian, conservator, and bondsmen, 
tern date, action, and orders of court, Arr. by dato of term. For index, 
see entry 190, Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 700 p, 16 x 14 x 5, Co, clk.'s off., 
2nd fl. 

190, INDEX JUDGE'S PROBATE DOCKET, 192 8—, 1 v. 

Index to Judge's Probate Docket, entry 189, showing case number, names of 
estate, administrator, executor, guardian, and conservator, and file box 
number and fee book of entry, Arr, alph, by name of estate. Hdw, under 
pr. hdgs. 100 p, 16 X 13 X 1. Co. clk.'s off,, 2nd fl. 



- 154- - 
Probate Court - Fee Books (191-196) 

191. PKOBATE JIIDGlffiNT DOCKET, 1859-1906, 5 v, (A-E). 1907— in 
Probate Judge's Order Docket, entry 188. 

Docket of judfrnorts of claims a/^ainst ostator., showing names of claimant, 
nature and amount of claim, and date and amount of judf^ment. Arr. by 

date of judgment. For index, soo entry 192, Hdw, under pr. hdgs. 300 p. 
18 X 12 X 2j, Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

192. PROBATE JUDGMEKT DOCKET IlIDEX - DIRECT AND IMIRECT, 1859-1906, 
2 V. (A, B). 

Index to Probate Judgment Docket, entry 191, showing names of claimant 
and estate, and book and page of docket entry. Arr. alph, by name of 
claimant, Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 500 p. 18 x 12 x 2-|-. Co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl. 



Fee Books 
(See also entry 73) 

193. GUAF.DIAITS ' , CONSERVATORS', AND IIISCELLAI^IEOUS FEE BOOK, 1849—, 
10 V. (2 not labeled, 1849-65; A-E, 1-3, 1358—), Title 
varies: Probate Fee Book, v. A-D, 1358-1911, 

Register of guardians', conservators', insanity, and miscellaneous probate 
court fees, and fees of sheriff's and state's attorneys, 1849-65, showing 
names of estate, judge, guardian, and conservator, term date, type and amount 
of fees, and court costs. Also contains Adndnistrators • and Executors' Fee 
Book, 1849-81, entry 196, Arr. by date of payment. 1849-57, no index; 
1856 — , indexed alph, by name of estato, 1849-57, hdw.; 1858—, hdw. under 
pr. hdgs. 300 - 350 p. 15 x 10 x 2 - 18 x 12 x 2. 2 v. not labeled, v. A-E, 
1849-1910, CO, clk.'s vlt,, 1st fl.; v. 1-3, 1911—, co. clk.'s off., 2nd 
fl. 

194. GUARDIATiS' FEE BOOK, 1866-75. 1 v. 

Register of guardians' fees, shov/inc names of v^ird, guardian, judge, and 
clerk, term date, type and amount of fees, and date of payment, Arr. by 
date of payment. No index. Hdw, under pr. hd^rs. 300 p. 16 x 12 x 2, Co, 
clk.'s vlt,, lot fl. 

For other guardians' foes, see entry IDS. 

195. FEE BOOK IlJSAIffi AlID CONSERVATOR, 1387-1909. 1 v. (l). 

Register of insanity and conservators' fees, showing names of insane person, 
conservator, attorney, judge, and clerk, term date, amount and type of fee, 
and date of payment, Arr, by date of payment. Indexed alph. by name of 
insane person. Hdw. under pr, hdgs, 300 p, 13 x 12 x 2. Co. clk.'s off,, 
2nd fl. 

For other insanity and oonscri'ators' fc^s, see entry 193, 

196. ADKIIJISTRATORS ' AND EXECUTORS' FEE BOOK, 1882 — . 7 v, (B-H), 
1849-81 in Guardians', Conservators', and 1-iscellaneous Fee 
Book, entry 193. 

Register of administrators' and executors' fees, showing names of estate, 
judge, clork, adTniidctrator, and executor, term date, type and amount of 
fees, and court costs. Arr. by date of pajnnont. Indexed alph, by name of 
estate. Hdw, under pr, hdgs. 350 p, 18 x"^ 12 x 2-^. V, B-E, 1382-1911, 
CO, oik, '6 vlt,, 1st fl,; V, F-II, 1912—, co, clkl's off,, 2nd fl. 



^wex-c enxry lyy, p. iuuj 



VI. CIRCUIT COURT 



The circuit court has original jurisdiction of all causes in law and 
equity and acts as a court of appeals in probate matters and causes cogni- 
sable by the county court and justices of the peace,^ In addition, it is 
one of the courts capy.ble of having naturalization jurisdiction according 
to Federal statutes, ^ 

The circuit court was held in Piatt County by justices of the Supreme 
Court, "5 from 1841 to 1849, when a change was made in accordance vdth the 
second constitution which provided for the election of circuit judges by 
the district electorate,^ The Constitution of 1870 altered the circuit 
districts and established populs'.tion requirements for counties that may 
comprise a circuit,^ From 1849 to the present the circuit judges have been 
elected officers of the judicial district electorate. The sixth circuit 
is made up of six counties, one of which is Piatt, ^ 

Three circuit judges who serve for six-year terms are oloctod for the 
district. Before entering upon the duties of his office, each circuit 
judge is required to subscribe to an oath which ho files r.dth the Secretary 
of State, 7 The salary for those circuit couTt judges elected after the 
first Monday of June, 1933, was set at |7,200, and for those elected after 
the first Monday of June, 1939, the amount was increased to $8,000, The 
salaries are paid from the state treasury," 



1, Constitution of 1870, Art, VI, sec. 12; L, 1871-72 , p, 109; R,S,1874 , 
p. 344; L,1895 , p, 189; L,1933 , p. 688; L,1935 , p. 1, 

2, 2 U.S.S.L. 155; U.S»R.S. 1789-1874 , p, 378-80; 34 U.S.S.L. 596; 

37 U.S.S.L, 737; 44 U.S.S.L. 709, Circuit courts still retain natural- 
ization jurisdiction, but do not exercise it where United States 
District Courts are convenient, 

3, L,1841 , p, 175; R,S,1845 , p, 145, 

4, Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 7, 15, 

5, Constitution of 1870, Art, VI, sec, 13, 
6^ L,1933 , p, 436, 

7, Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, sec. 12; L,1955 , p. 436, 

8, L,1933 , p, 621; L,1937 , p, 189, 605, In 1835 the salary of the 
circuit judge was $750 per ajinum ( L.1835 , p, 167), The Constitution 
of 1870 set the salary at $3,000 until othervnse provided by law 
(Art, VI, sec, 16). A few of the other changes were: from 1919 to 
1925 for judges elected during this period, $G,500; for the period 
1925 to 1933, those elected received $8,000 per year ( 1^1519 , p, 553, 
554; L,1925 , p. 400; L,1931 , p, 148). 



- 155 - 



- 156 - 
Circuit Court 



The hearings on several of the election contests are held before this 
covirt. Jurisdiction is granted to the court to hear and determine contests 
on the election of judg-es of the Suprcrae Court, Judges of the circuit court, 
and ncmbers of the State Board of Equalization; but no judge of the circuit 
court is allovred to sit upon the hearing of any cace in v/hich he is a partj',-'- 
The circuit court also hears and detemines the election contests of some 
of the local and county officers. These include contects of judge of the 
county court, nayors of cities, president of the county board, presidents 
of villages, elections in reference to renoval of county seats and in refer- 
ence to any other subject v/hich may be submitted to the vote of the people 
of the county. The circuit court has concurrent jurisdiction with the 
county court in cases of contested elections under the latter* s jurisdiction.^ 

Included under the jurisdiction of the circuit court are also appeals 
from the Illinois Comnerce Cormission' s rules, regulations, orders, or de- 
cisions. Such appeals ruay bo taken to the circuit court serving Piatt 
County v/hen the subject matter of the hearinij. is situated in this county. 
The appeal nay be heard for the purpose of having the reasonableness or 
law-fulness of the rule, regulation, order, or decision inquired into and 
deteminod,'^ 

To expedite the handling of litigation, «i branch circuit court may 
be held at the same time that the main or regular circuit court for Piatt 
County is in session, A branch court is held by any circuit judge in this 
circuit or by a judge of any other circuit called in for the purpose of 
hearing and deciding motions and settling the issues in any or all causes 
pending in the circuit court, and for the purpose of hearing chancery causes 
and cases at lay -rhich are pending in such court for that term. The pre- 
siding judge of the main circuit court assigns to th- branch court as many 
of the law and chancery cases as the presiding judge of the branch court 
Trill possibly have time to hear,- 

Also, to aid in the speedy administration of justice, the judges, cr a 
majority of them, may by an order entered of record in the office of the 
clerk of the circuit court, dispense with either or both the grand and petit 
juries for any terra or part cf ter:n of the circuit court, and may designate 
what term or portion thereof shall be devoted to criminal business, and what 
tem or portion thereof to civil business, •-' 

Each of the three judges of the circuit court is authorized to appoint 
one official shorthand reporter. This appointee is required to be skilled 



1, L.ie99 , p. 152. 

2, L. 1371-72 , p. 396; L.1895 , p. 170. 
5. L.l£21 , p, 742,743, 

4. L. 1873-74 , p, 82, Co; L.1905 , p, 14G. 

5. L.183C., p. 167,168; L.1933, p. 441,442. 



- 157 - 
Circuit Court 



in verbatim reporting and is not allowed to hold more than one such official 
appointment. The appointment is in v/riting and is required to be filed in 
the office of the auditor of public accounts. The reporter holds office 
lontil his appointment is revoked by the appointing judge or until the termi- 
nation of the judge 's torn. W.en the official reporter is absent or dis- 
abled, the presiding judge may appoint any other competent reporter to act 
during such absence or disability. The substitute is paid for his services 
by the official reporter. The reporter causes full stenographic notes of 
the evidence in all trials before the court to be taken down and transcript 
of the same to be correctly made if desired by either party to the suit, 
their attorneys, or the judge of the court. Each of the reporters receives 
and is paid out of the state treasury an annual salary of $3,240. The 
salaries arc paid out monthly on the warrant of the auditor of public ac- 
counts. ■'• 

The probation officer for adult probationers is an appointee of the 
circuit court. 2 His ser\T.ccs extend throughout the county. Courts exercis- 
ing criminal or quasi-criminal jurisdiction are given power to release on 
probation adult or juvenil': offenders found guilty of committing certain 
specified offenses.'^ In the performance of his proscribed duties, the pro- 
bation officer principally serves the county and circuit courts. He is 
required to give bond as determined by the circuit court in a sum not ex- 
ceeding $5,000 and is subject to the rules of and removal by the appointing 
court. ^ Piatt County has one probation officer under tho law of 1915 pro- 
viding for one such officer for each fifty thousand, or fraction thereof, 
of population.*^ 

The probation officer is compensated at a rate determined by the county 
board. In the performance of his duties, he is required to investigate the 
cases of defendants requesting probation; notif2/ the court of previous con- 
viction or probation; make reports to the respective courts; keep a sot of 
records as described below; take charge of, and watch over, all persons 
placed on probation in his county, and all probationers moving from another 
county into his county. He is also required to notify probation officers 
in other coxinties of any probationers under his supervision who may move in- 
to those counties. 

The reports mado by tho probation officer to tho courts aro kept by 
the clerk in tho rospeotive cases. The courts' probation records include 
orders granting or refusing release on probation, probationers' bonds, the 
reports of probation officers noted above, and discharge of probationers. 



1. L.1955, p. 463,464. 

2. L.1911 , p. 280. 

3. Ibid., p. 277. 

4. Ibid., p. 280,231; L. 1915, p. 380,381. 

5. L.1915 , p. 380. Cc?K~cl census to be basis for determining population. 

6. L.1911, p. 281,232; L.l'..lf;, p. 581,302. 



" 158 - 
Circuit Court 

The probation officer is required to keep complete accurate records 
of investigated persons, the action of the court, and the subsequent his- 
tory of probationers. Those are not public records but are open to in- 
spection by any judge or any probation officer pursuant to a court order .^ 

Unlike the judt~03 of the circuit court viho are elected by the judicial 
district electorate, the clerk of this court is elected by tho county electo- 
rate«2 This official performs the ndnisterial duties of the oir»uit cwvurt 
of Piatt County and files and ^oserros its records as well as those of the 
branch circuit courts.^ II© is corardnsionod by tho GoTornor and before en- 
tering upon the duties of his office, gives bond vath sureties vAiich are 
approved by any two of the jud;;-es of the court. His bond is given in the 
sun of not loss than $5,000 as agreed upon by the judges. The oath to v^liich 
he subscribes is filed v/ith the Secretary of State,^ If a vacancy occurs in 
this office and the unexpired term does not exceed one year, the co«rt is 
required to fill such vacancy by appointp.ent of a clerk pro tempore. The 
appointee is then required to qualify for offico in the sajne manner as the 
regularly elected clerk of the cifouit court. T/hen the appointment is made, 
the court notifies the Governor of the filled vacancy, Tho Governor in turn, 
as soon as practicable, issuos a writ of election for tho circuit court clerk. 

Tho clerk of tho circuit court vrc.s first appointed by the circuit judge 
in Piatt County.G He kept a record of all tho oathe that he administered 
and certified a copy annually to tho Secretary of State,''' The clerk pro- 
sorved a complete record of all proceedings and determinations of tho court 
of Y/hich ho was clcrk,^ At each tern of the circuit court, tho clerk in- 
quired into tho condition and tho treatment of prisoners and was required to 
SCO that all prisoners vreifo h»a.v:a<.-ly tror-tod.^ This authority was in later 
years, and is at present, dolc^atou to tho circuit court, •^'-' One of the early 
requisites of this offico vreis for tho clork of tho circuit court to reside 
near tho county scat in order that he could attend to Iiis duties daily. In 
the event that it vroro not possible for him to bo in daily attendance, the 
presiding judge vm.s to fill such vacancy,^-*- Tho Constitution of 1848 made the 



1, L.l^n, p. 277-84; L,1915, p. 378-84. 

Z» Constitution of 1840, ArlT, V, sec. 7,21,29j Constitution of 1870, Art. X, 

sec, 8. 

.3. Lj|lD05, p. 147. 

4. R.S'. 1B74 , p. 260, 

5, L_.1^673-7_4, p. 95. 

G, ConsTitution of 1818, Art. IV, sec. 6; R.L.1833, p. 152; R,S.1845, p. 146, 

7. L.1319, p. 319, 

8. TJ-.lViB^D* p, 44; R.L. 1853, p. 152; R.S.184 5, p. 147. 

9. ]T7I".1'827, p. 240.''' 

10, R.S. 1874 , p. 616; 1.1923, p. 424. 

11. ir.L.1829, p. 35. 



- 159 - 

Circuit Court 



clerk of the circuit court an elective officer of the county with a four- 
year tenn. This arrangement has continued until the present. ■'■ 

The clerk is able to perform the several duties of his office with the 
aid of his staff v;hich consists of assistants and deputy clerks who are 
appointed by him in a niOT.ber determined by rule of the circuit court. ^ 
This order is entered as of record and the compensation of such assistants 
and deputies is set by the couiity board, ^ 

Among tho records kept by the clerk for the circuit court are the 
following!* 

1. Books of record of the proceedings and judgments of 
the court with alphabetical indexes by parties. Pro- 
ceedings are recorded at length only in cases desig- 
nated by law, or v;hcn the court at the motion and 
assumption of expense by one of the parties, so orders. 
In practice, from an early date the court record has 
been broken do^vn into segregated types of proceedings 
and judgments. 

2. "Plaintiff-Defendant Index to Court Records" and 
"Defendant-Plaintiff Index to Court Records," intended 
to bo separate records, but frequently combined in a 
single volume with the tv/o indexes segregated in each 
volume. 

3. A general docket in which all suits are entered in the 
order they are commenced. 

4. A judgment and execution docket containing a colisnn for 
the entry of satisfaction or other disposition. In prac- 
tice, an execution docket is frequently set up independently. 

5. Additional dockets, designated as the clerk's, judge's, and 
bar docket. In practice, the bar docket has tended to drop 
out of use. 

6. A fee book in which costs and fees are to be entered under 
tho proper title of tho case. In practice, separate series 
of volumes are maintained under such titles of causes. 



1. Constitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 29; Constitution of 1870, Art. X, 
sec. 9, 

2. 1.1851, p. 49; Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 9. 

3. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 9. 

4. The Civil Practice Act of 1933 grants authority to the circuit court, 
subject to rules promulgated by the Supreme Court and not inconsistent 
with statutory requirements, to make such rules as they may deem ex- 
pedient, regulating dockets and calendars of said court ( L.1935 , p. 
786). 



- 160 - (197, 198) 

Circiiit Cov.rt - ProceGdin^s 
of Court 

7. Trriiscripts of |>roccedi .'-s in appeals from justices', 

city, aid. forci/^. courts, dockets thereof, ?nd tr^-iscripts 
of judgments for liens, etc., from the foraer. Sepnrr.te 
woll-bouiid "boohs "jc roouirod to "O'^. kopt for each city 
court. These "ooo-cs arc to cont.ir. rn rlphaboticpl docket 
of pj.1 judgment docrcos rondorod in the city court. They 
pI so provide for ontrj- of d?.t^. ^clc•.ti■^^; to the filing of 
the trpjiscript v.dth the corrcspor.:'.!:- -^ ru-nbcr of the trrji- 
script.l 

3. Ncturr.liKP.tion proceedin.-r. from rjctitions to finrJ. certifi- 
cr.tes; Federal str-tutcs -dlow th^^ circuit co-ai*t to exorcise 
jurisdiction, 

9, Reports to the com-t frora it-.-. dosi_^r.tcd nastcrs in chaiiccry, 
tlie state's attorney, r-nd the coroner's inquost juries. 

10. Jui'y venires, su:anonses, certific?.tcs, etc. 

11. Ori:.,inal documents used in court hoarinfis ?nd dcterninsr- 
tions. Thcs-:; doc-ojncnts ai-c of prTticcJ.':>r importance ho- 
cause in a Irrgo number of c.-^sss the ccrjpletc proceedings 
a;.''e not spread on coui-t record. 

12. liontloly ronorts of the v/'urder. of the cou:ity jail, contain- 
ing a list of all prisoners in his custod;;.", shovrin.- causes 
of commitnont and names of p. rsons by v;ho.-n coircnitted.S 



Proceedings of Court 

197. CH^tTGZRY .AlID COICIOII LAW, 1841—. 297 f.o. (1-297). 
Clifncery rad common lav.' case papers, including replevins, assiirjjsits, ap- 
peals, confessions, hills for conveyance, scprJato r.?intonancc, and di- 
vorce, trrnscripts, foreclosures, notions for n^w trial, ncchrr.ics' liens, 
hills to set aside deed or villa, garnishees, hills to auict title, disso- 
lution of po;.'tnership, hills for injunction, ccr.Tplaints, petitions for 
dower rnd honestead rights, and hills for relief; al-'O contains naturali- 
zation papers for 1903. Arr. hy date of docuiiont. For indcs, see entry 
198. 17a-!:ure of recording varies. 10 :c 4 x K. Cir. d'c^'s vlt., 2-nd fl. 



198. IITDSX TO COURT FILZS, 1841--. 1 v. 
Index to Chrncery and Conuon Law, entry 197, shovdn.i: nrsmes of plaintiff 
end defcndaiit, title of co^sc, and docuncnt and file box numbers, Arr. alph. 
by name oi plaintiff. Hdv. under or. hC.gs, 500 p, 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. cllr.'s 
vlt., 2:ic: fl. 



1. -1.S.1874 , p. 347; L.1901, -o, 135, lc7. 

2. R.L.1827 , 0, 217; R.S.18-:5 , p, 523-25,414,418,419,518; L.1865 , p. 79, 
80; ::.S.1374 , p. 262,263,359.615; L.1S95 , n. 217; L.1953 . p, 442,577; 
2 U.S.S.L. 153-55; U.S.?.. 3.1739-1074 , 13. 376-80; 34 U.S.3.L. 596-607, 
709,710; 45 U.S.S.L. 1-14,1, 13. 



- 161 - 
Circuit Court - Proceeding (199-204) 

of court 



199. EXSCUTIO!JS (Comr.on Law), 1859—. 3 f.b. (1859-1921); 1 f.d. 
(1900—), 

Original executions in common law cases, showinf; date and number of execu- 
tion, names of defendant, sheriff, clerk, and plaintiff's attorney, volume 
and page of fee book and record, amounts of jude;nient, fines, costs, and 
sheriff's fees, and date of return. Arr. alph* by name of defendant. No 
index. Hdw. on pr. fn. F.b. 10 x 5 x 14; f.d. 20 x 18 x 24. Cir. clk.'s 
vlt., 2nd fl. 

200. INDEX TO COURT RECORDS, PLAINTIFF - DEFENDMT, 1858—. 6 v. (A, 1, 
2, plaintiff; A, 1, 2, defendant). 

Index to Common Law (Kecord), entry 201; Chancery Record, entry 203; and 
Criminal Record, entry 210, showing case number, names of plaintiff and 
defendant, kind of action, book and page of entry, and date of commencement 
and disposal of case. Arr. alph. by names of plaintiff and defendant. Hdw. 
under pr. hdgs. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

201. COIiWON LAV/ (Record), 1841—. 24 v. (a-T, 7/, 28, 30, 33). Title 
varies: Circuit Court Record, 20 v., 1841-1911. 

Record of proceedings in common law cases, including orders for executions 
of judgments, shovdng names of plaintiff, defendant, and attorneys, kind of 
action, date of proceedings, and decrees and orders of court. Also coniai 
Chancery Record, 1841-93, entry 203; Criminal Record, 1841-88, entry 210; 
Naturalization Record, 1885-1910, entry 246; Naturalization Record Final, 
1881-1910, entry 247; and Naturalization Record Iviinors and Soldiers, 1381 
1906, entry 248. Arr. by date of proceedings. 1841-57, indexed alph. by 
names of plaintiff and defendant; for sep. index, 1858--, see entry 200. 
Hdw. 300 p. 18 X 12 X 3, Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



ms 



202. • CO!IFESSION RECORD AND FEE BOOK, 1891—. 6 v. (1-6). 

Record of judgment by confession in vacation time, showing names of parties, 
date and term of court, action, and judgm.ent of case. Arr. by date of judg- 
ment. Indexed alph. by nar.e of defendant. Hdw. on pr. fm. 600 p. 18 x 12 
X 3. Cir. clk.'s'vlt., 2nd f 1 . 

203. CHANCERY RECORD, 1894—. 9 v. (U, V, X-Z, 27, 29, 31, 32). 1841- 
93 in Common Law (Record), entry 201. 

Record of chancery cases, including divorces, shov/ing names of parties and 
attorneys, date and kind of action, and decrees and orders of the court* 
Arr. by date of case. Indexed alph. by names of plaintiff and defendant; 
for sep, index, see entry 200. 1894-1930, hdw.; 1931—, typed. 300 p, 
18 X 12 X 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

204. DECREE RECORD, 1913—. 7 v. (1-7), 

Record of court decrees on divorces, foreclosures, deeds, trustee appoint- 
ments with approval of trusteei? report, and partition suits. Arr, by 
date of proceedings. Indexed alph. by names of plaintiff and defendant. 
Typed. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

For prior record of decrees, see entries 201, 203, 210, 



- 162 - 
Circuit Court - Proceedings (205-211) 

of Court 

205. laSCELIJinilOUS PAPERS, 1847-1925, 1 f.b, 

MisccllancouG papers relative to coinmon lavr and criminal cases, inolx^ding 
bonds, appeals from justice of the peace courts, justices of the peace summoJTos, 
and injunctions, Arr, by date of document. No index. Nature of recording 
varies, 10 x 4 x 14, Gir, clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 
For other case papers, sec entries 197, 209, 

206. PENSIONS AND IHGAL PAPEP^, 1849-1912. 1 f.b. 

File of miscellaneous papers that were never filed properly, including pen- 
sion certificates, 1881-1907; contracts for grading race track, 1876-97; 
instructions to jury, 1880; indictments, 1878-97; executions, 1849-1912; bonds, 
1874-81; old letters, 1904-7; a?id a fov/- corunon lav; and criminal case papers, 
1855-97, No obvious arr. No index, fidw, and hdw, on pr, fm, 10 x 4 x 14, 
Cir. clk.'s vlt,, 2nd fl, 

207. OLD CASES, 1845-80, 6 f,b. 

Files of original documents in comjnon law and criminal cases, including papers 
similar to common law case papers in Chancery and Common Lav:, entry 197, and 
criminal case papers in Criminal (Files), entry 209, No obvious arr. No 
index, Hdw, on pr, fm, 10 x 5 x 14, Cir, die's vlt,, 2nd fl, 

208. P^fflCUTION ORDER, 1888-1920, 1 v. 

Orders to circuit clerk to issue executions, r.howing name of county, names of 
plaintiff, defendant, and attornoyp, and dates of order and execution, Arr, 
by date of order. Indexed alph. by name of defendant. Hdvr, on pr, fm, 
600 p, 18 X 12 X 3o Cir. clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 
For subsequent orders, see entry 201, 

209. CRIMINAL (Files), 1841—, 52 f.b. 

Original papers filed in criminal cases, including praecipes for execution, 
executions, v;-ithcsc affidavits, habeas corpus writs, complaints before jus- 
tices, warrants for arrest, bail bonds, indictments, depositions of evi- 
dence, instruction to jury, jury verdicts, and orders of court. Also con- 
tains Foreign Witnesses (Claims and Receipts), 1841-74, 1916 — , oiitry 232. 
Ai-r, alph, by nam.e of defendant. No index, Hdw,, hdw. on pr, fm., typed; 
and typed on pr. fm, 10 x E x 14. Cir, clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

210. CRIMINAL RECORD, 1889—, 5 v. (l-5). 1841-88 in Common Law 
(Record),/ entry 201, 

Record of criminal cases in circuit court, including bail bond records, show- 
ing names of parties and attorneys, kind of action, decrees and court orders, 
and dates, Arr, by date of case. Indexed alph, by name of defendant; for 
Sep, index, see entry 200. 1889-1916, hdw,; 1917-26, hdw, and typed; 1927—, 
typed. 300 p. 18 x 12 x S, Cir, clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 

211. INDICTLENT RECORD, 1874-1904, 1 v. 

Record of circuit court indictments, shovdng nature of case, names of parties, 
state's attorney, witnesses, and foremen of the jury, and term date of court, 
Arr, by date of indictment. Indexed alph, by name of defendant, Hdw. on 
pr, fm, 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir, clk.-s vlt,, 2nd fl. 
For subsequent indictment papers, see entry 209, 



- 163 - 
Circuit Court - Transcripts; (212-218) 

Dockets 



Transcripts 
(See also ontry 241) 

212. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, 1895—. 1 f.b. 

Transcripts from justice of the peace courts to circuit court, including 
petitions, complaints, bonds, confessions in vacation, and judgments. Arr. 
by date of transcript. ?To index. Nature of recording varies. 10 x 4 x 14. 
Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

213. TRAIISCRIPT RECOKD, 1861—. 4 v. (A-D). 

Transcripts of judgment from foreign and justice courts, showing dates, 
names of attorneys, plaintiff, defendant, and officers of court, kind of 
action, petitions, testimonies, £.nd court orders and decrees. Arr. by 
date of transcript. Indexed alph. by nano of defendant. 1861-1925, hdw. ; 
1926—, typed. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir, clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



Dockets 

214, GENERAL DOCKET, 1874—. 5 v. (A, 1-4). L^issing: 1877-85. 
Docket of circuit court cases, shov,ring term date, case number, names of 
plaintiff, defendant, and attornej^s, t^^pe of action, and disposition of 
case. Arr. by term date. Indexed alph. by name of plaintiff. Hdw. under 
pr. hdgs. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl, 

215, LAW DOCKET, 1908—. 2 v. (4, 5). 1858-1?07 in Clerk's Docket, 
entry 218. 

Clerk's docket of comr.on law cases, showing case number, term of court, 
names of plaintiff, defendant, and attorneys, nature of cause, and orders 
of the court. Arr. by case no. No index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 700 p, 
14 X 12 X 5. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

216, CHANCERY DOCKET, 1908—, 3 v. (4-6). 1858-1907 in Clerk's 
Docket, entry 218, 

Clerk's docket of chancery cases, showing date, number of case, term, of 
court, nam.es of plaintiff, defendant, and attorneys, type of action, and 
orders of the court, Arr. by date of ca:;e. No index. Hdw. under pr, 
hdgs. 700 p. 14 X 12 x 5. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

217, CRIMINAL DOCKET, 1908--. 2 v. (4, 5). 1858-1907 in Clerk's 
Docket, entry 218, 

Clerk's docket of criminal cases, showing case number, date, term of court, 

names of defendant and attorneys, type of action, and orders of t)ie court, 

Arr. by case no. No index. Hdv,'. under pr, hdgs, 700 p. 14 x 12 x 5, 
Cir, clk,'s vlt., 2nd fl, 

218, CLERK'S DOCKET, 1868-1907. 22 v. 

Docket of criminal, comjnon law, and chancery cases, showing date of court 
term, case number, nam.es of plaintiff, defendant, judge, and attorneys, 
type of action, and abstract of proceedings. Lav;- Docket, entry 215; 
Chancery Docket, entry 216; and Criminal pocket, entry 217, subsequently 
kept separately. Arr. by date of case. No index. Hdw, under pr. hdgs, 
300 p, 14 X 9 X 2. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



- 154 - 
Circuit Court - Dockets (219-225) 

219. BiASTER-IN-CILiJICERY DOCKET, 1884--. 3 v. (2 not numbered, 3). 
Docket of master-in-chancery cases, showing kind of suit, nanes and ad- 
dresses of plaintiff and defendant, names of attorneys, legal description 
of real estate, statements of posting notices, reports, ajid certificate 
of purchase fees. Arr. "by date of case. Indexed alph. by name of plain- 
tiff. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 200 p. 18 x 12 x 2. Cir. clk.'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 

220. JUDGi-ENT ASD EXSC^JTION DOCKET, 1875—. 9 v. (D-L). 

Judgment and execution docket shov/ing ca'.?e number, nai-ies of parties, kind 
of action, nature of judgn:ent, decree, costs, dates of execution issues 
and returns, and sheriff's returns and satisfaction. Judgment Docket, 
entry 221, and Execution Docket, entry 222, formerly kept separately. Arr. 
alph. by name of party against '■•hon judgment is entered. No index. Hdw. 
on pr. fm. 400 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. cik.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

221. JUDGLSITT DOCKET, 1841-74. 5 v. (A-C). 1S''5— in Judgment and 
Execution Docket, entry 220. 

Docket of jiidgments in circuit ccurt, showing names of parties, date, kind 
of action, debt, damages and costs, volume and n^ge of ccort record, and 
general remarks. Arr. alph. by nnme of party against T;hom judgment is 
entered. No index. Hdw. 400 p. 18 x 12 y 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

222. EXECUTION DOCKET, 1841-74. 4 v. (l-4). 1875— in Judgment and 
Execution Docket, entry 220. 

Execution docket showing number of case, names of parties, date of execu- 
tion, amount of daciiges, costs, volume and page of fee books, and date of 
sheriff's refrom. Arr. by date of execution. Indexed alph. by name of 
defendant. Hdw. on pr. fn. 400 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

223. DOCKET OF LIENS, 1887—. 1 v. (l). 

Lien docket showing name of person filing lien, date of filing, person 
against 7/hom lien is filed, amO'Ont and nature of claim, description of 
property charged with lien, and acknowledgment of satisfaction; also con- 
tains liens on gets, 1902. Arr. by date of filing. Indexed alph. by 
name of defendant. Kdw. under pr. hdgs. 150 p, 18 x 12 x 2. Cir. 
elk. 's vlt., 2nd fl. 

224. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE DOCKET, 1869-1920. 2 v. Missing: 1874- 
1911. 

Docket of cases before the various justices in the county, showing date, 
action, amount of fine and costs, and names of parties, Arr. by date of 
case. No index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 400 p. 14 x 10 x 2. Cir. clk.'s 
vlt., 2nd fl. 

225. JUDGES' DOCKET, 1859-1906. 12 v. 

Docket of circuit court cases, including probation, shoving number of 
case, names of attorneys for each party, -oarties involved, kind of action, 
and order of court; also serves as a naturalization docket. Arr. by date 
of ccise. No index. Kdw. under pr. hdgs. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk.'s 
vlt., 2nd fl. 

226. BAR DOCKET, 1849-75. 7 v. 

Bar docket of circuit court casos, showing names of parties and attorneys, 
?iid nature of the case. Arr. by date of case. No index. Hdw. under pr. 
hdgs. 400 p. 14 X 10 x 2. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



- 165 - 
Circuit Court - Fee Books (227-232) 

227, CRIMINAL DOCKET (Court), 1869-71. 1 v. 1853-68 in Court Docket, 
entry 228, 

Docket of people's cases triod in circuit court, showing term date, case 
nvmiber, names of parties and attorneys, kind of action, and orders of the 
court, Arr, by caso no. Ho index, Edvr, under pr, hdgs, 300 p, 18 x 12 
X 1 l/2. Cir, clk,'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

For subsequent docket notations, see entries 218, 225, 

228, COURT DOCKET, 1853-72, 5 v. 

Court docket of coiruTion law, criniina]^ and chancery cases, shovdng case 
number, names of plaintiff, defendant, and attorneys, tj'pe of action, orders 
of the court, and date, /ilso contains Criminal Docket .(Ccurt)^ '1355-68, 
entry 227, Arr. by caso no. No index, Hdv/, under pr, hdgs, 320 p,' 
18 X 12 X 3, Cir. clk,'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

For subsequent docket notations, see entries 218, 225, 



Foe Books 

229. FEE BOOK (Common Law and Chancei-y), 1911—, 5 v, (R, T, V-X), 
1852-1910 in Foe Book, entry 231, 

Register of fees roccived in civil and chancery cases, showing date of 
court term, nature and number of case, names of plaintiff or complainant 
and defendant, amount of sheriff's and clerk's fees, and total amount of 
fees taxed and collected, Arr, by case no. Indexed alph, by names of 
plaintiff and defendant, Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 600 p, 18 x 12 x 3, Cir, 
clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl, 

230, CRimilAL FES BOOK, 1911—, 2 v, (S, U), 1852-1910 in Fee Book, 
entry 231, 

Register of fees received in criminal cases, shov/ing case nuiaber, date of 
court term, name of defendant, nature of charge, amount of clerk's and^ 
sheriff's fees, and total amount of fees received. Arr. by case no. in- 
dexed alph, by name of defendant. Mdw, under pr. hdgs. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 5, 
Cir. elk. 's vlt,, 2nd fl. 

231. FEE BOOK, 1852-1910, 14 v, (C-H, J-Q), I/dssing: 1868-72, 
Register of fees received in crindnal, civil, and chancery cases, shov.-ing 
names of plaintiff and defendant, date of court term, kind of action, 

and total amount of fees received. Subsequent to 1910, Fee Book (Common 
Law and Chancery), entry 229, and Criminal Fee Book, entry 230, kept 
separately, Arr. by case no. Indexed alph. by narrios of plaintiff and de- 
fendant, Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 600 p, 18 x 12 x 3, Cir, clk,'s vlt., 
2nd fl, 

232, FOREIGN mTlTESSSS (Claims and Receipts), 1875-1915, 1 f,b, 1841- 
74, 1916— in Criminal (Files), entry 209, 

Files of claims of foreign witnesses and rocoipts for mtness fees, shov/- 
ing names of witness, judge, and defendant, t^-po of case, number of days 
of service and mileage, and date and ajnount of payment. Ho obvious arr, 
Ko index. Hdw. on pr. fm, 10 x 5 x 14, Cir, clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 



- 166 - 
Circuit Court - Reports (233-239) 

to Court; Jury Records 

Reports to Court 

233, STATE'S ATTORNEY'S REPORTS, 1924--. 1 f.b. 1899-1923 in Ifesteiv. 
in-Chancery and State's Attorney's Reports, entry 235, 

Reports of state's attornoy to circuit court of fines and fees collected, 
shov;ing name of state's attorney, date, sourco and amount of fine and fees, 
total CTiiount collected, and money on hand, Arr, by date of filing. No 
index, Tj-ped, and tyi^ed on pr, fn, 10 x 4 x 14, Cir, elk, 's vlt,, 2nd fl, 

234, ?.iASTER-IN-CH.'UJCERY REPORT, 1924—, 2 f ,b. 1899-1923 in L'-aster-in- 
Chancery and State's Attorney's Reports, entry 235, 

Master's reports to the circuit Judf',e on foreclosures and receivers, duplicate 
vouchors, and master's receipts, Arr, by date of report. No index. Typed, 
10 X 4 X 14, Cir, clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl, 

235, FASTER-IN-CHjilTOERY JJ'D STATE'S ATTORNEY'S REPORTS, 1899-1923, 3 
f.b. 

Master's reports to the circuit judg-e on foreclosures, duplicate vouchers, 
and report of receiver's foes and fines rocoivcd by state's attoi'ney. 
Subsequently kept separately as State's Attorney's Reports, ontry 233, and 
iviastcr-in-Chancory Report, entry 234, Arr, by date of report, I'^o index, 
TjTpcd, and typed en pr, fir., 10 x 4 x 14, Cir, clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl, 

236, STATE'S ATTORNEY'S REPORTS TO CIRCUIT CLERK, 1874—, 1 v. 
Copies of reports of fees, fines, and forfeitures collected by the state's 
attorney, showing number of case, name of defendant, name of court, cause 
of conviction, amounts of fine and fees, and court orders, iu*r, by dato of 
report. Indexed alph, by namo of state's attorney. Hdw, on pr, fm, 

300 p, 18 X 12 X 2, Cir, clk,'s vlt,, 2nd fl, 

237, PJ;PORTS ON COUNTY JAIL, 1878—. 1 f,b. 

Reports made by the grand jury or a coinjaitteo of the grand jury to the 
circuit judge concerning the condition of the county jail, vdth their 
recommendations to tlie board of supervisors, Arr, by date of report. 
No index. Hdw. and typed. 10 x 4 x 14, Cir, clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl, 

238, TRUSTEES' AND LIASTERS' REPORT, 1928—, 2 v, (5, 8), 1889-1927 
in liliscollaneous Record, entry 90, 

Reports of foreclosures and partitions, reports by trustees, and masters' 
reports of sale, showing information regarding estate, legal description 
of property, orders of tho court, and dato of filing, Arr, by date of re- 
port. Indexed alph. by names of plaintiff and defendant. 600 p. 18 x 12 
T 3. Cir. clk.'s vlt.*, 2nd fl. 

Jury Records 
(See also entries 26, 259) 

239, VETiilRES, 1884—, 2 f.b. 

Grand and petit jury venires showing names of jurors and dato of court torm^ 
Arr, by date of term. No index, Hdw. on pr, fln, 10 x 4 x 14. Cir. clk.'s 
off., 2nd fl. 



- 167 - 
Circuit Court - Bonds; • (240-245) 

Parolo 



240. JURY V/ATiRilin' STUBS, 1875--. 10 v. 

Stubs of jury wc.rrants issued, showing nunbor of warrant, tern date of 
court, nanc of payee, days of service, mileage, total amount of fees, and 
signature of payee. Arr. by date, of vrurrant. No indix. ITdw. on pr. fm. 
250 p. 18 X 12 X 1. 8 v., 1873-1928, cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl.j 2 v., 
192S~, cir, clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

241, NON-TRUE BILL, 1923—. 1 f.b. 

Grand jurors' return of no bill after consideration of case, petitions for 
release, petitions for writ of habeas corpus, and transcripts from justice 
of the peace courts. Arr. by date of bill. No index. Nature of record- 
ing varies, 10 x 4 x 14. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



B ond s 
(See also entries 205,206,209,210,212) 

242. BONDS, 1892 — . 4 f.b. 

Capias, official, recognizance, and appeal bonds, bonds of receiver, and 
injunction, attachment, and replevin bonds; also receipts for delivering 
prisoners to the penitentiary. Arr. by date of bond. No index, Hdw. and 
typed on pr. fn. 10 x 4 x 14. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

243. RECOGNIZANCE RECORD, 1923 — . 1 v. (1). 

Record of recognizance bonds in probation cases in open court, showing names 
of defendant, state's attorney, sureties, circuit clerk, sheriff, and judge, 
omoiont of recognizance, charge, condition of recognizance, and term date of 
court. Arr. by date of bond. Indexed alph. by name of defendf^Jit. Hdw, on 
pr. fm. 214 p', 18 x 12 x 1. Cir. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

244. BAIL BOND RECORD, 1917-19. 1 v. 

Record of bail bonds, s?iowing name of person bonded, nature of offense, date 
and amount of bond, name of surety, or a schedule of property, and date of 
appearance in court. Arr. by date of bond. Indexed alph. by name of surety. 
Kdw. on pr, fn, 400 p. 18 x 12 x 3. Cir. clk,'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



Parole 

245. P.JtOLE RECORD, 1897-98. 1 v. 
Copies of applications for parole, showing date and terra of sentence, crime 
for which convicted, and nane of judge before whom plea is entered. Arr. by 
date of application. Indexed alph, by name of person paroled. Hdv:. on pr, 
fm. 600 p. 18 X 12 x 3. Cir, clk.'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 

For subsequent docket entries of probation, see entry 225, 



- 166 - 
Circuit Court - Naturalization; (246-251). 

Receipts and Sxpenditurds 

Naturalization 
(See also entriec SsCxkvJ, 128, 145-149, 197, 225) 

?46. NATURALIZATION RECORD, 1853-84. 1 v. 1885-1910 in Coraon Law 
(Record), entry 201. 
Copies of declarations of intention t>jid final certificates of natxiralization, 
shorring names of alien and circuit clerk, oath cf allegicJice, nativity, rJid 
dates. Arr. by date of declaration. Indexed alph. by name of alien. Hdw. 
on pr. fm. 4-iO p. 18 x 12 x 2. Cir, elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl. 

247. NATURALIZATION PJICORD FINAL, 1854-50. 1 v. 1881-1910 in Corjnon 
Law (Record), t-^ntry PCI, 

Copies of final certificates of naturalization, showing tern of court, 
npjnes cf alien, judge, sheriff, clerk of the crurt, and witnesses, country 
of fcrr.er r.llegirj-ico, final oath, rjid dp.te of certificate. Arr. by date of 
final certificate. Indexed alph. by n.'-jno of alien. Hdir. on pr. fn. 600 p, 
15 X 12 X 3. Cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl. 

248. NATURALIZATION RECORD MINORS .IMD SOLDIERS, 1870-80, 1 v, 1881- 
1906 in Co::-jt5on Law (Record), entry 201, 

Copies cf petition, final oath, ajid certificate of minors, showing da.tc, 
nanes of judge, witnesses, sheriff, state's attorney, clerk of court, and 
alien, years cf residence in the United States, nativity, oath of alle- 
giance to the United States, final oath, a.nd dates. Arr. by date cf final 
certificate. Indexed alph. by nene cf alien. Hdw. on pr. fn. 425 p. 
13 X 12 X 3. Cir. elk. ' s vlt,, 2nd fl. 



Receipts and Expenditiires 

249, REGISTER OF FEES, 1875~. 3 v. Title varies: Cash Book, 2 v., 
1875-1917. 

Ledger of circuit clerk's fee receipts and expenditures, including court 
costs, and witness, filing, erA recording feer,, showing date, an>ount, and 
poirpose of receipt cr expenditurp, and name of payer or recipient, Arr, 
by date of transaction. No index, Kdw. ijinder tt , hdgs. 250 p, 18 x 12 x Ig-, 
2 v., 1875-1917, cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl,; 1 v., 1918—, cir. elk, ' s off., 
2nd fl, 

250, EARNINGS OF COURT COSTS, 1-335—, 4 v. Title varies: Receipts of 
Court Costs, 2 v., 1885-1922. 

Register of collecticns and disbursements of fees charged in circuit court 
cases, showing case number, date, p.mount, and purpose of receipt or expend- 
iture, name of payer or recipient, and book pjid page of entry in fee book, 
Arr. by date of collection. No index. Kdw, under pr. hdgs, 300 p. 
18 X 12 X 3, 2 v., 1885-1922, cir. elk. ' s vlt., 2nd fl.; 2 v., 1923—, cir. 
elk, 's off., 2nd fl. 

251, CANCELLED CHECKS, 1910—, 3 f,b. 

Cancelled checks for refund fees, witness fees, attorneys' fees, publishers' 
fees, alimony, clerk hire rJid salaries, office expense, treasurer's expense, 
sheriff's expense, and miscellanocus expenditures, Arr, by date of check. 
No index. Hdw, on jr, fn, 10 x 4 x 14, Cir, elk, ' s vlt,, 2nd fl. 



(Next entry 252, p. I7O) 



VII. SHERIFF 



The sheriff, hy constitutional provision, has "been an elected offi- 
cer in Piatt County from the organization of the county, in ISUl, to the 
present. The term of his office, originally set at two years, ^ is now 
four years. 5 In 1S20 it was provided, liy constitutional amendment, that 
no -[^erson elected to the office of sheriff should te eligilile for re- 
election to tha± office until fo'or years after the expiration of his 
term of office. His "bond in this county is required in the sum of 
$10,000 and must he approved "by the county judge.-' Memoranda of this 
"bond are entered at large upon the records of thg county court, and the 
"bond is filed in the office of the county clerk. 6 One or more deputies 
are appointed hy the sheriff in accordance with the numher allowed hy 
rule of the circuit court. Compensation of the deputies is determined 
hy the county "board, 7 The sheriff is warden of the county jail and has 
custody and regulation of the same and of all prisoners. 3 To assist 
him in this administration, he appoints a superintendent of the county 
jail for whose conduct he is responsi"ble, and whom he may remove at 
pleasure. 9 

Essentially without change for over one hundred years, the principal 
duties of the sheriff are the following; 

1. To act as conservator of the peace, with power to arrest 
offenders on view.^*^ 



1. Constitution of ISIS, Art. Ill, sec. 11; Constitution of ISUS, Art. 
VII, sec. 7; Constitution of . I87O, Art, X, sec. S; second amendment 
Novem"ber 22, ISSO, to the Constitution of I87O, Art. X, sec. 8; 
also L.lgl9 . p. 109,110; R. 3.187^ . v. 989. 

2. Constitution of ISIS, Art. Ill, sec. 11; Constitution of ISUS, Art. 
VII, sec. 7» 

3. Constitution of IS70, Art. X, sec. 8. 
U. I"bid. , as amended Novem'ber, 1880. 

5. R.S.IS7U , p. 9S9. Cf. R.L.I827 . p. 371. prior to the organization 
of the county court, the sheriff's "bond and securities were approved 
"by the circuit court. 

6. R.S.I8U5 . p. 51^ R.5.1S7^ . p. 929. 

7. R.L.lg27 » p. 373; R.S.I8U5 . p. 515; 1.1869 , p. 399; Constitution of 
IS70, Art. X, sec. 9. 

8. L.I8I9 . p. 111,112; R.L.1827 , p. 2U7-5O; L.I83I . p. 103,10U,106; 
R,L.1833 , p. 57^.5757 T7T8li3 . p. 8,10,19; R.S.I8U5 , p, 133,13^,515-17; 
R.s,l87U . p. 616, 989-91; L.1901 . p. 137»13S; L.1923. p. i+23-26. The 
citations also include references to duties not included in the 
general outline noted ahove. 

9. L.I923 . p. U23. 

10. R.L.1827 . p. 372; R.s.igU5 . p. 515; R.S.IS7U , p. 990. 

- 169 - 



- 170 - 

Sheriff - Process (252) 



2. To attend, in person or by depiaty, all courts of record 
(city, covjity, probate, circuit, and »,pT)ellate courts) 
in his county, and to obey the orders and directions of 
the courts. - 

3. To serve, execute, and return all writs, 'iT/irrants, process, 
orders, and decrees le,?ally directed to him. 2 

4. To sell real or jersonal pro^ierty by virtue of execution or 
other process.'^ 

5. To send fin/^emrintr of criminals to the State Bureau of 
Criminal Identification and Investigation,^ 

In the course of the sheriff's many detailed duties Included in 
these broad provisions, the follovinj: recora? may be kept but do not ap- 
pear in Fiatt County: 

1. Receipts of deliveries of prisoners in chrngas of venue. 5 

2. Copies of reports to the ccanty court and circuit court. ^ 
5. Re-^orts of pawnbrokers on loans and articles pa^vned."^ 

4. Data of identification of criminals and stolen property. 8 

The folloY;in<; records may be kept and do appear: 

1. Register of prisoners.^ 

2. "Bock: of Accounts," including records of fees and 
di sbur senents . 10 

3. Docket of executions. 

4. Process docket. 



Process 

252. SHIRIFF'S FKCCSSS DOCKET, 1850—. 11 v. (l not labeled, B, 1 
not lab'jled, 2, 6-12). lassing: 1561-98, 
Sheriff's process docket showing number of case, names of attorney, 
plaintiff, and defendant, tj^^e of action, court of issue, dates of 
receirjt, sem'-ice, and return, rheriff's fets, and remarks. Also con- 



1. R.L.1827 , p. 372; R.S.1B45 . p. 515; R.S.1S74 , p, 990. 

2. Ibid. 

3. R.L.1327 , p. 334; L. 1838-59 , p. 14-18,30; 5.3.1845 , p. 302,305,307; 
L.1B71-72 , TJ. 505,507; R.S.l^-i74 , n. 622,623,627-29. 

4. L.1931 , p. 465. 

5. R.S.1374 . p. 1G96. 

6. Ibid., p. 617; L.1923 , p. 424; L.1933 . p. 678. 

7. L.1909 . o. 301. 

8. L.1951 . p. 465. 

S. R.S.1874 , p. 617; L.1923 . p. 424. 

IC. L. 1871-72 , p. 450,451; L. 1873-74 . v. 104,105. 



- 171- 
Sheriff - Jail Records; Fees, (253-257) 

Receipts and Expenditures 



tains Sheriff's Execution Docket, 1850-66, entry 253, Arr. by date of 
process. 1850-81, no index; 1899 — , indexed alph. by name of defendant. 
Hdw. under pr, hdgs. 150 - 500 p. 14 x 12 x 2 - 18 x 12 x 2^, I v. not 
labeled, v, B, 1 not labeled, 2, 6-9, 1850-1922, sh.'s vlt., 2nd fl.; v, 
10-12, 1923—, sh.'s priv. off,, 2nd fl, 

253. SHERIFF'S EXECUTIVE DOCKET, 1867—. 6 v. (A, 1 not labeled, 2-5). 
Hissing: 1871-98. 1850-66 in Sheriff's Process Docket, entry 252. 
Docket of executions, showing number of case, title of cause, date of writ, 
amount of damages and costs, sheriff's fees, amount of judgment, date of 
return, and remarks, Arr, by date of execution. Indexed alph. by name of 
defendant. Hdw on pr. fm. 150 p. 14 x 12 x 2. V, A, 1 not labeled, 2-4, 
1867-1930, sh,'s vlt., 2nd fl»j v, 5, 1931—, sh.'s priv, off,, 2nd fl. 



Jail Records 

254, PRISON RECORD, 1069-1924. 2 v, (A, 1), 
Register of prisoners, shov^'ing date of commitment, name, personal descrip- 
tion, nativity, intelligence statistics, and occupation of prisoner, 
offense, term of sentence, and note of physical or mental condition, 
Arr. by date of conmiitment. I'^o index, Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 150 p, 
18 x 12 X l-g-, Sh,'s vlt,, 2nd fl. 



Fees, Receipts and Expenditures 

255, raSCELLAJTEOUS COURT COSTS, 1914—, 1 v. 

Register of miscellaneous fees due sheriff for service in court, showing 
date, title of service, amount earned and recoivod, and name of sheriff » 
Also contains Register of Fees, 1933 — , entry 256. Arr. by date of ser- 
vice. No index. Hdw. under pr, hdgs. 125 p, 16 x 14 x 1. Sh.'s priv, 
off., 2nd fl. 

256, REGISTER OF FEES, 1872-1932. 5 v. (2 not numbered, 2, 3, 5). 
Missing: 1915-23, Title varies: Receipts and Expenditures. 
1933 — in Miscellaneous Court Costs, entry 255. 

Sheriff's register of fees due for serving v/rits, showing date, title of 
cause, kind of service, reference to book and page of slioriff's execution 
and process dockets, mnountG of earnings and receipts, and nvmo of court. 
Arr, by date of service. No index. R'dw, under pr. hdgs. 300 p., 
18 X 12 X 2.- 18 X 14 X 2. Sh.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 

257, CASH RECORD, 1930—. 1 v. 

Record of all cash receipts and disbursements, shov;ing date, title of 
cause, service, book and pege of miscellaneous court costs, court fees, 
total fees, and deposits, Arr, by date of receipt or expenditure. No 
index. Hdw. under cr, hd-s. 400 p. IS x 12 x 2, Sh.'s priv. off,, 
2nd fl. 



(•Jest on try 258, p. 17o) 



VIII. CCR013R 



The coroner's office in Piatt County has cor.tinuod. in existcnco fron 
the ori~£iii satioT. of the count;/, in 1541, to the present. ■'• The coroner is 
elected "oy the coirity electorate for p. four-yoox terr/..^ After certific?- 
tion of his election by the cointy clerk, filinfi of his bond, and talcing 
Oath of office, ho receives his coEinission fror. the Governor. ^ The 
coroner's "bond in this cointy is reqvlred in the sun of $5,000 and must 
be c?.pprovod by the county judge. * Kio inqu-cst duties of this official 
have ch£c.i;^ed little over a period of ncrc than a century. The coroaer acts 
r.s a conservator of the peace v;ith powers oqurl to those of sheriff in this 
respect e:id serves as a ninistcriil officer of the courts in the r.bscnce or 
dii-;quoliiicatio:i of the sheriff; he pIto perforr's ell the other duties of 
the latter \rlicn the office is v^cnt.5 

The j.iost inport?nt function of the coroner is to hold inquests over 
the bodies of persons supposed to have cor.e to their death by violence, 
casu?lt7, or other undue neans. When notification of such death is re- 
ceived, the coroner proceeds to the body, tritcs char,-:c of it, and su:.;- 
raons a jv-ry corjposed of six nen fron the vicinity in which the bodj' was 
found. E.1C jur;,' is instructed to assemble at a stated tiae rmd place, to 
vie- the bocv and to inquire into the cause and uannor of the death. If 
the i.iqv^st is continued and a vacsaicy should occur en the jury, the coro- 
ner is allovrcd to fill such vacriicy.^ 

To the custody of the clerk of the circuit court are returned the 
verdict of the jury, ?nd such recognizances as nay be given the coroner by 
witnesses whose tcotinony i.'plicateo sny person as the xinlawful slayer of 
the docepjjed.' In his own office, the coroner files pnd preserves the 



1. Consti tuition of 1818, Art III, sec. 11; L.1849 , Second Sess., p. 7; 
Constitution of 1870, Art. X, soc. 8. 

2. Tlie office is constitutional sac. elective (Constitution of 1818, Art. 
Ill, sec. 11; Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 8). The tenr., for- 
nerly two yerjrs, is no\\r four yer-J's (second nncndnent, ITovember 22, 
1880, to Constitution of 1370, Art. X, see. 8). 

?, U.S. 1845 , p. 514; R.S. 1874 , p. 281. 

4. H.0.1G74- , p. 281. 

5. L.1G19 , p." 111,160; L.1821 , p. 20-23; L.1825 , o. 53,64; R.L.1827 , 
p. 2-io-56,372,373,375; U.S. 1345 , r>. 515,517; R.S. 1374 , p. 381,262. 

6. L.1821, p. 22-24; R.S. 1845 . p. 517,518; R.S.lS7i , p. 283-84; 1.1879 , 
p. 02; L.1907 , p. aS; L.1919 , p. •i03,40:; L.1931 . p. 388,399. 

7. L.1321, p. 24,25; R. 3.1843 , p. 518; R.3.1G74, p. 233. 

- 172 - 



~ 173 - 
Coroner (258-260) 

record of such testimony .l The coroner also keeps one record vriiich he 
originates, the "inquest record." This record recapitulates all the 
data involved in the entire inquest procedure and includes an inventory 
and accounting of the personal property e.nd mono;/ of the deceased.^ 

Deputy coroners appointed by this official assist hira in the per- 
fonriance of the duties of his office. The number of deputies is set by 
rule of the circuit courfc^ and their compensation is determined by the 
county board of supervisors* The bond or securities of these assistants 
are taken by the coroner, and the oath to vhich each subscribes is filed 
in the county clerk's office, 

258. COROIIER'S INQUESTS, 1905—. 36 f.b. 

Inquest papers shov/ing name, a(;e, sex, residence, and occupation of deceased 
place and date of death, cause of death, names of vdtnesses and jurors, dis- 
position of personal effects, coroner's verdict, and disposition of body, 
Arr» alph, by nane of deceased, ¥.o index. Nat\'.re of recording varies, 
6 X 5 X 12. Cor.'s off., Ist fl. 

259. COROIIER (LliscellanGous Papers), 1912—. 1 f.b. 
Miscellaneous papers in coroner's cases, including verdicts of coroner's 
juries, mittimus, and vrritr. of habeas corpus. No obvious arr, i'lo index, 
Hdw. on pr. fm, 10 x 4 x 14. Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd f 1 , 

260. COROrER'S RECORD, 1076—. 2 v, (A,B), 

Record of coroner's inquests, shovn.ng nane, a;;-e, sex, residence, and occupa- 
tion of deceased, place, date, and cause of death, nam.es of v/itnesses and 
jurors, disposition of personal effects, coroner's verdict, and disposition 
of body, 1876-1918, arr, by date of inquest; 1919—, arr. alph, by nam.e 
of deceased, 1876-lQlG, indexed alph. by nam.e of deceased; 1919 — , no 
index. Hdvr. on pr, fn. 600 p, 13 x 12 x 3, Cor,'3 off., 1st fl. 



1, L,1859, p. 104, 105; R,S,1G74, p. 283; Lja_907, p. 213,214; L,1919, 
p. 293,294. 

2, L.1S21 , p, 25, 26; R.S.I 074, p, 283. 

3, Constitution of 1870, i.'rt", X.'sec, 9j L.1831, p, 63, 



(Ko::t entry 251, o. 176) 



IX. STATE'S ATTOHI^SY 



Ir. Piatt County, since its or^pxiization in 1841, the state's 
attorney' lic'.s corarnonccd and prosocutcd in courts of record pXl actions 
in which the people of the state or county wore concerned. 1 Legislation 
enacted in 1835 r^-^ovidod that the state's attorney be appointed "by the 
General Assonoly. ' Tnis provision rcnaincd effective until 1848, when 
the state's attorney 'bccanc pn cloctivo officer of the circuit district 
electorate. 3 At this tine; his soTricos also were e.xpmded to include 
the newly created county com't. Finally, tho present constitution nadc 
the office clec'-*" in and for each county.'^ Bond in the sum of $5,000 
has been required since 1872. ^ Fron the creation of this office in the 
state until the present, the state's attorney has continued to receive 
his conmiission from the Governor for the tenure of his office. 6 in 1835 
his tcra \ias set at two years.''' Then, in 1849, the state's attorney's 
office "oecame elective by the district electorate for a four-year term, 
the first tern, however, being only for three years end ending in 1852.° 
In Piatt Coujity the state's attorney receiver, r:n annual salary of $2,000, 
with an additional $400 paid by the state. Statutory fee rates are 
allowed him for convictions on specified offenses and crimes before jus- 
tices of the pea.ce, police raacistrates, co-ontj^ and circuit coioxts. Also, 
rates c?re established for preliminary exaiuinations of defendants, for 
attendance at trials, and for appeals. These several fees and rates 
molce v:j a county fund from v;hich is paid his salary. 9 

The d'o.ties of the state's attorney are the following: 

1. To commence pnd. prosecute all actions, suits, indict- 
ments, and prosecutions, civil md criminal, in any 
court of record in his county in wMch the people of 
the state or county mcy bo concerned. 

2, To prosecute all forfeited bonds and recognizances 
aaid nil actions a:^d proceedings for the recovery of 
debts, revenues, moneys, fines, penalties, cxxo. for- 



!• ^»L.1327 , 0. 79,80; L.1S35 , n . 44; R.S.1845 , p. 75; P.. S. 1874 , p. 173, 
174, 

2. L.1855 , p. 44. 

3. Cons bit-o.tion of 1848, Art. V, sec. 21. 

4. Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, sec. 2^^; R.S.1874 , p. 172. 

5. L. 1871-72 , p. 189. 

6. R. L.1855 , p. 98; L.1835 . p. 44; Constitution of 1343, Art. V, sec. 28; 
Constitution of 1870, Art". VI, sec. 22; 5. S. 1874, X). 172. 

7. L.1355, p. 44. 

3. Cor.stitution of 1848, Art. V, sec. 21; Constitution of 1870, Art. VI, 

sec. 22. 
^' L. 1371-72 , p. 422; L. 1873-74 . t). 104,105; L.19Q9 . p. 231-33; L.1929 , 

p. 474-76; L.1937 , p. 607. 

- 174 - 



- 175 
State's Attorney 



feitures accruing to the state or his count;/-, or to 
any school district in his county; also to prosecute 
all suits in his county ar;ainst railroads or trans- 
portation companies, v;hich may be prosecuted in the 
name of the people of the State of Illinois, 

3. To commence and prosecute all actions and proceed- 
ings brought by any county officer in his official 
capacity. 

4. To defend all actions and proceedings brought against 
his county or against any co\mty or state officer, in 
his official capacity, in his county. 

5. To attend tho ezamir^tion of all persons brought be- 
fore any judge on habeas corpus -whon the prosecution 
is in his county. 

6. To attend before justices of the peace and prosecute 
charges of felony or misdemeanor for which the offender 
is required to be recognized and to appear before a 
court of record v/hon it is Vfithin his poiver to do so. 

7. To give his opinion vdthout fee or rev;ard, to any county 
officer or justice of the peace in his county upon any 
question of law relating to any criminal or other ms.tter 

in which the people of the state or county may be concerned. 

8. To assist the Attorney General whenever it may be necessary, 
and in cases of appeal or vvrit of error from his county to 
the Supreme Court, to v.-hich it is the duty of the Attorney 
General to attend, he shall, a reasonable time before the 
trial of such appeal or writ of error, furnish the At- 
torney General v,dth a brief, showing tVie nature of the 

case and the questions involved. 

9. To pay all m.oneys received by him in trust, without delay, 
to the officer ivho by lav; is entitled to their custody. 

10. To perform such other and further duties as may from time 
to tine be enjoined upon him hy lavr, 

11. To appear in all proceedings by collectors of taxes 
against delinquent taxpaj^-ers for judgment to sell real 
estate, and to see that all the necessary prolininarj'' 
steps have been legally taken to make the judgment 
legal and binding. ■'■ 

12. To enforce the collection of all fines, forfeitures, 

and penalties im.posed or incurred in the courts of record 
in his county; and to report to the circuit court on the 
collection of these moneys. 2 



1. R,S,1345 , p, 76; R,S.1874, p, 172-74, 

2, L.190G, 'p. 406; L.1912, Third Sp. Sess,, p, 88; L,1929, p, 475. 



- 176 - 
State's Attorney (261) 



For state's attorney's reports to circuit court, see entries, 
233, 235, 235, 

261. STA-ZS'S ATTORl^IEY'S HECORD, 1937—. 1 v. (l). 
State's attorney's record of fines collected, showing date, name of 
defendant, type of offense, in what court fined, disposition of case, 
amo-unt of state's attorney's fees and covirt costs, and date of payment. 
Arr, by date of payment. Indoxod alph, by name of defendant. Hdw. 
under pr. hd^s, 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. State's atty.'s off., 2nd fl. 



(Next entry 262, p. 178) 



X. SUPERVISOR OF ASSESSirENTS. 



The countj^ supervisor of assessments, with the aid of the township 
assessors in Piatt County, is responsible for the assessment of prop- 
erty upon v^.ich the township, district, county, state, and other taxes 
are levied. Principally, these officers annually revise the assessment 
of property, correct the same upon complaint, and quadrennially assess 
real and personal property. 1 l'.e.ny statutory provisions have rep;ulated 
this function in Piatt County. Early laws fixed the value of the 
several categories of reel and personal propertj-, leaving to the assess- 
ing officer only limited discretion, 2 

Property assessments in Piatt County were first made hy district 
assessors, appointees of the county conunissioners ' court. 3 In 1844, 
this duty was assumed by the county treasurer^- and continued to be 
vested in that office until 1860, when to^Amship organization was 
instituted in this county 5 and assessments were made by tovmship 
assessors elected one in each to'^-'mship ar.nually.6 

Between 1849 a.id 1898, the assessing officers in Piatt County 
roceived their assessment lists from, and reported assessments to, the 
county clerk. '^ In the latter j^ear, the lef^islature provided that the 
county treasurer should be ex-officio supervisor of assessments." From 
that date until the present, the to»vnship assessors have worked under 
the direction of, and ruportsd the assessm^cnt of property to, the county 



1. L.1871-72 , p. 20-22; L.1579 , p. 243; L.1881 , p. 134; L.1891 . p. 187; 
L.1S98 , p. 37,40,44; L.1903 , p. 295,296; l71925 , p. 491,492,504,505; 
L.1927 , p. 713,714; L.1928, Sp. Sess., p. 106; L. 1931-52 . First Sp. 
Sess., p. 66, 

2. L.1819 , p. 313-19; L.1825 , p. 173; L.1339, p. 4-6; L.1S40 , p. 4; 
L.1845 , p. 6. 

3. L.1839 , p. 4. From 1827 to 1839 property assessments were made by the 
county treasurer (R.L.1327, p. 330). 

4. L.1843 , p. 231,237; L.1853 , p. 46. 

5. Piatt County adopted" tovmsliip organizotion in 1859, but the change was 
not effective until 1360. 

6. L.1851 , p, 38,54-57; L.1853 , p. 14,15; L.1855 , p. 35,37; L.1871-72 , 
p. 20-24. 

7. L.ie49 . p. 121,128; L.1849 , Second Sess., p. 38; L.1853 , p. 14,17,47, 
49,50; L.1871-72 , p. 19,20,22,23. 

8 . L.1398, p. 35,37. 



- 177 



- 178 - 
Supervisor of Assessments (262-26U) 

treasurer, acting in this ex-officio capacity. Every assessor is "bona- 
ed in the sum of $500. Bond for the suporvisor of assessments is $2,000 
or such larger sum as the county board may determine, ^ 

For other taxation records, see entries 27-^^71 S?[iii, ix, xviii, 

xxxv], 95. 125. 265-270, 302. 321-32U, 326-328. 331. 

262. SCHEDULES PERSO'JAL PROPERTY, 1935—. 5 f.b. 

Schedules of real estate and personal property, shewing name and address 
of owp.er, number of school district and na;.:e of tcvTnship, valuation, date, oath 
and sig2iature of assessor. Arr. alph. by name of twp. i-Io index. 12 x 15 x 22. 
Treas.'s off., 1st fl. 

263. ROAD TAX AND RAILROAD TAX LIST, 1898-1932. I6 f.b. (13-15. ^1 . 
51-53. 70, 71. 161, lo3, I6U, 167, 168, 372, 530). 1368-97. 
1933 — ill- (Miscellaneous Papers), entry 82. 

Railroad tax schedules, road and bridge tax lists, and levies for road 
and bridge funds. Arr. by date of patter. For indc", see entry 1. 
Natui-e of recording varies. 10 x U^ x 1^. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

26U. TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE TAX RECORD, 19?2~. 1 v. 
Tax schediales for telephone and telegraph companies, showin,?; name of 
company, location and description of property, nature of assessment, 
total amount of tax due, and dates. Arr. by date of levy. No index. 
Hdw. on pr. fm. 25O p. 18 x 12 x 3. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



1. L.189S . p. 3^.39; L.1Q23 . p. Uq3,UqU; L.1^27 . 0. 7"-^3.7^. 



^,Next entry <dbo, p. iiJU; 



XI. BOATfD OF REVIETiir 



The authiority to assess, equalize, and review or revise the assess- 
ment of property, an important aspect of 1,he revenue procedure, is exer- 
cised by the board of review. 1 Early legislation provided for appeals 
from assessments to the county commissioners' court. The court v;as em- 
powered to review and revise assessments on real and personal property. 2 
In 1849, when the county court succeeded the county commissioners' court 
in Piatt County, appeals were m.ade to that body, 3 I'fhen townshir? or^,an- 
ization v/as instituted in 18c04 this jurisdiction v/as given to the town 
board composed of the to'^vnship supervisor, clerk, and assessor,^ The 
board of supervisors in their annual meetinp; exam.ined the assessment 
rolls in the several tcvms to ascertain wliether the valuations in one 
toT/vn bore iust relation to the valuations in all other tovms in the coun- 
ty, and was empoy/ered to increaL-e or diminish the afr.o;re£-ate valuation of 
real estate in any tovra accordingly. They oould make v/hatever altera- 
tions they deemed necessary in the description of the lands of nonresidents 
and were required to assess the value of any lands omitted by the assessor,^ 
In 1872 the duties of the board of supervisors viith regard to assessments 
were the following: 

1. To assess omitted property. 

2. To review assessments upon complaint, 

3. To hear and determine the application of any person 
assessed on property claimed to be exempt from tax- 
ation. 

4. To ascertain whether the valuation in one town or 
district bore just relation to the valuation in 
all tovms or districts in the county and adjust the 
assessment, 7 

In 1898 this authority v/as transferred to the newly created board 
of review, composed of the chairman of the county board who became ex- 
officio chairman of the board of review, the county clerk, and one citi- 



1. L.1B9B , p. 46-49; L.1915 , p. 56G-70; L.1919 , p. 727; L.1923 , p. 496- 
502; L.1930 , First Sp. Sess., p. 85-90; L.1931-52 , First Sp. Sess., p, 
71,75-78; L.1955 , p. 1153-66. 

2. L.1839 , p. 7; L.1343 , p. 237; L.1845 , p. 8; R. 3.1845 , p. 441. 

3. L.1849 , p. 65. 

4. Piatt County adopted tovmship organization in 1859, but the change 
was not effective until 18uO. 

5. L.1851 , p. 56; L. 1871-72 , p. 21,22,24,25. 

6. L.1851 , p. 57,58; L.1G71-72 , p. 24, 2o. 

7. L. 1871-72, p. 24,25. 



- 179 



— J.OKJ — 
Board of Review (265, 266) 

zen appointed "by the county jud^e.! Since I923 the ooard has consisted 
of the chairman of the county hoard as ex-officio chairman of the board 
of review, and two citizens appointed "by the county jud^e. The memtors 
of the board select their own clrrk. The two citizen members are appoint- 
ed alternately for a two-year term. 2 

Todayi the board of review in Fiatt County is required to assess 
taxable property omitted from the regular assessment, to review and 
correct assessments on proiDerty claimed to be incorrectly assessed, to 
increase or reduce the entire assessment if, in their opinion, it has not 
been made upon the proper basis, to hear axii determine the application of 
any person assessed on property claimed to be exempt from taxation, and to 
correct errors or mistakes, except errors of judgment, as to the valuation 
of any property, any time before judgment. 3 

For other taxation records, see entries 27-U7, SaTiii, ix, xviii, 
xxxv], 95. 125. 262-26U, 267-27C, 302, 32I-32U, 326-3.13, 331. 

265. BOAST OF SEVIET; EECOEI , 1889~. 5 v. (I-5). 
Transcript of minutes of boarc' of review meetings, showing names of 
complainant and members of the board, nature of complaint, and orc^ers 
of the board. Arr. by date of meeting. No index. Hdw. 30O p. 
16 X 12 X 2. V. 1-U, 18g9-19i?S, CO. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl,;'v. 5, 1929--, 
CO. elk. 's off. , 2nd fl. 

266. CO}.a>LAINT LOCKET, lb'99— . 2 v. 
locket of complaints to board of review, showing complaint number, name 
of complainant, description and valuation of property, cause of complaint, 
and findings and orders of the board. Arr. by date of complaint. Indexed 
alch. by nam.e of complain/mt . Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 1^0 p. 18 x 12 x 2. 
1 v., I899-I932. CO. clk.'s vlt., Irt fl.; 1 v., 1933--. supervisors' rm., 
1st fl. » 



1. L.1898 . p. Ub. 

2. L.1Q23 . p. U96,U97; L.iq-^1-32 . First Sp. Sess. , p. 71,72. 

3. L.1898 . p. U6-U9; L. 191*5 . p. 566- 70; L.iqi9 . p. 727; L.1923 . p. ^+9^-502; 
L.iq30 . First Sp. Sess., p. 35-90; L.iq31-"^2 . First Sp. Sess., p. 70, 71, 
75-7^; L.1935 . p. ll'53-66. 



(Next entry 267, p. 183) 



XII, COLLECTOR 



Tax collections in Piatt Co'onty ivere first made by the coxmty col- 
lector T.'ho was appointed by the county coimtiissioner 's court, ^ This 
office v;as in existence frosi 1841 to 1S44, when the sheriff became ex- 
officio coxmtj'- collector^ and continued to act in this capacity until 
1830; in that year tovnaship organization was instituted in this county,^ 
and tax collections became the joint responsibility of the tovmsliip and 
the county, with the coun.ty treasurer acting as ex-officio county col- 
lector,- 

Under this plan, tovm collectors, elected one in each township, ° 
made collections of resident property targes j^ nonresident and delinquent 
taxes were collected by the county treasurer,' By the terms of an act of 
1855, the town collectors were required to return their tax lists or books 
to the county collector who delivered them to the county clerJi:,^ This 
provision v;as changed in 1872 by an act of the General Assembly which pro- 
vided that the county collector should make an annual sworn statement to 
the county clerk, shov/ini;, the total amount of each kind of tax collected 
by Mmself ,^ 

The collection procedure in Piatt County was altered in 1917 v/hen 
the legislature provided for the abolishment of the office of town col- 
lector in counties with fovrer than one hundred thousand inhabitants, the 
county collector to be ex-officio town collector in such counties, lO j\.s 
Piatt County has not attained this population minimum, H the county col- 



1, L.1S5 9, p. 7, 

2, L.1345, p, 234; L,1855 , p, 99, The sheriff was ex-officio county col- 
lector from 1819 to 1839 ( L,181 9, p. 516), 

3, Piatt County adopted township organization in 1859, but the change 
was not effectivo vsntil 1860, 

4, L.1851 , p, 38, 59-64; L,1855 , p. G7. 

5, L. lSol , p, 38, 

6, Ibid,, p. 59, 

7, Ibid,, p. 53, 

8, L.1855, p, 37. 

9, L. 1871-72 , p„ 56,57; L. 137 3-74, p. 56; L.195 0, First Sp. Sess., p, 66, 
67; L, 19.31 , p. 756; Lcl951-52 , First Sp, Sess,, p. 112; Lj^933, p, 873, 
921; U1G33-34, Third Sp. Soss., p, 220; L.1955 , p, 1156, 1213; 
L»1935-36 , Fourth Sp. Sess., p, o9, 70. 

10. U1917, p. 793, 

11, The population of Piatt County was 16,376 in 1910; 15,714 in 1920; 
and 15,588 in 1930, Population Bulletin, p, 9, 



- 181 - 



Collector 



lector has since 1917, mat'e collection? for the to'"nships as '."ell as for 
the county. 1 

The county collector is tondeci in an amount determined "by the county 
toard in addition to that tond required of him as county treasurer.^ Un- 
der statutory provisions, he collects taxes for the state, county, and 
other governmental agencies, and -nays to the prober anthi^rities the aiiount 
in his hands payable to ther..3 He also settles annually "-ith the co^jnty 
toard. ^ He prepares an annual list of delinquent property and files it 
with the county clerk, 5 advertises his intention of aT)r)lyin^ for judgment 
for sale of delinquent lands and lots,° and is required to attend, in r,erson 
or by deputy, all tax sales resultin^-T from this action.? The county clerk, 
in oerson or by deputy, is also required to attend all tax sales. ° At such 
sales, the clerk aJid collector note and mpJce entry of all tax sales and for- 
feitures to the state. 9 

The county collector is required to keep hie records as collector of 
taxes separate from his record's as county treasurer. l'-" The records of the 
collector's office include dunlicat^s of receipts issnr'd to taxpayers, 
state auditor's and co'jjaty clerk's certification of the collector's settle- 
ment with them, duplicates of the collector's reports, delinquent property 
records, and tax sale and forfeiture records. 

For other taxation records, see entries 21-hl , 8^[iii, ix, x\'-iii, 
xxxv], 95, 125, 262-266, 302, ??l-3?^. 3^6-328, 331. 



1. L.1925 . p. 605; L.1929 . p. 77^.775; L.1931 . p. 905-2; L.1933. P- 1115. 
1116. 

2. L. 1871-72 . p. 36; L.in^l . p. jkS; L.lQ"^l-^2 . First Sp . Sess., p, 85,8b; 
L.IQ-^V^U , Third Sd. Sess., p. 225,226. 

3. L.lg71-~2 , p. 56-59: L.1^37 . p. 922; L.1935 . P. 1156,1213; L.I935-36, 
Fo-'orth Sp. Sess., p. 6?, 69. 

U. L.1S71-72 . ID. 55; L .1935 . p. 1155.115b- 

5. L.lg98 , p. 51; L.19n . p. 759. 

6. L.1S71-72 . p. UU; L.1937 . F- 1010. 

7. L. 1371-72 , p. U8; LJ/TJC. First Sp. Sess., p. 6U. 
S. L. 18^1-72 . p. Us. 

9. Ibid., L.1935 , T). 886. 
10. L.1917 . p. b6U.665; L.IQ30 . First Sp. Sess., p. 60-62; L.1935. p. 11^9- 

5S. 



Collector (267-27O) 

267. COLLECTOR'S ACCOUKTrS - COUNTY FJIITS, 1«^72— . 3 v. 
Collector's account with to'.mships on tax collections, showing date, 
tax spread, amount delinquent, errors, coiinty and local collectors' 
commissions, total amount delinquent, and total amount of collections. 
Arr. ty date of collection. No index. Hdw. under nr. hd^s. 200 p. 
18 X 12 X 2. 1 v., 1^72-1909, CO. clk.'s vlt., Ist'fl.; 2 v., I9IO— , 
CO. elk. 's off. , 2nd fl. 

26s. TREASURER'S SETTLEMENT RECORD, 1370—. 13 v. (l not numbered, 
2-13). 
Treasurer's settlement with county collector in account with townships, 
showing type of tax, current tax extended, amount of back tax, total 
charge, cred.it s, county clerk's fees, county and local collectors' 
commissions, amount due treasurer, total accoiinted for, total amount 
paid, and date of final settlement. Arr. ty date of settlement. No 
index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 2^0 p. 12 x 22 x 3. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

269* TAX RECEIPTS, 1937—. ^-^ v. 
Duplicate tax receipts, showing; names of to'."nship and owner, description 
of property, assessed valuation, school district nujnler, and ajnount and 
date of payment, Arr. alph . "by name of owner. No index. Hdw. on pr; 
fm. U50 p. S X 11 X 5. Treas.'s off., 1st fl. \ 

270. ABATEMENT RECOPX , 1927—. 2 v. (A, 1 not lettered). 
Statements of tax abatements, showing name and address of taxpayer, 
forfeitures, errors, and insolvencies, date and. amount of abatement, 
and type of tax, Arr, by sec, t'^rp. , and raji-'e nos. No index, Hdw. 
on pr. fm. I50 p. 27 x lU x 2. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



(Next entry 271, p. 185) 



XIII. TREASURER 



The treasurer has been an elective official in Piatt County since its 
organization in 1841. ■'• He is commissioned by the Governor for a four-year 
terra. 2 In 1880, by amendment of the Constitution of 1870, it was provided 
th^t no treasurer be eligible for reelection to the office until four years 
after the expiration of hie torn of office.^ The per^l sum of the treas- 
urer's bond and his securities are determined by the county board.- Upon 
request of the treasurer, the board designates the bank in vrtiioh the public 
funds are to be deposited. 

In the performance of his duties, the treasurer receives the county 
revenue, has custody of its funds, and disbvirsos them in accordance with 
orders of the county board or specific authorization by law. Ho in re- 
quired to keep books of accounis of all funds received and disbursed by 
him, to maintain a register of county orders counters i^ned and paid, to 
report annually to the count;y board on the financial transactions of his 
office, and to settle his accounts with the board semiannually,^ The last 
two requirements give rise to a number of sn^rcgated records of accounts 
beyond strict statutory requirements. In addition, reports are made to the 
treasurer by other county, district, public, and semipublic authorities in 
the process of transacting business with him; and, finally, a large nuraber 
of records arise from the requirement for collectors of taxes to settle 
their accounts with the treasurer.^ 

The treasurer acts as ex-officio treasurer of the special drainage 
district.' 



1. L.1837 , p. 49; L.1845, p. 28; R.S.1845 , p. 137; L.1851 , p. 144; 
Constitution of 1870, Art. X, soc. 8, From 1827 to 1837, the county 
treasurer was appointed by the county ccnmissioncrs • court ( R.L.1S27 , 
p. 329,330; R.L.1853 , p. 515,516). 

2. The term was set at four years in 1837 ( L.1837, p. 49); it was later 
reduced to two years (L.1845 , p. 28; L.1851 , p. 144). The office was 
made constitutional in 1870 without change of term. (Constitution of 
1870, Art. X, sec. 8, as amended November, 1380). 

3. Constitution of 1870, Art. X, sec. 8, as amended November, 1880. 

4. R.L.1827, p. 329; R.S.1874 , p. 323. The bond is required to be filed 
in the office of the county clerk. 

5. L.1837 , p. 194,195; L.1345 , p. 151; R.S.1S45 , p. 137-39; L.18S1 , 
p. 239,240; R.S.1874, p. 323,324. 

6. R.L.1827 , p. 330-33; L.1859 ,' n. 8-10; L.1345, p. 11; L.1895 , d. 304; 
L.1913, p. 516; L.1933 , p. 898. 

7. L.1885 , p. 78,104. 

- 184 - 



- 185 - 
Treasurer - General (271-276 

Accoiints 



General Accounts 

RepistGrs and Le dgers (Soe 
also entry 5} 

271. TRE/^UT:ER'S ACCOUNT OF COirTTY FUITDS, 1873—. 3 v. 

Account record of county funds, including county farm, ror.d, dog licence, 
rGf_:istrar of births and deaths, com-t costs nnd fees, tuberculosis, 
mothers' pension, dependent children, and coui\ty officers, slioiving dates, 
amount, and pui-pose of receipts and disbursements, names of payee and pay- 
er, and balEinceo Also contains Highway Funds Received, 1914-35, entry 282, 
Arr, by date of receipt or disbursement. No index, Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 
300 p, 18 X 14 X 2, Troas,'G vlt,, 1st fl, 

272. APPROPRIATION LEDiJER, 1936~. 2 v. 

Ledger of appropriations for coujity funds, showing amounts of levy and ap- 
propriation, title of fuiid, date and amount of receipt or disbursement, 
and balance in find. Arr. by date of entry. No index. Hdw. under pr. 
hdgs. 300 p. 10 X 12 x 2. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

273. REGISTER OF BAl-Ili DEPOSITS, 1953—. 3 v^ 

Register of county funds deposited in various banks in countj'-, showing 

nfine of bank, and date and amomit of deposit. Arr, alph, by nar^c of bank. 

No index, Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 100 p,, 10 x 12 x 1 - 12 x 18 x 1, 
Troas.'s off,, 1st fl» 

Cash Books 

274. CASH BOOKS, 1918—. 19 v. 

Daily cash book of moneys received and paid out of county funds, showing 
date, amoiint and purpose of receipt or expenditure, name of payee and 
payer, and balance, Arr, by date of receipt or disbi.u*sement. No index. 
Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 140 p, 14 x 10 x 1. Treas,'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Comity Orders (See 
also entries S-17) 

275. REGISTER OF COUIITY ORDERS, 1870—. 6 v. (A, 3, 1 not labeled, 3-$. 
Register of county orders issued by the county clerk and co\inty treasurer, 
shovang name of payee, date, purpose, and amount of order, c-id date of pay- 
nont. Also contains County Highway Warrcuit Register, 1931-35, entry 281. 
Arr. by warrant no. No index. Hdw. on pr. fn. 350 p. 18 x 12 x 3. 
Troas.' s off., 1st fl. 

276. CANCELLED CHECK MB DEPOSIT SLIPS, 1935—. 2 f ,b. 

Cancelled checks and deposit slips shovdng date, anount, by wliom deposited 
and vathdravm, and naiae of bank, Arr, by date of check or deposit slip. 
No index, Hdv;, on pr, f>u, 10 x 5 x 14, Treas.'s vlt,, 1st fl. 



- 106 - 

Treasurer - Special (277-281) 

Accounts 



Special Accounts 

Sc hool (Seo also 
entries 5, 288-292) 

277. INSTITUTE FUIID RECORD, 1883—. 1 v, (l). 
Record of institute fuiids, 3hovri.n{;; c.mo'ont of feos paid to county treas- 
lu'or, and amount paid out by v/ari-ant of county superintendent of schools, 
including name of person receiving order or v;arrant, Arr. by date of 
vreirrant, IIo index. Hdw. on pr, fm» 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2, Troas.'s vlt,, 
1st fl, 

270. JION-?IIGH SCHOOL FiriiD, 1913—. 1 v. 
Record of receipts from non-high school tax, showing date, anount^ and from 
whom received, and distribution made to treasurers of non-high school 
districts. Arr. by date of receipt. No index. Hdw, on pr. fm, 150 p. 
16 X 12 X 1. Treas.'G vlt., Ist fl. 

Probate 

279. TRUST FUIH) RECORD, 1074—. 2 v. (1,2), 

Record of moneys received by county treasurer and held in trust for vari- 
ous clair:ants, showing to whom due and paid, dates, and record of oxpcnso 
incurred in handling. Arr, by date of receipt, Ko index, Hdw, on pr, 
fm. 150 p. 10 X 12 X 1, Troas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

Inheritance Tax (See also 
entry li'S')' 

280. ESTATE RECORD (inlieritanco Tax Registor), 1911—. 3 v. 
Register of inheritance taxes paid, shoving names of estate, appraiser, 
county clerk, and treasurer, description of property, value of estate as 
returned by appraiser, cash value of annuities, rate of tax. Interest, 
total tax, and date of payment, Arr. by date of payrr.ent. No index, 
Hd.7, under pr. hdgs. 100 - 200 p. 16 x 12 x 1 - 18 x 12 x 1. Treas.'s 
vlt , , 1 st f 1 , 

Highway (Soe also 
entries 5, 8, 9, 12, 
305-300, 313-316) 

281. COUNTY HiniMAY YfARRAlIT REGISTER, 1936—. 1 v, 1931-35 in 
Register of County Orders, entry 275, 

Register of cancelled highv.Tiy warrants, showing date, amount, and purpose 
of v.-arrant, v;arrant and claim numbers, name of payee, and date of cancella- 
tion by bank, Arr, by date of v;arrant. No index, Hdv/. under pr, hdgs, 
50 p. 14 X 12 X 1/2, Trcas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 187 - 
Treasurer - Special (282-287) 

Accounts 



282. HIGMaY funds RECEIVED, 1936 — . 1 v. 1914-35 in Treasurer's 
Account of County Funds, entry 271, 
Register of highway funds received, sho\':inc name of fund, date and number 
of receipt, from vfhom received, total receipts, and treasurer's fees. Arr. 
alph. by type of fund. No index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 100 p, 
12* X le'x l'. Treus.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

285. MOTOR FUEL TiiX aLLOTI.!ENT RECORD, 1936—. 1 v. 
Record of allotments of the motor fuel tax to various highway funds, show- 
ing to what high^vay fund ullotcd, date, purpose, and amount of receipts and 
disbursements, ccnd balunco available. Arr. alph. by type of fund. No in- 
dex, Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 100 p. 10 x 12 x 1. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



Dog License (See also 
entry 75 J^ 



284. SHEEP CLnllvIS, 1950—. 1 f.b. 

claims for damages to sheep, showing; names of owner and tovmship super- 
visor, date and number of sheep killed or damaged, amount of najment, and 
date of cancellation. Arr. by date of claim. No index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 
10 X 5 X 14. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

County Officers and 
Court Foe s 

285. REGISTER OF EX-OFFICERS AND YilTNESS FEES, 1910—. 1 v. (2). 
Register of delinquent fees due and paid ex-officers and witness foes 
paid thro\igh treasurer, shov^ing date and amount received by treasurer, 
name of ex-official or witness, date of advertising, date and amount of 
payment, and remarks. Arr. alph, by name of payee. No index. Hdw. under 
pr. hdgs. 300 p. 18 x 12 x 2^, Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

286. REGISTER OF FEES, 1910—, 1 v, (1). 

Register of fees paid to county treasurer, showing type of fee, amount and 
date of payment, and source of receipt. Arr. by date of payment. Indexed 
alph, by name of payer, Hdv.'. under pr. hdgs, 550 p, 18 x 12 x 3. Treas.'s 
vlt., 1st fl. 

Drainage (See also 
entries 7, 10, 17, 
327, 328) 

287. DRAINAG2 TREASURER'S ACC0Ui:TS, 1885--. 6 v. (1 not numbered, 

2. --5). ^ . , . 

Drainage treasurer's record of receipts and disbursements, showing date, 
.•ynount, number and purpose of receipt or disbursement, legal description 
and numbers of subdivision or section, town and range, number of acres, 
cuiiount of assessment, and total receipt , Arr. by subdi strict no. -^lo 
index, Hdw, under pr. hdgs. 250 p. 16 x 12 x 2. Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



(Next entry 208, p. 189) 



XIV. SUP^RIIITSIDENT OF SCHOOLS 



The first cou:ity school offici-?.l in Fi-'-.tt County wp.s the county 
school cornmissioner who wp.s elected for p. two-year term.l The principal 
duties of this officer centered r.roir;id the s'.le of school lp.nds. His 
reports of these sr.les were in-vdi) to the county commissioners' court r.nd 
recorded toy their clerk in a well-bcund book kept for that purpose.^ 
The school commissionor also reported to the county commissioners' court 
on his other transactions in regard to the school fund.^ In 1845 the 
office of county superintendent of schools was created j.s an ex-officio 
office of the county school coaT.isGioncr.4 For his ex-officio duties as 
superintendent of <^chool5, the commissionor received additional coir.pense/- 
tion for the days actually engaged in the performance of these duties.^ 
In 186& tlie office of coTxity superintendent of schools was establinhrd as 
rji indcpcndont office, and had delegated to it the .authority formerly vested 
in the couiity school commissioner. 6 

Tlie superintendent of schools is •-'. stf.tutory office, now elective 
for a term of four years.''' Before ent^iring upon his duties he m.ur,t 
take ajid subscribe to an oath and execute a bond in the penal sum of not 
less thrJi $12,0C0 to be approved by the couj-.ty board or by the jud^je f.nd 
clerk of the county courti^ The superintendent's office servos as the 
central school administrative eigency for the cou}-.ty. One or more of the 
several congressional tovmships comprise the several school districts. 
TTithin those adminirtrative units are elected boards of trustees vho have 
executive pjid financial responsibilities wliich come under the sup-.;rvision 
of the couaity superintendent. ^ The boards of trustees appoint their own 
treasurers who also act as clerks of the tovnship (or school district) 
boards. -^^ 

Tlie superintendent makes quarterly r.nd annual reports to the county 
board -Jid also reports to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
the State Department of Public Health, the st.-.to fire marshal, r^nd the 
state architect. His ori,*;inal dutier. are the following: 



1. L.1841 , p. 251,262. 

2. Ibid., p. 262-67; L.1849 . p. 155,156,159,160; L.1851 , p. 130. 

3. L.lfi31 , p. 175. 

4. L.1845 , p. 54. 

5. L.1849 , p. 178; L.1867 , p. 161. 

6. L.1865 , p. 112; L. 1871-72 , p. 732; L.18Q9 , p. 312; L.1909 . p. 343. 

7. L. 1371-72 , p. 702; L.190? , p. 343; L.1915 , p. 628; L.1923 . p. 596. 

8. L.1909 , p. 345. 

^- hlMl' P« 1-36; L.1909 , p. 350; L.1929 , p. 745. 

10. L.19 .7 , p. 843; L.1929 , p. 745. 



- 188 - 



- 189 - 
Superintendent of Schools - (288) 

Accounts of School Funds; 



1. To sell township fund lands and issue certificates of 
purchase. 

2. To examine the complete accounts of every tovmship 
treasurer in his county and report irregularities 
to the toivnship trustees. 

3. To conduct a teachers' institute, hold quarterly 
exariinations for teachers' certificates, and issue 
such. 

4. To hold examinations for normal university 
Gchblarships. 

5. To visit the public schools in the county, observe 
methods of instruction, make recorim.endations to 
teachoi's, and advise school officers; to observe 
sanitary and safety conditions, and notify trustees 
and state authorities of unsatisfactory conditions; 
to inspect, plji.ns and specifications, and approve 
those meetinf, stale I'egulationstl 

A notevrorthy undertaking of the superintendent of scliools is the 
annual teachers' institute. Pioneer let':! slat ion of 1869 provided that 
the school directors were to allow school teachers to attend the teach- 
ers' institute in their county withiOiit the loss of time or pay. 2 Tvv'enty 
years later, the superintendent of sciiools v;as required to hold the in- 
stitute annually.^ A fund vras set up for this purpose which has contin- 
ued to be made up of the fees received from applications for taachors' 
certificates and from teachers' regi s Lrations. Money from, the fund is 
paid out only on the order of the superintendent to defray the expenses 
of the annual institute, \Vhen the fund oxcceds the annual cost of the 
institute, the excess may be paid out I'or special meetings of teachers. ^ 



Accounts of School Funds 
(See also entries 5, 277, 278) 

288. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES, 1073—, 2 v. (l not numbered, 3), 
I,:issing: 1882-35, 
Superintendent's record of receipts and expenditures from vfhich annual re- 
port to board of supervisors is m.ade, showing tit.le of fund, date, amount, 
and purpose of receipt or expenditure, names of payee and payer, school 
district number, and balance available, Arr, alph. by name of fund, ilo 
index, Hdw. under pr, hdgs, 500 p. 12 x 8 x 2, Off, of supt, of sch,, 
1st fl. 



1, R,S.1845 , p. 498,499; LJ.847, p, 122; L.1649, p, 156; L.1853 , p, 246, 
247; L.1855, p, 66,67;" lTISGI, p, 190,T9T7 L. 1365, p. 119,120;" L.1909, 



p. 347-50; L.1915 , p, 636-38, 

2, L,1869 , p. 394, 

3, L.1889 , p. 312. 

4, L.1905, p, 585; L,19G1, p. 876, 



GuT.prIn*,endpnt of Sohcrls - (289-294) 

Scr.ccl Districts; Teachers' 

Records 



2fl9. JOURNAL (Eistrihutive and Institute Fund), 1«86— . 1 v. 
CJounty superintendent's daily account rf schccl and institute funds, shew- 
ing froir. whom received, nature of distritution, ancunts, and dates. Also 
contains Record of Treasurers' Accc^'onts, 19C2 — , entry 290. Arr. ty late 
of entry. No index. Kdw. 4CC p. 12 x 8 x 2. Off. of supt. of sch. , 1st 
fl. 

290. RECORD OF TEEA^iURERS' A'^OCinTTS, 1881-19'"1. 1 v. 19C2— in 
Journal (Distrit'^tive and Institute F^ond) , entry 289. 

Record of school district accounts and register of notes and securities, 
shewing school district numter. receipts, dishurseir.ents, f-.nd "balance of 
fund on hand, air.ount of loanable fund, names of sureties and persons receiv- 
ing loan of school furids, amourit of iond, rate of interest, and dates. Arr. 
hy date of account. Indexed alph. by narrie of twp. Hdw. on Tir. fm. 15C p. 
18 X 12 X 3. Off. of supt. of sch. 1st fl. 

291. PENSION RECORD. 1914—. 3 v. (A-C). 

Record of teachers' pension f^irid, shewing; nr-.r.e and '.ddress of teacher, 
number of school district, amount of salr.ry per year, and date and amount 
deducted for pension fund. Arr. by date of payment to fund. No index. 
Hdw. \ander pr. hdgs. 3CC p. 12 x 8 x 3. Off. of supt. cf sch., 1st fl. 

292. CLAIMS FCR STATE AID, 1934—. 1 bdl. 

r-lr.ims for state aid, shc'vine; number of school district, financial state- 
ment of district, general information, names of tet-chers, and budget 
allowed. Arr. by date of claim. Ne index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 9 x 8 x 1^. 
Tff. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 



School Districts 

293. NON-HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT PJICORD, 1917—. 1 v. 
Record of proceedings of ncn-'nigh school beard of education, showing min- 
utes of meetings and financial accouiits", also includes a list of eighth- 
grade gradur.tes who attended high school from the non-high school district 
during 1918-22. Arr, by date cf meeting. No index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 
160 p. 14 X 12 X 1. Off. of supt. of sch., lr,t fl. 



Teachers' Records 

294. COUIJTY SUF2Ri:!TS:3ZNT'S EXAi-lINATION RECORD, 18G5— . 5 v. Miss- 
ing: 1886-94, 1911-13. 
Record of teachers' examinf.tions, shewing n".me, address, age, and nativity 
cf teacher, date cf examin?.ticn, gr; de and date of certificate. Volume 
for 1895-1910 also contains i-etitions, notices, and records of the organ- 
ization cf township and comm.unity high school districts. Arr. by date of 
examination. No index. Hdw., hdw. on pr. fm. , and typed en pr. fm. 
150 p. 16 X 12 X 1. Off. cf supt. of sch., 1st fl. 



191 



Superintendent of Schools 
Pupil Records 



(295-301) 



295. TEACHERS' APPLICATION, 1914—. 23 bdl. 

Applications for teachers' certificates, showinr name, address, and age 
of teacher, name of institution from which graduated, number of teaching 
months, name of course and school, total education received, and dates. 
Arr, by date of application. No index. Hdv;. on pr. fm. 11 x 8 x 2. Off. 
of supt. of sell., 1st fl. 

296. (TEACHERS' PERI/IANEl^T RECORD CARDS), 1915—. 1 f.d. 

Teachers' pension and service record showing name and address of teacher, 
beginning date of teaching in Illinois, whether uension contributions 
are compulsory or elective, previous ::e.rvice, and district number. Arr. 
alph. by name of teacher. Ko index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 12 x 12 x 22. Off. 
of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 

297. TEACHERS' PEPl'ANEST RECORD, 1914—. 2 v. 

Teacliers ' permanent record, shovnng nam.e, age, and addi'ess of teacher, 
certificate number, date of issue, subjects taken, grades received, 
schools attended by teacher, professional credits, date of employment, 
teaching experience, and date and grade of certificate. Arr. by date of 
employiTient. For index, see entry 298. lidw. on pr, fm. 400 p. 
10 X 16 X l}y. Off. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 

298. INDEX TO TEACHERS' PER1.:AI''ENT RECORD, 1914—. 1 v. 

Index to Teachers' Permanent Record, entrj- 297, shoY/ing name of teacher, 
addr.^<3s, and book and page of entry. Arr. alph. by name of teacher. Hdw. 
under pr. hdgs. 150 p. 14 x 9 x 1. Off, of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 

299. INSTITUTE REGISTER (Application), 1685-1913. 7 v. .hissing: 
1889, 1890, 1893-96. 

Copies of applications for teachers' certificates, showing name, a<-:e, and 
address of teacher, educational background, name of institution from, v/hich 
graduated, number of m.onths and schools of service, course taught, total 
education received, and dates. Arr. alph. by ngjrie of teacher. No index. 
Hdw. on pr. fin. 200 p. 9 x 8 x 1. Off. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 

300. CONSTITUTION AJJD 3Y-LAjVS OF TflE PIATT CO'JMTY TEACHERS' ASSOCIA- 
TION, 1391-95. 1 V. 

Record of constitution and by-laws of Piatt County Teachers' Association, 
showing names of members, dates of meetings, and names of teachers present. 
Arr. by date of meeting . No ind^x. F.dw, 100 p. 12 x 8 x 1. Off. of 
supt. of sch., 1st fl. 



Pupils Records 

301. FINAL EXA]i;INATIOT; RECORD, 1883--. 7 v. Missing: 1890-95. 
Record of final examination of pupils in comm.on schools, showing name, 
age, school, and grades received. Arr. by date of examination. No index. 
1883-1910, hdw.; 1911 — , hdw. under pr. hdgs. 200 - 600 p. 12 x 8 :•: 1 - 
12 x 8 X 4. Off. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 



- 192 - 
Superintendent of Schools - (302-304) 

Reports; School Treasurers' 
Bonds 



Reports 

302. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT'S AN^IUAL REPORTS, 1868 71 v. 

Annual reports of the coraity superintendent of schools, s);owing name and 
enrollment of each school, names of t.^achers, positions, qixalifications, 
promotion of health ai^d attendcLncj, tax leviss, salaries of teachers, 
fund records, receipts and expenditures of suporintendent, tuitions paid, 
investments, general and fintmcial reports, number of one-room schools, 
aiid remarks. Arr. by subject matter. No index. Hdw. on pr. fra. 50 p. 
14 X 7 X }, Off. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 

303. TRUSTEES' AJSVAL REPORTS, 1352—. 74 v. 

Annual reports of school trustees to superintendent of schools, showing 
names of trustees, school, ar.d teachers, school census, number of school 
district, activities for promotion of health aiid attendance, income from 
taxes and other sources, qualifications and annual salaries of teachers, 
and accoimt of expenditures. Arr. by date of report. No index. Hdw. on 
pr. fra. 13 p. 14 X 8 X §-. Off. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 

School Treasurers' Bonds 

304. (TOWl^'SinP TRSASl^REHS' BOI)!DS) , 1906--. 7 f.b. 

Tovmship school treasurers' bonds showing names of principal, sureties, 
and township, date, amount, and terms of bond, notarial acknowledgement, and 
date of filing. Arr. by date of bond. No index. Hdw. on pr. fn. 
6 X 5 X 12. Off. of supt. of sch., 1st fl. 



(Next entry 305, p. 195) 



XV. SUPERINTENDENT OF HIGffiTAYS 



From 1841 to 1849 the countjr coinmissioners' court oxercised jur- 
isdiction over roads and bridj^eS in Piatt County,-'- The court was 
empowered to locate new roads, to alter or vacate old roads, to 
divide the county into road districts, and to appoint a supervisor in 
each district,"^ Tho construction and maintenance of roads were effect- 
ed by means of a labor tax levied on all able-bodied men betv/een the 
ages of eighteon and fiftjr. It was the supervisors' du'by to suriimoia 
these men for work when road labor was needod,^ 

From 1849 to 1860, the county court in Piatt County had the con- 
trol and supervision of public roads and bridges. The substitution of 
this administrative body for the old county commissioners' court effect- 
ed no material changes in the earlier set up. Tho system of road dis- 
tricts was retained and the work of superintending road construction 
and maintenance continued to bo vested in district supervisors .^ 

In 1860, when township organization was instituted in Piatt 
County, 5 the caro and suporintondoncc of roads became the responsi- 
bility of tho townships. In 1849 legislation enabling tho adoption of 
this form of county govornmont had provided for tho oloction in each 
township of a highvjay commissioner and as many overseers of highT;ays 
as there were road districts in the county. The commissioners at 
their annual meeting determined necessary action for establishing new 
roads and repairing, altering, or vacating old roads; the overseers of 
highYrays were then required to carry out tho commissioners ' instruc- 
tions,^ This system of road control and maintenance obtained until 
1913; in that year tho office of suporintondent of highways was first 
established,' Tho boards of highway coim-iiis si oners wMch existed 
prior to that date have continued to function, but their powers are 
principally subordinated to those of the superintendent of highways. 

The superintendent is appointed by the county board. The board 
submits a list of three to five candidates to the State Department 
of Public ITorks and Buildings, which department examines tho candidates 



1, L,1819 , p. 175; R,L.1827 , p, 340, 

2, L,1819 , p, 333; L,1825 , p. 130 J K,L.1827 , p. 340, 344. 

3, L,1819 , p, 334; R . 1.1827 , p, 541, 342, 

4, L,1847 , p. 111-13"; L,1849 , p. 65; L.1851 , p, 179, 

5, ToTmship organization, adopted in 1859, was not effective until 
1860. 

6, L,1849 , p. 212, 

7, L,1913 , p, 524, 

- 193 - 



- 194 - 
Superintendent of 
}Iif;hv,tiys 

to determine the person best fitted for the office,^ The euocossful 
candidate holds office for six years and in romunerated in a sum fixed 
by the county board. 

The powers and duties of the superintendent of hif^hvffiys como under 
the rules and regulations of the Department of Public ''.Ycrks and Build- 
ings. Hovrovor, the superintendent is subject, upon hearing to remov- 
al by the countj-- board. The superintendent exorcises supervision over 
township, county, and state-aid roadn, and bridges and culverts in his 
county, aiid is required to perform such other duties as may bo proscribed 
by the chief highvrtiy engineer of the state ."^ 

His principal duties are as follown : 

1. To prepare plans, specifications, and estimates for all 
bridges to be built by the county. 

2. To supervise the construction and maintenance of county 
roads and bridges, and state-aid roads. 

3. To inspect the highways and bridges in each town or dis- 
trict of his county at least once a year. 

4. To advise and direct the highAvay commissioners in each 
town or district as to the best methods of repair, main- 
tenance, and improvement of highways and bridges. 

5. To approve any purchase in excess of $200 for materials, 
machinery, or apparatus to be used in road construction 
in any tovm or district. ^ 

He is required to keep the following records : 

1. Records of contracts, purchases, and expenditures 
authorized by himself, the county board, or township 
comnissioners. 

2. I&ps, plats, blueprints, specifications, etc., arising 
from his supervision of roads and bridges, or the plan- 
ning of nov.r construction. 

3, Accounts of the funds handled by his office. 

4, Reports from other officers or bodies touching upon the 
affairs of his office; copies of his own reports on the 
administration of his office; related papers.'^ 



1. L.1921, p. 781; L.1933, p. 961. l-'rora 1913 to 1917 the list vms 
submitted to the State Highway Commission ( L.1915 , p. 524), In 
1917 this state agency Viras abolished, and its rigTits, powers, and 
duties were vested in the Department of Public '*Yorks and Buildings, 
created in the same year ( L.1917 , p, 4,1G,24). 

2. L.1921, p. 782; L.1933, p." 961. 

3. L.1913, p, 523-26. 

4. Ibid,, p. 525. 



- 195 - 
Superintendent of Highways - (305-310) 

Coiiirnissioners' Records; 
Construction and Maintenance 
Records 



Cormissioners' Records 

305, COUIITY SUPERINTEllDENT OF ElGEilAYS RECORD BOOK, 1924--, 1 v. 
Distribution record of higliway funds, shovdng name of fund, type of con- 
struction or improvenent, date, name of contractor, airiount of contract, 
specifications of material and labor, and itemized financial statements. 
Arr, by date of contract. No index. Typed and hdv/, under pr. hdgs, 

350 p. 11 X 15 X 2, Off, of Eupt, of hwys,, 1st fl, 

306, CASH BOOK, 1936—, 1 v. 

Cash book of receipts and disbursements, showing date, amounts received 
or disbursed, and balance available, Arr, by date of entry. No index, 
Kdw, under pr, hdgs, 200 p, 13 x 18 x 1, Off, of supt, cf hfrjs,, 1st fl, 

307, (MOTOR FUEL TAX PAPERS), 1935^-. 1 f,d. 

Original motor fuel tax papers including requests for construction and 
m.aintenance of reads, road changes, approvals or disapprovals, with date, 
lists of material required, itemized statements of receipts and- expendi- 
tures, and balance available, Arr, by date of document. No index. Typed 
and hdw, 11 x 12 x 26, Supt, of hwys, off,, Ist fl, 

308, (BUDGET ACCOUNT), 1936—, 1 f.d. 

Budgets .and appropriations for road and bridge construction, maintenance, 
purchase of machinery, and other accounts, showing date, amount of claim, 
name of claimant, amount and date of appropriation, and balance available. 
Arr. by date of clairri. No index. Hdw, under pr, hdgs, 11 x 12 x 26, 
Off, of supt,. of hTr/s-, 1st fl. 



Construction end llaintenance Records 
Plans and Specifications 

309, C0U1\ITY HIGEJAY3 AND BRIDGES, 1921—. 800 plans. 
Construction plans of county roads and bridges, showing location of proj- 
ect, length, width, elev-tion, cross sections, and details of special and 
unusual constructions, material specifications, and indications of how and 
where materials are to be placed. Artist, Robert Bower, Published in 
llonticello, Illinois, 1 in, to 100 ft,; l/2 in. to 10 ft, 22 x 36, Off, 
of supt. of hwi's,, Ist fl, 

310, VILUGE OF ATWOOD PAVING, 1924, 3 maps. 

J'japs of construction details for the street paving; of streets of village 
of Atwood, showing outlines of streets, speoit'joations, cr<>Es-sHotional 
dimensions, and locations of -jjiiprovements , Author, "T, J. Day, ^rjgin«er. 
Blueprint, 1 in, to 10 ft. 24 x 36. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 196 - 
Superintendent of Highways - (311-316) 

Allotments and Clains; 
Warrants 



Contracts 

311. CONTRACT CONSTRUCT I CIJ LEDGER, 1924—. 1 v. 

Record of contracts for construction cjid inprovonents of highways, showing 
bids, requisitions, orders to let contract, nana of contractor, materiaJ 
specifications, and date and amount of contract. Arr. by date of contract. 
Indexed alph. by name of improver.ent. Typed and hdw. under pr. hdgs. 
350 p. 18 X 13 X 2. Off. of supt. of hvrjs., 1st fl. 

Labor 

312. (TIMS CARDS), 1935—. 1 f.d. 

Daily tinie reports showing distribution of la'Qor and material, date, niin- 
ber of hours of work, rate of pay, and total costs. Arr. by date of reporti 
No ihdex. Typed on pr. fn. 11 x 12 x 26.. Off. of supt. of hwys., 1st fl. 



Allotmeo'ts and Claims 

313. MOTOR FUEL TAX ALLOTMENT RECORD, 1938—. 1 v. 

Ledger of motor fuel .tax allotments, showing date, ajnount requested by 
county board, claim and receipt numbers, and totjil amount of receipts ojid 
fund distribution. Arr. by date of allotment. No index. Hdw. under pr. 
hdgs. 350 p. 12 X 16 x 2. Off. of supt. of hwys., 1st fl. 

314. (COUNTY HIGHWAY CUIUS), 1932—. 1 f.d. 

Original Mghwr>y claims showing warrant and claim numbers, date, amount, 
and purpose of claim,, and naio of claimant. Arr. by date of claim. No 
index. Hdv/. and typed on pr . fm. 11 x 12 x 26. Off. of supt. of hwys., 
1st fl. 

315. CLAIM REGISTER PIATT COmiTY, 1936—. 1 v. 

Register of claims against highway funds, showing date, amount, and purpose 
of claim, name of claimauat, cost distribution, and amount of payment. Arr. 
by date of claim. No index. Hdw. and typed u:ider pr. hdgs. 350 p. 
12 X 16 X 2. Off. of supt. of hw^^s., 1st fl. 

Warrants 

316. (PURCHASE ORDERS), 1935—. 1 f.d. 

Duplicate highway purchase orders showing nam^s of fund and firm, nature 
of purchase, quantity, price, date, and anount pf order. Arr. by date of 
purchase. No index. Hdw. and typed on pr. fra. 11 x 12" x 26. Off. of 
supt. of hwys., 1st fl. 



- 197 - 

Superintendent of Highways - (317,318) 

Reports; Corresrondence 



Reports 

317. (STATE AUDITOR'S REPORTS), 1932—. 1 f.d. 
Duplicates of reports of notor fuel fu:id transactions to state auditor, 
showing itemized receipts and disbursements of motor fuel tax funds, 
araount available, acknowledgnent, and date of report. Arr. by date of 
report. Ko index. Typed on pr. fn. 11 x 12 x 26. Off. of supt. of 
hwys., 1st fl. 



Correspondence 

318. (LETTER FILE), 1935 — . 1 f.d. 
General correspondence to and frcn superintendent regarding construction 
and inpr ovenents of highways aiid bridges. Arr. by date of correspondence, 
No index. Tjrped. 11 x 12 x 26. Off. of supt. of hwys., 1st fl. 



(319) 



XVI, SiiRVEYCR 

The office of surveyor iiras first established in Illinois in 1821; the 
iiicur.hent was an appointee of the Cienernl Assembly, Durinj^ the recess of 
the Ici^islnture nominations were made by the oovjaty comrr.issionors* court 
to the Governor, 2 Prom 1835 to 1956, the county surveyor was an elected 
officer of the county alcctoratc^ Since Sertonber, 1936, ho has been an 
appointee of the county board. His appointnont is for a foui'-year term. 
He takes and subscribes to an each v/hich is filed in the county cleric's 
office.'^ 

The sur^reyor is required by law to make all surveys vdthin the 
boxmds of his county that ho may be called upon to make by the county 
board or interested persons. Such surveys include zuwcys of lands of 
persons requesting the sanio, of additions or subdivisions, and loarking 
of county lines. Few chr.ngcs have been raado in the orifrinal statutory 
requireraents forth© duties of this office. The surveyor nay appoint 
one or more deputies. Any individual requostinf, a survey must employ 
his ovm chainmen subject to the approval of the sumreyor. 

The surveyor is required by law to keep a well-bound book in which 
to record all surveys made by him, giving such infoi'mation as the names 
of the persons whose land is surveyed and descriptive data of the survey. 
This record is required to be kept by the surveyor in the recorder's of- 
fice. The surveyor also preserves his field notes and retains copies of 
plats ,5 

For other records of surveys, see entries 112,. 113 

319. S'ffiVEYOR'S RECORD, 1343—. 5 v. (A-L). 
Record of surveys made by countj'' surveyors and engineers, showing plats 
and description of land, names of ovrnor, and surveyor or engineer, loca- 
tion of vritnesc trees and corn.jrsto:ioc, end lu-.tcs of survey and recording, 
Arr, by date of recording, lv.4o-i920, indexed alph. by name of land ovmerj 
1921--, no index. Edv/. 500 - GOO p. 12 x 9 x 2 - 18 :c 12 x 3, Cir. clk.'s 
vlt,, 2nd fl. 



1. L.1321, p. 62; R. L.1829 , p. 172; R.L.I 853, p. 591, 

2, Ibid, 

5. L.J^So, p. 166; 1.18 57, p. 558; Il_.S_.1 345 , p. 525; R.S. I 874, p. 456, 
lOoO"; L.i90 3, p, 349, 

4, L,_1933, p. 1104fl Effective in 1956. 

5, r.l821_, P. 63,64; R.L.1G2 S, p. 173; R.L.1835, p. 591-93,599,600; 
r/l345, P. 201; R.S.I 84 5, p. 524; R.S.l"874 , p. 1050; L.1885, p. 248; 
L.igi'S , p. 575; L.19o37~p. 1104, 



- 198 - 



(Next entry 320, p. 200) 



XVII. DRAINAGE CGLlISSICilERS 



For the purpose of aiding in public -welfare and health, the 
constitution has delerated to the General Assembly broad povjer to provide 
laws in regard to drainage. 1 By statutory provision those activities are 
exercised by drainage coinnisE loners in districts of Piatt County. The 
corporate authorities of the drainage districts have power to acquire 
rigl'its of way, issue bonds, construct and maintain drains, ditches, and 
levees for agricultural, sanitary or mininp; purposes, and assess the 
benefited property. 2 

Drainage districts joay be organized by land ovn-iers upo;i petition to 
the county court. ■,"ihen the court finds in favor of the petitioners, it 
then enters an order to that effect and appoints three commissioners to 
examine and survey the proposed lands. The coriimissioners, v;hen they 
have completed their assignment, make a final report to the court v;ith rec- 
ommendations and the copies of surveys, maps, plats, and estimates.^ 
The districts are of three kinds: regular, vv'hich is coirposed of propertj'- 
lying in a single town; union, where the lands organized lie in two 
towns; special, with three or more tovms involved.'^ 

After the renort on a proposed district has been made, the court 
completes the organization of the district,^ The corporate powers of 
regular and union districts are vested in three commissioners appoint- 
ed by tovm clerks. The corporate authority in special drainage districts 
is vested in three elected commissioners of the district, 6 In regular 
districts the commissioners apooint one of their number to act as sec- 
retary. The town clerk in union district acts as the clerk of the 
district,'^ The county clerk and county treasurer in cases of the 



1. Constitution of 1870, Art, IV, sec. 51. 

2. First amendment to the constitution, ratified November 29, 1873, in- 
corporated in the Constitution of 1870, Art. IV, sec. 31; L. 1879 , p. 
124-39. 

3. L. 1871-72 , p. 356-58; H.S.1871 , p. 429; L.1S75 , p. 76,77; L.1679 , 
p. 120,124,155; L.1885 , p. 78,93,95,110-15; L.l?07 , p. 275; L.1915 , 
p. 261. 

4. L.1879 , p. 155; L.1885 , p, 93,94,113. River districts, though 
not in this category, may be organized similarly and witli like 
powers (L. 1885 , p. 105). 

5. See footnote 3. 

G. L.1379 , p. 156; L.1B85 , p, 93,95,113. 

7, L. 101 5, p, u90. The town clerk shall be clerk of the union drainage 
district, when the major portion lies in his town. 



199 - 



- 200 - 
Drr'.inage Cornnissioners (320,321) 

special drainage districts are, reapectivoly, ex-officio clerkl and treas- 
urers of each district. 

Union and special drainage districts are maintained in Piatt County. 

The following records bolono to the drainage commissioners: 

1. Records of bonds icsued. 

2. Assesi-mont books. 

3. Petitions of o-mers of land to stay assessments, orders 
of commissioners thereupon, and other proceedings. 

4. State f.uditor'3 certificates of interest due on bonds. 

5. Tax lists showing pro-rata share of levy for bond 
interest (union and special districts only). 

6. Copies of reports to county court on conditions of 
district and estiran.tcd expenditures; and to county 
treasurer on delinquent lands; mr.ps and plats, surveys 
and estinvvtcs; office tr?u':.sactions.'-'' 

The first tvro records are required to be kept in sep-^jate books, the 
next three gcner,?21y are ki-.own as the "Drainage Record," and the re- 
maining records are kept desultorily. 

For othor records pertaining to drainage districts see entries 
7, 10, 17, 30-32, 125, 287. 

320. DELAl-ID SPECIAL D?AI!IAGS DISTRICT, 19TO 2 f.b. 

Papers of DcLrjad special drainage district organization, reports of com- 
missioners, plans, claims, poll books, and election returns of commis- 
sioners' elections. Arr. by date of d'-cuanent. llo index. Nature of 
recording varies. 10 x 4-^ x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt. , Ist fl. 

321. liiiftlOlvD liUTUAL DPJillTAGS DISTRICT, 18^;:—. 2 f.b. 

Papers of the Kanmond nutual drainage district, including plans, special 
assosaaont rolls, claims, cancelled orders, bids, contracts, and minutes 
of special meotir^s. Arr. by dn/-.c of document. Nature of recording 
varies. 10 :c 4-7 x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



1. L.1835 . p. 95; L.1915 , p. 390; L.1919 , p. 463. 

2* hJJt'l^ V' 78,104. 

3. L.1379 , p. 120-34; L.1S85. p. 78-104. 



- 201 - 
Drainage Commissioners (322-327) 

322. HAJaOND CTTUAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT, 1885—. 3 v. (A, 1085-1914, 
1927—5 2 not lettered, 1915-26). 

Record of Hajrjnond mutual draina.t'e district proccedin/rs, sViowing names of 
property owners, leases, description of land, resolutions and actions of 
commissioners, and sanount of taxes levied. Arr. by date of proceedinrs. 
Indexed alph. by name of subject matter. Hdvv. 175 - 300 p. 8 x 12 x 1 - 
13 X 12 X 2. V. A, GO. civ.'s off., 2nd fl.j 2 v. not lettered, co. clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl. 

323. LAKE FORK SPECIAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT OF CKAf/PAIGN, PIATT, AND 
DOUGL.'.S COmniES (Files), 18B5— . 19 f.b. (1-18, 21). 

Original papers of Lake Fork soecial drainage district, including resolu- 
tions of comr.iissj oners, treasurer's reports, certificates of lev;/, notices 
of letting of contracts, eng.inecrs' reports of estimates of costs, and 
bonds end oaths of commissioners. Arr, by date of paper. For index, see 
entry 1. Hdvj.; hdw. on rr, fm. ; typed; and typed on pr. fm. 10 x 5 x 14. 
Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

324. LAKE F0R]{ SPECIAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT A!>:D ITS SUBDISTRICTS, 1885—. 
16 f.b. 

Documents of Lake Fork special drainage district, and its subdistricts 
including commissioners' bonds, tax levies, special assessments, lists of 
ovmers of lands and respective acreage, reports of commissioners and 
engineers, estimates, bids, contracts, construction details, maps, pro"- 
files, and court orders. Arr. by date of document. No index. lidw. ; hdw. 
on pr. fm. ; typed; and tyr-ed on pr. fm. 10 x 4.V x 14. Co. clk.'s vlt., 
1st fl. " 

325. LAKE FORK SPECIAL DI-JII'IAGE DISTRICT; CH/JTAICr, PIATT, AV.T) 
DOUGLAS COUNTY, 1882--. 7 v. (1-5, 7, 8), 

Records of Lake Fork special drainare district, including resolutions of 
commissioners, record of contracts, minutes of meetings, and record of 
claims allovirnd. Arr. by date of meetings. Indexed alph. by subject 
matter. 1882-1907, hdw.; 1908—, typed. 400 p. 18 x 12 x 5. V. 1-5, 
7, 1882-1920, CO. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl.; v. 8, 1921--, co. clk.'s off., 
2nd fl. 

526. TRANSFERRED LAKE FORK SPECIAL DIU-JNAGE, 1933—. 1 v. 
Record of transferred Lake Fork special drainage district, showing name of 
ovmer, description of land, jiumber of clt'ssif ication on scale, tax levj'-, a.nd 
dates. Arr. by date of transfer. No index, 'ndw. on pr. fm. 50 p. 18 x 14 
X tJ* Treas.'s vlt., 1st fl. 

327. DRAINAGE RECORD, GALEGVILLE SPECIAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT, 1908-9. 
1 V. 

Record of special assessments, shovi^ing name of oivner, descrip-tion of land, 
and amount assessed. Arr. alph. by subject mifitter. No index. Mdw, 500 n. 
18 X 12 x 3. Co. clk.'s vlt., 1st fl. 



- 202 - 
Iraina^e Commissioners (328-332) 

328. TRAINAGE ESCORD - LAKE FOHK BOOT RECORT kW) UNPAID ASSESS! SOT RECORT, 
1882-87. 1 V. 

Record of tonds and unpaid draina^^ taxes, showing; date and amount of lond, 
rate of interest, date and place due and par/'a'hle, amount received, date of 
assessment, number of installment, owner's name, le^al description of proio- 
erty, and amount of delinquent assessment and interest. Arr. ty date of 
tond or levy. No index. Hdw. on pr, fm, 2^0 p. l6 x lU x 2^, Co. clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl. 

329. TRE;1KLE SLOUGH DRAINAGE DISTRICT , 1919--. 7 f ."b. 

Papers pertainin^?^ to Trenkle Sloufiih drainage district, including enf:ineers' 
reports, specifications, ■ maps and profiles, m.iscellaneous or^^anization 
■capers, election commissioners' records, and records of commissioners' pro- 
ceedings. Arr. "by date of document. No index. 10 x ^\ x 1^. Co, clk.'s 
vlt., 1st fl. 

330. TRENKLE SLOUGH SPECIAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT RECORD, 1920—. 1 v. (l). 
Record of proceedings of Trenkle Slou.^k special f!rain--^^e district, showing 
resolutions, contracts, and transactions of commisF,i oners. Arr, ty date of 

.meetings. Indexed alph. ty sucject matter. Ty7jed. 5^0 p. 12 x 18 x 3» 
Co. clk.'s off. , 2nd fl. 

331. SUBDISTRICTS OF THEUI3E SI,OUGH SPECIAL DPJIINAGE DISTRICT, 1929--. 
1 v. (2). 

Record of subdistricts 1, 2, 3, and U, of Trpnkle Slough special drainage 
district, showing taxatle property, legal description of land, valuation, 
and amount of levy. Arr, ly district no. No index. Typed, 6OO p, 
18 X 12 X 3. Co. clk.'s off., 2nd fl. 

332. SWA1,!P LAI^D RECORD, 1902-3. 1 v. 

Lists of swaiap lands, showing description of each tract, indemnity of the 
land, also report of the United States surveyor general on swamp lands. 
Arr. by sec, twp., and range nos. Ho index. Hdw. 600 p. 18 x 12 x 3. 
Cir. clk.'s vlt., 2nd fl. 



(Next entry 333, p. 204) 



XVIII. DEPARTlfflNT OF PUBLIC WELFARE 



Matters relating to public assistance and ^velfare in the county are 
handled by the department of public welfare, which was established in 
1937 ts successor to the county coiririission of nublic welfare. 1 This de- 
partnent consists of the superintendent of public welfare and a staff 
selected by him in accordance with, and subject to, the approval of the 
Sthte Department of Publ ic .j'elfare. 

The county board submits to the dtato department a list of five 
residents as candidates for the office of superintendent. An eligible 
list of these candidates is prepared by the state department by competi- 
tive exorr.ination and certified to the county board. The board in turn 
makes an order appointing one of the eligible? as superintendent of 
public welfare.^ 

The superintendent is char^t^ed with all the executive and adminis- 
trative duties and responsibilities of the department of public welfare. 
He is subject to the rules and regulation of, and removal by, the state 
agency, 3 

This officer has power and it is his duty to: 

1. Have charge and develop plans for the adminis- 
tration of old age assistance. 

2. Investigate and study problems of assistance, 
correction, and general welfare within his 
county, 

3. Cooperate with the State Department of Public 
Vv'elfare in the operation of welfare plans and 

policies in his county. 

4. Kamtain such records and file such reports 

with the State Department of Public '.Velfare as 
that depart-ent msiy require, 

5. Si'rve as a.'^enH and executive officer of the 
State Department of Public .Velfare in the ad- 
ministration of all forms of public assistance 
administered by that depar Lnient.4 

All the records of the county department arc subject to the inspec- 
tion and supervision of ttic agents of this central authority. 



1. L. 1935-36 , First Sp. Sess., p. 70-73; L.1937 , p. 451. 

2. L.1957 , p. 451,452. 

3. Ibid., p. 452. 

4. L. 1935-36 , First Sp. Sess., p. 72; L,1937 , p. 452. 



- 203 - 



- 2CU- 
Lepartment of Putlic Welfare (333-335) 



Federal legislation was enacted in 1935 ^o provide for the general 
welfare ^y estatlishing a system of Federal old age ■benefits. In order 
to participate in the tcnefits of this act,! the several states were 
required to submit plans for old age assistance. Illinois passed legis- 
lation complying with this act the same year. 2 Today, the Federal gov- 
ernment pays to Illinois, one half of the siams expendea on old age as- 
sistarice. 

The department of public welfare administers old age assistance and 
is subject to the rules and regulations of the state department, 3 Upon 
receipt of an application the department makes an investigation of the 
case. In the course of the investigation the department is allowed to 
hold hearings and compel the attendance of witnesses and the production 
of papers and books. ^ 

Old age assistance records and accounts axe kept as prescribed by 
the state departm.ent. All applications and records in these m.atters 
are considered public records. 5 

All of the records of the department of public welfare are kept in 
the old age assistance office on the first floor. 

333. (OLT AGE PENSION CASE FIL?:s) , 1036—. 2 f.b. 

Files of all old age pension cases showing date of application, case 
number, name, address, age, sex, and marital status of applicant, list 
of property owned, amount of ins\irance, income, living expense for last 
twelve months, investigator's report, correspondence, notation of re- 
jection or acceptance, amount allowed, and disposal of case. Arr. by 
case no. For index, see entry 33'^- Hdw. on pr. fm. 12 x 12 x 2U. 

334. (MASTER riUC IIZIEX) , 1936—. 1 f.n. 

Card index of (Old Age Pension Case Piles), entry 333, showing case aunber. 
name, address, sex, color, age, and marital status of applicant, amount of 
award, and dates of application and approval. Arr. alph. by name of appli- 
cant. Hdw. on pr. fm. 4 x 6 x 16. 

335. (CASE WORKERS' STATISTICAL FILE), 1^36--. 2 f.b. 
Statistical file of active and closed cases, showirig nam.e , address, age, 
sex, color, and marital status of applicant, case number, invest i rator ' s 
report, amount allowed, date of approval, and whether paid or not. Arr. 
by case no. No index. Hdw. on pr. fm. 6 x 8 x 11. 



1. U9 U.S.S.L. 620. 

2. L.in^5 . p. 260. 

3. L. 19-^5 . p. 259,260; L.19^5-3b . First Sp. Sess.. p. ^^U,^^^); LJJUI. 
p. 265. 

^. L. 19-^5- 36 . First Sp. Sess.. p. 57-59: L.19^7 . p. 267,265?. 
5. L.19^7 . p. 268,269. 



- 205 - 
Department of Public Welfare (336) 

336. (REGISTER OF OLD AGE PENSION APPLICANTS), 1936 — . 1 v. 
Register of old age pension applications, showing name, age, sex, residence, 
marital status, and color of applicant, financial ability, and date. Arr. 
by application no. No index. Hdw, 150 p. 10 x 16 x 1. Supervisor's rn,, 
1st fl. 



(Next entry 337, p. 2C7) 



XIX. ccuirry hoije 



One phase of putlic assistance is ar'ministerec' ty the county home. 
All co-unty poorhouses, poor farns, and institutions for the support and 
care of indigents in Illinois are kno'vn as county homes. 1 County poor- 
houses and farms have •xirbeA in this state undor statutory provisions 
for nearly a century. The legislation creatine: these county eststlish- 
ments for the indigent has changed little since the original enactments. 
The county toards of the various counties may esta'blish a county home, 
and are c;ranted the follo'wing powers: 

1. To acquire ty purchase, grant, ^ift, or r'evisc, a suitable 
tract or tracts upon which to erect and maintain a county 
poorhouse and other neco'jsary Duildinr? , and for the es- 
tatlishment and maintenance of a farm for the emplO}T.ent 
of the poor. 

2. To receive gifts and "bequests to aid in the erection and 
maintenance of the poorhouse, or in the care of the indi- 
gents. 

3. To make rules and regulations for the same. 

U. To appoint a keeper of the poorhouse and all necessary 
agents and servants for the m.anagement and control of the 
poorhouse and farm,, and to crescri co their compensation 
and duties. 

5. To aptioint a county physician and prescribe his compensa- 
tion and duties. 

6. To apt)oint an acent to have the general supervision and 
charge of all m.atters in relation to the care and support 
of the poor, and to prescribe his comitiensation and duties. 

7. To make the necessary appropriations for the erection and 
m.aintenance of the cour^ty home. 2 

Records of the county home are prepared and kept "by the keeper (super- 
intendent) of the home. He is required to keep an account shoY;in<' the name 
of each person admitted to the county poorhouse, the time of his admission 
and discharge, the plB.ce of his tirth, and the cause of his dependency. He 
is also required, at the sam.e time each year, to file '•ith the countv clerk 
of his county a copy of this record together '••ith a statement showing the 
average numter of persons kex-t in the poorhouse each m.onth during the year. 3 



1. L.1919 . p. 699; L.l'iy^ . p. IG58. 

2. L.18^9 . p. 13^; R.S.lgU^ , p. UoU,4r''5; L,H6l, p. 180; R.s.ig?^ , p. 757; 
L.1917 , p. 63?5,b39; IA211> v. 69S,'S99; L.i03^ . r. l057,ir5S. 

3. R.S.I07U . p. 75!?. 

- 206 - 



- 207 - 
County Hone (537-540) 

All of the records of thn county hono are kopt in the stev.'ard's office 
on the second floor. 



337. ALIJSIiOUSK REGISTER, 1884—. 1 v. (1). 
Re,'T;ister of county homo inmates, showing name, sex, age, color, occupation, 
civil conditioii, birthplace, last residence, education and health status, 
list of property ownr.d, authority, cause of pauperization, dates of admission 
and discharge, and remarks. Arr. by date of admission. No index. Ildw, 
under pr. hdgs. 140 p. IB x 16 x 2, 

538. (RECORD CF lIJI'LiTES), 1930—. 1 v. 
Record of state and looal information on county farm inmates, showing name, 
age, residence, sex, color, civil condition, occupation, and date and place 
of birth, name and hirtliplcicc of parents, m.aid6n name of mother, record of 
military or naval sor-vice in the United States, date and cause of death and 
place of burial of deceased, dates of adrdssion and discharge, nrune and ad- 
dress of authority and correspondent, cause of pauperism, health status, 
religion, remarks, and list of personal effects. Arr. by date of admission. 
No index. Hdv;. on pr, fm. 75 p. 6 x 9 x 1. 

For prior record of inmates, see entry 337. 

359. (RECEIPT AND DISBimSaiENT REGISTER), 193? — . 1 v. 
Quarterly receipt and disbursement ledger showinj] dates and amounts of re- 
ceipts and disbursements, purpose of payment, and tottil. Arr, by date of 
receipt or disbursement. No index. Rdv;, under pr. hdgs. 500 p. 
8 X 12 X 2. 

540. (TOl'.lJSHIP ACCOUNTS, QU^TERLY Px'JJPER REPORT), 1933 — . 1 v. 
To\vnship accounts and quarterly pauper reports showing name of township, 
inclusive dates of report, name of inmate, number of days and Y/ceks for 
which claimed, amount charged against cucli tovmship, date and amount re- 
ceived, nur.iber of inmates present i^t beginning of quarter, nuiabcr received, 
died, and discharged, and total present at end of qu,,rter. Arr. by date of 
report. No index. Hdw. under pr. hdgs. 300 p. 6 x 10 x 1-jj-. 



(Next entry 341, p. Cll) 



XX. FARJ4 BUREAU 



Piatt County farm bureau was oi'ganized in 19191 to promote and foster 
the social and economic interest of persons engaged in agriculture, and to 
encourage, promote, and foster cooperative organizations for the mutual 
benefit of its menbers. The membership of this bureau is made up of 
farners of the coxmty. A farm advisor is employed who cooperates with 
the University of Illinois College of Agriculture in ito program of ex>- 
tension education and farm studies, and to work with f?.rm leaders in es- 
tablishing such organizations as 4-H clubs and Dairy Herd Improvement 
Associations. 

In 1914, Congress inaugurated a progrcjn of agricultural extension 
education by providing; for cooperation between the a/jri cultural colleges in 
the several states and the United States Department of Agriculture. 2 The 
purpose of the act was to aid in diffusing useful and practical infornatioii 
on subjects relating to agriculture and home oconomics, fXid to encourage 
the application of the same. An appropriation was mado to each state to 
carry out the act, subject to the assent by the state legislature to the 
provisions of the act, and provided that the state appropriate a sum equal 
to that given by the Federal Governrjent.3 The General Assembly assented 
to this act by a joint resolution which authorized .and empowered the 
trustees of the University of Illinois to receive the grants of money 
appropriated under the act, and to organize and conduct agricultural 
extension work in connection with the College of Agriculture of the 
University. 4 

The General Assembly appropriated money in 1917 for the payment of 
county agricultural advisors. 5 The money was appropriated to the 
Department of Agriculture to be distributed equally among the several 
county agricultural advisors of the state to apply upon their salaries. 
The vouchors approved by the Department of A^jri culture for payment were 
to be accomp.anicd by the certificate of the agricultural college of the 
University of Illinois that the requirements of the act relative to the 
employment of county advisors had been substantially applied. In 1928, 
to further develop the cooperative extension system in agriculture and 
home economics, Congress appropriated additional sums of money, eighty 
percent of which was to be utilized for the payment of salaries of ex- 
tension agcjits in counties of the several states.^ 



1. Supervisors' Record, v. K, p. 159. 

2. 38 U.S.S.L. 372. 

3. Ibid., 373. 

4. L.1915 , Joint Resolutions, p. 732. 

5. L .1917 , p. 85. 

6. 45 U.S.S.L. 711. 



- 208 - 



(Next entry 341, p. 211) 



XXI. . TU3EECUL0SIS SANITAEIIUJJ BOAFJ) 



In 1909 the powei's of the coirity were extended to permit the estab- 
lishment of a sajiitarivj" for the care and treatment of county residents- 
suffering" from tuberculosis. 1 This provision was greatly amplified in 
an act of 1915 which described in detail the conditions necessary to the 
establishment of such szi institution and the manner in which it was to 
be supported, managed, and controlled. 2 

The act provided that whenever one hundred legal voters in a county 
should petition the county board to levy a tax for the establishment and 
maintenance of a. tuberculosis sanitarium, the board was required to sub- 
mit the question to the voters of the coujity at the next regular general 
election. A favorable majority of all votes cast upon the proposition was 
necessary for adoption. 3 In the original legislation of 1915 the amount 
of the tax levif was limited to not more than three mills on the dollar 
.annually on all taxable property in the county. 4 Tliis limit was lowered 
in 1923 to two mills, 5 and further reduced in 1929 to one cUid one-half 
mills, S the present statutory requirement. The money thus received was 
to be set a,part in a special TuberculOt;is Saiaitarium Tund.''' 

The management of the sanitarium was vested in a board of three 
directors appointed by the president or chairman of the county board 
with the approval of tha.t body. The directors were to serve for three 
years. 8 Vacancies on the boijrd were to be filled in the manner in which 
the original appointments were made. Imm.ediately after their appointment, 
the directors were required to meet and elect from their number a presi- 
dent, secretary, and such other officers as they might deem necessary. 9 
The county electorate voted on November 5, 1913,10 for the le^-ying of 
a tax to establish such an institution; the first board of directors was 
appointed on June 7, 1919. ■'-•'• 



1. L.1909 , p. 162. 

2. L .1915 . p. 346-49. 

3. Ibid., p. 346,347, 

4. Ibid., p. 346, 

5. L.1923 , p. 302. 

6. L.1929 , p. 304. 

7. L.1915 , p, 345; L .1925 , p. 302; L.1929 , p. 304,305. 

8. The first three directors, however, were required to serve for 
irregular terns of one, two, and three years in order to permit 
the appointment of one new director annually. The particular 
term each director was to serve was decided by lot ( L.1915 , p, 347) 

9. L.1915 , p. 347. 

10. Abstract of Votes, f.b. 48 (see entr-y 76). 

11. Supervisors' Eecord, v. M, p. 207. 



- 209 - 



- 21C - 
Tuberculosis Sanitarium Soard 



Todry the powers and duties of the bonrd of directors axe essenti?!- 
ly the sriio a.s in 1915, The directorn hnvo been givui broad powers in the 
control ?nd mj^iir^cment of any srnit?>.riurn, nil dispens.?xies, or auxiliary 
institutions and activities est:;blishud or crxriod on under the provisions 
of the act of 1915 and the subsequent letCislcttion.l They are grpjited ex- 
clusive control of the expenditure of ,?11 moneys collected to the credit 
of the fund rnd may receive, in the name of the county, contributions or 
donations to the smitaxium of money or property. Persons desiring to 
make a donc.tion, bequest, or devise of any money, personal property, or 
re.'d cotr.tc n?y vest the title to such property in the board of directors 
who, ujo:.\ acceptance, hold ,cnd control it end act as special trustees. 
Otherwise, .-11 moneys received for the use of the sanitro-ium rjre ioposited 
in the covnty treasury within r. month after their receipt, to be drawn 
upon only by the proper officers upon presentation of properly authenti~ 
cr.ted vouchers of the board of directors. When such a dCDOsit is made the 
board is required to secure a receipt from the treasurer. 2 

Since 1923, to insure greater working- efficiency, counties maintain*- 
ing tuberculosis sanitari-jms have been permitted to convey property ac- 
quired -o:.' such purposes, to any adjacent county or counties upon such 
terms and conditions as the respective coiinty boards agree on by a major- 
ity vote of all members of each board. In the same year it was silso 
provided that counties v.dthout public tuberc^Jlosis facilities might use 
funds secv::'ed for that purpose to give patients sanitarium care in pri- 
vate or public sanitariums of the state. ^ The tuberculosis sanitarium 
fund of Piatt County is distributed under this latter provision, as ro 
county sanitpJium is maintained. Patients are sent to Macon County Fani- 
tarium, PlaJ;^.er Sanitarium of Ottawa in LaSalle County, and St. Johns, 
Hiverton in Saaigamon County. 

Tlie directors are required to return to the county boaxi monthly a 
list of the names of all persons making contributions and donations, the 
amo-jnt o:id nr.ture of the property so received, and the date of its re- 
ceipt. On or before the second Monday in June in each year, the direc- 
tors mclzo an annual report to the coijnty boF.rd, stating the condition of 
their trust on the first day of J-^ne, the various sums of money received 
from £ll so-orccs and how and for what p\irpose expended, the number of 
pationts, end other pertinent statistics, information, and suggestions.^ 



1. L.1915 , -0. 346-49; L. 19.33 . p. 302, X3; L.1929 , p. 304, 3C5, Cf. 

R.S.1937 , 0. 956-59. 
2- L.1S15 , p. 347-49. 

3. L.1925 , p. 303. 

4. L.191-f, p. 348,349. 



(341-342) 



:a;ii. county i-tirse 



The covmty board is Gnpowerod to employ nurses for such putlic health 
nursing duties as it nay deen iiooessary. All nurses to be employed as 
public health nurses, in addition to beinj ref.istered, must be certified 
by the Department of Re 5.;i strati on and Education as qualified to perform 
the duties of public hettlth nursing.^ The Department of Registration and 
Education conducts examinations to dc-:termino the fitness of applicants , 
and may revoke any certificate for cause as set forth in the act. Review 
of any order of revocation may be made by the circuit court, and appeals 
from orders or judgments of the circuit court in such rcviev; nay be talcen 
to the Supreme Court. 

The county board prescribes the duties to be perforiiiod by the county 
nurse, and makes appropriations for the compensation and necessary ex- 
penses of such nurses.^ In Piatt Co^mty the county nurse visits child and 
adult patients throughout tho county. Advice and assistance is received by 
the county nurse from, the State Department of Public Health, and written re- 
ports, with the consent of the county board, arc made to that department. 

341. HEALTH RECORD, 1957—. 1 f.b. 

Pupils' health record cards showing name, sex, age, color, birth date, 
address, school, and grade of pupil, stutistical report of disease, im- 
munization, physical examination report, and names of parents. Arr. by 
school district no. No index. Hdw. on pr. fr.i, 12 x IC^ x 28. co. nurse's 
off. , bsmt. 

342. HEALTH SUR\1;Y OF CHILDREN, 193 7—. 1 f.b. 

Children's health survey record cards showing ncjue and address of parents, 
school district number, name of visitor and date of visit, naiie and birth- 
date of child, name and years of diseases, type and date of inj^unizatiou, 
and conditions of parents' health. Arr. alph. by name of twp. No index. 
Hdw. on pr. fm. 12 x 1? x 28. Co. nurse's off,, bsr.'t. 



1. L.1951 . p. 732. 

2. L.1937 , p. 998. 

5. Ibid., p. 1000,1001. 

4. L.1951 , p. 732. 

5. Ibid., p. 733. 



- 211 - 



BIELIOGRAPHT 



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(1821-1860) 



1821-1830 



1, 82 



1851-1340 



CIIROTIOLOGICAL INDEX 
(.411 figures refer to entn/ numbers; 
underscoring indicates the ending of 
a record in that decade) 



New P.ecord£ 



37, 36-89 



1, 82 



New Records 



Records Beginning in Preceding Decade 



1841-1350 



New Records 



3, 38, 41, 56, 53, 63, 73, 74, 76, 151, 156, 157, 160, 162, 187, 
193, 1977 198, 201, 205-207, 209, 221, 222, 226, 252, 319 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1, 37, 32, 86-89 

1851-1360 

New Records 

2, 6, 8, 12, 13, 27, 40, 43, 44, 47, 62, 72, 85, 104, 105, 133, 146, 
150, 153, 163-135, 173, 182, 188, 1917^92, 199, 200, 218. 228, 231, 
246 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1, 3, 37, 38, 56, 58, 63, 73, 74, 76, 82, 36, 87-89, 151, 156, 157, 
160, 162, 137, 193, 197, 198, 201, 205-207, 209, 221, 222, 226, 252, 
319 

- 235 - 



- 236- 

Chronological Index (IgSl-lSgo) 

1S61-1870 

ITew Records 

K 28, 29. II, 91-93, 95. 9b, 98-lOC, 107. 108, 1U9, 155. 168, 171, 
172, 176, 177. 179, I9H, 213, 22U, 225, 227r2''^7, 2U8, 253, 25U, 
268, 275, 29U, 302, 303 

Hecords Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1-3. 6, 8, 12, 13, 27. 3S, Uo, U3, ni;, U7, 56, 5S, 63. 12, 73. 7^. 
76, 82, 85, S7-89, loU, 105, 133, 1^6, 150, 151, 15G-158, 160, 162- 

165, ill, 1S2, 187, ISS, 191-193, 197-201, 205-207, 209, 218, 221, 
222, 22d, 228, 231, 2^6, 252, 319 



1S71-.13S0 

Hew Records 

2^. 26, is, U6, U8, 50-53, 55. 57. 59, 6c, a, 6H, 65, 77, 83. 102, 
103, lii, 11^4-123, 126, 128. 131. lig. 13H, 136, 137. 1^. 153. 161, 

167, 159, 17^, 183, ISb. 211, 2X\ 220, 23?-. 23G, 237. 2^+0, 2U9, 256, 
260, 267, 271, 279, 238 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decvles 

1-U, 6, 8, 12, 13, 27-29, 3S, UO, Ul, Ulf. U7. 56, 53, 63, 73, 7^ 
76. 82, 85, 87-89, 91-93, 95, 96, 9S-100, loU, 105, 107, ill, 1U6, 

II19-I5I, 15^, 156-153, 160—16^165, 171. 172, 176. 177, 179. 182, 
187, 188, 191-193. 12iL. 197-201, 205, 206, 222, -'^9, 213, 218, 221, 
222, 22U, 225, 226-228. 231, 2U6, ^, 2US, 252, 25U, 268, 275."^, 
302, 303, 319 

1881-1890 

Hew Records 

25. 39. ^2, 69, 78, 80, 90, 12U, 129, 135. 138. 1U7, lUs, 152, 15U, 

166, 18U, 195, 196, 203, 210, a9, 223, 239, 250, 265, 277. 237. 289, 
290, 299. 301. 321-325. 128, 337 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1-U, 6, 8, 12, 13, 2U, 26-29, 38, Uo, 1+6-US, 50-53, 55-60, 6>65, 
73. ii, 76, 77, 32, 83. 85, 87-39. 91-93, 96, 98-100, 10^105, 107. 
lll(-119, 1^, 121-123, 126, 12s, 131, l^, 136, 137. 1'-^. 1^6, 1U9, 
150, 151. 153. 156-158. 160-165, 161, 163, 169, 171. 172, 17^. 17b, 
177 . 179. 182, 133, 136-133, 191-193. 197-201, 205, 206. 209, 211, 
213, 2IU, 218, 220, 225, 231, 232, 236, 237. 2^. ^. 2U9, 25U, 256, 
260, 267, 263. 271, 275, 279, 233. 29^, 302. 303. 319 



- 237 - 
Chronological Index (1891-1S20) 



1891-190 

New Records 

33, 66, 67, 79, 106, 130, 170, 175, 185, 202, 203, 212, 235, 242, 
245, 263, 266, 300 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1-4, 6, 8, 12, 13, 24-29, 38-40, 42, 46-48, 50-53, 55-60, 63-65, 69, 
73, 76-78, 80, 82, 83, 85, 87-93, 96, 98-100, 102-104, 105, 107, 114- 
TT9, 121-12Tr 126, 128, 129, 131, 135-138, 140, 146-1487T50, 151, 
152, 153, 154, 156-158, 160-166, 168, 169, 171, 172, 174, 176, 179, 
T^, 184, 186-188, 191-193, 195-201, 205, 206, 208-211, 213, 214, 
218-220, 223, 225, 231, 232, 236, 237, 239, 240, 249, 250, 252-254, 
256, 260, 265, 267, 268, 271, 275, 277, 279, 287-290, 294, 299, 301- 
303, 319, 321-325, 337 



1901-1910 

Nev/ Records 

10, 11, 14, 17, 18, 54, 94, 97, 110, 112, 178, 180, 181, 215-217, 
251, 258, 285, 286, 304, 327, 532 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1-4, 6, 8, 12, 13, 24, 2_5, 26-29, 33, 33-40, 42, 46-48, 50-53, _55, 
56-60, 63-65, G6, 67, 69, 76-79, 82, 63, 85, 87, 88, 89-93, 96, 98- 
100, 102-104, T06, 107, 114-119, 121-124, 126, 128-131, 135-138, 140, 
146-148, 150, 151, 153, 154, 156-158, 160-166, 168-172, 174-176, 179, 
TBT-THF, 186, 187, 188, 191, 192, 193, 195 , 196-203, 205, 206, 208- 
210, 211,~2T2-214, 218, 219, 2^, 223, 225, 231, 232, 235-237, 239, 
240, "2^, 249, 250,~^2-254, 256, 260, TIB^, 1^-268, 271, 275, 277, 
279, 287-289, 290 , 294, 299, 301-303, 319, 321-325, 357 

1911-1920 

New Records 

7, 15, 16, 19, 21, 49, 68, 70, 75, 84, 109, 111, 141, 143-145, 204, 
229, 230, 244, 255, 259, 274, 278, 280, 291, 293, 295-298, 329, 330 

Records Beginning in Precedir^ Decades 

1-3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12-14, 18, 26-29, 33, 38-40, 42, 46-48, 50-52, 
53, ^, 56-60, 63-6^, 67, 69, 76-79, 82, 83, 85, 87, 89-94, 96-100, 
102-104, 106, 107, 110, 112, 114-119, 121, 122-124, 126, 128-131, 
136, 137, 138, 140,T50, 151, 153, 154, 156-158, 160-166, 168-172, 
174-17^ 178-180, 181, 182-185, 187, 188, 193, 196-203, 205, 206, 
208, 209, 210, 212'::rr7, 219, 220, 223, 224, 232, 235-237, 2397^40, 
242, 249-254, 255, 258, 260, 263, 265-268, 2717 275, 27Y, 279, 285- 
289, 294, 299, 301-304, 319, 321-325, 337 



- 338 - 

ChronologicrA Index (1921-1940) 



1921 -1930 

New Records 

20, 30, 31, 34-35, 81, 125, 139, 159, 189, 190, 233, 234, 238, 241, 
243, 357, 264, 270, 284, 305, 309, 310, 311, 320, 331, 338 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decades 

1-3, 6-8, 10, 12-16, 16, 19, 21, 26-29, 33, 38-4C, 42, 46-49, 53, 54, 
56-60, 63-65, 67, 58, "75-79, 83-85, 87, 89-94, 96-100, 102, 103, 104, 
106, 107, 109, 112, 114, 115-119, 132-124, 126, 128-131, 135, 136, 
138, 140, 141, 143..145, 150, 151, 153, 154, 155-158, 160-166, 168- 
172, 174-176, 178-180, 182-185, 187, 158, 193, 196-204, 205, 209, 
210, 212-217, 219, 220, 223, 229, 230, 235, 236, 237, 239, 240, 242, 
249-253, 254, 255, 256, 258-260, 263, 365-268, 271, 274, 275, 277- 
230, 285-289, 291, 293-298, 301-304, 319, 321-325, 329, 330, 337 

193 1-1940 

New Records 

5, 9, 22, 23, 33, 101, 127, 142, 261, 262, 269, 273, 273, 376, 281- 
283, 292, 306-308, 312-318, 326, 333-336, 339-342 

Records Beginning in Preceding Decp.de s 

1-3. 6-3, 10, 12-lG, 19-21, 26-31, 33, 38-40, 42, 46, 47, 43, 49, 
53, 54, 56-60, 65-35, 67, SB, 75-79', 31-85, 87, 89-94, 96-100, 102, 
104. 107, 112, 115-110, 122-135, 128, 129-131, 135, 136, 133-141, 
143-145, 150, 151, 154, 155-15S, 168-173, 17^1-176, 178-130. 183- 
185, 187-190, 193, 195-204, 309, 210, 213-217, 219, 220, 233, 229, 
250, 233, 234, 256-243, 249"253, 255, 356, 257-250, 263, 264-363, 
270, 271, 274, 275, 377-280, 234-383, 291, 293-398, 301-305, 309, 
Sll, 319-325, 329-331, 337, 338 



(Abar-App) 



SUBJECT H©EX 
(Figures refer to inventory numbers tmless •'un- 
derscored: underscored fig-ares refer to pages) 



Abatenent 

nosquito, district organi- 
zation, 53 
record, 270 
Abbreviations and symbols used in 

inventory, 83, 84 
Abstracts 

of assessments, see Tax 
title, 88 

recording of, 121 
of votes, 76, 82lil 
Accoucheurs' register, 64 
Accounts 

bejik, register, 273 
birth and death, county clerk's, 

84 
co'onty funds 
audits, 36, 93 
budget, 82[xv] 

collector's, vath county clerk, 

39 
examination, 93 
ledger, 5 
treasurer' s, 271 
coiuity home, 340 
county officers' , 271 
distributive fund, 289 
estate, 157, 160, 162, 165, 182, 

185 
institute fund, 289 
juvenile dependent fund, 271 
school, record, 289, 290 
with toi?/nship, collector's, 267 
Administrator 
See a lso Estate; Executor; Probate 

Court; Vfills 
accounts, 157 

bonds, 89, 90, 156-159, 168-170 
examinp.tion of, 78 
for sale of estates, 169, 180 
de bonis non, 169 
fee register, 193, 196 
inventories, 157, 171, 173 
letters, 157-159, 169 
oaths, 156-159, 169, 170 



Administrator (continued) 
petitions, 157-159, 169 
public, 145 
record (bonds, letters, oaths, 

petitions), 158 
reports, 157, 170 

record, 183 
with will annexed, 159, 169 
Adoption 
See also Juvenile 
jurisdiction in, 131 
papers, 82[ii] 
record, 170 
Adult probation officer, see 

Probation 
Affidavits 

in adoption cases, 82[ii] 
clerks aiid judges of election, 

82[x:cviii] 
for extension of mortgage, 89, 90 
in juvenile cases, 82, 117, 140 
of posting notices in estate 

cases, 155, 182 
for tax deeds, 46, 82[iii] 
witness, 119, 207, 209 
Agreements, recorded, 39, 90 
Agriculture, see Industries under 

Piatt County 
Aliens, see Naturalization 
Allegheny fountains, 5, 9_ 
Allotments, motor fuel, tax, 5, 23 
Almshouse, see County farm; County 
home; Poor; Public welfare; 
Relief 
American House (Eement), 28 
Andrews, A. K., Compsaay, 72 
Andrews, J. W. , 72 
Andrews Building, 71 
Appalachiaii Mountains, £ 
Appeal 

bonds, 82[iv], 117, 119, 158, 242 
to circuit court, 42, 135, 143, 

155 , 155 , 197, 205, 207 
from cnujity court, to higher 

court, 135 



- 239 - 



- 240 - 



Subject Index 



(App-Bir) 



A]ipeal (continued) 

to county court, 42, 129 
Applications 

for blind benei-its, 18 
cei'tificate'5 of noral character, 

o2LviJ 
collector's, for tax credits, S^Lix] 
license 

dance hall, _S2Lvii] 
hunting:, oSLviii] 
inarria/;e, 53, 57 
to sell beer, o2i.v] 



motherr' .ension, 2, 92, 



142. 143 



for old a^ie assistance 
files, 533 
register, 335 
for parole, 245 
teachers', 295 
record, 239 
Appointnent 

of county officers, see under title of 

officer 
in orobate, see under title of 

appointee 
Appraisements, 157, 160, 162, 165 

record, 172, 173 
Appraiser 

appointment, 161 
oath, 173 

reverts, f^^Lxix], 161 
warrants issued to, 173 
Appropriations for county funds, 3, 92 

ledger, 5 
Architect 

certificates, 66 
state 

inspection of school proper ty, 51 
school Gu'vcrintendent's re'^orts 

to, 188 
Argo , John , 18 
Army, see Soldiers 

Articles, see A^^reoments; Incortioration 
Assessments 

supervisor of, see Supervisor 
tax, seo Tax ~"~" 
Assessor 

county, see Supervisor of assessments 
dir.trict, Zj_, 102n, 122 
to-^mship 
bonds, 79 

duties, 37, 102, IT? 
election, 37, 177 
Assi-n;nments, mcrtgii^e, 89, 90, 93, 97 



Ater, Sdi-ard, 16, 17, IB 
Ater, J.-raes, 27 
AtlMitic Oco<?ji, 9_ 
Attachment bonds, 242 
Attorney 

circuit, 44 

state's, s ? State's attorney 
At'.vood, village of 

m?.rs, 310 

soecial assessment rolls, 36 
Auditing of county funds, 36 
Auditor 

reports, 82Lxxix] 

state, highvay superintendent's 
reports to, 317 
Ayer, R. J., 3v.ilding, 71 

Bail 

bonds, 207, 209 
records, 201, 210, 244 
Br.iley, ^illi.an, 15, 18 
Bank 

deposits 

register, 273 
slips, 276 
stock transfers, 89, 90 
Bar dockets 

circuit court, 226 
covJity court, 134 
Barnes, Fenry, 1_5 
:'=arnes, "^illiam, 14, 15 
I?arnum, P. T. , 11 
Bement, 6, 27, 28, 30 

Township, 27, 32 
Bids 

drainage district, 321, 324 
for rs.'pairs on county uroperty, 

" 82lx] 
Bills 

appraisement, 172, 173 

in chancery cases, 197, 207 

ci?;ainst county 

allo?'ed by supervisors, 7 
filing of, 95 

of sale, 157, 160, 162, 165 
true, see Indictment 
Births 
Sec also Vital statistics 
f^jj^d, register, 271 
reports 

coiinty clerk's account of, 

84 



?41 



Subject Index 



(Bir-Cer) 



Births 

reports (continued) 
warrants 

register, 8 
stubs, 16 
Blind 

appropriations, 3 
benefits, applications, 18 
examiner, see Examiner 
pension, see Pensions 
Blue Ridge Township, 27 
Board 

of County cormissioners, see 

County board 
of heclth, see Health 
of review, see Reviev/ 
school, see School 
of supervisors, county, see 

County board 
B ond i s sue s 

for courthouse and jail, 82 [xiv] 
drainage, 328 
record, 200 
highway, register, 20 
school 

record, 289, 290 
register, 20 
Bonds 

apoeal, 82[iv], 117, 119, 168, 

242 
assessors*, township, 79, 178 
attachment, 242 
bail, 201, 210 

record, 207, 209, 244 
capias, 242 
circuit clerk's, 158 
in circuit court, 265, 206 
collectors' 

county, 168, _182 
for dog tax, 80 
tov.Tiship, 98, 105, 103 
constables', 77, 105 
coroner's, 172 
deputy, 173 

102 



county clerk'; 

for deeds, 89, 9"U 
drainage connissioncrs ' , 



323, 
324 



injunction, 242 

justice of peace, 77, 105, 212 

officers', county, S2[xii^ , 168 

keeping of, 102 
official, 3 

docket of, 158 



Bonds (continued) 

of probate appointees 
See also under title of appointee 
examination of, 78 
receiver's, 242 

recognizance, 62[xxxiii3 , 118, 12;), 

139, 242, 243 
recorder' s, 120 
replevin, ' 242' 
sheriff's, 88, 169 
state's attorney's, 174 
supervisors' 

of assessments, 178 
tovmship, 168 
treasurers' 
county, 184 

tovmship (school), 90, 106, 304 
Bounty 

appropriations, 3 
crow, vrarrants, 14 
Bowman, Reuben, _28 
Boyer, A. G., _27 
Boyer, George, 16 
Brands, see Marks and brands 
Briar Crest, _10 
Bridge, see Transportation 
British in Northwest, 9 
Bryant, F. E., _30 ~ 
Bryant, William Cullen, 12 
Bryden, James, 2 7 
Budget, county Tunds, 821 xvj 
Buffet, G. i:., 69 

Cahokia, 9 
Cahokia f.^unds, 8 
Camp Creek, 4 

cemetery d'eeds, 82[xvii] 
Canada, _9, _10 
Capias bonds, 242 
Carlin, Thomas, 12 
Carlyle, Thomas ,~T2 
Cash books 
See also Fees; Fund; Receipts and 

expenditures 

highway superintendent's^ 308 

sheriff's, 257 

treasurer's, 274 
Cemetery deeds, 82[xvii] 
Census records, 61, 62 
Cerro Gordo, 31 

Township, _27, _31, _32 
Certificates 
See also License 

architects'', 66 



Subject Index 



- 242 - 



(Cer-Cir) 



Certificates (continued) 
birth, 48, 82 [xi] 
record, 49 
register, 50 
for citizenship, see Natural- 
ization 
death, 53 
record, 54 
rcpif^ter, 55 
of election, judges', 7G 
jury 

cancelled, 12, 82[xviJ 
register of, 8 
of levy, sheriff's, 102 
of noral character, applica- 
tions, 82 [vi] 
optorTietrists', 70 
patent (inventions), 71 
pension, 20G 
physicians', 65 

register, 64 
of purchase 

issued by drainage comr.is- 

sioner, 51 
mstor's, 89, 90 
tax, 82[iii] 
recording of, 103, 121 
of redemption, 89, 90 
inastnr's, 103 
sheriff's, 102 
of sale 

master's, 103 
sheriff's, 88, 90, 104 
stallion, 110 

reneival of. 111 
stillbirth, 48 
record, 49 
register, 50 
tax levy, 323 
teachers ' 

applications, 295 

record, 299 
issuance of, 47n , 48 
veterinarians', J7 
Chanpaign, 22 

Char.paign County, 3_, 4, 12_, 30 
Chancery 
See also Circuit court; Kaster-in- 

chancery 
jurisdiction in, 39, 156 
Chattel nortgage, see" Mortgage 
Checks, cancelled, 251, 276 
Chicago and Paducah Railroad, 32 
Chicago, University of, 8 



Children, see Juvenile 
Chiropodists • register, 64 
Circuit attorney, 44 
Circuit court 

appeals to, 42_, 135, 143, 155 , 

156 
branches, 156 
clerk 

appointment, 42, 158 
bonds, 63, 158 
duties and election, 158 
e "-officio recorder, ICO 
foe 3 

ledger, 24:3 
register, 250 
oath, 158 

office, location, 31 
pro-tempore, appointment, 158 
receipts and expenditures, 249 
records kept by, 197-251 

legislation concerning*, 56 
reports of fines and forfei- 
tures, 137 
roster, 63 
dockets 
bar, 226 
chancery, 228 
clerk's 

chancery, 216, 218 
conmon lav/, 215, 218 
criminal, 217, 218 
comnon law, 225 
criminal, 227, 228 
execution, 220, 222 
general, 214 
judge's, 225 
judgment, 220, 221 

and execution, 220 
justice of the peace, 224 
lien and satisfaction, 223 
naster-in-chancery cases, 219 
naturalization, 225 
probation, 225 
fee books (court costs) 
chancery, 229, 231 
common law, 229, 231 
criminal, 230, 231 
files 

chancery, 197 
common lav/, 197, 205-207 
criminal, 205-207, 209 
executions, 199 
index to, 198 
judge, 39, 40, 41, 155, 156 
jurisdiction and functions of, 

39, 155-158 



Subject Index 



~ 243 



(Cir-Com) 



Circuit court (continued) 
records 
■bail, 244 
chancery, 201, 203 
cominon law, 201 
confession, 202 
criminal, 201, 210 
decree, 204 
index to, 200 
indictment, 211 
parole applications, 245 
recognizance, 243 
transcript, 213 
reports to, 233-237 
transcripts, 241 
record, 212, 213 
Cities, see under najnes of 

individual cities 
Civil 
cases 
See also Common law under Circuit 

court. County court 
jurisdiction in, 150 , 155 
War, 24 

enlistments, 72, 108 
militia roll, 82[xxiii] 
service record, 107 
soldiers' bounty, bond issues 

for, 30 
Claims 

blind pension, 82[xii] 
against county, 2» 3, 6, 82 

auditing, 36_, 93 
crow bounty, stubs, 14 
against drainage districts, 

320, 321 
record, 325 
against estates, 151, 153, 157, 
160, 152, 165 
judgments on, 154 
orders to pa;', 151, 152 
highway, 314 

register, 315 
mothers' pension, 19, 82 
for sheep damages, 284 
for state aid for schools, 292 
for witness fees, 209, 232 
Clark, George Rogers, 10 
Clark County, 3 
Clerk 

county, see County clerk 

of courts, see under name of 

specific court 
of election, see Election 



Clerk (continued) 

tovm, see Tovrn clerk 
Clinton Tfowa) , 72 
Cole, Willian, 27 
Coles County, 3 
Collection of taxes, see Tax 
Collector 
county 

abatement record, 270 
accounts 

with county clerk, 39 
with towns, 267 
appointment, 38, 181 
bonds, 168, 182 
books (lists of taxable property), 

38 
county treasurer, ex-officio, 

33, 181 
credits, application foij 82[ix] 
duties and functions of, 38 , 
181. 182 



receipts, 269 

records kept by, 267, .-270 

reports, to county clerk, 181 

roster, 54, 66 

settlement, record, 82[x:ccv3, 

268 
slieriff ' s early duties as, 

37, 181 
dog tax, bonds, 80 
township 

abolition of office, 38, 181 
accounts with county collector, 

267 
bonds, 98, 105, 106 
duties and election, 38, 181 
Commission 

insanity, reports, 82, 117, 122 
welfare, county, 203 
Com}nissioner3 
county 

board of, see County board 
court, see County board 
drainage, see Drainage 
highway, see Highway/- under 

Transportation 
road, see Road \xnder Transpor- 
tation 
school, see School 
Committees, county board, organ- 
ization of, 2 

Common law 
See also Circuit court; County court 
jurisdiction in, 130 , 155 



Subieot Index 



- 244 - 



(Com-Cou) 



Co.aplaints 

in cirouit court. 197, J:07 
in juvenile cases, 8?-, 117, 140 
docket, 266 

before justices, 207, 209, 212 
Confession 

circuit court, 197, 207 
record, 124 
in vacation, 202, 212 
Conservi.tor 
See also Estate j Guardian; 

Insanity; Probate court 
accounts, 162, ICli 
bonds, 1G2, 165-158, 170 

examination of, 78 
fee registef, 193, 195 
inventories, 162, 165, 171, 173, 

175 
letters, 162, 165-167 
oaths, 162, 165-167, 170 
petitions 

for appointment, 162, 165-167 
to sell estate property, 170, 

178 
i'ecord (bonds, letters, ofeths, 
petitions), 136, 167 
reports, 132, 155, 170 
record, 163, 185 
Constables 

appointment, 2, 44 
bonds, 63, 77 

keeping of, lOf ? 
creation of office, _44 
duties, 44, _45 
election, 'A 
Construction, see Bridge, Ilighv/tvy, 

Koau under Transportation 
Contracts 

county, authority to make, _92 
drainli(?;e, 321, 323-325, 330 

notices for letting-, 323 
for grading race truck, 205 
highway 

construction, 311 
keeping of, 194 
physiaians, 2 
Conveyances 
See also Deeds > riortgage 
"tllTTTor, 197, 207 
Coroner 

bonds, 65, 172 

creatiftn ol^"o?fice, _45 

deputy, appointment and bond, 173 

duties and povrcrs of, 43, _45, 172 



Coroner (continued) 
election, 45, 172 
files, 253 
inquests 
files, 253 
procedure, 45, 172 
oath, r72 
office 

location, 30 
tern of, 177 7 172n 
records kept by, 258-260 
roster, 55 
CorporatioTT" 
See also Incorporation 
tax schedules, 8£[xviii] 
Correspondence 

circuit clerk's, 206 
hif:hway superintendent's, 318 
Cost, court, see Foe book under 

name of specific court 
County board 

board of county commissioners, 

Icgislfition establishing, 35 
change s 

election for, 24 
legislation eiTects, 23 
clerk, county clork cx-"o7ficio, 101 
county comnissionors' court 
clerk, _34, 42, 62, 94, 101 
duties and povrors, ]^, _£6, 46 , 

12' ii 
election, 34 

first administrative body, 55 
probate jurisdiction, _42 
roster, 59, GO 
succooded by county court, 
_24, _34, _90 
county court as early administra- 
tive body 
composition, _M, _90, 129 
early sessions, 90 
election for, _24 
uxtablishment, 41, 101 
first mooting, 7^ 
members 

compensation, 90 
election, 129 
roster, 60 
term of "office, 129 
power and jurisdiction, _90» ^'^^ 
succeeded by board of super- 
visors, 34 
succeeding county commissioners' 
court, 34, 90 



- 245 



Sutiect Index 



(Cou) 



County iDoard 

coixnty court as early administra- 
tive body (continued) 
gupei'viBion over roads-, and 

bridges, 50 , 195 
proceedings, 3 
of Gu-oervisors 

adoption of, 34, 90, 130 
clerk 

county clerk, ex-officio, 

S5, 101 
roster, 6^, 53 
composition, _oO, 51_, _90 
duties and uowers, 3_S, 93, 94 
iuembers 

adiitionjil (assistant super- 
visors), _35, 91 
conpensation, 91_ 
election, 61, £0 
roster, 6]^ 
ter->i of office, 90 
TDapers, 2 

petitions to, 82L7;xvii] 
records, 1-26 
reports to, 2, 3, 24, 25, 

82Lxxix], 237 
succeeding county court, 54, 90, 

130 
Coi-tnty building, appropriations for, 

3 
County clerk 
accounts 

v.'ith collector ?Jid treasurer, 39 
'.vith registra,r of births and 
deaths, 84 
bonds, 53, 102 
creation of office, _95^, 102 
duties and powers of, 102 -105 
in custody of recoras, 95_ 
in election procedure, IW/' , ^'"^ 
in enterintr bonds of officials, 

102 
ex-officio clerk 

board of review, 32 
county board, _95, 101 , 106 
county court, 42, £5, 101, 135 
drainage district, 1_99 
prob3.te court, 42 
in issuin.^ of licenso;-., 102 , 106 
in keenini^ of vital st'\tistics, 
53, 54, 103, 104 
in re.~ard to Dublic health, 52 
in taxation procedure, _Z8, 102. 

103, 181, 182 



County clerk (continuei^ 
election, 102 
fee register, 83 
miscellaneous files, 82 
office 

location, _81 
term of, 102 
records kept by, 27-84 

legislation concerning, 56 
reports 

collector's, to, 38_ 
to county court, 137 
to State Department of Health, 

_52 
roster, 62^, 6_3 
County collector, see Collector 
Coionty commissioners, see County 

board 
County court 
app eal s 

to higher courts, 135 
from lower court, 42, 129 
clerk of 
bond, 102 

county clerk, ex-officio, 42, 

135 
duties, 34, 42, 94, 135 
establishment of office, _35 
ex-officio probate court clerk, 

42 
roster, 62_ 
term of office, 102 
dockets 
bar, 134 

common la'7 and criminal, 126 
execution, 151, 133 
general, 129 
insanity, 130 
judge ' s 

common law, 128, 188 
criminal, 127, 128, 188 
judgment, 131, 132 

and execution, 131 
justice of the peace, 135 
fee books (court costs), 136 
files 

common law, 117 
criminal, 119 
execution, 121 
index to, 115 
insanity, 82, 117, 122 
juvenile, 82, 117, 140 
judge 

election, 41, 129 



Subject Index 



246 - 



(Cou-Dec) 



County court 

judge (continued) 

as justice of the peace, 41 
oath, 129 
roster, 61, 62_ 
salary, 129 
tern of office, 129 
jurisdiction and functions, 

129-136 
in juvenile cases, 131 , 152 
in mothers' pension cases, 152 
in naturalization v^rooedure, 41, 

4? 
in probate ratters, 41, 42_, iTIT 
over swamp lands, 51 
records 

common law, 118 

confession, 124 

criminal, 118, 120 

delinquency and dependency, 141 

drainage, 125 

insanity and feeble-minded, 

123, 167 
kept by county clerk, 115-149 
mothers' pension, 141 
plaintiff -defendant index to, 

116, 136 
recognizance, 118, 120, 139 
reports to, 137 

■kvnrden's keeping of, 136 
County farm 
See also County home; Public vral- 

fare; Relief 
accounts, 271 
record of inmates, 338 
County funds, goo Fund 
County home 
See also County farm; Public wel- 

faro; Relief 
administration, 20G 
functions, 54, 2GG 
heating system, report of, 82[xxxi] 
lodger, 339 
location, 72 

receipts an3" expenditure accounts, 

340 
register, 337 
reports, 2 

superintendent, records kept by, 

206 , 337-340 
County hospital, county empowered to 

build, £1 
County nurso 

appointment and duties of, 211 



County nurse (continued) 
health records, 341, 342 
office, location, 79 
reports of visitations, 2 
County officers, see Officers 
County offices, see Offices 
County orders, see Orders 
County property 

bids to repair, 82 [x] 
control of, 35, 36_, 50, 92_, 93 
insurance on 
policies, 21 
record, 22 
County superintendent of highways, see 

Highway under Transportation 
County superintendent of public 

vralfare, see Public vrelfare 
County superintendent of schools, 

see School 
County surveyor, see Surveyor 
County treasurer, see Treasurer 
County v;arrants, see Warrants 
Court, see Circuit; County comjnis- 

sioners' under County board; 
County; Probate 
Courthouse 

bond issue for, 82[xiv] 
buildings used, 69-72 
construction, 19^1 
custody of, 51 
improvements, 72 
offices in, 7_o7~Vl 
Cox, Wil?on F., £8 
Craivford County, 3 
Criminal 
See also Circuit court; County 

court; Indictment; Probation 
cases, jurisdiction in, 130 , 155 
Crow bounty claims, 14 

Danville (Vermilion County), 10, 

20, ST" 
Death 
See also Vital statistics 
accounts of 

county clerk's, 84 
treasurer's, 271 
warrant 

register, 11, 84 
stubs, 15 
De bonis non, see Administrator 
Decatur (llacon County), 12_, 14_, 

25 , 32 
Declaration of intention, see 
Naturalization 



Subject Index 



- 247 - 



<Deo-.Dra) 



Decrees 
See also Orders, ccmrt 
in circuit court, 201, 203, 210 
of divorce, 204 
in J-astice of peace cases, 213 
record, circuit court, 204 
for sale of real estate, 

(prol>a,te), 170 
Deeds 
See also Conveyances 
bills to set aside, 197, 207 
ceneteiy, 82[>:vii] 
entry book of, 85 
grantor-grantee index to, 87 
master's, 89, 98 
quitclaim, 88, 89, 91 
real estate, 88 
record, 89 

swamp land, issued by drainage 
commissioners, 51 
tax 

affidavits, 46, 82[iii] 
sheriff's, 89, 90, 95 
trust, 88, 89, 92 
warranty, 88, 89, 94 
De Land 

drainage district 
assessment list, 32 
files, 320 
record, 125 
village of, special assessment 

lists, 54 
Delinquent children, see Juvenile 
Delinquent taxes, see Tax 
Democratic Party, 11, 12, 30 
Demsey (Dempsey), George, 19, 69 
Dentists 

licenses, 68 
register, 69 
Department of public welfare, 

county, see Public v.'olfaro 
Dependent children, sog Juvenile 
Depositions of ovidenco, 207, 209 
Deputy, see under title of officor 
Devore, N. li., 14 
Dovore Hotel (tHo Old Fort), _19 

used as early courthouse, 15 
DeWitt County, _3, 13, _14, J^, _30 
Dickens, Charles, T? 
Disbursements, seo' ~5cocipts and 

oxponditurcs 
Distribution of taxes, see Tax 
Distributive fund, 289 



Districts 

drainage, sec Drainage 
health, see Health 
road, See Road under Transportation 
school, see School 
Divorce 

bills for, 197, 207 
decrees, 204 
record, 201, 203 
Dockets 

court, see under name of specific 
court; also under title 
of docket 
required to be kept, 136, 145, 

T^ , T75 
Doctoi", see Physician 
Dodge, PlTT,, _72 
Dog 

license fund 
account, 2 71 
claims against, 284 
tag record, 38, 75 
tax, bond for collection of, 80 
Douglas, Stephen A., 12, 30 
Douglas, 3 
Township, 2 7 

name changed, 28 
Douglas County, 5 
Dower rights, for petitions for, 

197, 207 
Drainage 
See also Swamp lands 
assessments 
record, 327 
rolls, 31, 521 
bond issue record, 328 
commissioners 

appointment of, 51, 199 
bonds, 323, 324 
duties and powers, 199 
election of, 199 
highway oommissionfers, 
ex-officio, 51 
oaths, 323 

records kept by, 200, 320-352 
reports, 82[xxx], 320, 324 
resolutions, 322, 325, 325, 330 
contracts, 321, 323-325, 330 
districts 

assessments, 324 
record, 327 
rolls, 321 
claims, 321 



- 248 - 



Su'bject Index 



(Dra-Exe ) 



districts (continued) 

clerk:, county clerk, er:-officio, 

190 . 200 
elections for, 320, c29 
on.-ineers' repcrtc, 323, 3r;4, 329 
estimates, 3,.Jo, 524 
files, 320, 321, 323, 324, 329 
maps, 324, 329 
crJors, court, 321, 324 
crgar:i::ation, 52, IC^, 520 

petition for, 125 
plans, 3.-30, 321 
r-cords, 522, 325-328, 330-.332 
reports on condition of, 200 
treasurer 

covtrity treasurer, ex-officio, 
184, 199, |T£ 
receipts and disbursements, 

267 
reports, 323 
funds, reports of, 82Lyjcx] 
record, reqt\ired to be kept, 200 
tax, se^ Assessment above 

Sarninss and ercoenditures, see 

Receipts and expenditures 
Education, s e e School 
Edwards Count:', 3^ 
Election 
See also "onder Piatt County 
abstract of votes, 76, 32Li] 
board, appointment, 1 33 
certificates, judges', 76 
clerics 

affidavits, 82[x^r7iiil 
appointT.ants, 55 
draina^-e district, 520, 529 
duties, county clerk's, _55, 104 , 

133 
judges 

affidavit?,, d2Lx:cviiiJ 
appointr.ont, 3d, 55. ^ 
certificates, 76 
jurisdiction over, _93, 133 , 156 
list of of;'icors elected, 82Lx.;ii] 
for niosquito abatement districts, 

53 
nominations, objections to, 1[ 4 
poll books, 7.-., e2Cxxviii] 
precincts, petitions to form, 

82[xxvii] 
special, for drainage, 320, 329 
Electoral board, county officers', 

134 



Emerson, Ralph W.'^Ido, 12 
Zmmett, Daniel Dicatur, 11 
Ent-^ineers, drainasre, reports, 323, 

324, 329 
En^^lish, see British 
Entry bcoks 

of deods and mortgages, 85 
of lands, 37, Pt 
required to be kept, ^, 120 
Equal i:: at ion of taxes, see Tax 
Estate 
See al?;o Administr-.tor ; Conserva- 
tor; Executor; Guard i an; 
Probate court; Trills 
accounts record, 182, 186 
appraisement, ISO, 152, 165, 172, 

173 
claims arainst, 151, 153, 157, 
160, 162, 155 
allowed, 154 
orders to pa;;-, 151, 152 
index, 150 
inventories, 157, 150, lc2, 165, 

171, 173-175 
ledger, 182 
property, sale of 
personal, 173, 179 
real, 173 

bonds in, 169, 180 

decrees, 170 

petitions for, 170, 177, 

178, 181 
ronorts, 170, 181 
reDorts on condition cf, 157, 160, 

162, 165 
trrjiscripts, 89, 90 
P.stimates, draina^-e district, 323, 

324 
2s tray 

papers, 82Lxix] 
record, 73 

keeping of, 105 
Evidence 

depositions of, 207, 209 
transcripts of, county court, 117 
writs of, 117 
Sxaminationa, see Pupils; Teachers 
Examiner of the blind, aprointaent 

and duties, 54 
Execution 
dockets 

circuit court, 220, 222 
county court, 131, 133 
sheriff's, 252, 253 



Subject Index 



- 249 - 



(Exe-For) 



Execution (continued) 
files 

circuit court, 199, 206, 207, 

209 
county court, 121 
of judgment, orders for, 201, 

208 
praecipe for, 207, 209 
writ^ of, 117, 119 
Executor 
See also Administrator} Estate; 
Probate court; Wills 



accounts 



160 



appraisements, 160 

bonds, 156, 160, 161, 168, 170 

examination of, 78 
fee register, 193, 196 
inventories, 160, 171, 173 
letters, 160, 161 
oaths, 156, 160, 161, 170 
petitions 

for appointment, 160, 161 
to sell real estate, 170, 176 
record (bonds, letters, oaths, 

petitions), 161 
report record, 183 
reports, 160, 170 
Expenditures, see Receipts and 

expenditures 
Expense accounts, county, appropri- 
ations for, 3 
Explanatory notes to inventory, 

84 , 85 

Farm bureau 

advisor, compensation, 208 
appropriations, legislation 
concerning, 208 
board of directors, composition, 

208 
purpose, 208 
Farm names, register of, 109 
Fayette County, 3 
Fee books 
See also under name of specific 
~ court 

required to be kept, 136 , 159 
Feeble-minded record, 123, 167 
Fees 
See also Cash; Fund; Receipts and 

expenditures 
circuit clerk's 
ledger, 249 
register, 250 



Fees (continued) 
officers', 2 

paid to ex-officers, 285, 286 
register 

circuit clerk's, 250 
county clerk's, 83 
recorder's, 85, 114 
sheriff's, 255, 256 
sheriff's, 121, 193, 199, 252, 253 
state's attorney's, 193 

reports of, 233, 235, 236 
v^itness, 5 

foreign, claims, 209, 232 
order register, 8 
receipts for, 209, 232 
register, 285 
Ferry, 

licenses, issuing of, 105 
rates, early, 29 
Final papers, see^Certif icates 

under Naturalization 
Financial records, see Accounts; 

Cash; Fees; Fund; Receipts 
and expenditures 
Findings and orders 
board of review, 266 
in insanity, 130 
Fines received by state's attorney 
record, 261 

reports, 233, 235, 236 
Fire niarshal, state 

inspection of county buildings 

by, 43, 51 
school superintendent's reports 

to, 183 
First National Bank of Monticello, 71 
Florida, £, 9_ 
Foreclosure 
See also Mortgage 
decrees, 197, 204 
master-in-chancery reports of, 

234, 235 
reports, 90, 238 
Foreign transcripts, 213 
Foreign witness fees, claims for, 209, 

232 
Forfeiture 
of lands 

lists, 92[xxxv] 
records, 42, 44, 45 
state's attorney's reports of, 236 
Fort Creveooeur, 9 
Fort de Chartrcs,~9 



Subject Index 



- 250 - 



(Por-Guy) 



Fort St. Louis, 9 

Foster, Stephen, 11 

Foster, ^,7, T., Zf" 

Fox Indians, see Sacs and Foxes 

:'rer\ch 

doniiaation of Illinois country, 

and Indian War, 9 " 

Fulton County, _8 
Fund 
See also Cash; Fees; Receipts and 

expenditures 
birth, account record, 271 
bridge, tax levies for, 82, 2c3 
county 

account, treasurer's, 271 
appropriations, 3, 5 

by county board, 93 
auditor's repofts or, 82[xxix] 
budF;et records, 82[xv3 
county collector's account of, 

267 
ledr.er of, treasurer's, 272 
warrants issued ag:ainst, 5 
county farr., account record, 271 
death, account record, 2 71 
distributive, account, 289 
dog license 
account, 271 
claims against, 284 
drainage, reports of, 82[xxx] 
highway 

appropriations, 5 
claims against, 314, 515 
record, 305 
register, 271, 282 
institute 
account, 289 
record, 277 
juvenile dependent, 271 
motor fuel tax 

allotment records, 5, 23, 283, 

313 
highway superintendent's reports 
of, to state auditor, 317 
•request for, 307 
warranto 

cancelled, 12 
lists, C2[xxiv] 
register, 8, 9 
non-high school, record, 278 
paupor relief, 3 
pension 

blind, ?, 54 



Fund 

pension (continued) 
mothers' 

account, 2 71 
adrdnistration, 54 
appropriations, 5 
source, 133 
road 

account, 271 
appropriations, 3 
tax levies for, 82, 263 
school 

appropriations, 3 
management of, 46 
non-high, recor'37 278 
receipts and expenditures, 288 
troasi'i.rer 's, account, 271 
trust, record, 279 
tuberculosis sanitarium, 209, 271 

Galesville drair^age district, special 
assessment record, 327 
Garnishees, 197, 207 
Gas leases, 90, 101 
Gets, liens on, 223 
Goose Crock, _4, 18, 27 

ToAvnship, £, 27 " 
Grand jury, soe Jury 
Grantof-grantcc index, 87 
Grundy, suggested as name for now 

county, 13 
Guardian 
Soo oJ.EO Conservator; Estate; 

Probate court 
accounts, 162 
bonds, 156, 162, 164, 138-170 

examination of, 78 
estate docket, 137 
fee register, 193, 194 
inventory, 162, 171, 173, 174 
letters, 132, 164 
lists of personal propet-ty sold 

by, 173, 179 
oaths, 156, 132, 1G4, 170 
papers, 162 

index, 163 
petitions 

for appointment, 162, 164 
for sale of property, 170, 181 
record (bonds, letters, oaths, 

petitions), 164 
reports, 162, 170 
record, 183, 184 
Guy, Joseph, 29 



- 251 



Subject Index 



(Hab-Ins) 



Habeas corpus writs, 207, 209, 259 

petitions for, 241 
Kai-ies, Elijah H. , 28 
Hall, Slias, 27 

Hatn-aond mutual drainage district 
files, 321 
record, 322 
Harrison, ^Tilliam Henry, 12 
Harsh'barger, Samuel, 1_6 
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 11_ 
Hajnvorth, George, 10 
Health 

hoard, organization of, 52 
department, state 
creation of, 52 
fuiictions, 52, _53 
districts, organization of, 52_ 
taxes, _52 
Heirship, proof of, 157, ISO, 162, 

165 
Hennepin, Father Louis, _9 
High schools, see School 
Eighv.-ay, see Transportation 
Homestead rights, petitions for, 

197, 207 
Housing, care, and accessibility 

of records, 69-75 
Housing orojects. establishment of, 

135 
Hughes, John, 13, 15, 24, 25 
Hull, P. K., 24 

Illinois Commerce Comrriission, 

appeals from, to circuit 
court, 156 
Illinois River, _9 
Illinois, State of, 20, 22, 23 
early history, _11, 12 
finances, early crises in, 16_, r? 
Illinois State Archives Building, 58 
Illinois State Historical Library, 

58 
Illinois State University Librarv, 

58 
Illinois Territory, _5 
first settlement in, _9 
Indians in, 8_ 
Spanish claims in, 8 
Illinois, University of, 8_ 
Incorporation 
See also Corooration 



of villages, petitions. 
Index 

birth, 51 



156 



Index (continued) 

chattel mortgage, 100 
circuit court 
files, 198 
records, 200 
county court 
files, 115 
records, 116 
death, 52 
deeds, 87 
to estates, 150 
grantor-grantee, 87 
guardians' , 163 
to judge's probate docket, 190 
marriage, 60 
mortgagor-mortgagee, 87 
to old a^e assistance files, 334 
plain tiff -defendant 
circuit court, 200 
co'jnty co\irt, 116 
probate judgment docket, 192 
to records required to be kept, 

121 , 145 ' 
stillbirth, 51 
supervisors' files, 1 
teachers' permanent record, 298 
Indiana, 1 
Indiana Territory, 3^ 
Indians in Piatt region, _8 
Indictments 

no-true bill files, 241 
original, 119, 205, 207, 209 
record, 211 
Indigent persons, see Poor 
Inheritance tax 
record, 151 
register, 280 
returns, 82, 145 
Inj-onction 

bills for, 197, 205, 207 
bonds, 2-2 
Inauest 

files, 258 

procedure, 45, 45n , 172 
records, 173 , 3€0 
Insanity 
See also Conservator 
docket, 130 
fees, 193, 195 
jurisdiction in, 131 
papers, 82, 117, 122 
record, 123, 167 
Institute fund 
account, 5, 289 



Subject Index 



- 252 - 



(Ins-Juv) 



Institute fund (continued) 

manaeiement of, 189 

record, 277 
Instructions to ju.ry, see Jury 
Instrument'-, r.jquired to be kept, 

48, 121, 123 
Insurance on county property 

accounts of, 5 

policies, 21 

record, 22 
Intention, doclaraticn of, see 
naturalization 
Inventories of estates, 157, 160, 

162, 165, 171, 173-175 
Investigation reports 

in adoption cases, 82[ii] 

in delinquent and dependent cases, 

82, 117, 140 

in mothers' pension cases, 142 

old age assistance, 333, 335 

Jail , county 
Si;e also Prisoners 
construction, 21, 22 
custody, 51_, 169 
reports on conditions of, 237 
superintendent, appointment, 169 
Jefferson, Thomas, 1^ 
Johnson, Jonathan C, 25, 2£ 
Jolliet, Louis, 9 
Journal 
See also Lodger 
school superintendent's, 289 
Judges 

of courts, see under name of 

specific court 
of election, sec Election 
Jud^^ent 

by confession, 124, 212 
dockets 

circuit court, 220, 221 
co^onty court, 131, 132 
probate court, 186, 191 
index (191 ), 192 
and execution dockets, 131, 220 
record of claims, probate, 154 
sale, redemption and forfeiture 

record, 42 
tajc, record, 42, 43 
Judicial circuits, 40, 

Judicial sviitem in county, 39-42 
Jurors, see Jury 



207, 
209 



Jury 

certificates 

cancelled, 12, 82[xvi] 

register, 8 
coroner's, 172 

verdicts, 45, 259 

venires, 259 
grand 

files, 241 

reports on jail, 237 

venires, 239 
instructions to, 119, 205, 

lists 

county board, 26 

county court, 62[xxi] 

keot by co'jnty clerk, ^ 
petit, venires, 239 
records, keepinf^ of, 160 
venires, 239, 259 
verdicts, 207, 209, 359 
warrants 

ledger, 5 

stubs, 13, 240 
Justice 

administration of, 39-46 
of the peace 

appeals, 40, 42, 205 

appointment, 2, 39_ 

bonds, 63, 77 
keeping of, 105 

complaints before, 207, 209 

co-ionty judf;e as, 41_ 

courts, early proceedings, 3 

dockets, 135, 224 

as early administrative officer 

34, 90 

election of, population require- 
ments, 41 

jurisdiction of, 40, 41_ 

probate, 40, 43, 143 

reports to court, 137 

summons, 205 

transcripts, 212, 213 
Supreme Court, required to hold 

circuit court, 39, 40 , 155 
Juvenile 
See also Adoption; kinors; Pension, 

mother's 
delinquency aind dependency 

jurisdiction in, 131 

fund, account, 271 

records, 141, 151 
probation officer, see Probation 



Subject Index 



253 



(Kas-Map) 



Kaskaskia, 9 
Kaskaskia River, 5 
Kickapoo Indians, 8, 10 
Kinc, Joseph, 15, T6,~T7 
Knott, Ananias B,, 28 
Knox County (Territorial), 3 

Labrador, 5 
Lake Fork, 5 

drainaf;e 'district 

assessment rolls, 31 
claims allowed, 7 
files, 323, 324 
orders 

cancelled, 17 
register, 10 
records, 325, 326, 328 
Lake Michigan, 6 
Land 
See also Real estate 
entry book, 86 
grants, recorded, 89, 90 
patent, 83, 89, 93 

federal, 82 [xx] 
school, sale of 

legislation concerninfr, 46 
use of funds from, 46_, 188" 
s'wamp, see Swamp 
taxes on, see xax 
Langdon, Seth C, 27 
La Salle, de, Robert" Cavalier, 

Sieur, 9 
La Salle County, £, 210 ~ 

Leases 

drainage district, 322 
gas and oil, 90, 101 
recorded, 89, 90 
Ledger 
See also Journal 
circuit court clerk's, 24 9 
county home, 32 9 
estate, 182 

treasurer's, appropriation, 272 
Letters of appointment in probate 

see under title of appointee 
Levee, see Drainage; Swamp land 
Levy 

certificates of, sheriff's, 102 
tax, sec Tax 
Liberty Tovmship, 27 

name changed, 28 
License 
See also Certificate 



License (continued) 

dance hall, applications, B2[vii] 
dog, fund 
account, 271 
claims against, 284 
ferry, issuing of, 105 
hunting, applications, 82[viii] 
liquor, applications, 82 [v] 
marriage, 56 

applications for, 53, 57 
issuing of, 104 
power to grant, 92 
professional, see~ under name of 

profession 
tavern, issuing of, 105 
Liens 
See also Mortgage 
Toc1oeT7 223 
on gets, 223 
mechanic's, 197, 207 
Lincoln, Abraham, _n, 12_, 17_, 29, 30 
Lincoln-Douglas debates, picture of~ 
marker coirinem.orating spot 
vjiiere decision was made 
to hold, see Cover 
Liquor license applicaTions, 82 [v] 
Livestock 
brands, 74 
e stray 

papers, 82[xix] 
record, 73 
stallion certificates, 110 
renewals. 111 
Lodge, W. F,, 71_ 
Lots, see Land; Real estate 
Louisiana, 9 

Lowell, James Russell, 11 
Lovn-y, John, 19, 69 
Lunacy, see Insanity 

McLean County, 3, 25 
McMillan, ThomaF, 28_ 
Jfecon County, 3_, 4_, 12_, 13, !£, 23_ 

2^, 32_, 210 
McReynolds, James, 15, 16 
life d den, John, 13 
^.'•addon's Run, 4~ 
riadiscn County" 3 
I'ia ine ,9 ~ 

tfeps 
See also Plats 
Atwood street improvements, 310 
drainage districts, 324, 329 



Subject Index 



- ^54 - 



(Map-Nat) 



Maps (continued) 

recordation of, 49, 121 
Marks and br?jids, 74 
Marquette, Father Jacqu.es, 9 
Marquis, Abraham , 13, 15, 18 
Marquio, Ezra Sr., P7, 29 
Marria/re, see Vital statistics 
Maxtino, Zenobel, 25, 26 
I5aster-in-chancery 
certificates 

purchase, 89, 90 
redemx.tion, 103 
sale, 103 
deeds, 89, 93 
docket, 219 
receipts, 234, 235 
reports 

of foreclosures, 234, 235 
of sales, 90, 238 
Mechanic's lien files, 197, 207 
Melisa, John, 27 
MexicrvJi Tfar, 31 
Michigan, 10 
Middle town, 25 
Militia 
Se£ also Soldiers 
roll, 82[vxiii] 
Minors 
See also C-uardian; Jm'enile 
applications for raai*ria<;e 

licenses, 57 
naturalization of, 201, 248 
Minutes 
See also Froceedin^s 
boaxd of review, 265 
comity board, 3 
Mississippi River, 9_, 10, 11; 
Mississippi Valley, 6, 9 
Missouri, 22 
Mitchell, Royal, 27 
Mittimus writs, 119, 259 
Monticello, 6. 10. 14, 16, 17, 19, 
20, 25, 27, 29, 30 
32. 69, 70, 71 
assessments for local inprove- 

laents, 35 
coxxnty seat pro tern, 15 
naming of, 1^ 
Township, 27 
Moore, Caleb D. , 27, 23 
Moraon Church in Illinois, polit- 
ical aspirations of, 12 
Mortga^-e 
See also Conveyances; Liens 



Mortgage (continued) 
assigrjnent, 89, 90 
chattel 

index, 100 
record, 89, 99 
recording of, 121 
releases, 88 
uncalled for, 38 
entry book, 85 

extensions, affidavits for, 89, 90 
real estate 

a^ssignnents of, 96, 97 
index, 87 

record, 89, 96, 97 
releases, 39, 98 
Kortga^^or-nortgagee index, 87 
Mosgrove, John, 27 

Mosquito abatement districts, organ- 
ization of, 53 
Mothers' pension, see Pension 
MothersT)aw, William, 28 
Motions for new trial, 197, 207 
Motor fuel tax fund 

allotment record, 5, 23, 283, 313 
highv/ay superintendent's reports 

of, to state auditor, 317 
request for, 307 
warrsjits 

cancelled, 12 

list rf, 82[xxiv] 
register, 3, 9 
Moultrie County. 5, 5 
I'.ount Vernon (Ohio) , 11 

Naturalization 

certificates (final papers) 
circuit court, 201, 246-243 
county court, 82[xxv], 146-149 

declaration of int<5ntion 
circuit court, 201, 246 
county court, 82[xxv], 146 

docket, 225 

jurisdiction over, 39, 41, 42 

minors', 146, 143, 149, 201, 248 

oaths 

circuit court, 201, 246-248 
county court, 82[xxv], 146-149 

papers, 197, 207 

petitions 

circuit court, 201, 248 
county court, 82[xxv], 146-149 

records required to be kept, 

136, 160 

soldiers', 146, 149 



Subject Index 



- 255 



(Nau-Par) 



¥.SiV.voo (Hancock Coianty), 12 

Hegroes in co'onty, _31 

ITev; Engl am d, 23 

Mew Orleans, _9 

Nominations, see Election 

iJon-high school, see School 

Northern Cross Railroad and Trans- 
portation Company, 32 

Korth'-.'est Territory, 3 

i'Jotary puljlic 

"bonds and coFjnissions, 63_ 
records, kept "by co'onty clerk, 

105 

2^otices of letting draiuag'.^ 

contracts, 323 

jjlurr.e, county, see County nurse 

Oath 

citizenship, see Ns,turalization 
of county officers, see 

Officers, county 
entered ty county clerk, 105 
kept hy circuit clerk, 158 
of protate appointees, _s_ee under 
title of appointee 
Oh.jections to taxes, see Tax 
Officers 
coujity 

accounts, examination of, 

appointments, 3 

honds, 3, 82Lxiii], 168 

examination record, 78, 
fund accounts, 271 
register of, 63 
reports, 2, 3, 24 
salaries, 2 
drainage district, see Drainage 
probation, see Probation 
stipulations regarding their 

duelling activities, 25 
to'^nship 

lists, 82LxxiiJ 
register, 65 
Offices, county, location and 

description of, 7 9- 82 
Officials, see Officers 
Ohio, 10 

Ohio Piver, 9, 10 
Oil leases, 90, 101 
OkavT, 1^, 17 
Old age assistance 
See also Pension; Public t^elfare; 

Relief 



QA 



138 



Old age assistance (continued) 
administration of, 54, 204 
application, register, 335 
files, 533, 355 
index (335), 334 
investigation reports, 333, 335 
"Old River bridge", 29 
Old Settlers Association, 1£ 
Optometry register, 70 
Orders 
county 
See also Vouchers; ^iFarrants 
cancelled, 2, 12 
drainage district, 17 
register of 

county clerk's, 8 

keeping of, _95, 106 
drainage district, 10 
treasurer's, 275 
stubs, 15 
court 
See also Decree 
chancery, 201, 203 
common law, 117, 201 
criminal, 119, 201, 207, 209, 

210 
in delinquency and dependency 

car.es, 82, 117, 140 
in drslna.ge proceedings, 321, 

324 
for execution of judgment, 

201, 208 
in insanity cases, 82, 117, 

122, 167 
in justice of peace cases, 213 
probate 

appointment, 172, 173 
for sale of property, 170, 181 
Organization 

drainage districts, 52, 320 

petitions, 125 
high school districts, 294 
mosquito abatement districts, 53 
Osteopaths' register, 54 
Ottavja (La Salle County), 210 
Oullery, I'icholas, 1_8 
Outten, Jajnes, F. , 15, 18, 24, 25, 6! 
Overseer of the poor, see Poor 

Paris, treaty of, _9 
Parole 
See also Probation 
application record, 245 



Subject Index 



« 256 - 



(Par-Pla) 



Partition 

decrees in, 204 
master's reports of, 90, 238 
Partnership, dissolution of, 197, 

207 
Patents 

inventions, 71 
land, 82Crjc], 83, 89, 93 
Patterson, .acorge A., 14, 15, 16, 17 
Pauper, s6£ Poor; Relief 
Pease, Theodore C, T^^ 
Peck, Enoch, 18 

early county commissioner, 15 
Pension 
See also Old age assistance; Public 

welfare; Relief 
blind 

claims, 82[xii] 
fund, 54 
certificates, 206 
mothers' 
See also Juvenile 
applications, 2, 82, 132 , 142, 

143 
claims, 19, 82 
fund 

account, 271 
appropriations, 5 
source, 133 
papers, 142 

probation officer, see Probation 
record, 141, 144 
warrajits 

c?jncelled, 12 
stubs, 13 
teachers', record, 291, 296 
people's cases, seo Crindnal under 

Circuit court. County court 
Permits, risht-of-waj', 89, 90 
Personol property 

assessments of, see Tax 
estates, see Estate 
sale of, see Sale 
taxes, see Tax 
Petit jui'y, see Jury 
Petitions 

for adoption, 82[ii] 

for appointments. in probate, see 

under title of appointee 
for citizenship, see Naturalization 
to county board of supervisors, 

* 82[xxvii] 
to county court, 117 
in delinquency and dependency cases 



82, 



117, 140 



Petitions (continued) 

for dower and homestead rights, 

197, 207 
in drainage proceedings, 52, 199 
for incorporation of villages, 

156 
in justice of peace cases, 212, 

213 
for mothers' pension, 82, 143 
for organization 

of drainage districts, 125 

of mosnuito abatement districts, 

53 
of school districts, 294 
for sale of tqdI estate, 170, 177, 

173 
for writ of habeas corpus, 241 
Phillips, Henry, 25 
Phillips, Joseph, 25 
Physiciiuis 

certificates, 55 
contracts, 2 
licenses, 65 
register, 64 
Piatt, Jamos A., 10 

county named for, 13 
Piatt, John A., 15, 17 
Piatt, William H., 18 
Piatt County 

agriculture, see Industries below 

area, 4 

boundaries, 3_, 4 

census records, 61, 62 

civilization, early, 8 

climate, 6, 7. 

courthouses used, 19-21 

creation, 13~15 

early settlers, 10, 11. 

education, see School below 

elections 

for chojige in government, 24, Z7_ 
first in county, 13 
farms, see Agriculture under 
Industries below 
ferries, see Industries below 
finances 
bond issues 

election for, 21 
for railroad construction, 32 
Civil War affects, 30, 31 
earlj' condition of, 14 
early crisis, 17_ 
early tax rates, 18 
railroad financing, election for, 

32 



Subject Index 



- 257 - 



(Pia-Ple) 



Piatt County 

finances (continued) 
taxation 

Civil War affects, 31^ 
of farm lands, 32 
government 

changes in, 22_-24, 26_, 27_ 
early business transacted, 

16-18_ 
first election for, 13 
first session, 14 
governmental organTzation, 33-56 
Indian occupation, 8 
indigent, care of, see Public 

'welfare below 
industries 
agriculture 
farm 

acreage, 31, 32 
implements aid, 12 
number and value of, 32 
importance of, 8, 31 
ferry 

license, issuing of, 29, 105 
rates, early, 29 
tavern 

rates, 29 

sale of"Tiquor in, opposition 

to, 28_ 
trade, licensing of, 29 
jail, construction of, 21, 22 
location, 3 

military activities, 30, 31 
naming of, 10, 13 
natural resources, 8 
organization of, 12-15 
petition for, 127" 13" 
as part of other counties, 3, 12 
physical characteristics, 4 
plats, 112 ~ 

politics, see Election above 
population, 26, 31 
public welfare 

early administration of, 25 
overseer of the poor, appoint- 
ment, 17 
railroads, see TransportaTion 

below; also under name of 
specific railroad 
region, foreign domination of, 8, 9 
rivers in, 4, 5 
roads, see Transportation below 



Piatt County (continued) 
schools 

commissioner 

early business transacted, 17, 18 
first appointed, 14 
trustees, first app'oTnted, 18 
seat of justice, 13, 14 
legislation concerning, 15 
naming of, 15 
population, 15 
soil, 5, 6 
tavern keeping, see Industries 

above 
taxation, see Finances above 
Teachers' Association, constitu- 
tion and by-laws, 300 
timber, 7 
tovmship"" 

formation, 27 

government adopted, 26, 27 

names, 27 

changing of, 28 
trade, see Industries above 
transportation 

ferry rates, early, 29 
highways, mileage, 3~ 
railroads 

construction of, 32 
financing, electi'on for, 32 
road 

districts first established, 

16 
maintenance, early method, 16 
petitions for and objections 

to, 25 
viewers, appointment, 17, ^ 
wild game in, 7, 8 
Plaintiff -de fendant~index 
circuit court, 200 

keeping of, 159 
county court, 116 
keeping of, 135 
Plans 

drainage district, 320, 321 
road and bridge, 309 
Plats 
See also Ifeps 
of government surveys, 113 
Piatt County, 112 
recording of, 49 
of school distrTcts, 47 
Pleas, common law, 117 



Subject Index 



- 258 - 



(?oe-Pub) 



Poe, Sdgar Allen, 11 
Police ma?-istrates 
bonds, 63 

reports to court, 137 
Poll books, see Election 
Poor 
See also County farmj County home; 
Public welfare; Relief 
care of, 35, 92, 94 
claims, appropriations for, 3 
overseer of, appointment, 92 
Poorhouse, county empowered to bui?.d, 

92 
Power of attorney, 89, 90 
Praecipe for execution, 207, 209 
Prairie Du Hocher, 9 
Primary elections, see Election 
Prisoners, county 
See also Jail 
discharge of, see Parole; 
Probation 
early method of keeping, 22 
receipts for, 242 
register, 254 
keeping of, 170 
Probate 

accounts, 157, 150, 162, 165 

182, 186 
appeals to circuit court, 155 
court 
See also Administrator; Conser- 
vator; Estate; Executor; 
3-uardiaJi; Wills 
clerk 

county clerk, ex-officio, 

43, 145 
duties, 145 

records kept by, 150-196 
dockets 

estate, 187 
judge's, 188, 189 

index (189), 190 
judgment, 183, 191 
index (191), 192 
establishment, ^, 143 
fee books (court costs), 

193-196 
files, 157, ISO, 152, 165 

index to, 150, 163 
journal, 151, 152 
judge 

appointment, 40 

county judge, ex-officio, 130 

records kept by, legislation 

concerning, 56 



Probate 

court (continued) 

jurisdiction and functions of, 

145 - 145 
record, 151 

judgment on claims against 

estates, 154 
required to be kept, 145 
jurisdiction 

in circuit court, 130 

in county commissioners' court, 

41 
in county court, 41, 130 
justices of the peace, 40, 43, 143 
Probation 
See also Parole 
docket, 225 ' 
files, 119 
officers 
adult 

apDointraent, bond and com- 
pensation, 157 
duties and powers, 132 , 157 
juvenile 

appointment and comnensation, 

131 
functions, 131, 132 
mothers' pension 
appointment, 132 
duties and powers, 132 , 135 
reports, 142 
oaths, 82Cxxvi] 
Proceedings 
See also Minutes 
county board, 3 
of courts 
See also Records under name of 
specific court 
required to be kept, 135 , 145 

159 
of drainage commissioners, 125 
justice of the peace, 3 
Process docket, sheriff's, 252 
Proof 

of heirship, 157, 160, 162, 165 
of will, 157, 160, 162 
Public Health, State Department of, 
powers of, 48, 51-54 
i03, 104, 211 
Public welfare 
See also County farm; Coionty home; 

Feeble-minded; Juvenile; 
Pension; Poor; Belief 
administration of, 54 



- 259 - 



Subject Index 



(Pub-Re 1) 



Public -vTOlfare (continued) 

comjTiission, succeeded by depart- 
ment of public welfare, 203 
county department of 

establishment and composition, 

203 
function, 203, 204 
office, 80 

records kept by, 533-336 
old are assistance, see 

Old age 
relation to state welfare 

department, 205 
county superintendent of 

appointed by county board, 205 
duties and povrcrs, 54, 203' 
state department, relatTori of, to 
Gountjr department, 205 
succeeds county cojmnission of 

public welfare, 205 
Public Works and Buildings, Depart- 
ment of, suooeeding State 
Highway Department, 50 
Ripils 

examination record, 301 
health records, 341, 342 
lists of, 293 
Parchaso certificates, 32[iii3 
recorded, 89, 90 
for swamp lands, issued by 

drainage cori\missioners, 51 

Quitclaim deeds, 88, 89, 91 

Railroad 
See also Transportation under 
Piatt County 

taxes, see Tax 
Real estate 
See air. Land 

assessment of, see Tax 

deeds, see Deeds 

estates, see Estate 

mortgages, see Mortgage 

sales, certificates of, 88 

taxes on, see Tax 

transfers, 89, 90 
Rebor, James, 13, 15 
Receipts 

for prisoners, 242 

tax, see Tax 

witness fees, 209, 232 
Receipts and expenditures 
See also Cash; Fees; Fund 



Receipts and expenditures (continued) 
circuit clerk's, 249 
county home, 340 
drainage districts, 287 
school 

district, account record, 289, 

290 
superintendent's, 288 
treasurer's, record, 271 
Receiver 
bonds, 242 
fees, 234, 255 
vouchers, 234 
Recognizance 

bonds, 82[xxjciii], 118, 120, 139, 

242 
records, circuit court, 245 
Recorder 

appointed by Governor, 48, 120 

bond, 120 

circuit clerk, ex-officio, 48, 120 

duties and pov/ers of, 49 

election, 48, 120 

fee register, 85, 114 

office 

establishment, 48, 120 
term, 120 
population reiuiramen-ts, 49, 120 
records kept by, 85-114 
roster, 65 
Records 

housing, care, and accessibility 

of, 69-75_ 
legislation concerning, 55, 56, 53 
Redemption 
certificates 

master's, 89, 90, 105 
sheriff's, 102 
lists, 82[xxxv] 
Registrars of births and deaths, 

see Town clerk 
Release, mortgage, 88 
Relief 
See also County farm; County home; 
Feeble-minded; Insanity; 
Juvenile; Old age assist- 
ance; Pension; Poor; 
Public welfare 
blind, appropriations, 5 
emergency, resolutions, 2 
pauper, appropriations, 3 
unemployment, see Emergency above 
work, see Emergency above 
Relinquishment, widows', see Widow 



- 260 - 



Subject Index 



(Rep-Sch) 



Replevin bonds, 197, 207, 242 
Reporters, court, apiDOintiaent of, 

156 
RepubliCiin Party, 29, 30 
Resolutions 

county board, 2 

drainage, 322, 323, 325, 330 
Review, board of 

clerk 

appointment, 37, 180 

county clerk, ex-officio, 37 

complaint docket, 266 

duties axid powers, 37, 79, 180 

establishment and composition, 

37, 179 

members, appointment, 37, 180 

record, 255 
Revolutionary War, £ 
Ricketts, John, 16, 19, 69, 69n 
Riglit of way, see Road \mder 

Transportation 
Riverton (Sangamon County), 210 
Road, see Transportation 
Rocky Mountains, 5 
Royer, J. W. , 71 ~ 
Ryder, Clyde H., 71 

Sac £ind Fox Indians, £ 

St. Clair County, 3 " 

St. John's Sanitajrium, 210 

St. Hiilips, 9 

Salaries of county officers, 2 

Sale 

bills, 160, 162 

recording of, 121 
certificates of 
master's, 103 
sheriff's, 90, 104 
of personal property, 173, 179 
of real estate 

bonds for, 169, 180 
certificates for, 88 
decrees for, 170 
petitions for, 170, 177, 178, 

181 
reports, 170, 181 
of school lands 

legislation concerning, 46 

use of funds from, 46, 188 

of swamp lands, use of funds 

from, 51 
tax, sec Delinquent under Tax 
SangGjnon, 16, 17 
Township, 27 



Sangojnon County, 210 

Sangamon River, 4, 6, 7, 8, 15, 25 

ferry established at, 29 
Sanitarliim, co\inty tuberculosis 
board of directors 

duties and functions, 210 
establishment, 209 
terra of office, 209 
fund 

account, 271 
tax levy for, 209 
management, 2C9 
reports to county board, 210 
Schedules, tax, see Tax 
School 

bond issues, register, 239, 290 
buildings, inspection of, 43, 51 
commissioner 

as agent for sale of school 
lands, 45, 188 
appointment, 183 
creation of office, 46 
duties auad po'.vers, 138 
election, 47, 188 
ex-officio superintendent of 
schools, 47, 188 
reports to covin ty commissioners' 

court, 188 
roster of, 67 
term of office, 183 
county superintendent 
annupj. reports, 302 
creation of office, 47, 188 
duties and nowers, 47, 48, 51 

188, 189 
election, 47, 47n , 188 
journal, 289 
office 

location, 80 
term, 188 
receipts and expenditures, 288 
records 

of examinations, 294 
kept by, 288-304 

legislation concerning, 56 
reports 

to county board, 3, 25, 48, 302 
to state, 48, 183 
trustees', to, 303 
roster, 67 
school commissioner, early 

ero-officio, 47, 188 
districts 

boundary chsinges, petitions for, 

81 



- 251 , 



Su.'bject Index 



(Sch-Sta) 



School 

districts (continued) 

esta.tlishment, legislation 

concerning, 46 
high, organization, 294 
plats, 47 
receipts and dishursements 

record, 289, 290 
esMiinations, see Pupils; Teacher 
f-'ond 

appropriations, 3 
institute 

account, 289 
appropriations, 5 
management, 1S9 
record, 277 
management, 4G 
non-high, record, 278 
record of receipts and dis- 

hursements from, 288 
high, districts, organization of, 

294 
Lands 

control of, 92 
sale of 

legislation concerning, 46_ 
use of fijnds iron, _46, 1_88 
non-high 

"board, proceedings, 293 
fund, record, 278 
state aid for, 292 
state's inspection of, 48, 51_ 
supervision, 45-48, 51 , 188 
tax, see Tax 
tee.chers, see Teacher 
treasurer (toWiship) , "bonds, 

90, 105, 304 
Selection, v.'idovs', see Widov 
Separate maintenance "bills, 197 
Settlenent, tax, _s_ee Tax 
Shairneetovm, 17 

Sheep daa£,ges, claims for, 284 
Shel"by Covuity, _5 
Sheriff 

"bonds, 63, 82LxxxiiiJ, 88, 169 
cash "book, 257 
certificates 
of levy, 102 
of redemption, 102 
of sale, 90, 104 
custodicin of courthouse and jail, 

51 , 159 
deeds, 89, 90, 95 



Sheriff (continued) 

deputy, appointment and 

compensation, 43, 169 
dockets 

execution, 252, 253 
process, 252 
duties and powers of, 43, 45, 169, 

170 
election, 43 
executions of judgment served Dy, 

201, 208 
ex-officio, county collector, £? 
fees, 121, 193, 199, 252, 253, 255 

register, 255,256 
office, location, _81_ 
records kept "by, 252-257 
register, 255, 256 
roster, 54 
term of office, 169 
Shields, James, 17 
Soldiers 
See also 'iviilitia 
discharge records, recording of, 

^ 121 
enlistment records. Civil Tar, 

72, 108 
naturalisation, 146, 149 
service record, 107 
Spanish-American ^ar, 31_ 
Spanish domination of Illinois 

country, _8 
Special assessments, see Assess- 
ments under Tax 
Special elections, see Election 
Springfield, _10, 14 
Stages, William, _18 
Stallion certificates, 110 

renewal of. 111 
Starved Rock, _9 
State aid 

fund, see Fund 

for roads, v/arrants, 82[xxxiv] 
for schools, claims, 292 
State auditor, highway superin- 
tendent's reports to, 317 
State Bank of Illinois, 17 
State Board of Health, see State 

Department of Pu"blic Health 
State Department of Pu"blic Health, 
jurisdiction, 48, 51- 54, 
103 . 104, 1&8, 2n 
State Department of Public vJelfare, 

203 






Subject Index 



(Sta-Tax) 



State Highway Department succeodcd 
by Dopartmont of Public 
lYorks and Buildings, 50 
State Housinc Board, 135 
State Superintendent of Comnon 
Schools, sc-o_ State 
Suporintcnc'ont of 
Pviblic Inctruction 
State Superintendent of i\iblio 
Instruction 
po\ver of, in supervision of 
schools, 51_ 
school superintendent 'r. reports 
to, 48, 18£_ 
State Tax Corrj-ii senior, 103 
State Univercity Library, 53 
State's attorney 

appointment and election, 44 , 

174 
bonds, 53, 174 
compensation, 174 
duties and powers, 44, 174, 175 
fees, 193 

reports of, ,33o, 235, 236 
fines 

record, 251 

reports, 137, 233, 255, 235 
office location, 31 
record, 251 

reports, 137, 170, 233, 235, 236 
roster, 65, 66 
Stewart, Daniel, 13^ 
Stillbirths, see Vital statistics 
Stock transfers (bank), H3, 90 
Street improvements, naps of, 31C 
Strickle, Daniel, 13 
Sntpeonas, county court, iiV, 119 
Summonses 

circuit court, 205 
coi\nty court, 119 
Superintendent 

county home, see County home 
of hishwaj's, county, see Highway 
ur.de r Tran.wortation 
of public v/elfare, couiitj; see 

Public welfare 
of pichools, county, see School 
Supervisors 

of assor.snentp (County assessor) 
bonds, 178 
books (lists of taxable 

(property), 27 



Supervisors 

of assessments (continued) 

duties and pov/ers of, 36, -7, 177 
records kept by, 262-264 
treasurer, ex-officio, 37, 177 
county board of, see County board 
road, sec Road 
to"m\ship 
bonds, 168 

reports, 2, 82[xxxii] 
Supremo Court 

judges, election for, 156 
justices required to hold circuit 
court, 39.* ^> 155 
Surveyor, county 

appointment and election, 49, 198 

bonds, 63 

duties and powers of, 49, 51, 193 

establishment of office, 198 

oaths, 198 

record, 319 

kept by, 56, 198 
reports, 2 
roster, 68 
term of office, 198 
Surveys 

rovernment, plats, 113 
plats of, 112 
Swr.mp lands 
£ee also Drainage 
legislation concorning, 51 
record, 332 

reports on condition of, o2[xxx] 
sale, use of funds from, 51 
Sv/imming pools, control of, 53 
Sv;ords, S. L., 21, 22_ 

Tavern 

control of, 52 
licenses, 2 

issuing of, 105 
Tax 

abatement record, 270 
assessments 

abstract of, 28 

real estate (lands and lots), 103 
special 
drainage 

districts, 324 

record, 327 
lists, 30, 32, 324 
records, 326, 331 
rolls, 31 



- 265 - 



Subject Index 



(Tax- Tow) 



Tax 

assessments 

special (continued) 

for local improvements, 33-36 
assessor's books (lists of tax- 
able property), 27 
collections 
accounts, 267 
procedure, 105 
collector's 
accounts, 267 
books (lists of taxable 

property), 38 
credits, applications for, 

82[ix] 
settlement record, 268 
complaints 
docket, 266 

method of handling, 102, 179 . 

TM 
record, 265 
deeds 

affidavits, 46, 82[iii] 
sheriff's, 89, 90, 95 
delinquent 

credits, application for, 

82[ix] 
drainage, 328 
forfeiture record, 42, 45 
judgment, 42, 43 

sale, redemption and forfei- 
ture record, 42 
list, 40, 82[xxxv] 
redemption and forfeiture 

list, 82[xxxv] 
sale, redemption and forfei- 
ture record, 42, 44 
equalization, 265, 266 
extension, 28 

inheritance, see Inheritance 
levies 

drainage, 322, 324, 326, 331 

certificates, 323 
for road and bridge fund, 82, 

263 
special, 82[xxxv] 
lists, 41 

road and bridges, 82, 263 
motor fuel, see Motor fuel 
objections, 40, 82[xxxvl 
power to impose and regulate, 

92 
public health, 52 



Tax (continued) 
railroad 

books (lists of taxable property), 

29 
schedules, 82[xxxv], 263 
receipts, collector's, 269 
road, lists, 82[x>acv] 
schedules 

corporation, 82[xviii] 
personal property, 262 
railroad, 82[xxxv], 263 
real estate, 262 
telegraph and telephone, 264 
school, valuation, 28 
settlement, 82[xxxv], 268 
summary of, 28 
telegraph and telephone book (lists 

of taxable property), 29 
valuation record, 28 
Taxation procedure, 102 , 103 
Tazewell County, 8 
Teachers "~ 
applications, 295 
Association, constitution and 
by-laws, 300 
certificates, applications for, 

295 
record, 299 
examination record, 294 
pension record, 291, 296 
permanent record, 297 

index to, 298 
service record, 296 
Telegraph and telephone tax book, 

see Tax 
Tennessee, 10 

Testimonios'Tn justice of peace 

cases, 213 
"The Old Fort", see Devore Hotel 
Thoreau, Henry David, 12 
Tinbrook, John P., 13,"T8 

early treasurer, T5 
Title abstracts, 88 
Toledo (Ohio), 72 
Totraan, C. A., Building, 71 
Town 

board, power of, to revise 

assessments, 37 
clerk, as local registrar 
accounts, 84 

duties and functions, 53, 54 
ToiTOiship 

assessors, see Assessor 



Subject Index 



- 264 - 



(Tow-Tre) 



TovT-ship (continued) 

collectors, see Collector 
forn&.tion, 61 
funds, see Fund 
officers, see Officers 
plan of government, 34, 61, 90 
suporvis'^rs 
assistants, 91_ 
duties, 29 
tern of office, 90 
treasurers, see Treasurer 
Transcripts 

estate, 89, 90 
of evidence 

circuit court, 197, ;»7 
county court, 117 
justice of the peace, 212, 213, 

241 
required to be kept, 136 , 

160 
Transfer 

of bank stock, 89, 90 
of real estate, 89, 90 
Trail sportation 
See also Trauisporta,tion under 
Piatt County 
bridge 

appropriations, 35, 93, 94 
authority over, 49, 92, 94, 

193, 194 
construction and maintenance 
bud£;et, 308 
fund, tax levies for, 82, 263 
plans, 309 
canals, authority over, 92 
ferry licenses, issuing of, 105 
highwey 

corjir.issioners 

board, establishment, 50 
duties, 50, 193 

as ex-officio drainage 

commissioners, 51^ 
election, 193 
contracts for construction, 311 
county superintendent of 
appointed ov countj^ board, 

50, 193 
cash book, 306 
compensation, 50, 194 
correspondence, 318 
duties oJid powers, 50, 194 
fund record, 305 
office 

creation, 50, 193 



Trajisportation 

highway (continued) 

county superintendent of 
office (continued) 
location, 72 
term, 50, 194 
records kept by, 194 , 305-318 
reports to auditor, 317 
time reports, 312 
fund 

appropriations, 5 
claims against, 314, 315 
register, 271, 282 
overseer, 50, 193 
purchase ordovs, 316 
state supervision of, 50, 195 , 

194 
railroad, sec Tmisport.ation 

under Piatt County 
road 

appropriations, 93, 94 
authority over, 50, 92, 94, 195, 

194 
construction and maintenance 

budget, 308 
districts 

establishment, 49, 193 
cuporvisora, appointment, 

49, 193 
fund 

account, 271 
appropriations, 3 
tax lovies for, 82, 263 
petitions to esto-blish, SaCxx'/ii] 
plans, 309 

right-of-way permits, 89, 90 
taz, sec Tax 
town, record, 4 
Treasurer 
county 
accounts 

with county clerk, 39 
with county funds, 271 
appf. > i ntmcn t , 36 
aTjpropriation lodger, 272 
bonds, 63, 89, 90, 184 
cash book, 274 

duties 'Old powers of, 36, 184 
election, 184 
es-officio 

county collector, 38, 181 
supervisor of assessments, 37 
fees paid to, register, 286 
office, location, 79, 80 



- 265 - 



Subject Index 



(Tre- 



-'ar , 



Treasurer 

coxinty (continued) 

records kept ty, 184 , 271-287 
roster, _65, 57 

settlement with collector, 268 
tern of office, 184 
drainage district 

coionty treasurer, e:-:-of f icio, 

184 
receipts and dis"bv.rsenents 
records, 287 
township (school), "bonds, 90, 

106, 304 
Treat, Judge Samuel H., 15 
Trenkle Slough drainage district 
files, 329 
record, 330, 331 
special assessment list, 50 
Truancy, see Juvenile; Probation 
True tills, see Indictment 
Trust 

deeds, 88, 89, 92 
fuxid record, 279 
Trustees 

in chancery cases, appointment of, 

204 
of ;3states, reporter, 90, 238 
school 

appointment, 46 , 47n 
duties, 46, 47 
election, 47 
reports, 46 

to school superintendent, 303 
supervision of education, 45 
Tuherculosis sanitarium, _see_ 



Sanitexium 



Tyler, John, 12 



Vital statistics 
"births 
See also Accounts 
Crsrtificates, 48, 82[xi] 
index, 51 
record, 49 
register, 50 

reporting of, 53, 103, 104 
deaths 
See also Accounts 
certificates, 53 
index, 52 
register, 55 

reporting of, 53, 103, 104 
marriage 

licenses, 56 

applications, 57 

recording of, _53, _54 
record, 59 

index to, 60 
register, 58 
registration procedure, 105 , 104 
stillhirth 

certificates, 48 
recorc", 49 
register, 50 
index to , 51 
"Votes, see Election 
"Vouchers 
See also Orders, cononty; Warrants 
receivers', 234, 235 

".'alter, H. B., 20, 72 
T7n,rd, C. R. , 24 
Warrants 
See also Orders, county; ""/ouchers 



appraisers 



.. I 



173 



"Unemployment relief, see Emergency 

under Relief 
Unity To vm ship, 28 
University of Chicago, _8 
University of Illinois, 8_, 208 

"Valuation of property, see Tax 
"Van Buren, Martin, 12 
"Van Horn Iron T7orks Cora-ocziy, 72 
Vsjifleet, Dr., 25 
"Venires, see Jury 
"Vermilion Co'onty, 32_ 
'/eterans, see Soldiers 
Veterinarians' certificate register, 

67 
Villages, netitions for incornoration 

of. 156 



for arrest, 207, 209 
"birth report, 8 

s tu"b s , 16 
for commitment of insane, 82, 117, 

death report, 11, 84 

stu'bs, 15 
highv;ay 

cancelled, 12 

register of, 8, 9, 275, 281 
issued against county funds, 5 
J^ry, 5 

stu'bs, 13, 240 
motor fuel tax, 12 

register, 8, 9 
pension, mothers', 12 

stu'cs, 13 
stat3 aid road, cancelled, 82Lxxxiv] 



Subject Index 



- 266 - 



(Vfer-Wri) 



'tVarrnnty deeds, 88, 89, 94 

Yfelsh, Thonas, 18_ 

Vfent, John, 16 

V.'estorn Gas pTxture Company, 72 

;^aig Party, 11_' H. 

Widov/s 

relinquishnent, 170, 176 

selection, 157, 160, 162, 176 
7/ild Cat Croek, 4 
Vifiley, Addison I., 18 
7/illis, J. D., 18 
"TillOT/ Br^rch, 4_ 

Towishin, 28_ 
Y/ills, Jefferscn D., 17_ 
mils 
See also Adninistrator : Estate : 

Executor; Probate court 

annexed, see Adrr.inistrator 

bills to set aside, 197, 207 • 

proof of, 157, 160, 162 

record, 156 
Yfinstead, John, 25 
•A'isconsin, 10 



Tfitness 

affidavits, 119, 207, 209 
fees, 5 

orders issued against, 

register, 8 
receipts, 209^ 232 
register, 285 
foreign, claims for, 209, 232 
'.Volf Run, 4 
y/ork relieT, see Emergency under 

Relief 
".York Projects Adr.ini strati on, 21 
Vi'orkl-iouse, county empo^vered to 

build, .51 
■"/Torks Progress Administration, 72 
World Vfer, 31 
Wright, V;ilTiar.i, 18 
;Vrits 

of evidence, 117 

of execution, 117, 119 

habeas corpus, 207, 209, 259 

petitions for, 241 
mittLiius, 119, 259 



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